The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on February 10, 1938 · Page 4
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February 10, 1938

The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 4

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Connellsville, Pennsylvania
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Thursday, February 10, 1938
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PAGE FOUR. THE DAILY COURIER, CONNELLSVILLE, PA. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 10,1938. latlg (Eimmr THE COURIER COMPANY . Tames J. Dnscoll -...._ R. A. Doncgan Walter S. Stimmcl James M. Dnscoll I. Wylie Driscoll Publisher . President and General Manager Secretary and Treasurer Editor Associate Editor . Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF Audit Bureau of Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A, N. P. A. Served by United Press and'international News Service SUBSCRTPTION RATES' Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; $5 per year, or $2.50 for six nonths by mall if paid in advance. Entered as second class matter at the PostolTicc, Connellsvillc, Pa, THURSDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 10, 1038. The national standard o£ living THE STAXDAlll) OF LIVING Actually there Is but one way in which the general standard of living can rise and that is by an increase in the production ancTconsumption of roal goods and services per head of population. The words are those of Jlarriner S. Eccles, goveinor of the Federal Reseive Board. Anyone might have said that; everyone knows it. Mr. Eccles offers good advice in the following: "In the final analysis the national income is measured in the total output of goods. If there is less to divide, all groups of the population, including capital, labor and agriculture, will suffer, decline. "I am hopeful that business men will act upon a recognition of the fact that their Iqng-run interests are bound up -\\ith the largest possible volume of production at the lowest possible prices." , Any live merchant will prefer a large volume of business at smaller profits to small volume at greater profits. His system singles him out as progressive. The same rule ,iolds good.throughout the business and industrial fabric. ~If we can get Congress to start the wheels moving, pro- Auction, no. matterrhow-large,- and-.consumption-will take ^carej^f.^emselvesj" ScPwiIl" the" standard pf _ living." It - ~~ri6(fs"~with the ability to gct-the requisites thereof. -. ;r -,-TEI.EPHOriB 3COT DISEASE CABHIER , - [Tour"telephone company is responsible for .this information reaching us: That the telephone (primarily the "· public type) is no greater sanitary hazard than a handrail or a doorknob. The assertion is made on the strength of studies by two scientists, the late Dr. K. 0. Jordan of the "University of Chicago and Dr Haven Emerson of .Columbia University. It was found by the two men, both -·bacteriologists, that there ItJ relatively- small chance of bacteria on the mouthpiece of a transmitter being picked up by the talker. In a study of 200 telephones in Chicago no diphtheria, pneumonia or tuberculosis bacteria were found, the report set forth. In 250 New York phones studied, no diphtheria bacteria were found, but some pneumonia in. winter and spring. -' , ,--" ~ In both studies the" bcientiftc findings were' that the danger of disease spread, is negligible. __ Ifrobably most of us never,even thought of the possibility.*". ZOIJABS' PROTEST REASONABLE ~ Perusal of duplicates will reveal many persons delinquent in tax payments who are able to pay, William L " Zollars, chairman of the finance committee of the Board of Education, told the board in. opposing passage of a resolution to abato penalties for the years 1930 to 1935. Mr. "Zollars' protest was a reasonable one. He contended abate- · inent of penalties is unfair to the taxpayer who has already fpaid and that the practice v/ill only encourage the non- payers. A few days ago County Commissioner John "W. Rankin made a similar reference to "chiselers." There should be some way of separating the chiselers from the ones actually unable to pay. Paying taxes Js somewhat similar to meeting church financial obligations. The latter should be paid to the extent of one's ability. The same rule should be applied to taxables seeking immunity. IT 3IAY BE JUST EETKIBUTIOX . 5" Though that might be the charitable, .thing to do, few -;wlll be found to express sympathy for *A1 Capone in his "-inental afflection. It might be considered.just retribution lor the suffering the mobster-caused during' nib rule of the .Chicago underworld. The name Capone personifies the ^most-vicious pefjod in the history of gangsterism. Crime rafter "crime was^attributed to'Al's leadership. The Gov- ,ernment never was able to pin them onto him and had to -satisfy .itself with imprisoning him for a comparatively £ininor offense, evading payinent-'of income tax on his ill- gotten gains. . . . ~ In-prison, according to'repbrts filtering "from Alca- --trazj his life has been unhappy. Hated by his fellow prlson- ^ers, he is said to have been repeatedly attacked and threat- rened. All of which may have contributed to ' his mental -breakdown. He is desciibed as a "blathering maniac" His rpassmg will evoke little regret. "-· £- -. SECJRET AGItEILUDM 1 DJJMEJ) "Secretary of State Ilull^has made flat denial of reports of a secret agreement between" the United States and ^ Great Britain as to what the two p'oweis would do in event "of war. Hull could make^no such agiecment. The Secretary of State has no such power. Nor has the President. Any agreement, or treaty, to bind the Untied States Jin event of war would be an Instrument of momentous importance. The Constitution, stipulates that the President "shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of tbe Senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of the senators present concur." A seciet treaty is out of the question. Either America or Britain might rose easier ·with assurance of support of the other in event of w.ir, Jwtt there would be unlimited debate befoie such agrce- -menfwottld get by the Senate BIG STEE1 AND CIO SIGX United States Steel-has set an example by coming quickly to agreement with the Steel Woikers Organizing Committee for renewal of the existing contract Two hundred forty thousand workers are affected thereby At the same time, through a proviso that either side may j-eopen negotiations on 10 days' notice, the \\ay is leu open for wage reductions should that-action be held necessary (o conform withjprice cutting.- The old contiact, which is to be'perpetuated; provides for "a basic daily wage of $5, an eight hoiir day and a 40-hour week. - ; Labor leaders look jipon'the anit'ement-as^i st.ibili/tM for both wages and business OUT OF THE TRENCHES, WHEN? As Others Think AMERICANS IN" SPAIN (Boston Herald). Strictly speaking, ol course, this country is neutral In the Spanish conflict and has no interest in iis outcome By act of Congress and by declaration of the President the export of men and munitions to either, side is forbidden. You cannot obtain a passport to visit Spam unless you can .atisfy the state department that you are an accredited newspaper man or have some other legitimate, 'noncombatant" reason. Yet now v · hear from General Franco's headquarters that the two American brigades fighting with loyalists were "destroyed" In Saturday's fighting at Tcrucl Although some of the American volunteers in Spain joined the government forces when entrance was easy In the first few weeks of war in 1936, the majority of those still alive--or who were alive until Saturday's fighting--probably enlisted within the last year. They sifted in through the French-Spanish border or smuggled themselves in in bmall ioats plying between Marseilles and Barcelona. Herbert L. Matthews In his book, "Two Wais," estimates that 2,000 Americans were fighting in the loyalist army last summer. The first arrivals were placed m the, international brigade, composed of anti-Fascist zealots from Germany, Italy, France, England, and other countries. Later there were enough Americans to organize- two independent brigades, the Abraham Lincoln and the George Washington Who are these Americans who have risked their lives m what they declare is the first "world w a r ' between democracy and Fascism' Most of them, naturally, ore belligerent "left-v/ingera" communists, Socialists, red hot individualists, etc. But the names Mr. Matthews mentions suggest a wide range of social and racial bnckground, Bob Memman, Robert J Raven, Martin Hourihan, Jean Bernstein, Oliver Law, Jack Weiss, etc Behind the lines last summer they played baseball, ite ham and eggs, and scrimmaged for American cigareti No Amcnc ins seem to be fighting in General Franco's army. Your Income Tax NO. IS Losses on Stock Translations. No gain or loss is recognized for income-tax purposes as a result of the exchange of stock or securities in a corporation solely for block or securities in another corporation in pursuance of a pUm of rcorgani?ation to which botli corporations aic par- tics or ns a result of the exchange of stock or securities m a coiporation solely for stock or securities, in the same corporation in connection with a recapitalization Where money or other property is received along with such exchanges, no loss is recognized, although a taxable gam rmiy icsull. The statute also prohibits the deduction for any loss from the sale or other disposition of slock or securities where the- taxpayer, willnn a period of 30 days before or after the d.itc of sale or other disposition, acquires 01 cnteis into a contnct or option to acqulie substantially identical stock 01 securities. Facfographs One-fifth of all bituminous coal and fuel oil pioduced in the United St.itcs is pmchascd by ra Iroads In the Day's News Brict Comment on Current Events Here and Tber*. Boyd Graft of Thornwood, near Scottdale, should have little trouble locating a tractor, a plow, a harrow and other farm equipment stolen from the Raymond Beck place ot Pennsville, because John Boden- helmer, who operates a service station nearby and who saw, un- spectingly, the implements being loaded onto and attached to a truck, happened to make mental note of the license number ot the truck. That might be n good idea to follow when one suspects something crookd The courts of Somerset ha\e set out to collect a huge hum in unpaid costs in. court cases. Eighty thousand dollars is outstanding, the record reveals. Special County Detective Harry S. Sellers has been assigned to make the collections. The costs, like Conncllsville and Fayctte county delinquent taxes, date back to 1930. Saturday, February 19, is tp be n red letter day in the lives of Mr. and Mrs C L. Buttermoro of Gil- mores Mill, in Bullskin township They will have been married GO years The event will be observed with an "at home" in the afternoon, following a- family dinner at noon Both arc well past the four-score mark, he 85, she 82. Each member of the Mozart Club Is being called upon to contribute $2 toward a project worthy of the name of that musical organization. The fund is to be used toward entering a rising joung musician, Edward McGill, pianist, In a contest nt Hcrshey, in April, under the auspices of the Pennsylvania Federation of Music Clubs If the members arc lacking the $2 it has been suggested they find some way to earn it. Every one is counted upon to help. A llvc-yeir old boy nabbed at Scottdile !n the act of sounding n false alirm of fire told officers and his mother he thought the alarm box was a mail box Well, n five- year-old might not know the difference. There isn't any record of punishment inflicted. Tbe boy was cautioned by his mother to stay away from such boxes. Fire department attaches want other mothers to do likewise Sometimes the way to get a child to do a thing is tell him not to do it. A good angel flew over the Methodist Episcopal Church at Perryopolis and dropped $100--to be used toward starting a church library. No time was wasted in carrying out the wish of the anonmous giver. A committee was appointed to select the books At the same time another committee has been designated to buy song book* Whether there was a gift toward this cost was not revealed. Mount Pleasant Is to have a school holiday the next time the nnnher- s.iry of the discoveicr of Amenta rolls lound Responding to the appeal of a delegation of Italian citizens, the board o£ education has de- eidcd to back this obseravnce of Columbus Day, October 12. baby elephant The bishop then gave the animal to a zoo. The Anabas fish can tinvel long distances overland when m quest ol new acquatic environment. Tide-, in tht Bay of rimd, sit- Indnn writings more than 700 uatcd between Nova Scotia and New years old appear on "Newspaper Rock" in the petrified forest of Arizona. What's What At a Clarice By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Columnist. WASHINGTON', Feb. 10 --LUHe businessmen who attended the recent Washington conference of their commercial, industrial and financial Ilk undoubtedly all have been back home for several days now, and each must have told his Individual story of the affair to other business folk in his own community. There Is no reason, therefore, for this column to try to go into details concerning it. ' Nearly 1,000 of these chaps were present al the proceedings, and those who pirticipated in them assuredly have interpreted them more competently, from the standpoint of their respective neighborhoods, than Is possible for a central commentator to broadcnst generally, from here in the Capital. A WASHINGTON VIEW However, a Washington observer may be able to draw some conclusion's of his own concerning the reactions o£ the Administration, and of senators and representatives, to the little bjsinessmen's gathering New Dealers were not so much amused by that performance as one might gather from published reports of it. Superficially it was killingly funny, to be sure In its very nature, the meeting was bound to be Inclusive of a very high percentage of spokesmen with a great deal to say. ALL DESIRE TO TALK I do not mean to imply that little businessmen are any less well behaved than big ones, but they are more numerous. A smallish roomful of the big classiflcnlion can do a deal of "fixing." Perhaps they exchange plenty of mean remarlts between themselves, but they do It compactly--not to the tune of a series of long-drawn- out speeches. Their disagreements, too, are "on the quiet" The big businessmen, themselves, don't care to ha\e their quariels advertised Some of the little businessmen (a minoritj but a considerable one) do Today in Washington By DAVID L WASHINGTON, Feb. 10.--The biggest story in America today is the relief problem. It's a kind o£ mystery story, too, because, for some strange reason, the facts and figures on 1 what the Federal Government, the states and cities are doing together inl a given place cannot be readily ascertained. It's puzzling also because the cost of administering relief, has been steadily rising and the number on the relief rolls has in many instances been unchanged, notwithstanding the alleged prosperity of 1936 and a substantial part of 1937. The problem goes deeper. It relates to the amazing inadequacy of tax collections to meet relief costs. Take two illustrations--the cities ol St. Paul, Minnesota, and Providence, Rhode Inland. Although widely separated, the story is much the same. St. Paul had 12,213 persons on the relief rolls In 1932 and 18,811 in 1936 and 18,829 during most of 1937. Providence had 3,000 on the relief rolls in 1932, about 10,000 in 1936 and about 11,000 in 1937. How has this been met' In the case of St. Paul, about $4,000,000 was supplied by the city, about $1,500,000 by the state and about $8,000,000 by the Federal Government, or about wont advertising. Present at this little businessmen's convention were 988 delegates, to be exact. Assume that 900 of them were orderly, peaceful, adjustable. But the remaining 88? \VKX THE GAG Eich of these 88 considered himself entitled to talk for at least two hours. That was not practicable; so the other 900 hollered, "Throw him out!"--and out he was chucked--not necessarily that he wasn't talking sense but that he was tiresome. It could not have been done in Congress. There a representative is entitled to at least 10 minutes; in the Senate to as long as he can last. YES--IT WAS MANAGED . The noisy little businessman, then, demanded congressional parliamentary tactics, and did not get 'em. Either he was muzzled by the chairman or he was physically ejected. He sas, naturally, that the whole thing was cut-and-dncd It was, indeed. The whole thing would be going yet otherwise. VWRENCE 13,500,000 in all for St. Paul rthcf. The tax collections in St. i'aul are about $14,000,000, just enough to meet the cost of municipal government and a portion o£ relief. As a consequence, an additional $3,500,000 had to be borrowed for relief purposes by the local authorities, and, of course, the Federal Government borrowed its big relief ippropriation, too To have addtd $3,500,000 by taxation would have meant such a big increase in real estate and other taxes as to have affected the tax collections themselves, as well as business values. In Piovidencc, about $13,000,000 Is collected in taxes, which just about balances the icgular cost of the city government. Yet total relief cost an additional $16,600,000, of which the city supplied $2,000,000 of borrowed money, the state supplied 51,000,000 of borrowed money and the Federal Government about $7,000,000 of borrowed money, making a total of $10,600,000 for relief expenses derived from borrowed funds. Costs of relief per capita have not Continued on Page Five. Just Folks By EDGAR A. GUEST BACKSLIDER Bans goes a resolution 1 In trouble at home am I And all because of a rare old boofc I promised I would not bui ' I hove done with the costly habit," I told her a month before. I'd hnvc gone to a pi lest and pledged her to follow my whims no more. Promise and then confession 1 That's how its gone for years ' Strong in my resolution till temptation ngatn appears, Weakness and then contrltlonl All of our wedlock through A series ot pledges b token and starting again anew Vows to be done with Browning, Shelley and Keats and Foe, Whether In board or leather, to see them and let them go With alwas the same old ending and the same old pica to say. ' The money? We 11 hardly miss it. They've given me a year to pay." He looked like a preacher or banker the day that he paid me a call. Had I c\ en suspected his business I d never have seen him at all. But concealed 'neath hts coat -was n volume which long I had wanted to own And once more I must go to confession and struggle lor woeXs to .itonc. Westoghouse B R O S I E R Thu eaty-to-operate Westing- hou*e Ironer put* n end to long, dreary bour ... tired feet and nchinj back. Pny» for itxlf out of unnngi on laundry, prcMinc, ttetunmg billt, ondlaundreu wages. Itironi ihirti, dreaKi, ruffled cur- PAY AS IITTLE AS OOe PER DAY' talnj M easily and perfectly u it irons flatworlc--while you remain comfortably seated--works hours (aster than YOU can by hand. Let us give you a FREE demon- ·(ration. See for yourself how easy ironing day can be. GET THIS BOOK FREE Aslc for your copy of "Home Laundering" It't packed with laundry «hortutj, tested method*, expert advice on everything that haa to do with home laundering. Be sure to get your copy before they're gone... today. Service Radio ESectric Go. run 'WKSTIXGHOBSI: APPLIANCE STORK 1-21 M'. 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