Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on August 17, 1975 · Page 4
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August 17, 1975

Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 4

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Charleston, West Virginia
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Sunday, August 17, 1975
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44 -- August 17,1975 * Sunday CoaetJe-Jfail ** CWifcStan. »*SJ V*9u» Returnees Say Viets Less Tense (C) \.l. Time* Service WASHlNGTON-An American husband- and-wife team just back from Saigon after two years there for a Quaker relief organization, reports that the most striking change in the atmosphere of the city since the Communist victory is "the absence of tension." Paul Quinn-Judge. who with his wife. Sophie, left Saigon July 28, added: "It's not that the people are not worried any rnore- their worries have a different shape." The Quinn-Judges were in Saigon as representatives of the American Friends Service Committee. "Right now, the regime is obviously going through a honeymoon." he said, adding that the emphasis was on the "viciousness and brutality of the old regime, and of the American imperialists." Thus far. he said, the new government has appeared to shy away from the sort of repression and violence associated with previous regimes. THERE ARE severe shortages. Medical services are hampered by lack of medicines. Mrs. Quinn-Judge said, but treatment is free. A mass innoculation program is under way with mobile teams going from street to street. Food and unemployment are the greatest problems, the Quinn-Judges said. Free rice is being distributed to the unemployed, whose ranks have increased by more than a million since the war's end, April 30. The government is trying to control rice prices, and has set up some official shops to sell the staple at market prices. Many of the French restaurants are still open, but with a sparse clientele. Outdoor cafes and coffee-stands have proliferated. There is an 11 pm.-to-5 a.m. curfew, and foreign periodicals are no longer on sale on the streets, although Le Monde and other French newspapers can still be found in some places. The Quinn-Judges said they experienced no overt hostility during their last months in Saigon although they were among very- few remaining Americans. There are, they said, flocks of journalists from Cuba, East Germany and other Communist- aligned countries. The couple emphasized that "everything in Saigon is provisional at the moment." It seems certain. Quinn-Judge said, that eventually life will be "more regimented and more ordered, with a strong emphasis on community participation . . . with decisions reached by 'democratic centralism"." Life now is austere and difficult, but the fears of a "bloodbath" have not been realized, they said. Many families have been reunited--students emerging from the underground, soldiers returning from the army. There is "study practice" -- the Vietnamese term for indoctrination or consciousness-raising--"at every level," Quinn-Judge said. In factories, workers are told "you are the masters of your own ,-»·' destiny, not the capitalists, not the for- -i^'eigners. They're told they were the vic- .-" tims of the old regime and of American I- imperialism." At meetings, the people are '!£· told, "It has to be you who gets things *.'. going again." Elected Dr. Jack Leckie of Huntington will be installed as president of the West Virginia State Medical Assn. during the organization's annual meeting next week at The Greenbrier. The association will meet Wednesday through next Saturday. Dr. Leckie will be installed Saturday. He succeeds Dr. William E. Gilmoreof Parkersburg. Greece Eyes Membership In Market (c) A'.Y. Times Service ATHENS - The acceptance of Greece as the 10th member of the European Economic Community seems virtually assured, since none of the nine current members w o u l d oppose the a p p l i c a t i o n publicly. Some of the Common Market nations have private doubts about the application, however, and a lengthy process of hard bargaining lies ahead, according to Western diplomats here. Board Lists 5 Promotions Five administrative promotions have been announced by the Kanawha County Board of Education. Mildred Holt has been named county coordinator of employment services. She is a former teacher at Hayes Junior High and coordinator of the Multi-Institutional Teacher Education Center operated by Kanawha County schools. Cy Paris has been appointed director of federal programs.Faris began his career with the school system in 1963 as a teacher at South Charleston Junior High. FRED RADABAUGH, former coordinator of guidance, counseling and testing, is the county's new assistant superintendent for pupil personnel support. He began teaching at Man High in 1952. Charlene Byrd. new assistant superintendent for school-community communications, is a former administrative assistant to the superintendent. She was also recently appointed to the National Council of Teachers of English's Commission on Reading. Gussie Casdorph, a former coordinator of the Career Opportunities Program, has been appointed coordinator of employment services. Banana Firms Lose Favor In Honduras TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras - W - The Honduras military regime has canceled a series of special privileges enjoyed by two U. S. companies that have dominated the country's banana trade for more than half a century. It has also announced plans to buy out their properties and operating facilities, gradually turn over production to inde- pendent'growers, and bring the banana export industry under government control. However, a senior official of Col. Juan Melgar Castro's military regime said Saturday, "There will be no outright nationalization or expropiation." Honduras is the world's No. 2 banana exporter, second only to Ecuador. It sells around 55 million boxes to the United States, for an annual total of approximately $40 million. Baja Land Is Given To Indians ;· MEX1CALI, Mexico (AP) - More than 'l.'-two centuries after Spanish soldiers colon~\; -ized them, the five Indian tribes of Baja 4 ^California are going to get back some of ---their tribal lands. '*· Milton Castellanos Everardo, governor " ' o f Baja California, plans to present the :'-first land grants on Aug. 23 in the nine -^..communities where some 1,500 Indians I-live. I"."' THE COMMUNAL grants will give each -"community control of the land which Mex~--- ican law says they must make productive r" in order to keep. ;;·;.. A spokesman for Castellanos said 204 »- members of the Pai Pai tribe would re- r ceive title to 151.303 acres near Santa Ca; tarina. in the mountains southwest of Mex- · icali. *· Another title for 7,829 acres has been I prepared for 51 Cochimi Indians living ar'_ ound San Antonio Necua. southeast of the "· Guadalupe Valley near the port city of ' Ensenada. :. · "As soon as the documents can be pro- -· cessed. communal ownership will be con*. veyed to the Kumiai, Kiliwa and Cucapa !., tribes." said the governor's spokesman. '- "All lands are to be granted by the end of -I 1976." GREEK OFFICIALS know that their economy will have a tough time competing against the industrialized nations of Western Europe. But they are hoping that the bloc will provide the incentive and the resources needed to modernize her agriculture and industry. Greece became an associate member of the Common Market in 1961, but its affiliation was suspended after the military coup in 1967. After the civilian government returned to power last year, it regained Greece's associate status in December and then applied in June for full membership. Some members of the Common Market regret Greece's application right on the heels of the British referendum on membership, the diplomats said. Some feel that nine members are already too unwieldy. But the main problem is that Greece's relatively backward economy and unstable political situation both require a lot of support, financial and psychological. * * * ANCIENT GREECE provided the inspiration for Western European culture, but modern Greece is a small Balkan nation that wants and needs the prestige of joining "a rather smart club," as one diplomat put it. Premier Constantine Caramanlis feels that if Greece becomes more identified with Western Europe, she would become less dependent on the United States, her primary patron since the end of World War II. Greek officials also hope that membership in the EEC would provide a safeguard against the sort of dictatorship that ruled here for more than seven years. As Greece becomes more integrated into the community, they reason, other members would gain more leverage to oppose any antidemocratic movements here. THE MEASURE announced late Friday affects Standard Fruit, a subsidiary of Castle Cook of San Francisco, and the Tela Railroad Co., whose parent firm is United Brands Co. In a radio-television speech to this impoverished Central American nation of 3 million, Melgar Castro made public a decree that abolished legislation giving the two companies privileged status. The measures will go into effect Sept. 15, the government said. His regime accused the two companies of "committing immoral acts" to continue enjoying "unjustified economic privileges" that are not in the national interest. Standard Fruit's parent firm, Castle Cooke, issued a statement in Honolulu saying the company did not regard the Honduran action as barring further banana exports, from here. United Brands has admitted paying unnamed Honduran officials $1:25 million in bribes to reduce a banana export tax from $1 for each 40 pounds to 30 cents shortly before company chairman Eli M. Black committed suicide in New York earlier this year. ATHENS' application is also designed to increase Turkey's diplomatic isolation and move Ankara to settle the Cyprus issue. Turkish officials express fear that if Greece gains full membership she could eventually veto Turkey's application, but Greek leaders say they would feel a lot safer if Turkey were also a full member, and subject to more pressure from Western democratices. Greek agriculture, which still supports one-third of the population, is often fragmented into tiny plots worked by fiercely' independent and hopelessly inefficient farmers. Economists say that the country needs bigger farms, more modern methods and equipment, and better organization to get the right crops to the right markets. That takes money, however, and Greece has asked the EEC for a $480 million loan, mainly for the agricultural sector, but is likely to get a good deal less than that. Greece is eager to tap into other community funds earmarked for farm and regional development. **- FOR YEARS, the five tribes have *,' waged a losing battle to survive in this 1 arid desert peninsula. Their numbers have ' been steadily reduced by illness, malnutri- '- lion and a high mortality- rate among . young children. ; Villagers still cling to century-old farm- ing methods. They plow their small corn , or wheat fields with plows pulled by horse. burro or the farmers themselves. Officials said conditions in one Kumiai I community were so bad that the Indians - called it "'the village of no hope." - Armed with the grants, the Indians will ; become eligible for government loans for - farming equipment to produce a cash crop - in the harsh, mountainous desert. - '·' The land grants "signal the beginning of ". a fantastic new era for the Indians." said -;- Anita Alvarez Williams, a coordinator for "«. Mexico's National Institute of Indian Af:! lairs. , ^ i i Tanks Are Probed BRUSSELS. Belgium (AP)-Forty tanks have been temporarily removed from active service in the Belgian army after cracks were detected in some of the special aluminum armor plating, the Defense Ministry said Saturday. An investigation is under way to determine the cause of the defects. Sunday Gazette-Mail Entered os second class matter at the Post Office at Charleston. W. Vo.. under the act of March 3,1897. Independent newspaper published each Sunday morning by the Doily Gazette Company and Ooiiy Moil Publishing Co., a subsidiary of Cloy Comrr.unico ttons. Inc.. in Charleston. W. Vo. 25330. Sunday Gazette-Moil is o member of The Associated Press. The Associated Pr«s is entitled to the use of oil local rtews for reproduction. 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