Inside the GOP: Things That Are Never Told L.T. Anderson Leftovers from Miami Beach: Clement Stone, the fat cat who gives bundles of cash to Republican candidates and Jennings Randolph, gave away bronze medallions to delegates to the Republican National Convention, Each, modestly, bore a likeness of the donor. Even West Virginia Republicans, not known for high spirits except when they're throwing each other into John Poffenbarger's farm pond, were amused. Some of them relaxed the iron self-discipline which marked their behavior at Miami Beach and playfully rolled the medallions back and forth in the musty halls of the Saxony Hotel. In addition to leaving no Stone unturned and faithfully attending the deadly; convention sessions, West Virginians took ia as much of the sideshow as possible. They didn't have far to go in one case, for a group of protestors came to the front door of the Saxony to denounce the governor of Puerto Rico. I noted, and so did many- others, that the dissidents had rented two Ryder trucks to transport. sound equipment. EARLIER ON the same day, a girl, walking alone along Collins Avenue,' took the play completely away from Â·1,500 (The Miami Herald's count) protestors. The girl, about 18, wore a flowing beach garment under which she was mother naked. She sauntered along on the sidewalk while the demonstrators marched in the same direction in the street. She might very well have been dispatched by Ronald Reagan to confound the marchers. It happened that my business took me ,on a path directly behind the girl, and along the way I bumped into Poffenbarger, Tom Potter and Bob Jones, all of whom had averted their eyes in shock. . A MAJORITY of the effete snobs with whom I came in contact were of .the opinion that the government was- guilty of security overkill long before the President arrived in Miami Beach. Noisy helicopters battered the air above the city night and day, and almost everybody assumed security was involved in the anchoring of a freighter just off Hotel Row. It stayed there all week. Perhaps you shouldn't mention this to Spiro Agnew, but most of the newsmen I met are Democrats and McGovern supporters. If you have to tell Mr. Agnew something, tell him that ail the newsmen like Mrs. Nixon in direct proportion to their dislike for Mrs. Onassis. Sexual jealousy may be involved here, however. ' When protestors were face to face with Florida Highway Patrol forces at the Saxony Hotel last Tuesday, one of the kids, his face only inches away from a patrolman's, asked, "What time do you guys have to get up and go to work?" The patrolman answered, "4:30 in the morning." Rocky Pomerance, the Miami Beach police chief, is everybody's favorite fuzz, now having given two lessons to the Chicago police force in How to Keep Cool. The Republicans enjoyed a clear e d g e o v e r t h e D e m o c r a t s , ;celebritywise, assuming, of course, that you're over 40. The GOP had Jimmy Stewart, John Wayne,'Sammy Davis. Shirley Temple and Pat Boone, at least four of whom have never as m u c h as s n i f f e d a j o i n t . The Republicans also had Anna Chennault, the Formosan ambassador to the Grand Old Party since 1964. Against this lineup the Democrats could throw only Shirley MacLaine, Warren Beatly, and, if it's all right to write her name in mixed company, Jane Fonda. THE MIAMI HERALD, in addition to counting protestors, took incessant surveys of the delegates, discovering that 70 per cent of the Republicans consider the media to have a liberal bias; that less than 4 per cent were black; that 88 per cent were over 30; that 91 per cent earned more than $10,000 a year; and that 50 per cent earned more than $25,000 a year. You neeed something close to that for food and cab fare in Miami Beach. Over at Flamingo Park, there were no Republicans at all and very few Democrats. About 20 American Nazis were there, for a short while, but were ousted after starting a fight with the Vietnam Veterans Against the War, A Cuban dope peddler also was kicked out of the park. On the other hand, there were only 100 patriots in Miami Beach last week. That was the number that turned out to watch an "I Love America Parade" on Washington Avenue. No paraders .appeared at the appointed hour, despite plenty of advance publicity, so the 100 spectators themselves marched self- consciously behind a four-man combo OP a flatbed truck. It was a sight that would have saddened the heart of Charleston's own Jack Spainhour, who once organized a slightly smaller patriotic parade. I LOOKED in vain throughout Miami Beach for Dr. Kenneth Underwood and his county car. His imaginative explanation of his last tour, I believe, tops that of the former state fire marshal who said it shouldn't count as a vacation because he stopped along the way and looked at a nursing home. And the Jaycees and American Legion apparently still get first call on the services of West Virginia state policemen. I saw none in the various convention parades. I didn't see any from any other state, either. One more little thing: the stories which Harry Hoffmann and I dispatched last week from Miami Beach were transmitted by a telecommunications concern which for the purposes of convention coverage called itself "Politicomm." Its transmission facilities were at Convention Hall and the Fontainbleau Hotel. At the latter location it was possible to find the Politicomm office among a maze of curtained media cubbyholes by zeroing in on a nearby and highly visible landmark--a sign identifying transmitting headquarters of ITT. You remember ITT. INTERPOL Worldwide Super Police Agency Has No Policemen., Neither Pursues Nor Arrests By Bernard Gavzer C A R D INDEX OF C R I M E S Interpol File Has 1.3 Million Criminals SAINT-CLOUD,France- (AP) -The hijacked Delta DCS touched down at Dar El Beida in Algiers and nearly 1,000 miles away from the tumult of the drama, men moved purposefully along polished corridors triggering machinery which would forever pursue the hijackers. A new label was being prepared for the hapless men who stole the plane: international criminal. So stamped;they could not henceforth touch toe in any of 114 different nations without being in danger of arrest. The methodical, chessboard moves guaranteeing such a future were made in the antiseptic, starkly modern headquarters of an elite, skillfully diplomatic, awesome and cooly efficient super police agency--Interpol. It is a name which stirs images of Scotland Yard, the Surete, the FBI, as though it is in some way the worldwide conglomerate in the criminal-catching business. And, yet... Â· Â· It has a total staff of 109, which is less Â· than one-third the manpower of a typical New York neighborhood precinct police station. ^ It is a super police agency, but has no " police. *Â· It keeps track of the jet-age movements of criminals, but makes no pursuits. *Â· It can locate a hunted criminal, but makes no arrests. Â»Â· It deals with "international criminals" although there is no nation which has such a legal concept. Despite the fantasies of cloak-and- dagger thrillers and sleuths more daring than any James Bond, the day-by-day workings of the International Criminal Police Commission, as Interpol is formal- Staying Well: Insurance Against Bills NEW YORK-(AP)-Palch-up medi- :ine is one reason your medical bills are 10 high, a physican declares. Doctors and hospitals customarily patch you up after some illness bowls you over. But they should be trying harder to keep you well in the first place, says Dr. Ernest Wynder. He believes, indeed, that you should get a rebate on your life and health insurance policies if you observe good health habits such as not smoking, keeping your weight and blood pressure at normal levels, and having regular health checkups. "Health insurance fees for nonsmokers should be reduced because nonsmokers use hospital beds markedly less than smokers do," he says. "Our crisis in health care stems from the fact that we treat people when they are already diseased. But many diseases can be prevented through knowledge and early attention to abnormalities." Wynder, a well-known cancer researcher, is president of the new American Health Foundation, termed the first nonprofit foundation dedicated solely to prevention medicine, to the purpose of keeping people well. In diversified health efforts, the foundation: *Â· Operates four clinics advising and helping people to stop smoking, to lose weight and to reduce blood lipid ( f a n levels, to control high blood pressure, and to become physically f i t . Â». Has cooperated with the American Health Corp. in starting up a center giving medical checkups with the aid of a computer and other automation producing a persons's "health profile" in approximately one hour. *Â· Sponsors research into causes of :ancer. heart disease and other chronic llnesses in its Health Research Institute. Bv Alton Blakeslee *- Acts through its Public Health Action Committee to d e f i n e problems and suggests solutions in such fields as smoking, nutrition and drunken driving. *Â· And is reaching out to teach children good health habits early in life. The one-hour checkup at the Health I W . K R V K S T WVSOKK Kxam ( n a t i o n . P r e v e n t i o n Maintenance Center is followed by 15 minutes of personal consultation and an examination by z physician at the end of the line. There, the computer has whipped out the results of all the tests--there can be as many as 75 different tests and measurements-plus the information the pe^sor supplied in a questionnaire filled on; at mm* before he came to the center for the go-through. The conversation with a physician assessing health is intended to "grab the patient while he's highly interested in preventive medicine," Wynder explains. "It is then that he can be motivated to start changing harmful life habits, if that is indicated, or to look after elevated blood pressure or other abnormalities before they beomc more serious." THE EXTENSIVE questionnaire begins the health profile transmitted through the computer. Then the man or woman goes through a series of stations for the customary multiphasic checkup--blood tests, urinalysis, blood pressure, hearing and visual tests, chest x-rays, electrocardiogram, breast examinations and "Pap", smears for women, and other special tests, when indicated. It is expected that 70 people a day can be examined at the center, at a cost per person of $85 to $110. The Health Maintenance Center is an intended profit-making enterprise of the American Health Corp. which is distinct from the nonprofit American Health Foundation. "It's an example of how the profit and nonprofit, sectors of our economy can form a public service partnership" and contribute jointlyto improved health care Delivery at a low cost per person." says E. Stevens DeClerque, president of the Corporation. "We believe the time is coming when every American will undergo a periodic health checkup," says DeClerque. "We are opening a new era in American medicine, to determine health profiles as early as possible, and to intervene to prevent impending illness." ly titled, reveal it to be an agency shy of theatrics and doggedly determined. BEFITTING THAT IMAGE is its chief officer, Jean Nepote, a completely self- possessed, elegant and scholarly one-time lawyer and commissioner of police, who is its secretary-general. Reserved, Sherlock 'Holmesian, Nepote says: "Alors! If I was a James Bond I would ' be a very bad policeman. I would have to kill several people every day. That is bad police work." Good police work, Interpol would have the world know, is painstaking, patient and often plodding. Indeed, the highest echelon police and investigative agency chiefs will be convening in Frankfort next month for hard, tough conferences on world crime. The U.S. is sending the heads of the Secret Service, of the Drug Abuse Law Enforcement Agency, second-in-command of the Treasury, second-in-command of the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs to the conference, which marks Interpol's 41st General Assembly. As most know, good police work frequently is like piecing together an intricate jigsaw puzzle cut from a rectangle of unrelieved ebony, not knowing from the onset in what way the first piece may be related to the last. Such was the case, for example, involving some unrelated information' Interpol gleaned in Beirut about 18 months ago. It was a seemingly unattached bit of intelligence which might in some way relate to international narcotics traffic. The information originated in Pakistan and alluded to the observation that used automobiles bearing California license tags had been shipped to Pakistan. And then, it appeared, some were being reshipped to the U.S. LAST AUG. 5, MOST of the pieces came together. They had been preceded by the seizure of 1,330 pounds of hash in Portland, Ore., on Jan. 31. Now, in simultaneous action in California, Oregon and Hawaii, authorities cracked down and a name with international familiarity popped up--Dr. Timothy Leary, the psychologist who popularized the LSD, psychedelic age.Leary, a fugitive now in Switzerland, was among 57 persons indicted or arrested and accused of h a v i n g roles in developing the Brotherhood of Eternal Love, which they described as a clever mechanism for the smuggling and distribution of millions of dollars of hash and other mind-bending drugs. The vehicles? Well, they were the Trojan Horses for smuggling the hash. Narcotics trafficking today commands much of Interpol's energies and facilities, while in the past it "was the cunning counterfeiters who kept sleuths busy. And air piracy likewise tests Interpol's mettle, illustrating how the agency can do an about-face in response to the times. Kenneth Giannoules, chief of the National Central Bureau of Interpol in Washington, D. C., said that Interpol once regarded the majority of air hijackings as the work of political activists and followed a hands-off course. Now it leans toward viewing hijacks as the method through w h i c h c r i m i n a l s seek to avoid apprehension. "Once there is a hijacking. Interpol" gathers ail the intelligence it can about the hijackers and sends it to the 114 participa- t i n g member nations." Giannoules said. "Whether the hijackers are given political asylum, or are imprisoned, or set free, the immigration officials in each of these nations as well as the airlines, have been alerted through permanent record that such and such person has been involved in an aircraft hijacking." THE CASE of the Martin 202. involving narcotics t r a f f i c k i n g , shows Interpol at Sunday (aze'tttÂ»-Iail ^ urrerit A ffairs Charleston, frp.st Virginia August 27,1972 ID work without a flaw. The case started in C a l i f o r n i a , where U.S. authorities received information of a deal to haul a cargo of hash from Beirut. Piloted by an American, its flight plans in order, the Martin 202 rose from a runway without incident. Unseen and unheard, it was followed each moment of the way as continuous reports were fed into the Interpol network. "We've got it on our radar," Greenland reported. "It's heading this way." Later, "It's on its way. It's yours." And on to Iceland, to the United Kingdom, across Europe, to an out-of-the-way landing strip near Beirut. Lebanese police converged on the strip as loading operations were underway. The smugglers opened fire. Police pressed triggers as they moved to seize the plane,' which had already loaded 600 pounds of hash. The pilot poured on the power, putracing the bullets and got airborne. But it could not outrace the communications- intelligence network, and over Crete, it was forced down. Today, there is direct radio contact" from the U.S. to the Interpol headquarters in this suburb overlooking Paris. This illustrates the heightened American involvement with Interpol, with which the U.S. exchanged 3,000 inquiries in 1971. "Until about three years ago," Giannoules reports in his Washington office, "this office was largely non- operational. Now it's fully operational and it is now possible for any U.S. police agency to get Interpol service through this office." THE U.S. UPPED its contribution to Interpol's budget to S53.000 this year. The total Interpol operating budget is about $800,000, financed by its member nations, which include just about everyone except Soviet Russia and the People's Republic of China. Whether or not the Russians and Chinese are experiencing the same crime phenomenon which has gripped the U.S. and other Western nations, Interpol's increased activity indicates that rising crime is a headache for many nations. Last year, the Weisbaden office in West Germany handled more than 100,000 messages, largely because it is a translation point. London alone handled 30,000 transmissions. "Though we have no police force which can apprehend criminals in any specific country, Interpol has a role in initiating a f u l l criminal investigation, the arrest of suspects and finally the extradition to the nation where the c r i m i n a l has been charged with committing an offense," says Nepote. "The authorities in each nation actually perform these functions." In this sense, Interpol is the world's only clearinghouse dealing with international criminals. "The label 'international criminal' is merely a descriptive one which we use for convenience." explains Nepote. "If a man commits a murder In London and then flees to France or Holland, he would fit the definition. This would also apply to thieves and confidence men who commit offenses in several countries. And in counterfeiting cases, the counterfeiter may never leave the place where he prints his money but it becomes an international crime because the bogus money may circulate in many countries." The irony for the thief is that he may be regarded as a criminal in a country in which he has committed no crime. INTERPOL'S BASIC ROLE in all this is 5n providing an effective means of transmitting intelligence regarding crimes committed, crimes plotted and criminals. B y ' d o i n g so, it sometimes bridges differences which the most suave and expert diplomats seem unable to resolve. Syria, for example, has no diplomatic relations with the United States. There is not even an American affairs desk in the Swiss Embassy as there is in Algeria, another nation with which the U.S has no diplomatic relations. The Syrians hadja problem. Two military officers who were cashiers at a government bank absconded with the equivalent of $498,000. Interpol received information suggesting they might head for America. But Damascus had no way of asking Washington to look for or nab the men. Interpol solved it bv informing the U. S. immigration officials who subsequently seized both men--for violation of immigration laws. The men claimed political asylum, but the Americans would not accept this. One officer already has .been deported; another still is involved in deportation proceedings. For roving thieves, the obstacle to evading discovery and apprehension rests in the file consoles in Interpol's headquarters. There are more than 1.3 million- persons listed in the active files. "We have a very sophisticated system for identification under names, aliases, photos and fingerprints as well as complete criminal records," says the 57-year- old Nepote. "This is very important when one realizes that as an individual crosses a frontier he generally acquires a new or different name. To resolve the problem of differences in language, our files use a phonetic scheme for names." THE "INDEX" of international criminals is organized along three special systems, which were considered unique .when originated by Interpol. One is a file of cross-indexed photographs of criminals. The photos have been interpreted and indexed according to six criteria based on work by the famous French criminologist, Bertillion. There also is an analytic index of criminals' descriptions. Key features are color-tagged. By this means", a description of a suspect based on no more than a few characteristics may possibly produce a name or record. The third element is a punch card index which records circumstances of a crime. This amounts to a record of modus operandi. The index is also keyed to the dossiers and the punch card helps zero in on possible suspects on the basis of how the crime was conducted or its s a l i e n t characteristics. Looking back upon the q u a r t e r of a reniury, Nepote. a rrur, of rdlecnvp. n a t u r e , w a s a s k e d about, t h e m a n y mementoes in his spacious office. HP identified several, a Mexican onyx box, a general's swagger stick from "Laos, a Scotland Yard baton. One hoped that he might have some daring story to relate to each. But then, as he said, that would be so much like James Bond. "I rather prefer Sherlock Holmes," ha said.
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