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PAGE FOUR. THE DAILY COURIER CONNELLSVILLE, PA. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1938. Qkmror THE COURIER COMPANY . James J. Driscoll R. A. Dohcgan Walter S. Stimmcl James M. Driscoll J. Wyllc Driscoll Publisher . President and (General Manager . Secretary and Treasurer Editor Associate Editor . Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF | Audit Bureau of Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; S5 per year, or $2.50 for six months by mail If paid in advance. Entered as second class matter at the Postofilce, Connellsville, Fa. FRIDAY-EVENING. FEBRUARY, 11. 1038. u. o. DE'SEKVJJS oun HELP The Baltimore Ohio -Railroad has been with Connellsville so long .and has" become so much a part of the city that we lose sight of that-fact that we are under a great obligation to it; that'wo" should do all in our power to promote its welfare. Â· - -Just what the B.- 0. means to us was forcibly called to our attention. In n story in Tho Courier Thursday to the effect that-the payroll of the company here approximates a million dollars a year, and that the 700 employes affected spend most of that sum here." .::'. ;A hundred employes who assembled at the Y. M, C. A. Wednesday pledged themselves to cooperate with the company in. urging the'-merchants with whom they deal to "do at-least a part of their business" with the B. O. Inasmuch as no other railroad has anything like the Investment here or disburses more than a small fractional part of the payroll, it Is rightly contended the bulk of the business should be thrown to Dan "Willard's road. Such support would be for our good should return of prosperity justify enlargement or changes in terminal facilities. It would be poor sportsmanstiip to pass up one of our chief enterprises now and then show a sudden zeal for its welfare when something to .benefit us presents itself. Now is the time to act. BAIL BATE CASE NEABS CRISIS The plea of the railroads pf the country for freight rate increases of 15 per cent to add 5517,000,000 to their annual income and a half cent passenger fare increase In eastern territory to bring in additional $40,000,000 provides a problem for all concerned--the public at large, agricultural, industrial and business interests--for all will share in the cost and all contend they are in no position to bear added burden. On the other hand tho carriers- contend they face bankruptcy without more income. Upon the Interstate Commerce Commission will fall the burden of making the' decision unless something else should intervene. March I,*or before, Is the time. ' . While he has- agreed something should' be done to aid the $26,000,000,000 rail industry, the President has other plans. They will' be revealed when he confers, before March 1, with members of the Interstate Commerce Commission, Senator Burton K. Wheeler who conducted an investigation of railroad finance, leading bankers and industrialists, In an eliort to solve the enigma. Washington dispatches indicate the group will not consider the rate increase plea, but rather means of reducing railroad capitalization, eliminating unnecessary services, consolidating lines and terminal facilities and building cash surpluses to take care of lean years. Tho last phase is one to which the President should'give serious thought, in view of tho Administration's program of depleting surpluses through taxation. OTHEK MTTLE CHII/DRE3.' OF Tt'Oltt/H Italian children, by decree of tho secretary general of the Fascist party, .must offer a prayer of "thanks" to Premier Mussolini for the mid-day meal, says Industrial Press Service. The prayer, as prescribed by the Fascist official, must bo as follows: "II Duce (Mussolini) I thank you for what you give mo to make me grow healthy and strong. O Lord God, protect II Duce so that he may be long preserved to Fascist Italy." In Germany school children were required to kneel on the anniversary of the Nazi seizure of power, and join in this chant: "We don't want rest. We loathe quiet. Waiting is death. He who is unfaithful and leaves the flag of Der Fuehrer shall lose honor forever. Unfaithful, bo accursed! Fuehrer, we salute thoe!" Â· ' -. Â· Â·. . And la Kussia children are"taught there.is no'God, to worship no one but Lenin and his successor, Stalin; that this Is the"highest manifestation of faith: "If your-father or mother are not loyal to the Cause, report them to Stalin --so that they may bo shot." What-a relief to pause and reflect on living in America. The editor of Press Service suggests: "Might it not be appropriate that our_American_,chlldren pause in their studies some 'day and give thanks to God that ours is 'still the land of the free and the home o'f tho brave.' " JOHNSON AXAIXKKS TJIE PRESIDENT President Roosevelt will run for office again "if, when the time comes, he can get"away w^th it," says Mr. Roosevelt's former ally, General Hugh Johnson, in the Ladies Home Journal. Btit-"lf he feels that he can't (get away with it)"' nothing;ivould persuade him," the former NRA adminstrator'wrote in ari article entitled "The Proflle of a Prisideii'tj'l EC. -G 7 . 3Y_ells, it will be remembered, parted company" wlti'the President convinced he doesn't want a third term.'" Johnson's acquaintance with Mr. Roosevelt over a period of 20 years gives him a better analysis of the Â·President's characteristics.' Johnson refers to him as having "a touch of genius, but erratic-and impulsive." Even worse, the general says: "No one who is not willing immediately to abandon '-independent judgment to his impulses can long remain near him. No one who opposes his convictions can prevail iipo'n him. No one who combats him in party political councils can live if he can contrive that man's political downfall." In other words, General Johnson puts the President in category of dictators and would-be. BETTER THE TAXI) OF THE FREE Germans in America should have little cause for worry over failure to obey the provisions of a law promulgated yesterday by the Nazi government which extends to nationals abroad the obligation to register with German authorities -wherever they may be, for the reason that if they fall they "may be deprived of German protection." How many subjects of Der Fuehrer at home are assured of protection equal to that under the flag of Uncle Sam? Or why should they worry over the proviso that "any who insistently violate their duty of loyalty toward people of the Reich" may be deprl-ed of their citizenship? Just, watch the rush to register! What's What At a Glance By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Columnist. WASHINGTON, Feb. 11--Senators ind representatives who demand a iullcr explanation of President Roosevelt's foreign policy appear to lavo some justification for their curiosity. The situation actually is pretty puzzling. The President's Chicago' speech of a few months ago, in which ho advocated quarantine regulations against countries manifesting symptoms of the belligerency germ's ravages, seemed to me all right. Critics complain that the President failed to make it clear just how tlie proposed quarantine should be enforced. Maybo not, but that a quarantine is desirable, as a general pnnciple ; strikes me ns an unassailable proposition. The Administration's subsequent program, 'however, has proceeded along lines which suggest that some- tiling more active than a mere quarantine is contemplated. V. S. QUESTIONS JAPAN For example: Why the Presidential requisition for the upbuilding sJ Uncle Sam's navy to the tunÂ» of nearly a billion? --the hugcst investment of the kind in America's peace time history. Well, perhaps that is for quarantine enforcement purposes. It is a snug bill, though. Then we ask Japan: "What size battleships are you building? If you are building bigger battleships than ours, we intend to hustle to keep up with, or overtake you." We ad:!, in effect, "We think you're 'fudging' on a bargain we made with you." Our query amounts, almost, to an ultimatum--we jjivc the mikado a limited number of days to reply in AN AGREEMENT It would not matter so much 1 Washington, and Washington alone had assumed this "sassy" attitude toward Tokio. But it appears that London and Paris also have "sassed" the Tokio regime. , It looks like an "alliance"! Okay! Agree that an alliance o: the democratic powers is necessary But, at least, if Washington is cl- fccting a treaty with London am Paris, it is "up to" Washington to inform the American people as to the compact It is, if it is, concluding with London and Paris. AS THE SIGNS. POINT The signs certainly arc that Washington and London, if not Paris, ari in cahoots. The "dope" is that Uncle Sam wil take care of the Pacific--a whole lo of it, anyway. And that Britain xvil take care of the Atlantic; Brazil Argentina and miscellaneously, th South American cast coast. All this implies an Anfclo-Franco- American treaty. Versus Japan, Germany and Italy a world triumvirate! Your Income Tax NO. 17 Losses From Casualties. Theft, nnd Wafers. To be deductible, a Ion arising from "flrcs, storms, shipwrecks, o other casualty" need not be con neoted with the taxpayer's trade o business. If his home or his auto mobile is destroyed by fire, or his summer bungalow damaged by floo or storm, he may claim a deduction for the loss sustained. Loss of property by theft or bur Clary Is an allowable deduction, ant need not be incurred in trade o_ buslncss. Hence, the loss occasioncc by the theft of jewelry or an auto mobile used for pleasure- and con vcnicnce is deductible. It must b established, howcvej, that the prop crty actually was stolen. Shouli circumstances attending the Jos leave the owner in doubt us tc whether' it was stolen or lost, th claim v,ould not be allowed. LossC'i from wagering transaction are allowable only to the extent o the gains from such transactions. A loss is deductible only in thi year in which it is sustained, even though, as in the case of n theft o casualty, it may not be discovered until a later year. Loises compen sated for by insurance or otherwise of course, are not deductible. How ever, in the event the amount of in surancr is not tuflldent to rccom pense for the loss sustained, the ex cess of the loss over the amount o the insurance is deductible. In general, loÂ»cs for which an amount may be deducted for incom tax pin poses must bp evidenced by closed and completed tKiti actior..'i fixed by identifiable events, bona lidi and actually sustained during th 1 taxable period for which claimed For instance, a person possessing stock of a corporation cannot deduct frtjm gross income any amount claimed as a loss merely on account of shrinkage in value of such stock through fluctuation of the market or otherwise. The loss allowable in such cases is that actually suffered when the stock is disposed of. If stock of a corporation becomes worthless, its cost or other basis is deductible by the owner for the taxable year in which the stock becomes worthless, provided a satisfactory showing is made of its worthlcssni'ss. A loss on account of stock becoming worthless, is deductible only for the taxable year in which the stock becomes worthless and not for any other year, regardless of the fact that there may not be income for the year in which the stock becomes worthless against which to apply such loss. In the Day's News Brief Comment un Current Evcntj .Hero and Thc'c. When the value of the Baltimore Ohio Railroad to Connellsville is being considered it should include he Y. M. C. A. Building. It is the property of the railroad company md is maintained largely by It. While its service is primarily for railroad men, the puplic shares in its use. Many organizations use its auditorium for their meetings. Its ymnasium is in use all winter for askctball. In the basement rccrea- ional facilities are provided for boys nnd men. They arc being increased. The city, through the Community fund, helps to bear the maintenance cost, but In only a small way in com- arison with what the railroad com- jany invests. Something went wrong with Br'er Ground Hog's weather plans the first week. With maple and other early- bursting buds swelling to the danger point, maple sugar sap running In Somerset county, robins flitting about here, there had been no Indication the first seven days of Sir Marmot's roign that "we shall have six weeks of wintry weather." Too early yet to crow, however. Far better to have It now than when we should be having spring. Snow in the air today may be ominous. Facfographs The United States leads the world in per capita consumption of soap. The Netherlands, Denmark and Holland follow. The evening of Tuesday, March 1, will be a happy occasion for Mrs Josephine Matthews of Markleysburg; likewise for her distinguished son, Judge Hoss S. Matthews of the Orphans Court of Fayette county Residents of Marklcysburg and adjoining Wharton and Henry Clay townships will do mother and son honor at a dinner at the Church o; the Brethren at Markleysburg. Even a happier occasion than the Board of Trade dinner for the jurist at Pleasant Valley Country Club recently is in prospect. It may well be the climaxing event in the life oi Mrs Matthews--to have her son, clevatcc by his fellow citizens to the bench come home to be honored jointly with her. Tickets for the dinner are being distributed In Connellsville Another native son of the home locality, Robert J. Amctt of Uniontown, will be the master of ceremonies. Seven persons have filed applications for tho Greensburg postmaster- ship, held temporarily by a woman Mrs. Kathleen M. Gregg. The bai Is the $3,700 annual stipend. Everyone is a Democrat. No chance for others even though every appllcan must take the civil service tost, such as It is. Mrs. Gregg Is among the number. The others are all men-Frederick T. Seymour, Joseph W Bryan, Joseph A. Walton, Jr., John G. Donnelly, James Earl Thompson and Michael R. .Vargo. Last nigh associates and admirers gathcrcc about the banquet table to honor former Postmaster John T. Painter who held the office 20 years ant whose forced retirement by the Democrat machine ended 47 years in the postal service. Mr. Painter has shown himself a good sport by giving much of his time helping the acting postmaster, Mrs. Gregg, get "onto the ropes." As Others Think DRIVING OUT TUBERCULOSIS (Uniontown News Standard.) . Seventy thousand persons die in he United States each year frtom tuberculosis, although the number s decreasing largely through the efforts of the National Tuberculosis Association. The association's annual Early Diagnosis Campaign will be conducted this year in April, the llth such campaign in the United States. The drives arc started for the purpose of uncovering new and unrealized cases of tuberculosis, and to encourage treatment of cases already known. By bringing the disease forcibly to the attention of the nation, the association has done much to prevent infectious spread, to place sufferers where they may be cared for, and to uncover incipient cases before they arc actually into the illness state. All the association asks is that if you have any of the tuberculosis symptoms--tiredness, loss of strength and weight^ a pain in the chest, continual coughing--you be examined carefully. A simple request and a life saver. Today in Washington By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON, Feb. 11--Not long ago, President Roosevelt was talking with the press about "holding companies," and, though on one occasion lie spoke/of the need for abolishing holding companies in all lines of business, | he later confined his new "death sentence" to holding companies in the banking field. Since that time, I have been trying to make a study of holding companies among banks to determine the reason for their existence and just what service they perform, because, if they are the wicked things that Mr. Roosevelt thinks they are, they ought to be abolished, and if they arc truly useful, then the President has been grossly misinformed and he ought publicly to acknowledge his error. It is a serious thing to be talking about banks these days anyhow. It was loose talk about banks through RFC loans which brought us the bank holiday of just five years ago this month. Obviously, if there is something wrong with holding companies in the banking field, public hearings will have to be held, and if the bonks that are owned by holding companies consider themselves stronger than their rival banks in the Continued on Page Five. J LINCOLN AND THE SLAVES (Grccnsburg Tribune.) Hundreds of orators including statesmen, attorneys, doctors and ministers this week will relate many stories and anecdotes concerning Abraham Lincoln. Thousands of school children will celebrate the birthday anniversary of both Lincoln and Washington at one special meeting. Orators have no firm foundation to build an address on what Lincoln's plan may have been to avert the Civil War but it is supposed that he contemplated paying the slave owners $1,000 for each man, woman and child in bondage. The total sum would have been three billion dollars. The war cost the United States almost this sum of money. Had the Government extended the time of payment over 10 years, the claim could have been iasily adjusted without the loss of a million men and without having to pay a vast sum in the form of pensions. South Carolina took up the sword and the entire South was Impoverished by the sword. The ghost of inactivity shadowed the South for 30 years. The Union was saved and today the South is producing fruits, vegetables, cotton and tobacco in great quantities and will be able to produce to the limit if not annoyed by foolish Federal restrictions. ANOTHER CHANGE (Grecnsburg Review.) For the second time since the Westmoreland Homesteads project was started, a manager has resigned. David Warren, who has been in charge of the project for a little more than a year leaves to accept a position in private industry. David Day, who camo here when the plan was ilr.st started, was forced to resign because of differences of opinion over policy after the project was well under way. Of course there is no intention of getting the homestcading proposition into politics, but nevertheless Westmoreland county Democratic leaders feel that the management should be In the hands of a icsident of Westmoreland county, so perhaps that will be the next move. With the Purchase of a New The kitchen is the heart of the home and the Majestic Range is the heart of the kitchen. _ Majestic Ranges have been first choice for three generations. Available on easy terms. Get a Majestic this week and get this beautiful kitchenware set FREE. It is made of tripleweight white enamel . . . chrome covers . . . bake- lite knobs . . . black bottom saves fuel and cooking time. NEW LOW PRICES on a// MAJESTIC RANGES We Hnve n Complete Line of Genuine Jrnj 1'nrts. SCOTTDAtE Phone 28!). COXSELLSVILLE Phone 135 Leather neckties have become popular amoiiR policemen and firemen oÂ£ tlio United btritc;.. Final Two Day Clean-Up on for Men and Young Men Saturday and Monday Tomorrow and Monday are two days when the men of Connellsville and vicinity can cash in on the real savings offered for these days. Here is your chance to obtain a fine suit at a saving as high as $10.00 and more. Styles and colors suitable for business or dress wear in single and double breasted. Come early for best selections. Work Shirts Union made by Sweet-Orr nnd Headlight. Gray, blue and khi khl. Regular Sl.OO value. 69c Dress Shirts Quality shirts, guaranteed In fabric, styling and long wear. Regular values to $1.95. $1.15 Boys' Sweaters Brushed wool with sport back and zipper fastener, in blue, brown and maroon. Regular values to $2.95. $1.15 Dress Socks 5 pr. for $1.00 Boys' Knickers 95c $1.25 Union Suits 85c SI.95 Pajamas SI.45 FASHIONS FOR J1K.N 117 North Fittsbursr Street. Phone 2087.