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PAGE FOUR. EJ U A l t j Y UUUKlgiK, UUNWUa-.L.bVUjUti;. fA. MONDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1939. (Eautftw THE COURIER COMPANY James J. Driscoll R. A. Donegan Walter S. Stimmel lames M. Driscoll r. Wylie Driscoll Publishers . President and General Manager ,. Secretary and Treasurer : Editor -- Associate Editor Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER. OF Audit Bureau of Circulations"" Â· Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A, N..P. A. -Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; $5 per year, or S2.50 (or six months by mail if paid in advance; 12 cents per week by carrier. Entered as second class matter at the Postoffice,' Connellsville, Pa. MONDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 27. 1939 BKFOKM TO BE ABANDONED Belatedly the Roosevelt Administration lias come to- the conclusion reform must give -way to recovery., Through its new mouthpiece, Secretary of Commerce Hopkins, it has announced to the country that "with the emphasis shifted from reform to recovery, this Administration is now determined to promote that recovery with all the vigor and power at Its command." For the good of the Nation at large it is regrettable the Administration did not adopt this about face attitude years ago. At this late date there will bo a rather general feeling it is- but part of a general move to repair the fences of the New Deal against the coming presidential election. Tied in with the Commerce Secretary's program enunciated in his address at Des Moines is another effort oa the part of the President to bring peace between the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations. To a great extent industry will he handicapped so long as factional labor strife continues. The President evidently is convinced if he is to get anywhere -with the new recovery campaign there must be an understanding between the two labor groups. That may be an even greater task than convincing business and industry he is sincere about reform and recovery. There is no hope of the two groups uniting so long as William Green and John L. Lewis and their high-salaried aides are in the saddle. ITALY'S MARRIAGES LAG Mussolini's campaign to produce more babies in a land already reputedly over-populated has not corno up to his expectations, but it has-produced results. Of course young folks would have to be encouraged to marry in order to make the venture a complete success. Statistics reveal there was a marriage decline last year oÂ£ 12 per cent. But where the hesitant prospective brides and bridegrooms failed, the already wedded partially made up, the birth rate increasing slightly less than one per cent pver the preceding 12 months. - - '.'~: ~ The Fascist regime is spending approxivnately-$b',000,- 000 annaully in "baby" prizes, to encourage weddings and "blessed events." But Mussolini isn't satisfied. Before the war Italy's hirth rate was well over 30 per 1,000 inhabitants. Last year it was only 23.6 per 1,000. Mussolini had hoped the system of marriage loans and baby prizes would bring a greater increase in the marriage and birth rate. The estimated population now is 44,000,000, or about four millions more than when II Duce,came into power. He hopes to bring it to 60,000,000 by 1960. He's 56 now. His chances oÂ£ personally seeing that goal attained are slim. Without artificial stimulants, the population of the United States increased from 105,910,000 in 1920 to 122,497,000 in 1930 and 130,000,000, estimated, at the beginning of 1939. The Scripps-Howard Research. Foundation estimates the figure for 1960 at approximately 144,000,000. . . SCIENCE HITS IXTOLERAXCE" : " r Application of science will eliminate bigotry,"intolerance and prejudice, if rightly directed. This unusual _claini was advanced before the American Association for tEe "Advancement of Science in New York last week by-Dr. Edwin Grant Conklin pf Princeton-University.- Attacking the racial superiority theory being built up in Germany and Italy, Dr.' Conklin said: "All human beings belong to the same species. The resemblances of all men, whether the Australian bushmen. or the philosophers of the most civilized countries, are greater than their differences. Heredity is not responsible for social behavior, racial antagonisms' are not born, but these antagonisms are carefully cultivated and developed. "If we would have peace; and progress, we must learn to cultivate the-habits of peace and progress and not hate and jealousies. Science ought to enable us, and it \vo~ald if we had the right sort of training, to strip off much of the emotional covering that surrounds so many of the great problems that face the world today." Â· It will require much more than the mere assertion of a scientist to break clown prejudices. But science rarely publicizes a theory before it has been proven. TWELVE HDJSDRED LIVE Q~S An analysis of the highway safety campaign which has been conducted in Pennsylvania the past year reveals that upward of 1,200 persons are alive today who might otherwise have been in their graves. Had the crusade not Â·,, been carried on, that number would have "been added'to the 1 actual casualty list, in the light of the constantly increas- ; ing toll to the time' it was launched. Stressing a strictly enforced 50-mile speed limit with DOrday suspension of driving privileges for all violators, the campaign reduced accidents by 873 during its first month this year as compared with the corresponding month last year, and v 43 fewer persons were killed. Highlights of the campaign were establishment of State-wide driving schools; newspaper and billboard advertising; showing in neighborhood movies of "shorts" stressing the horror of motoring accidents; "courtesy chats" by policemen to ont-of-stalc motorists entering Pennsylvania, and the restraining influence of COO ever-present cruising police cars. "MAKEUP" MAN! AJ31V CfcPPER KECORD The weight which plane engines can lift into the air and propel over long distances has not been reached, as yet. The 74-passenger super-clipper which crossed the Pacific from San 'Francisco last week demonstrated this fact. Weighing 42 tons without passengers and crew, it broke a, speed record to Honolulu, covering the distance of 3,400 miles in 15 hours and 49 minutes, as against.the previous record of 15 hours and 51'= minutes, by a lighter craft flown by the late Amelia Earhart. Ships two to three times the weight of the super-clipper and carrying several times the nrmibei- of passengers are probably not far off. WASHINGTON, Feb. 27.--Ac- :epted popular notions of legislation o be expected from this Congress vill have to be revised completely r.ow, quarterway in the session. This has become a constructive- negative Congress. Its feeling seems be "Lets stop this business." It's unwritten motto is: "Better to do nothing than to do it wrong again." No prevailing energy either for corrections or retrenchments is evident. What's What At a Glance By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Columnist WASHINGTON, Fob. 27.--Chairman Key Pittman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee is being quite se\eicly laked over the coals by spokesmen in both houses of Congress for giving so many so- called "\varmngs" to the totalitarian powers. Nor do these criticisms come solely fiom Republican sources. Plenty of Democratic legislators join in them, and some of the adverse Democrats are New Dealers. Pittman isn't getting an overly good press, cither not even from his own party's newspapers. The Administration's Pan-Amcr- j Scan dcfenic program is an non- parfisanly supported as any policy with the recollection of the oldest Washington observers. Confirmed pacifists join in indorsing it. They agree that inadequate preparation seems likelier to involve a country in war than an excess of it. Even such 100 per cent peace-lovers as Republican Senator Gerald P. Nye and Democratic Representative Louis Ludlow appear to recognize that a nation which is loaded for bear is apt to be steered rather clear of ursine varmints on the prow] for easy picking. True, some experts have said: "Let's not augment our aviation force too rapidly. Aviation is developing so fast that, if we do all our plane-building next year, our entire air fleet will be drifting into obsolescence the year after that. In o - der to keep up to date, we'll do better to string it out a bit more slowly than that." There also are authorities who argue that extending our neck as far as Guam is overdoing matters strategically. These folk, however, differ from the administration only as to details. In principle there's little difference oÂ£ opinion. But Senator Pittman? But Senator Pittman is deemed by many to have yowled too vociferously. Nobody flnds fault with him for having made it clear that Yankee- land proposes to oppose German, Italian and Japanese infiltration into our hemisphere. He isn't blamed for making it known that the U. S. abhors Hitlerism, fascism, Japanese militarism and, prbbably, so far as we've observed it, Spanish Franco- ism. Lots of us have made all that clear. The trouble with Pittman, complainants aver, is that he's done it too repeatedly. It wouldn't be so annoying, but lor his position as head of the Senate Foreign delations Committee. Thus he has a semi-official status. Well, that would be all right, if he availed himself of it in moderation. His everlasting squawking is what makes the situation verge on the ridiculous. As Theodore Roosevelt expressed it: "Speak softly but carry a big stick." Uncle Sam is providing the big stick, but, in tlie meantime, Senator Pitiman is sciceching as loudly as he can. It's undignified, a lot of his colleagues think--ins o\ui party colleagues too. Possibly the Administration likewise. The suggestion is that he simply is trying to advertise himself But is it the right kind of publicity? Tlie Senator is on the right side, indeed, but is he on the right side in the right" way? Congiessman Sam McRejnolds of the Representatives' Foreign Relations Committee hasn't been one per cent as noisy as'Senator Pittman but he's been twice as effective a defense advocate as Pittman has. STRENGTH FOR YOUR TASK By Earl JL. Douglass, D. D, IT DOESN'T PAY TO COMPROMISE When the royal scalawag Charles II went on oÂ»e occasion to Southampton, he ordered the groat churchman and hymn writer, Thomas Ken, to vacate his house and let tho notorious Kell Gwyn occupy U. Old Thomas indignantly rclused and said some pretty frank things about the immoral conduct o? the royal rske. To the amazement of everyone, .the king neithe/ lesented Ken's remarks nor insisted on the carrying out of his plans with reference to Nell Gwyn. Several years later there \vos a bishopric vacant m the Church and Chan'es II would consider no one for its save Thomas Ken. "I am not virtuous myself," he said, "but I admire those who are." Wh^n Charles was on his deathbed, he sent for Ken and was comforted by his counsel. The idea is a mistaken one that we can gain favor of worldly- living people by imitating them. It often happens that people who have little goodness in their own lives tremendously admire goodness in others. The way to command the respect of people both Kood and' evil, saints and world- lings alike, is to take a stand for what we believe is right, and without fanaticism but with unyielding purpose to hold" to that position. N T o king ever did more to corrupt the morals of his people than did Chorles II, but no one ever accorded more earnest praise to virtue, when it v*as genuine, than did he. All rights reserved--Dabson Newspaper Syndicate. Railroads Again Cheat Grave Diggers Babson Sees 'Better Timec for Roil Workers and Investors. THE NEWS these subjects are completed. Justice Department probably will bring up construction costs next. Neutrality--Nothing so far suggested either by the Administration or mdivir'u^l congressmen has much Â· chance of passing. Something will be \ worked out, but the only thing sure is that it will be something Mr. Roosevelt won't like. Anti-chain store bill--Not a chance. The Administration is scuttling it. Wages and hours--No legislation. Wagner labor relations act--Lack of inteicst (promoted by the Admin- mportant things which Congress will not do, as follows: Majority sentiment favors the status QUO. The Administration is secretly encouraging this stand. A restatement of legislative pros- j istration) is noticeable. ALE 1 re- pects, therefore, mostly concerns the j ported not as eager as formerly. Outcome in doubt. Railroads--Every week management and labor are supposed to be getting together on a new plan, but rone has developed or is likely. Some encouraging minor amendments (no sweeping legislation) are probable. Taxes--Congress would not have ; .ssed any increase even if Roosevelt and Moijenthau had failed to make their recent promises. At root, their statements reflect only acceptance of prevailing congressional opinion. Processing taxes No. Banking--None of the cockeyed schemes now being mentioned (100 per cent reserves, unified banking) will get through, or be seriously considered. Even the Glass holding company bill has only a slight chance. By ROGER W. BABSON BABSO.V PARK, Fin.. Feb. 27.-One ot the most interesting points in the current business picture is the steady, but unpublicizcd, pi ogress of the railroads. A year ago, most people thought the whole industry was headed for bankruptcy. Today, there is a lot of good news coming Washington this session. 7. The roads are under better management. There is evidence of less banker-lawyer influence. 8. Labor costs arc high for a business just keeping its head above water. Labor leaders, however, are showing more cooperation. 9. Service is better. After years Social security--Only important change to be enacted will advance .ime for beginning old-age benefits to 1940. The Roosevelt proposal to bring farmers and domestics under social security will not be enacted. Towr.send and similar plans-Democratic leaders will find a way to oring them before the House so they may be openly defeated. The idea (they say) is to discourage future money collections by these organizations by proving that the plans cannot be enacted. Also don't forget the Townsendites were clubby with Republicans in the last election - -the Democratic leaders haven't. Cotton--The Smith bill will go through. The Administration prefers it to the Bankhead bill. Bock oÂ£ it also are President Creekmore of the Cotton Cooperative Association and Oscar Johnston, former Wallace cotton adviser. Farm price fixing--No, not experimentally on wheat, not even if production control is included. Farm program--Will remain generally as is, with some new administrative amendments being prepared by House Chairman Jones. Parity payments will be renewed, and benefit payments, of course will continue. Total expenditure will be about the same as this year. Radio Congress is not going to let the Federal Communications Commission fall into the control of one man. The Tommy Corcoran-McNinch bill and plan is doomed. Appropriations--The House will continue to pare the budget slightly a3 on the independent offices and Treasury-Pcstoffice bills, but the Senate will restore the parings, and more, as u-ual. Total appropriations therefore in the end will exceed the budget. Monetary--The Federal debt limit will be ^ extended, probably to $50,000,000,000. Mr. Roosevelt's" potver to devalue the dollar will not be renewed. No change will be made in the stabilization fund law. (The Treasury makes public as much as legislators generally consider to be advisable.) Relief--The appropriation for next year will be shaved but slightly, but the administration of it will be thoroughly restricted. Anti-monopoly--No interest; legislation. The investigating committee will go into steel and liquor prices as soon as questionnaires on ing a genuine interest in giving the best-possible service. 10. Saving* in cost of operations through better materials and more efficient equipment are enormous. Continued on Page Eight out about the carriers. It begins to | ot "sleep-walking," the roads are tak- look as though they have again weathered the storm. I do not need to emphasize the terrific Importance of this industry to every man, woman, and child in America. I can safely say that when we have prosperity m the lailroad business it means more dollars and cents in the pocket of every reader. The fortunes of whole towns and cities throughout the Nation depend upon the railroads. Coal and iron mines, steel plants, locomotive and car shops, lumber mills and paint factories are just a few of the businesses which prosper when the railroads prosper. Then, when they pay As Others Think Stray Thoughts By S. M. DoHUFF Reciprocal taxation of state and ?ederal bonds--It cannot get through Lhe Senate either as a statute or a constitutional amendment. The bill taxing state and Federal employes will get through, however. Adjournment--Managers of the House intend to pass one appropriation bill a week so they will be clear about June 15. The House will then take three-day recesses until the Senate is clear. Adjournment is, therefore, slated for about July 1. Sidelight* Numerous ConneHsvUle people joined with those of the home community at Scottdale In mourning the death there Friday evening oÂ£ Mrs Abigail Hull Strickler, wife of Dr. James P. Strickler. Long an active figure in the Scottdale community, first as teacher in the public schools and then in her church, the Methodist Episcopal, not only locally but jn the Pittsburgh Conference, Mrs. StrickJer enjoyed a wide acquaintance. Her connection to Connellsville embraced membership in the Daughters of tile American Revolution. She was university educated and widely read. Governor Arthur H. James has no intention of hurriedly revamping the State Government within a few months, despite the change in administrations . . . "I'm not going to try to upset the world or the State of Pennsylvania in two months,", he commented, when advised of Republican protests over the slow turn- ' over in State jobs . . . "I'm just going to take things as they come along." STRIPPED OF DELUSION (Washington Observers.) Delusions of workers about the Social Security levy upon their wages arc gradually being dispelled. - . - - - - - - Wcstbrook Pegler in an article dividends, their investors add to the | within the past few days removed In event it Isn't explained before this breaks into print, wish the editor would say why the Wednesday, Feb- j ruary 22, 1939 issue ot The Daily Courier was dated "Wednesday, February 23, 1939" on each and every one of its even numbered pages, from 2 to 16. On the edge of a little pamphlet titled "Train Talks," Mr. P.. E. Wilhelm pencils: "Dear Mr. D-Just -. few facts about the standard railroad," all of which makes me wonder if he has the right railroad in mind. And I'm asked if it's possible Jim Farley doesn't know that having the outer Apple street postofflce door I open "in" instead of "out'i is a vio- The efficacy of the presidential Â·Â·boomlet" started for Governor James by certain interested individuals is being questioned by political observers who wonder whether it is not being begun too early to be ef- National prosperity. Buying and Hiring. Hence, it is significant news when press dispatches read like this: "Orders lor more ihan 375,000 tons of steel rails and accessories have already been placed in 1939." Here Js another: "The line plans.to take on BOO men now, with 5,000 additional employes in the summer." Still another "The railroads have just made inquiries lor 85 new locomotives." Tins all mean more jobs for steel, machine shop, and railroad workers, better service for passengers and shippers, bigger earnings for railroad equipment investors. Railroad employment is still far below i' : 1937 peak and somewhat under a year ago, but the outlook promises many more jobs this spring. The General Federation of Women's Clubs will be 50 years old April 25, 1040. It was orgcnized by 03 delegate.-, from 17 nates. Now has 2,000,000 members. What are behind these important | acted. any lingenng doubt as to the aim and the real purpose of levy. It is a tax pure and simple. Discussing the subject under the heading *'Un taxable Are Being Taxed," he wrote; "It is a suLprise tucked away in the instruction sheet of the individual income tax ^return. The news is broken in tfcfe form: " 'Tax withheld or paid under Section 801 of the So- i'al Secuiity Act or in behalf of the employe is a Federal income tax 1 ." Pcglci goes on to say that the move b-i broaden the base of the income tax bitterly opposed by low wage groups has been "accomplished quietly in arother lav/." It is doubtful if. ever before in the history of the United States was such a trckery piece of legislation en- r.ews announcements'; Let me list some of the most importan'. points. 1. Studies show the railroads arc not, at this time, losing additional freight traffic to trucks and other competitive means of transporation. 2. Bailroad traffic is four per cent higher than at the low of last June, back to the level ot 1935, and above It promises to and certa.nly should have a reaction which will confound the "wise guys" who perpetrated such a hoax upon millions of workers. Not satisfied with grabbing millions from the wages of millions of workers already, the proposal was advanced recently to bring additional millions under its provitions so that 1932, 1933, and 1934. i they, too. can help pay the stagger- 3. The gain in traffic has boosted jng Federal debt, a monument to a gross revenues 13 per cent. 4. Economics in railroad large degree of political waste and operations and curtailed maintenance expenditures are allowing the road to turn this 13 per cent gain in gross revenues into a 100 per cent increase in net income! 5. In the latest month, most of the roads are paying their bills and taxes, meeting their payroll and interest charges, and still have some income years hence when they are eligible to left over. i rece've Govern-nent securities, "1. O. 6 Congress seems to be in a help- I 'Vs" will be a'.l that is there of the ful frame of mind. There should fund A new fund will have to be be some constructive legislation from | created. extravagance. Perhaps tlie workers who believed they have found new friends among the New Dealers will awaken to the realization that they are being duped by a group of slickers. ,, Billions of dollars eventually will be paid into the United States Treasury by the workers of tiie land and lation of the State fire law. If you fancy hard jobs, just try to get a $2.50 room at a hotel that advertises them at "$2.50 'nd up." Not merely because their first names are similar, but to me, Paul Hall, local service station executive, and Paul Muni, fectiv-K Many a presidential boom, they- point out, which might otherwise be effective, pulls a cropper by being started too early . . . At present, Colonel Carl F. Estes. Texas publisher and oil magnate who calls himself a "Jeffersonian Democrat," is spoken of as the prime mover behind Governor James' "boomlet" for the Republican presidential nomination of 1940. Not few persons, politicians included, would be pleased to see the colonel hie away to his own state of Texas. Dr. P. E. Marks, head of Pittsburgh's infectious disease bureau, passes on a bit of good advice that should well be heeded by all. He warned that influenza at times is difficult to diagnose and that it may stage and screen star, look something | frequently appear in the guise of a alike. And today happens to be the birthday of both Henry W. Longfellow, the poet, and Franchot Tone, tlie guy so many female movie fans fume over. Lets go to press. ERROR IN JUDGMENT Sad indeed the case of Mary, Who scorned William and abused htm, And In youth was so contrary common cold. He said all those afflicted should take precautions against more serious illness. "When one feels the onset of'a cold it is best to remain at home to prevent spread and avoid further infection," Dr. Marks said. - proposed to, she refused When him. In tl'.ose youthful days and early Not so much seemed William to her, When her hair was blond and cuily She thought one much nchci due her. William faecmed In toil embedded W'thout promise, as she muttered. So a rich man's son she wedded. Knowing where her broad -was buttered. But depiession struck, and sadly Mary woke one morning sunny To find out her husband badly Had invested all his money. And while the sheriff hovered To serve quittance papers on him Mao suddenly discovered WiiHam owned the placet doggone him i Now as Mary xvashet dithes Which on trays to her arc carried By her husband, oÂ£t bhc wishes It was AVilliam she had married. DAVIDSON'S Be the woman other women copy! Select your entire Spring irardrobe here where high fashion costs you little! Dressmaker Coats 2S.OO "Meet Me at Davidson's"