The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on February 14, 1938 · Page 4
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February 14, 1938

The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 4

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Connellsville, Pennsylvania
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Monday, February 14, 1938
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PAGE FOUR. THE DAILY COURIER, CONNELLSVILiljE, PA. MONDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1938. Imig Qfattrfer THE COURIER COMPANY . James J. Drlscoll H. A, Walter S. Stiramcl James M. Driscoll' J. Wylio DriscoH Publisher . President and General Manager ___ Secretary and Treasurer Editor Associate Editor . Advertising and Business Manager MEMBEK OF j Audit Bureau of Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A, N. P. A, Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; $5 per year, or $2.50 for six months by mail if- paid in advance. Entered as scco.id class matter at the Postofflcc, ConnellsviUc, Pa. MONDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 14, 193S. ·'* £:,,· - _ ... £]DWABD CABTEBIlIGBEE 'orily_the"Fayette/cbtmty bar, ot -which he was a most active member fonriore than 40 years, but the legal profession of Pennsylvania, suffers a great loss by the death of-'Attorney Edward Carter. Higbee. Although he had not been prominent in affairs-'of his home city of Connellsville in..recent years'"it'owes-Jiim. a debt for the progressive spjrlt-Se In jecte3-Jritq"'Jts-system of education and his valuable aid In setting iip .the machinery of the third class city"government.' *As "a'member of the'Board of Education during the latter years ofttie borough regime he was active in. the reorganization of - the public school system. As solicitor,of .the .first-City Council he-drew the ordinances that'are still on the books'and was largely instrumental in setting \jp-the financial system. Ever afterward he kept, in close touch with municipal affairs; even when the pressing duties of his law office engrossed his attention. Appearance of Mr. Iligbee on several occasions before the Supreme Court ^bf the United States as counsel for litigants in involved cases testifies to his recognized ability as a lawyer. So, too his frequent appearance before State and the lower Federal courts. History will write his name in'large Tetters. ' _. "While his death was,caused by an ailment that might strike anybody of his years, worry over the death a few months,ago of his life,companion is believed to have been a contributing cause. Among his close associates it is known he constantly worried over the loss. 1. The. community joins with his sons and daughters and f with the county at large in sorrow over his passing. _ JAP KEMY xox smtrnisixc; 'America, Britain and France hardly expected Japan to reveal' her naval plans when they made their identic requests. They would not have complied with a similar one from the Nipponese. But the Tokyo government might have set at rest rumors that have spread over the earth that she is building super-dreadnaughts of displacement and armament- never before attempted. She might have gone farther to remove the probability of a race for naval suprem- vacy that is bound to influence oilier nations. Her apparent willingness to participate in-discussions which would place her on a level with American and Britain will hardly be more fruitful than when she rejected the Jlve-five-three ratio. Immediate reaction to the Japanese refusal is the forecast that Britain will begin soon laying down ships as large or larger than Japan can build. Efficiency of Japan's navy against a modern world power remains to be tested. Observers who have watched her attempts at manufacturing motor cars smile when they compare the crude machines that have been developed with the powerful and beautiful ones turned out by American makers. To determine the relative efficiency of American and Japanese workmanship one needs but to test the life of our electric light bulbs against the kind that are imported from Japan and sold here. Perhaps there will be found the same inferiority in ships and guns of the Japanese navy, to say nothing of the men who raan them. COAL coannssiox BLUNDERS In its zeal to stabilize the coal industry by fixing minimum prices the National Bituminous Coal Commission has run against a snag because it failed to comply with the letter of the Gutfey Act which stipulates there shall be public hearings before prices are fixed. The result is the Court of Appeals' in Washington has called a halt by ordering prices for railroads suspended. The railroads, consume 22 per cent of the output. They attacked the commission order on the grounds the prices had been fixed illegally. They did not question the validity of the Guffey Act and the court did not pass upon its validity. The roads did contend, successfully, that'the commission should have held a public hearing before putting the order into effect. As a consequence it is now proposed to suspend all prices thatTiave been fixed and start over again," "in strict accordance with the act to establish valid prices." The Guffey Act Js "workable," according to Consumers Counsel John Carson, "but it requires the commission to do a thorough job with^egard^tocmattersfotzprocedure." DEMOCRATS AXD LEWIS ADAMANT The tro.ub'les,"bf-_the Democratic State organization are only increased'by.failure of -negotiations in^Philadelphia over the week-end to break the Jiupasse. "between -the organization-and.tbe'Clb. They iave^rfailed .-utterly in efforts to irorF out-differences. State pleaders have been ' unable to budgedJohn L~..Lewis in his backing of Tom Kennedy for the~gub]e'rnatorial nomination. Off.the other hand the party leaders are .insistent the candidate shall .be Joe Guffey, or fa'iling'of getting him across, Dave-Lawrence, the State chairman. The meeting of the State Committee lo endorse,* candidate is a week off.' Whatever decision is reached may mark a turning point in Democratic politics in the Keystone State. BETTER SPIRIT SHOWS RESULTS Organized labor's joining hands with business in demanding relief from che burden of taxation is evidence of the growing demand for more of the spirit of cooperation between the men and women who keep the machinery of industry running and the ones who own it. It is a trend that should result in good for both. One cannot exist without the other. Then why should not each work for the welfare of the other? It will be -a happy condition when capital, labor and government "join hands, all working together with the interests of the public at large uppermost. HOW 'TO GET HIM BACK. IN AGAIN? As Others Think CHRISTIANITY, DEMOCRACY. (Chicago Tribune.) Alfred Landon reminded his fellow Methodists at the United Methodist council last week that "Christianity IBS a great stake in the preservation of democracy." What has happened or is happening to the church In the reaction against democracy in Europe ought to make that clear, but there Is a certain Irony in the fact that the political and economic sym- jathics of many clergymen in the vlcthodist and other communions arc !ar from conducive to the prcscrva- lion of democracy. This is one of the striking results of that effort, indorsed apparently by Mr. Landon, 'to think in practical, everyday terms." But we think that if our radical preachers would abandon their political activities in favor o£ their religious function the preservation of both Christianity and democracy would be better served and we should have fewer ruined men drinking denatured alcohol in the refuges. The "organization ol economic justice," which the council announced as one of its goals, we arc old fashioned enough to believe is more likely to be furthered by clergymen who devote themselves to their pastoral duties and to the inspiration of their flocks to right conduct rather than by preachers who become partisans of political or economic programs. No machinery will produce economic justice. Justice ol any kind comes from the human conscience and it is the enlightenment and inspiration of the conscience which is the special charge o£ the church and its servants. "-. .ITALY KEKSECUTKS JEM'S Retirement of a millionaire Jewish industrialist from the presidency of the.Italian Cotton Institute at Rome and other industrial connections is believed to coincide with an anti-Semitic campaign in the land of Mussolini rules with iron hand.' The industrialist.'Glno Olivetti, has been'a national figure as a member, of .the Chamber of Deputies and influential in Italian'Industry since'." the beginning of the Fascist regime'." "Opening of the campaign has been signalized by appearance of a new newspaper dedicated to an anti-Semitic policy"," along the tactics that have- been followed by Adolf Hitler in Germany.- Apparently it meets- with the approval of 11 Duce. Fascism and p'ersucution of the Jews go hand in hand. An editor finds something lo crow about In the fact that the King of Sweden, at 80 years, is gallivanting over Europe, seeing "girlie" shows, et cetera. What about our John ·arkhlll? At 95 he's on the Atlantic, bound lor London, Paris, Rome and he Holy Land. He'll attract much ess attention but he'll have a great imc, if his anticipations before the tart of the trip from New York Saturday are borne out. We'd like to lave had a correspondent accompany him to learn his reactions. Your Income Tax No. 19. Bad Debts--Year In Which Deductible. To be allowed as a deduction from gross income, a bad debt must have been determined by the taxpayer to be worthless within the taxable year for which it is claimed and, where books are kept, it also must have been charged oft within the same year". The necessity for this provision is obvious. If n debt could be deducted without the requirement that it be charged off the taxpayer's books, the certainly ot its worthlessness would be open to question Neither the taxpayer nor the Government could be certain that a debt would not be claimed more than once. The burden is upon the taxpayer lo show that a debt claimed as a deduction was without value during the taxable year. A statement should be attached to the return showing the propericty of any deductions for bac debts. If in the exercise of sound business judgment a taxpayer concludes, after making every reasonable effort to determine whether there is likelihood ot recovery, that the debt is ol no value, deduction for such debt is allowable. Court action as proof that the debt is worthless is not essential. Facfographs Primitive man was a hunter and fisher for thousands of years before he became a herdsman. By using a giant "mechanical ear, 1 scientists are recording the voices of native American birds. White glazed curbstones are usoc in construction streets. of many London The Ivory-billed woodpecker is said to be the rarest bird in the United States. More than .21,000,000 workers in the United States arc employed in In the Day's News Brief Comment on Current Cvcnti Hen and Thtr«. "Silly" hats o£ the kind women lave been wearing this winter arc lo 30 passe (behind the times, antiquated, says Webster) according to the dictum o£ Hollywood fashion designers. Beauty of a lot of women we have seen hereabouts will be cn- lanced when promised "sailors" come in.' Lines will trend to the simple (not silly), the "playful mood," with daring color combinations. Jewelry will be "barbaric," whatever that is. Chief Justice John W. Kephart of [he State Supreme Court commends the courts of Westmoreland county for the dispatch with which calendars have been cleaned. Alter complimenting the Allegheny county courts for having but 56 cases undis- posed of, the justice pays this tribute to Westmoreland: "We may make the same comment as to Westmoreland county, where only three cases arc awaiting disposition by the judges.' Six months ago there were 50. Justice Kephart has been urging gieoter speed in the lower courts for some time and also pushing procedure in his own tribunal. "Hull Spurns Jap Reply, Orders Big Navy at Once," reads a Pittsburgh Hearst newspaper headline Just when did anybody give the Secretary of State any authority to determine what the United States shall do with regard to its naval establishment? The headline is in accord with suggestions voiced in Washington that the Secretary is mapping American policies wilnoul regard to the two legislative bodies that sit under the dome on Capitol Hill. . Not disturbed by the Fayette county court decision against her m her fight to retain her place as teacher in Upper Tyrone township, Mrs Gertrude Saucis Swink will carry her case higher. Her counsel was to appeal today to the Superior Court o Pennsylvania. One must give the teacher credit for full measure of the fighting spirit. jobs covered by Federal and state unemployment compensation laws. French medical authorities say tha an ordinary cleansing bath shoulc not be warmer than 00 degrees. Today in Washington By DAVID LAWRENCE ' " WASHINGTON, Feb. 12.--One ot | bubincs' es arc without information .,c most regiettablc ot the collateral ssucs which have been raised In the ·arfare between business and gov- rnment that has gone on under the ;oosevelt|Administration is the deep because they cannot afford scientific research. The large corporations have tills because they iccognue the importance ot fact-finding and constant introspection. Not only is it eated prejudice which seems to have I important to know what is happen- cuod business men ,whenevcr ! the | ing statistically within a given indus- oroposcdlbill to reorganize and make nore cfflcient the various bureaus nd departments of the Federal Government is mentioned. The proposal has in it, ot course, _wo highly unforunatc Items--an impairment ot the Comptroller Gcn- ral's ofllcc and an cflort to reduce he quasi-Judicial commissions, like no Fcde-al Trade and the Interstate .'ommercc Commission, *-o the status if mere bureaus. But, outside ot these two major defects, the bill itself is designed to do something that business itself might, under other circumstances, be lommending instead of condemning. The bill is calculated to make the Government more efficient, as a fact- indor and as an administrator of the thousands of statutes and regulations vhich enter into almost every field ot human endeavor. Bus'ness Is so indifferent to the reorganization bill, because it sees only some Machiavellian scheme for national dictatorship, that an oppor- .unity is being missed to lay the foundations for a real non-political ·eorgantotion machinery. of the government What's What At a Glance By CHARLES P. STEWAUT Central Press Washington Writer. WASHINGTON, Feb. 14.--Rcmein bcr the Maine? You don't it ypu aie a young lei ow. You of course have heard ( he war cry, "Remember the Maine! Jut, if you arc a bit youthful, yo do not remember the Incident of the American waiship Maine's sinking n Havana harbor--for that was 40 years ago February 15. You have to verge on the elderly 0 remember that far bock with any distinctness, if at all. Now, I remember the Maine's ac- :ual Linking. Cuba had been in a state of insurrection against Spanish rule for a ong time then. The fighting there, right in Uncle Sam's dooryard, was a serious embarrassment to the United States. There had been considerable talk to the effect that we ought to put a stop to it, as an intolciablc nuisance. 1 suppose we had "interests" on the island--"interests" which fomented Lhis agitation. But it was a genuine bother, anyway. We had filibusterers, running arms to the rebels, and getting fired on. Sometimes the wrong American ships were shot at. There was the everlasting danger of complications. The situation was a pest, in short. 1 suppose Spanish rule was oppressive. True, I myself was too young to have had much idea of the true merits of the case. In any event, we had the instinct of liberty and nUcpcndcncc, here in the U. S. A., very strongly in thoio days. Liberty was what the Cubans said they were fighting for, and we sympathized with them. Finally Spain sent General Weyler to Cuba, to try to squelch the rebellion. Weyler soon was referred to as the "butcher." Weyler "atrocity stories" began to fill our newspapers. I am prepared to believe that Gen~al Weyler was an iron-handed militarist. Nevertheless, visiting Spain a decade and a half later, I was astonished to learn that, at home, Wcy- Icr was classed as nn advanced political liberal. He was captain-general of Catalonia at that juncture and I had an interview with him al Barcelona. Barcelona was a hotbcc of radicalism, and Weyler told me that he regarded it, In principle, with a kindly eye--though he had to keep order. The radicals themselves (anarchists and all sorts of "reds") spoke rather well ot him. But to return to Havana. Fearful of disorders, which might jeopardize the lives and properties c- American residents, the American government sent the Maine to Havana. And, as we know, the Maine blcv. up some time In the night of February 15, 1898, with 260 lives lost. And it was assumed that the Spaniards did it. II might almost as well have been assumed that the Cubans did it --to involve the United States in war with Spain, to Cuba's advantage. But we preferred to assume th.it the Spariards did it. Fifty-three persons claiming to be j It also was suggested as a possibility that the explosion was internal--that a dropped lighted cig- aret or spontaneous combustion or some such thing touched off one of tlie Maine's magazines. A naval board of inquiry found otherwise, and a subsequent investigation sustained the naval board. Still, many folk h a \ e continued to wonder. That's water over the dam. The Spanish War followed. It was not much of a war, at a war. Bui it began a new epoch for the As the government mechanism has evolved over more than 150 years, part of it is concerned with enforcement and regulation, but a large jarl is also devoted to what might DO called the development of certain major activities of the p'eople. Thus, agriculture, Industry and labor each has a separate department looking out for its interests, and it is interesting to note that agriculture still has the lead. Not only is the Department ot Agriculture big- thnn either the Department o£ Commerce or the Department of Labor by many times over, but, by and Jorge, the bureaus, especially that of agricultural economics, perform services for agriculture which have no counterpart in any of the other government departments. This same bureau of agricultural economics has been built up over a period of time with the most expert help. It is a great fact-finding and fact-interpretation agency w h i c h does a remarkably accurate job of forecasting and analyzing trends. Industry ought to have something of the same sort done for it. Many VALENTINE'S DAY t WAS made for some younff fellow, ^ot the acing sere and mellow. :t was fashioned for the fancy Df some lovely bride to be. !l wns warmly sentimental. Ct was passionately gentle. And the clerk behind the counter Said it wouldn't do for me. "I'd MigRcst that you should buy. sir. Something cooler, something nicer. Something, say--not quite so flowery Al the case, two floors above," She remarked to me quite sanely. For ihe snw I think quite plainly I had long since passed the age of Such a flaming show of love. "No." I said. "I cnn't discover That I've grown the less to love her Though the years are two and thirty Since the day I made her mine. If some young blood airs his passion In -so positive n fashion I can *ce no earthly reason To cool off my valentine. "I£ that suitable for youth is. Though I'm older now the truth is I Mill love her as I loved her More than thirty years ago. You may think your humble servant Much loo uray for phrases fervent, But that's how I feel about her And I'm going to tell her so." ry, but it is also important to study he impact of competition between nc Industry and anohcr from the ·iowpomt of public consumption. Since fact-finding is not regulation, here is every reason why business .hould benefit by efficient means of self-examination. Much of this kind of work is scattered through different [overnment departments. Only recently was there organized an ngency, known as the central statis- ical board, to avoid duplication be- Aveen the many men who arc work- ng as economists for particular governmental operations. Much of the data is made available as promptly as it can be, but even this sometimes means a lag of two to three months. The facilities for gathering data ire limited by appropriations made by Congress, and, when business itself does not get back of movements to help assemble important factual material, the legislators become indifferent to it and the funds are not voted. All the sums used for fact-gathering today and even such additions as are necessary would not probably reach $20,000,000, yet no fact-finding laboratory is available for all American business, whoso total volume runs in the billions of dollars annually. The purpose of the Department of Commerce originally was to promote the domestic as well as foreign commerce of the United States. Not until Herbert Hoover took charge as secretary in 1921 did the department begin to be of real service to the business world. It was developed to great usefulness, but the emphasis was to a large extent on foreign trade, which now {is important, but not quite as important as domestic commerce. The Boosevelt Administration in 1933 slashed the appropriations and reduced the Department of Commerce to a relatively insignificant status. To promote domestic commerce, a !uU-ficdged government department can well afford to devote itself as a means of increasing the national income. Most every private company has a "new business" department-a division whose effort is concentrated on increasing total volume. American business needs such an aid working for little as well as big business, but mostly to enable some clearing house to' be established which will extract painlessly and without expense from industry as a whole the very vital information needed to understand economic balance, lags between production and consumption, and the approach of serious maladjustments which produce recessions like the one we ara experiencing m America today. THE LIVING PAST As one who leaves the house and then Turns back in haste for things forgo*. So runs the past to me atfaln Back to some old familiar spot And calls, since I have climbed the stair, "Do you remember when and where?" You had It last! Can you recall Just where you stored that hour away Long years ago \\hcn you \vcrc small And ran away from school to play? And In that minute racing: by The HtUe boy that once was I. TJien in the attic called the mind, Wearing the gathered dust of years, Some trinkets I had left behind In strange new splendor reappears. And In that memory I retain. The dead past springs to life again. A WISE MOVE When Confronted By'Serious Kinanrial Problems. It's A Wise Move T« See Us For A $25 to $300 CASH LOAN No Endorsers or Signer, No Embarrassment. Ask About Ttio Union Repayment Plan. No Payment for 30 Days. Up (o 18 Montln to Repay. Old Reliable-:? Yrs. in Greensbtirt IXKins Mndc In Westmoreland And Surroundlnc Cotmtled. Call--Phono--Or Write. N I O N *XAN CO. . SOI--Second Floor First NXFonat Rank Bldg. Phone 1-3-1-3 GREENSBURG There were approximately 28,000 ne-room schoolhouscs In operation in the United States during 1937. more than 100 years old are receiving old-age pensions in Florida. British statistics indicate that one inhabitant of India is killed by snakebite every seven minutes. Certain species of tropical fish climb trees, scientists have observed. Approximately one-half of all cultivated land in Sweden is served with electric power. The human memory is at lowest ebb during periods of great c.xcite- j United States For, iftcr that, the mcnt, iccent psychologic researches 1 United St.itcs had the status of n indicate. j w o t l d (intcrnjtioiidl) power. Direct from Detroit Auto Show CUT-AWAY CHASSIS of the 1938 FORD V«8 One look at this cut-away chassis will tell you more about the sturdy, dependable construction of the Pord VS than a thousand words. ON DISPLAY FOR 10 DAYS ONLY Authorized Ford and Lincoln Sales and Service. W. Crawford at 2nd Street. Phone 407

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