The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on February 24, 1939 · Page 4
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February 24, 1939

The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 4

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Connellsville, Pennsylvania
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Friday, February 24, 1939
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PAGE FOUR. h: D A I L Y COURIER, CONNELLSVILLE, PA. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 24, iathj _....-. ~ ! _ Publishers President and General. Manager Secretary and- Treasurer :.'. Editor Associate Editor THE COURIER COMPANY James J. Driscoll J?. A. Donegan _ Walter S. Stimmel James M. Driscoll .___._.. J. Wylie Driscoll Advertising and'Business. Manager MEMBER OF ."_' "... ..'.-' ""."-'-'··-.".'·" Audit Bureau of Circulations. Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' :Association Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United Press and International' News Service ' SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; $5 per year, or $2.50 for six months by mail it paid in advance; 12 cents per week by carrier. Entered as second class matter at the Postofficc, Connellsville, Pa. FRIDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 24, 1039 AN INSULT TO THEE SPEECH The German-American Bund is evidently attempting to set up a Nazi rule of force in America. One Herman Scrrwlnn, West Coast director of the bund, openly boasted the other night that "if the police can't clear the street, ·we'll do it ourselves." He waved his hand toward husky uniformed members of the bund--the "storm troopers" ready for action In- an anti-bund demonstration at Los Angeles. It is just as -well the "troopers" did not venture forth. There probably would have been bloodshed. As it was the police managed to handle the situation without great diffi- - culty. There was a liberal shower of decayed vegetables and rotten eggs. Some stones were hurled. The bund leaders laid themselves open to the attack. In New York Monday night, leaders of the same organization, taking advantage of the protection of the Bill of Rights, -which permits free speech, especially assailed the President of the United States. Loud boos from the audience greeted references to the Chief Executive, whom a speaker took the liberty to call "Franklin Rosenfeld," with evident ulterior motive, a deliberate attempt to inflame race prejudice. Both the New York and the Los Angeles "Washington Birthday" bund rallies demonstrated how far it is possible to go in the name of "liberty" as guaranteed by the Constitution. The framers of that great document indisputably did not have in mind the possibility' of disloyal acts and propaganda by a foreign-dominated individual or organization masquerading under the guise of patriotism. Not only was there disloyalty in the attacks on the President,' but breaking of a promise on the part of the bund leaders that there would be no anti-Jewish statements. The whole attitude of the bund is representative of that of the National Socialist party of Germany and its leader, Adolf Hitler. There can be no defense of the use of the birthday of the first President to put over such disloyalty gatherings. Even if they had been devoid of the Insult to President Roosevelt, the choice of the day was ill-advised. It did, however, give loyal American citizens a better insight into the workings of the bund. TAPPING NATURE'S STOREHOUSE A few months ago Henry Ford predicted that ere long farmers will be growing a substitute for steel--the kind used in the manufacture of motor cars. He foresaw a product superior to steel, in that It would not cnimple in a crash but rebound to its original shape. He was thinking of minor accidents, of.the kind which do not tear a car to pieces. Corn stalks and other farm plants would provide the basic material. Mr. Ford did not mention the possible exhaustion ot Iron ore as his reason for experiments with the new material. Just -when we will reach that probablyrdistant'day- is a matter for the statisticians. By the same token they might tell us when our coal beds will be no more.- Some have estimated they are good for thousands of years-by taking into account huge deposits in virgin territory: . But metallurgical engineers are giving attention to the possibility of finding a substitute. "Coal Supplied Through Farm Crops" reads a head in The Courier yesterday. An expert of the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh Carnegie Tech, we call it usually--has demonstrated that it can be done. Today, the expense makes its use prohibitive. But some hundreds of years hence the experiments that are being conducted today might be put to use. And if the chemists can make coal from the farmer's vegetable products, so can they make gasoline and oils. It was decayed matter that laid down our coal beds and oil deposits in the ages long gone. It may be that while we can find Something with which to fertilize the soil we shall not lack for steel and fuel and lubricants. . 1AST OBSTACLE BEMOTED Governor James has come around to the conviction that it would be a grave mistake to toss aside the 561,000,000 in Federal funds set up for building the Pittsburgh- Harrisburg super-highway. His own words are that "it ·would be decidedly unwise for me to place any impediment in the way of this project. . . in view of the economic distress in Pennsylvania." The statement ends' speculation that had existed since the Governor had indicated soon after his inaugural he might oppose it. Those who contend the Lincoln or the William Penn should be improved, rather than that a parallel highway be bni'lt, must remember the State has no money now for either; also that the ones who advised Mr. James either could be improved comparably for $15,000,000 didn't go to the trouble to find out the facts. . Experienced contractors will tell you it can't be done for a m'uch larger sura. Another angle not considered by many is that the new route will take the bulk of trucking off the existing main highways and permit greater ease of travel over them. It may take some revenue Trom gasoline and liquor dealers but that is no reason for halting the march of progress. FIRST AW IX SCHOOLS. While injury to students on public school grounds or in buildings is of rather rare occurrence, action of the board of education of Ounbar township in requiring that teachers become familiar with the fundamentals of first aid is a wise move. Thus qualified they will be able to act in an emergency until a doctor arrives or the victim can be removed to the doctor's office or a hospital. Equally important is a provision that bus drivers be required to take the first aid course. A life may depend on prompt treatment in event of accident on the highway. AH industrial plants in Pennsylvania are equipped w i t h first aid kits or cabinets. It is a progressive step to e x t e n d that requirement to school b u i l d i n g s . ITU SOON BE TIME TO DIG! What's What At a Glance By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Columnist. WASHINGTON, Feb. 24.--Out of .he recent visit paid to this country foreign Minister Oswaldo Arantha of Brazil there has been developed as weird a scheme as ever I heard of for the colonization ot thousands ot I our unemployed in Senhor Aranha's j lome republic. { The scheme probably sounds ra- j jonal to folk who never were nearer Lo Brazil than Palm Beach (Fla.), but to anyone who ever has been three-gosh a'mighty! I do not believe that Senhor Aranha ever said this (fie has too much sense), but he is quoted as saying, "Brazil is perfectly enormous." Which is true, it is larger than the continental United States. "Its population," Minister Aranha' is quoted as continuing, "is very skimpy." That is true, too. It is about 20 per cent of ours, with more than our amount of room to contain it. "And we are enormously rich," proceeds Friend Aranha, "in undeveloped resources--minerals, rubber, tropical woods, coffee, cotton, cattle, everything you can think of." True, all of it. "Yet with all this wealth of opportunities available," Brother Aranha is alleged to be saying, "you Yankees practically disregard us. We have German immigrants, but few 'Norte Americanos.' Is it surprising that Nazi influence outweighs democracy? "Why don't you come down and ·hump' yourselves?" Why Not, Indeed? Well, in the first place, there is not nearly as much mass German immigration into Brazil, or the rest of Latin America, as is represented. German business is influential, but the proportion of German urban toilers and farmers is inconsiderable; the Germans have not much voting strength. Latin American bulk is Spanish, Portuguese, Italian and, in spots Indian or semi-African. We "Norte Americanos" could colonize until we are black in the face, and we could not make much impression against these Latins and "mixtos.' Ditto Germany and Britain. They are significant only economically; not as to numbers. Nevertheless, the argument is advanced that we have, in the U. S. A., about 10,000,000 unemployed. What is the matter with transplanting some of them in Brazil? Thus, presumably, we could unload our "reliefers" and create a Brazilian U. S. A. That is the "dope." Times Change. Now the United States was -created in an era when immigrants would stand hardships. Within my own day I have seen them settling, say, the Dakolas. A family would arrive under a "covered wagon," fix up a sod-house,-dig its own well, light itself with candles, reckon with its own midwifery. It cannot be done today by seconc or third generation pioneers. They have got to have electric lights, telephones, telegraphic communication, a radio. Maybe a few aborigines in the Remoter jungles will stand for the lack of some of these modern 'improvements--but civilized immigrants will not. They will not immigrate if they realize .what they arc going up against. They, will not do it to get oft relief, even. Climatic Conditions. Aside from all that, the average "relief family" from a temperate zone cannot be transferred to the tropics without killing it. And supposing it did live under new conditions, could it find markets? STRENGTH FOR YOUR TASK By Earl L. Douglass, D. D. THE NEWS WASHINGTON, Feb. 24.--The de- j bonaii- culprit underneath most of, this foreign affairs kindling appears to be Bill Bullitt, the ambassador to Paris. Searching senators have found him. there repeatedly, holding an open conference were also the occasion of inner merriment. The suspicious senators all like Bullitt, but they do not (ike to think of him directing, or inspiring, foreign : policy through advice lo the telephone to the President's ear, j While House. They wojld possibly which brings him closer to it than, ' have the same suspicions about any- for instance, Joe Kennedy, the Lon- j one who was ambassador to Paris, where European politics has proved don ambassador who also has a telephone, or perhaps even State Secretary Hull, whose office is only across the street from the White House. This is one thing which is making the State Military Affairs Committee fidget further about the plane deal with France and its connection with the Roosevelt foreign policy. Kennedy, they find, has a bad connection and is pining foi' another job. Hull, they have heard, and believe, is not unmindful of, some challenge to his position involved in the personal relationship between Mr. Roosevelt and Bullitt. Intimations are current among senators that Hull is not wholeheartedly with the latest turn of policy. Imaginary rumors are afloat in the Senate hinting he might resign. One of his friends is supposed lo have advised it. But the best judges expect his interest in his reciprocal trade policy will cause him to remain. itself sufficiently efficient in the past to dominate the coolest and most detached of foreign ambassadors. Frankly, they think Bullitt may become what Walter Hines Page was to Woodrow Wilson, and they are determined the result shall be dif- " ferent this time. Senatorial distrust of foreign policy will continue at least until this situation is altered, and possibly, in some degree, thereafter. Stop the presses! Tear out the front page! The new order not only changeth, but revolutionized! itself. Rub your eyes, if you will, but it will still be true that Maury Mnv- Someone has said that "luck" Is a very good word if the letter P is put before it. And Emerson remarked that shallow men believes in luck, but \visc and strong men in cause and effect. The great preacher, Spurgeon, once said, "Luck generally comes to those who look after it; and my notion is that it taps once in a lifetime at everybody's door, but if industry does not open it, luck goes away." It cannot be denied that itn- explainable good fortune does seem to be the lot of some people and seems to come to all of us at times under certain conditions. But may it not be true that we think so much of the occurrence ARE YOU LUCKY? that we forget very decidedly about the conditions under which the occurrence took place? Isn't luck more often than not just a fancy name for always being at our duty? It may seem at times that good fortune comes to the shiftless and that misfortune harries the most diligent. But this is more an appearance than a fact. There are some unaccountable things in life certainly, but one thing as plain as a pike staff is that the foundation of every real success is hard work. If we do the best we can every day and hope for nothing from luck, the probability is that we will make such a success in life that shallow observers will call us lucky. All rlghta reserved--Babson Newspaper Syndicate. SIDELIGHTS The dubious senators know Bullitt. They know he was considered leftish enough to be chosen a sympathetic first ambassador to Russia; that he has become a francophile, as all ambassadors to Paris must. Many are the authentic stories told of his adventures in foreign affairs; the time during the London economic conference, for instance, when he took Ramsay MacDonald's secretary privately to lunch. The nettled British leader called one of the American delegates in (former Governor James M. Cox of Ohio) and observed that "your mon Bullitt seems to be something of a wild mon." There was also the time when Bullitt's cousin, Nancy Astor, first learned he was a member of the American delegation and chided Mr. Roosevelt only half humorously for making the choice. Bullitt's suspicions of British .spying during that last year, is running for mayor of San Antonio on a budget-balancing program. The ex-leader of the spenders, who thought there was no bottom to the Federal till, has been camuaigmng on a fusion party platform which has as its first plank: "We aledge an honest, efficient business administration." His highest light is plank three reading: "We shall endeavor to balance the budget of the city, and to put the city on a cash basis.- A better and more efficient administration can be given for less money." No indication suggests that the remnant of the Maverick group in the House (8 to 15) is going to revolutionize itself to conform with the ex-master. They are still spend- After the H o u s e Democratic caucus, a youngster came up to Representative* Joe Smith of West Virginia and asked: "What is this patronage they are talking about? Smith would have been no more amazed if he had been asked whether congressmen eat. "What do Continued on Page Fourteen. What About Our Dollar? Babson Says U. S.'Treasury Our Best Guarantee of Peace. Motorists who had to drive over South Pittsburg street into East Fairview avenue Tuesday night during and after the sudden snowfall were exceedingly grateful for the ashes were some of the greetings of thanks called to him by drivers. To finish the good deed Harry had coffee ready when the tired city force arrived some time later and made himself spread over the surface there. Ai- ! some friends who will never forget ways a diff.ult spot to negotiate when his kindness, slippery, because of the grade, a traffic tie-up threatened. The city street force was swamped with demands for ashes at numerous points and before the truck arrived it seemed that the street would be Closed by Nature. Then Harry Jobes, who lives above the corner came to the rescue. He hustled out bu'ckets- ful of ashes and scattered them strategically. Cars began to move. "That's the boy, Harry," "Thanks a million, Harry," "Good work, fellow," Stray Thoughts By S. M. DcIIUFF Rev. L. S. Elliott deplores the attempt of a certain university professor to break down traditions, like that of Washington cutting the cherry tree, with his hatchet. The minister takes no stock in the contention the boy Washington's reputed act was simply a legend. "It's just what pny boy with a hatchet and nothing else on which to use it might do," he told the folks attending the D. M. Graham Memorial Class father-son banquet Wednesday night at Star' Junction. Private business must be getting good judging from the number of State officials who are sending their resignations to Governor James in order to enter it. Evidently figuring on settling in New York sooner or later, a South Side youth has installed his miniature railroad layout under his bed in order to acclimate himself to the rumblings of a subway. To A. R.' McNeil: Don't confuse my "forgotten folks" with Mr. Roosevelt's, for I include both living and dead in mine. That Somerset county farmer who out-Virginias most Virginians in curing hams, sold he another one a week or so ago, but no use asking for his address for he's sold out of the things. There really should be a different automobile steering wheel for every pair of automobile driving hands. Last Sunday morning, with their train reported an hour and something late to begin with, a brilliant warm sun shining, and the thermometer hovering around the 75 mark, Mr. and Mrs. Ira S. Beal, Race street, were almost tempted to call off a Florida trip, go back home and bisk in our own tropical climate. To that list o£ forgotten folks, add Luis Firpo, .the Argentine, who socked Jack Dempsey right smack into laps o£ ringside spectators not so many decades ago. Let's go lo press. .. Perry Township Higli School has three girls who would raake themselves popular musically if given the opportunity to be heard. They are the "Gems"--Gloria Cones, Eleanor Wilson and Margaret Baughman--so named from the initials of their flrst names. Their voices blend beautifully and they have fine stage presence--heads up, lilting voices carrying out to the farthest part ot a hall. Sharing honors with them is their accompanist, Miss Rowenna Karr.erer. A "magnascope" will be on display at the New York World's Fair, 1039. It is a 'new type of projection machine whicli utilizes living models instead of slides. Fair visitors will be invited to be the models. By ROGER W. BABSON ST. PETERSBURG, Fla., Feb. 24.-Since 1933, nearly every economist, including myself, has predicted that we would have phoney dollars' in the United States. Yet, after six years of the wildest spending spree on record, the American dollar is today the strongest currency on earth. Furthermore, few economists are now worrying' about it. Can it be that they were all mistaken? Will our dollar continue sound? Or have certain factors intervened to save us temporarily? I strongly feel that the latter is true. I am also positive that only a spiritual revival can save us from eventual trouble. Here, however, are eight reasons why our dollar is still good, despite our mam- motii spending programs: 1. Debt no greater than in 1929: Total debt in the United States is no [reater today than in 1929. There nas been a $30,000,000,000 gain in Federal debt, but private debt has oeen cut an almost equal amount. Private debt, however, is a lesser evil. Private debt is a lien on definite companies, a mortgage on definite homes, a load on the backs of definite individuals. Private debt is paid off or settled because it is an indiivdual's responsibility; public debt is seldom paid oft for it is everybody's--and, therefore, nobody's--responsibility. 2. Scarcity of private investments: The drastic slashing of private debt is or.e major reason why United States bond prices have held up in the face of our wild spending orgy. The money formerly invested in prir vate loans must be put to work somewhere else. Much of it has gone into Government bonds. Compare our life insurance companies' .portfolios today with 1929. The percentage of funds invested in U. S. "Governments" has - increased over 10 tmes. Naturally, this, scarcity of private securities has helped to push up prices of public bonds. 3. Public bonds tax-exempt: Since 1929, taxes .have been pushed WHEN FATHER'S ILL When mother's sick, she says: "111 be AH right in iust a day or two. Don't fret and bother over inc. Got on with what you have to do. It's just a cold in my head. Its markets have got to be in the i failure. failure. 2.' "Tex" Rickard in Argentine Chaco, just after the World War.' Flat 51,000,000 fizzle. 3. Alfalfa Bill Murray's Bolivian Chaco, failed just after Rickard's United States principally. The thing involves about a generation of development anyway. All Have Fizzled. I have seen four foreign attempts made at colonization in South America: 1. Dutch, after the Boer War, in Patagonia. One hundred per cent It's different though v.'hon father's ill. lie gets the \vorst of pains to bear. He vcws that cite he surely -will Before we get the doctor there And thun he tells him lo hid face, "Now .this is not on easy case." Pa has the saddest pert o£ moan To use when mother leaves the re cm. I guess he hates to be alone For fear it is his clay or doom, And sometimes -when his pain seems -vyorsc. He wonders should he hire a nurse. Pa asks the doctor can he say mined by "attacks on business'by politicians; by burdensome taxes; by the fostering of labor troubles. Such actions have foreced huge sums of timid capital into savings banks, trust funds, annuities--and, .from there into Government bonds. High prices have created the impression that United States Governments are the safest investment on earth. Yet, their ultimate value will depend on the ability'of business to make money in order to pay taxes. 6. Increase in raw material supplies: Another reason that the buying . ., ,ver of our dollar has not declined is because there are huge surpluses of nearly all raw materials. Since 1933, our output of copper, cotton, wheat, etc., has increased spectacularly. At the same time there have, been feverish efforts by other countries to boost their production. For instance, the amount of foreign cotton grown has jumped 50 per cent since 1933. 7. All nations have abandoned gold: If all nations had been solidly on gold when the United States abandoned it in 1933, I believe the effects here would have been far more inflationary. However, the entire world drifted away from gold together. The government of every major nation is today spending fat- more money than, it takes in. Our fiscal policies, have been unscund but the policies of most other nations have been even less sound. Actually, there is more gold behind the American dollar today than there is behind the pound, the franc, the yen, the lira, or the mark. · 8. Unsettled foreign conditions: When all is said and done, the United States and Canada are the soundest countries in the world in which to invest or to live. Billions of dollars of foreign "fear" money have been sent across the Atlantic--creating the biggest credit reserves in our history. Indentures of loans of one .European country to another are now substituting a "dollar clause" hi the sky-high in the wealthy brackets. But j place of the old "gold clause," (such L'Jvernment bonds are free from nor- I as in a recent Dutch loan to a French ml tax and certain short-term railroad.) This 4. Fred Engen's Canadian-American Chaco--winding up in a Paraguayan revolution, landing nowhere. The nub of it is that foreign colon- j "rhat"he"ls truly on the mend, ization in Latin America is hooey, j And win the soreness so away__ Those folks are as different from us ; as the Chinese are, or the Japanese, or the Europeans, or anybody. How about being American? And will the fever ever end? But I know what the doctor thinks. Becauses lie looks at ma and ·winks. Treasury notes are even exempt from sui'-taxes. Konce, the big investor can get as good a return on a one per cent Treasury note as on a three per cent top-grade corporate bond. One of the best ways to curb public spending would be (o throw out this lax-exemption feature. Without it, public borrowing would become difficult. If the politicians cannot easily borfow money, they will have to spend less money because they cannot push taxes much higher! ·i. Control of bank, investments: The biggest prop for public credit so far has been the new Federal control o£ bank investing since 1933. Banks have been encouraged to buy Governments. They have taken the lion's share of the $30,000,000,000 of new bonds. A banker's only obligation is to pay dollars. He does not | have to worry about how much food and clothing the dollars he pays out will buy compared with the dollars which were deposited. As Government bonds are now exchangeable into paper dollars, one can easily see why bankers buy these bonds. 5. Destroying confidence in business: Investors' confidence in private bonds and stocks has been under- recognizes that means the world the dollar is the strongest of all currencies. It may also mean a lack of faith in gold! Despite eight years of dangerous policies, the United States and Canada are still the strongest nations financially. In a world where gov- ; crnment credit generally is rotten, our credit is 100 per cent acceptable. Moreover, this precious asset can be maintained if reckless spending is stopped now!. . ' Credit Best Defense. Let me remind those who urge continued spending and who shout about the necssity of arming against the dictators ot Europe, o£ a far?.ous conversation between an eminent Japanese and Theodore Roosevelt. The Japanese said: "No nation would dare to attack you. They would be attacking the strongest "military machine in the world--the United States Treasury." This statement is just as trui: now as 30 years ago. We can provide ourselves with far. more protection against attack by stopping political raids on our own Treasury, than by , building naval stations on Guam Is- ^ : land, 6,000 miles out in the Pacific Ocean.

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