Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on July 4, 1976 · Page 34
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July 4, 1976

Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 34

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Charleston, West Virginia
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Sunday, July 4, 1976
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Page 34
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GAZETTE-MAIL Editorial I Am the Nation... Today marks a ((real milestone for America: the 200th annirerxary of its birth -- its bicentennial. Tiro centuries may be only a brief interlude in the over-nil span of time, but in that period America survived learn, depressions and natural disasters to arhiere n position of irorld leadership in almost every category. What ironld bean appropriate tribute in a neirspaper on thin memorable day? Mrs. C. L. Spencer of I ~.2; Ed petfood Dr., ( harleston. suggested a reprinting of a tribute to the nation -one that caught the spirit of America -- that teas first featured in l f )(il, the I Hiith anniversary, in a nationwide pictorial advertisement by the Norfolk and II extern Railivay Co. So here it it. updated to America's liicentennial 1 ear: I was born on July 4.1776. and the Declaration of Independence is my birth certificate. The bloodlines of (he world run in my veins, because I offered freedom to the oppressed. I am many things, and many people, lam the nation. *· I am 215 million li ving souls -- and the ghost of millions who have lived and died for me. * I am Nathan Hale and Paul Revere. I stood at Lexington and fired the shot heard around the world. I am Washington. Jefferson and Patrick Henry. I am John Paul Jones, the Green Mountain Boys, and Davy Crockett. I am Lee and Grant, and Abe Lincoln. »· i remember the Alamo, the Maine and Pearl Harbor. When freedom called. I answered and stayed until it was over, over there. I left my heroic dead in Flanders Fields, on the rock of Corregidor, and on the bleak slopes of Korea. *·! am the Brooklyn Bridge, the wheat lands of Kansas, and the granite hills of Vermont. I am the coalfields of the Virginias and Pennsylvania, the fertile lands of the West, the Golden Gate and the Grand Canyon. I am Independence Hall, the Monitor and the Merrimac. *·! am big. I sprawl from the Atlantic to the Pacific. 3 million square miles throbbing with industry. I am more than 5 million farms. I am forest, field, mountain and desert. I am quiet villages and cities that never sleep. *You can look at me and see Ben Franklin walking down the streets of Philadelphia with his breadloaf under his arm. You can'see Betsy Ross with her needle. You can see the lights of Christmas, and hear the strains olAnld Lang Syne as the calendar turns. *·! am Babe Ruth and the World Series. I am 150.000 schools and colleges, and 309,000 churches where my people worship God as they think best. I am a ballot dropped in a box, the roar of a crowd in a stadium, and the voice of a choir in a cathedral. I am an editorial in a newspaper, and a letter to a congressman. I am Eli Whitney and Stephen Foster. I am Tom Edison. Albert Einstein and Billy Graham. I am Horace Greeley, Will Rogers, and the Wright brothers. I am George Washington Carver. Daniel Webster and Jonas Salk. Yes, I am the nation, and these are the things that I am. I was conceived in freedom and. God willing, in freedom I will spend the rest of my days. May I possess always the integrity, the courage and the strength to keep myself unshackled, to remain a citadel of freedom and a beacon of hope to the world. This is my wish, my goal, my prayer on July 4, 1976 -- iifo hundred years after I was born. That's Right, Virginia The Lead Plate Is Ours On Aug. 18, 1749, a lead plate was buried at the foot of an elm tree near the mouth of the Great Kanawha River by a French expeditionary force under the leadership of Capt. Pierre Joseph Celoron. In appropriate ceremonies and by an inscription on the plate, the French thus established claim to all lands drained by the Ohio and Kanawha rivers. The plate remained there for 97 years, through the Battle of Point Pleasant and all manners of floods and developments. It was found in 1846 by a little boy identified as Charles Beale. In 1849, just 100 years after the burial date, it was deposited with the Virginia Historical Society at Richmond. It has remained there through the Civil War, a large number of other wars and the formation of a new state known as West Virginia. The plate may be seen today under the label of Accession No. 849. It obviously is in excellent condition. This precious remnant of one of the earliest recorded journeys on the Ohio River is in a safe place and in good hands. However, on this nation's 200th birthday, some fair questions may be raised: Is the plate in the right place? Does it lie unburied where it will be seen by the largest number of persons who appreciate it most? The answers are clearly negative. Just as clearly, the plate belongs in West Virginia, preferably in the new West Virginia Science and Culture Center. Even the historical society at Richmond knows this. And so the society should give heavy consideration to this suggestion: With appropriate ceremonies, it should present the lead plate to West Virginia as a Bicentennial gift. The gesture would be highly appreciated and long remembered. Many residents of this state would see the plate for the first time and have a new sense of participation in their history. Some residents who know their history may very well feel that Virginia owes us this bit of heritage that rightfully belongs here, just as do the original lands drained by the Ohio and Kanawha rivers. More than a half century ago, West Virginia paid its final debt to Virginia in the amount of approximately $13 million. So the honorable state of Virginia certainly wouldn't mind giving up a little old lead plate, or perhaps loaning it for another 200. vears. 'l/7i--these are Sort-of secret Organizations That our government Hires to see That we enjoy The right kind Of--uh--liberty' Jenkin L. Jones Almost Died in Infancy (c) Lou Angeles Times On this, our happy 200th birthday, it is well to recall that America came within an eyelash of having nothing to celebrate. One recreation of history buffs is playing the it-might-have-been game, and one could well say that if it had not been for a ride, a wind and a casual wrong decision at a fork in the road. America's bid for independence would have failed. The ride was not Paul Revere's but that of Caesar Rodney. The Continental Congress that had assembled in Philadelphia late in the spring of '76 was anything but unanimous. Indeed, on June 6, when Richard Henry Lee made his stirring declaration that "these United States are, and ought to be, free and independent" the provote among the 13 Colonial delegates was seven over six. Considering all the other weaknesses of the revolutionary movement in 1776 an appearance of unanimity, however bogus, was essential to selling the Declaration to the wavering Colonials. For, as Jo ( hn Adams wrote: "There were many who signed it with regret and several others with many doubts and much lukewarm- ness." THE INDEPENDENCE boosters called a recess, knowing that anything less than a unanimous vote would be f a t a l to the movement. When the Congress reconvened on July 1 there were still only nine votes for. New York was minded to abstain. Pennsylvania and South Carolina were leaning against. And two of the three Delaware delegates were split. The third Delaware representative, Caesar Rodney, had gone home to overawe a small Tory uprising. He was preparing for . bed when a messenger reached him with the news that there would be a vote next day and his ballot might be vital. All night in violent thunderstorms Rodney galloped the 80 miles to Philadelphia. In the meantime the antis in the Pennsylvania group agreed to stay away. New York said it had no objection. South Carolina changed its mind. And the exhausted, mud-spattered rider from Dover made it unanimous. v FOR FOUR DAYS, from Aug. 25 to 29, 1776, an unseasonal and bitter nor'easter blew steadily down New York's East River, soaking the armies of Sir William Howe and George Washington in their redoubts in what is now Brooklyn. Washington, the gentleman planter from Virginia, had had only the experience of a frontier fighter. Howe was a pro. Pros usually beat amateurs. So Washington was neatly foxed. To counter what he thought was a diversionary move by the British to Long Island, Washington boated some of his Manhattan troops across the river. As Howe's landings grew, Washington boated more. Soon he had 9,500 of his 23,000-man army divided from the rest by a mile-wide river. Then Howe's 20,000 regulars and Hessians struck, turning the American left by a dawn flank movement through the undefended Jamaica pass. The battered and demoralized Americans fled to their Brooklyn defenses. Howe could have gone on and carried everything in a bloody frontal assault. But he had only played his king. He had an ace. WHEN THE WIND changed the British ships would come up the river and trap the Americans. But the wind didn't change. For four days the great men o' war rocked V at their anchor chains. And under the cover of fog on the night of Aug. 29, in one of the luckiest retreats in the history of warfare, Washington sneaked his army back to Manhattan to fight again. Near Tarrytown, N.Y., on the calm Sunday morning of Sept. 23, 1780, the gifted young British major, John Andre, alias John Anderson, merchant, contemplated a split in the road. One trail led down by the river, the other kept to the high land. The distance was about the same. He chose the river route. In a couple of miles three rough ununin- formed men stopped him. Andre thought fast. Irregulars, loosely attached to each army, skulked in the area. Ostensibly they were patrols, but chiefly they robbed. Andre guessed these were "Cowboys," loyalist guerrillas. "I hope you gentlemen belong to the lower party," he said. "We do." "So do I. I'm a British officer and must not be detained." THEY LAUGHED and relieved him of his watch. "I am happy, gentlemen, to find I am mistaken. You belong to the upper party and so do I. Here is Gen. Benedict Arnold's pass." John Paulding, David Williams and Isaac Van Wart searched the red-faced man. In his boots were the plans to West Point. It was no small plot. It was designed not only to take the fortress and cut the Colonies in two but to chop up Washington's army by a series of carefully planned ambushes as he rushed to the rescue. It would have won the war. Happy birthday, America! You almost died in infancy. . A Fanny Seller: Affairs of State Look at Nonprofit Status Hospitals don't want to be regulated and their profits margin is a pretty good indication of why they don't. Thomas Memorial Hospital admits its profit last fiscal year -- which ended Sept. 30 -- was 8.65 per cent with the annual medicare settlement included and bad debts and losses of $1,144,525 subtracted. C h a r l e s t o n Area M e d i c a l Center concedes to 4 per cent profit, but its bad debt and losses total S4.8 million and its construction program - which cuts into profit -- is far more expansive than Thomas Memorial's. The higher the amount spent on construction, the more a hospital can depreciate over a 15-to-30 year period. Last year, CAMC was able to depreciate some on its $6 million medical staff office building, some of its $3 million addition to replace McMillan, some of its $1.7 million in new equipment and $200,000 in renovation. *· SINCE THE HOSPITALS enjoy a nonprofit status, which means they don't have to pay taxes, it would seem that a $1.9 million profit at CAMC would enable the center to do more than $252.748 in charity work and Thomas' profit of $835,353 would support more than $30.827 in charity. Or in the alternative, the hospitals might pass along lower rates to the sick in the community. To put a little more perspective on how much profit 8.65 per cent is, an individual who invests in If. S. Government bonds earns 6 per cent, and a regular savings account earns about 5 per cent. ~ The Public Service Commission, which regulates utilities because they're monopolies, allowed Appalachian Power Co. an 8.73 per cent rate of return when it decided a 1971 rate case, and 8.94 per cent on a 1974 rate case. Columbia Gas was allowed an 8.75 per cent rate of return. Unlike hospitals, the utilities are profit- making corporations which pay taxes for the benefit of the community. But the PSC wouldn't stand still for losses that range between $1 million and $4.8 million on a similar volume of business in the utilities. It would tell them to clean up their inefficiencies. THE HOSPITALS, however, can give Blue Cross insurance a 3 per cent discount on charges billed to its subscribbers, and then count that as a loss on the hospital books. Hospital rates have to be high enough to offset losses. Thomas Memorial, for example, wrote off losses of $846,695 for the 3 per cent discount and reductions in medicare, welfare and workmen's compensation payments. Usually hospitals will say they're making less money as each year passes. But during the fiscal year which ended Sept. 30, 1973 Thomas Memorial had about a 7 per cent profit after bad debts and losses of $1,064,270. CAMC had a.5.5 per cent profit in 1972 but its bad debts and losses were only about half as much as currently. Since then CAMC has built the office building which it leases, and is constructing a garage which it will charge rental for too. . . both of which the center will say are essential to operating Memorial. Hospital costs, in the meantime, have become astronomical. So maybe it's time, as Insurance Commissioner Donald Brown suggested, someone regulates the hospitals or takes a look at their nonprofit status. » SHORTS - When Mayor Hutchinson had to decide between going with the Jay Rockefeller faction or the Sam McCorkle faction in filling the seven vacancies on Page 2D Vo.21,No.l Charleston, West Virginia Sunday Gazette-Mail July 4,1976 the Kanawha County Democratic Executive Committee, he went with the Rockefeller faction. Hutchinson grew up in politics with McCorkle. Maybe he thought McCorkle was a traitor for supporting Rockefeller in the primary. .. People who know what they're talking about say staff in the office of federal-state relations helped to put together an elaborate resume of Director Billy Coffindaffer for his application to the committee which will recommend a successor to West Virginia University President James Harlow. It's reported that some of the employees in Coffindaffer's office also are asking various people around the state to recommend Coffindaffer for the job... GOP gubernatorial nominee Cecil Underwood has sent letters to members of the Republican Executive Committee recommending George Sharp for Republican state chairman... Democratic gubernatorial nominee Jay Rockefeller and his family spent the holiday weekend in their Pocahontas County home. . . Rockefeller and Underwood both participated in an educational meeting at Jackson's Mill. State School Supt. Dan Taylor drove each candidate from the airport... One Democratic political observer says Ronald Reagan will beat President Ford on the first ballot by four votes at the GOP National Convention... Sandra Dawson, daughter of Carolyn Dawson who works in the secretary of state's office, is getting married in August . . . A selected few in the legislature were invited to the black tie event next Saturday which officially opens the new Science and Culture Center to performances . . . Speaker Lewis McManus, D-Raleigh, says he is happier with each passing day that he isn't coming back to the legislature . . . LEGISLATIVE LEADERS are adamant that teachers won't get more than a $1,000 pay raise . . . Del. John Boettner and his wife are parents of a baby boy, and Del. Leon Copeland and his wife, are parents of a girl . .. Federal-state relations reportedly ran low on money after its remodeling program took a lot of cash. One unconfirmed figure placed the cost at about $30,000. Besides all the remodeling six months before the end of the Moore Administration, several people with Ph. D. degrees have been employed in top level positions. Do they have job security? Democrats are trying to get Jimmy Carter to be their J-J dinner speaker in August Del. Dan Tonkovich, D-Marshall, reportedly wanted to be selected as a delegate to the Democratic National Convention because it would give him more public exposure in his race to defeat Senate Minority. Leader Roy Rogerson, R-Marshall, for the Senate. But the man elected as a delegate from the Northern Panhandle was former Democratic State Chairman Bill Watson . . . J.B. Bleckley, Jimmy Carter's staff man. visited with Jay Rockefeller last Thursday morning in Charleston ... The real legal leg work for Gov. Moore's side of the third-term eligibility case was reportedly done by Bill Sweeney, executive secretary of the Sinking Fund; John Moore, deputy commission of finance and administration and Brenda Harper . . . The legislature quietly killed a bill during its special session to let the banking department transfer .funds between line items when it found out the money was going to be used to pay back wages for Commissioner George Jordan while he was suspended . . . Del. Jae Spears, D- Randolph, had a special interest in the Miss West Virginia pageant held recently. The contestant from Elkins is engaged to her son . . . Public employes who were worried about losing their jobs with the change of administrations will have the law on their side if they're in nonpolicy making positions. -The U.S. Supreme Court last week held that employes who aren't in policy making positions can't be fired from their jobs just because they didn't support the right political candidate. The high court said that's an infringement of the First Amendment to the Constitution. The case stemmed from dismissals in Cook County. Ill ... NEW DEEP BLUE carpets sporting an outline of the state in gold were installed at entrances of the Capitol last week . . . Pro football player Danny Buggs was seen waiting in the Governor's reception room last week one day ... Speaker McManus has written to presidential hopeful Jimmy Carter commending him for his position on Eastern coal. Carter issued an energy policy statement for New England in which he said the 82 billion tons of low sulfur coal recoverable from Appalachian states should be looked upon as potential fuel for New England industry . . . Rosanna Marichin, daughter of A. James Manchin--the Democratic nominee for secretary of state--is getting married Oct. 2. A. James Manchin's granddaughter, Crystal Marcella, is celebrating her first birthday on July 25 ... (Please Turn to Page 4D) '. . .And This Area Is Zoned Make' -St. Louis Post-Dispatch I I Ti $ j for the Dirty Political Speeches My Opponent? k * · v -

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