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Â· PAGE FOUR. THE DAILY COURIER, CONNELLSVIL-LE, PA. ' WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 103S. iattg Einiri*r THE COURIER COMPANY . . lames J. Driscoll R, A. Donegan _ Walter S. Stimmcl Tames M. DriscoU J. Wylio Driscoll ' Publisher . President and General Manager Secretary and Treasurer Editor Associate Editor . Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF ' ' " . Audit Bureau of Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A, N. P. A. Served by United Press and Internationa]; Mews Service . ' Â· .- SUBSCRIPTION RATES., Two' cents per copy; 50 cents, per month; $5 per year, or S2.50 Jor six by mail if paid In advance. Entered as second class matter at the, Postofflcc, - Â· Â·,,' Connellsvfllc, Pa. Â· \VEDNESDAT-.EVEKtXG, FEBRUARY 8, 1938. "CAJiKOX STAND CRITICISM The majority group of the Board of Education has held up payment ol one of the speakers at the recent educational conference because he, Dr. A. F. "Myers of New York University, criticized-the board for committing what he referred to as.ila major educational crime." The professor, digressed from his theme'of the hour for only a minute or two to express his disapproval of the action taken with regard to Superintendent B. B. Smith. But it was caustic la Its nature. Had Dr. Mysrs taken the same time, or longer, to heap 'praise on the board, or its ruling group, lor some-outstanding achievement he would have been lionized by the same men who now denounce him. / But when it came to criticism they could not take it! The board's solicitor put the antis right; advised them the bill la a legal obligation and must be paid. It should not have required the advice of the solicitor. The man In the street could have told them the same; could have added also that their stand was an exhibition of petty is h ness. COMMON SENSE IN MARRIED MJFE If married couples could be persuaded to takp the ad- .vice of Judge Harry "A. Cqttom--pull together-In an effort "to hurdle any "obstacle confronting them--there would be less work for the judiciary in disposing of marital disagreements, more oÂ£ happiness,' fewer bad examples set for the rising generation. No marriage Is either literally or figuratively a bed of roses, the jurist said to a half dozen quarreling couples before him in court. Success, he told them, is due mainly to teamwork, use of common sense, and good judgment. It takes all these. The court counselled "sitting down and talking It over." ' Suiting the action to the advice he had just given, the jurist invited the six couples to sit together for a while in the seats the grand jury usually occupies. Result: Two couples talked it over, decided to try again, walked out of court. The words fell on deaf ears so far as the others were concerned. But they still have time to contemplate what they heard and saw. For them new marriages are just as likely to be failures, new contracts just as readily violated. MOXTH OF SAFE DBIVIXG CRUSADE Reports' of the opening month of Governor Earle's highway traffic safety campaign are coming in. Incom- , plete,returns show 1,275 arrests during January. In releasing the figures the Department of Revenue said all are in- complete, because many have not been received from district offices. Â· " A result noted Is that 99 suspensions of licenses to drive or guest privileges covering persons from other states had been ordered by January 31. Presumably the only arrests were in cases, where the highway police checked the speed. Hence a vastly greater percentage of convictions in the traffic courts can be expected. It is noted that of the 99 found guilty of exceeding the 50-mile limit, 73 were from other states. Many of them probably did not know we have a safety campaign on. The moral would be: Obey the speed laws in the states through which you travel. As Otkers Think ANGLO-AMERICAN PACT? (Chicago Tribune.) Toward the end ot the year an ultraeandid cdltodal note appeared in G. K.'s Weekly (founded by G. K. Chcsterlon), London, as follows: "The laudable nnd persistent efforts tt.is country is making to secure the active assistance of the United States in our world affairs will ultimately be iucc-ssful. England can always ultimately obtain that support because the moral appeal can always be played as a trump card. We have already got the bulk oÂ£ opinion in the United Stains to believe that we are a democracy and we have got them lo forgiving us for our repudiation of our debt to them although they' never have forgotten nor will 'forgive the French, but for practical purposes cvcrythlns turns 'on- the value of that word Â·ultimately.'--it took~us two years to bring across the Atlantic those first seven American destroyers which turned the tide in 1017." Before they trap us into war with Japan let us -consider that Grcai Britain and Trance got the United States into their war. They gave American troops, after they had been forced to accept them ns an' army, the hardest part of the fighting in the almost impcnetrabl' Argonnc, while the Kngllsh marched over the- open country to Belgium and the French looked on. They swindled America in the making of peace treaties. They welshed on their war and post-war debts. They will not now give up thcl: bombing bases In American waters. They still dominate our foreign policy. Perhaps they are going to do thi aU over again. We hope not. It may be that the cooperation of the United States and Great Britain would be invaluable lt each country and lo what ive still call civilization. But a recurrence ot a relationship where Amcrca furnishes the treasure and the casualty list while England and France divide all the fruit of our sacrifices must be resisted by every American-minded citizen. MAJOR ADAMS AIO THE JOIEfS'JCOTVN STRIKE Failure of the Steel Workers' Organizing Committee's strike against the Bethlehem Steel Corporation at Johnstown cost Jlajor Lynn G. Adams his place at the head of the State Police. He was made the goat. 'He knew that If the strike did not succeed he would lose his official head. Sworn to enforce the.law, without partiality, Adams chafed because his "fiands were tied.'.' This was brought out in testimony Monday before a Labor Board examiner. Frank R. Gets, Joh'nstown business man, quoted Adams, in response to Gels' suggestion that "you can't kid me. Somebody is tying your hands," as saying: "I am sick over this situation. They have been tying my hands. When I came to Johnstown I knew if this strike didn't succeed I would be made the goat. It is only a question of time before I am going to be out." This being true, Governor. Earle was unfair in two Â·n-ays. - lie was false to his subordinate. He failed in his duty to the Johnstown community as a whole by not treat- Ing employer and employe alike. Major Adams was subsequently demoted and resigned. He has said he will "talk at the proper time." In the Day's News Brief Comment on Current Events Hero and There. What's What At a Glance His employer, the Baltimore S: Ohio Railroad, and the veterans organization of the road, of which lie was a grand officer since its Incep- iqn, were the principal among varied ntercsts ot Onmes Wardley, who died Tuesday. He was pioud of both. He took pride in anything with which he was connected. His term n City Council was an example. It was the same with his lodge connections and his church. In his 4fl ycais with the railroad company he ad worked lils way from fireman to assistant road foreman of engines for the local division. His friends were legion. James J. Quinn, who died at the Veterans Hospital at Aspinwall, takes his place among the heroic dead of the World War. He was one of its vlcltims, cut off in the prime of life. He fought in the Argorine campaign and came out a casualty, wounded severely. Until a dozen years ago Mr. Quinn lived at Evetson and was employed as a sheet metal worker. Sudden death of Harvey Firestone in his sleep at his palatial winter home at Miami Beach recalls the visit of the tire magnate to Connelis- vllle a few years ago. With him were John Burroughs, the naturalist, Thomas A. Edison and Henry Ford, who is the last of the quartet alive. Traveling together, vacationing at leisurely pace, they stopped at what is now the Yough Motor Company's plant in South Pittsburg street for engine repairs. Their short stay here was made interesting by the crowd lat soon gathered. Today in Washington By DAVID LAWRENCE Fourteen Faycttc and Somerset ounty boys have been named by 'ongressman J. Bucll Snyder as com- jctltors for two appointments csch to the Military Academy at West 'oint and the Naval Academy at An- lapolls. They must pass cxamina- lons--at Annapolis February 10 and Stray Thoughfs By S. M. DcHUFF One or two more speakers and those attending Saturday night's V. F. W. banquet would have been laic tor Sunday school. Without having devoted any personal thought or effort whatsoever to the malter, naturally it would be a surprise for one to learn he had been selected to fill na important municipal public oflice. Bill Raffcrty, freight claim agent for the B. O., tells me he saw a robin at Ohiopylo Thursday, but with March still in the distant offing, I'm doing no spring ploughing as yet. Two faces rarely missed at a V. F. W. banquet: Drs. R. S. McKcc and L. P. McCormick. When a Whcotficld Park WPA worker rightfully refused to perform specified higher rate and less hours skilled work for the same pay and monthly hours specified for common labor, someone summoned a city policeman to remove the "disorderly and unruly" worker from the premises, but the arm ot the Inw couldn't observe any law violation and the WPA worker is still working for the WPA. Last Friday, a South Pitlsburg street woman disco%'crcd a stray tag, bearing the numerals "456,' attached to a new dress, but overlooked a swell chance to pay for Ihe garment, several times over, by playing only a penny on the "numbers hunch." In the matter ot prize New Deal flops, that Washington conference of little businessmen rightfully takes its place alongside NRA the Supreme Court packing iJoa, and that "We planned it that way" economic recovery of several months ago General Smcdley Butler told Ins Saturday night's local audience, ir no uncertain vocabulary, that h' would not allow any of his thrci sons to leave the U. S. A. to fight and P.ist National V. F. W. Com mandcr Robert Woodsidc jrme rich back with an emphatic declaration that he stands ready to go lo any par of the world to defend our flog, si there you arc. Thci-e was :i honey o a free-for-all on the West Side abou midnight Saturday. Let's go to press (Vest Point March 1. In the first set" for West Point John Cornish f Addison Is principal and Richard D. Mlncrd of Connellsvillo, first sl- ernatc. In the second West I'oln: at the principal Is Robert Vincent of 'erome and Andrew Hozincc ct Pcr- ryopolis, first alternate. Annapolis elections arc: First set, Warren Eu- ;cnc Show of Dunbar, principal, nnc Charles Gundrum of Rockwood, firs 1 alternate;' second set, Nobert G Spccht of Somerset, principal, nnc tfclvin Daughcrty of- Frcdcricktown first alternate. Four young men vho arc finally selected have possible brilliant careers ahead. Over at Mcycrsdale, mecca of ski ers from many places, they arc hop ng for another cold snap, not par ticularly for more skiing but that newly constructed skating pond may be dedicated in proper manner, whici means that there will have to be ice The dedicatory program was set fo last Saturday but Br'er Groundho failed to produce the kind of wcath cr he forecast and the event wa postponed. Incidentally spccia trains to Deer Valley, near the towi were cancelled last Sunday hecaus there was no snow for the skiers. Mill Run Grange branched out in lo a new activity the other day. Fca luring a special program arrange for the event was a talk on "Safe! on the Highway and jn !he Home, by the organization's lecturer, Gcorg Skinner. That was turning the 01 flcial's activity In a most useful d rcction. All records for accidents i home and on the highways wcr broken in 1937. The Grange hope to help lower that record. Factographs The human brain is capable holding more than three billlo separate ideas, according to Brills scientists. Between the years of 798 and 168 London, England, suffered five gre: conflagrations. Reporters covering the anno COatl'ENSATIOX TUNDS 1'ILTEU BACK Preliminary estimates of, grants to eligible jobless under.the State.insurance.plan proved faulty. Instead ot being'SD.50 tlie average of 60,000 checks just issued was $11. Likewise the estimated peak of $85,000,000 for the insurance fund was inaccurate. It was approximately flve millions liigh. According to United Press the balance in the pool February 4 was $81,000,000, representing contributions from 135,000 employers in the State, plus interest of 5902,000 on the fund paid by the Federal Government on the accumulation to December 31. Quarterly employer assessments will cover the drain ot $1,500,000 weekly and maintain the level ot the balance, it is estimated. v Meanwhile the funds disbursed through the initial checks are finding their way back into the coffers of some of-lhc contributors. LAHOR FEDERATION JOISS CHORUS The demand that Congress extend relief to business by repea! or'modification of the undistributed profits and capital gains taxes has been made almost unanimous. The American Federation of ^Labor joined the clamor in a formal statement by Its 'executive council as the annual convention of the Federation broke up yesterday at Miami. The council "firmly believes that all must pull together --labor, industry and the Government--in order to break down and overcome a most serious and threatening unemployment situation." The wonder is that with practically every element in the country pressing Congress to act it fails to do so. Common sense would seem to have long ago dictated immediate action on its oVn initiative. Wage Earners Â·Make Good Use of This Bank A good huater doesn't use bird, shot on a bear, nor bag tabbits with an elephant-gun. Money is your "ammunition" in life, and we have many dÂ»-' partmo.-.tls and services to help you to make the best use of it. Wo are always glad to work for yout advantage in money matters. Come In. By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Prci.s Columnist. WASHINGTON, Feb. 9.--Admiral William D, Lcnhy, Uncle Sam's chief of naval operations (which makes him top-ranking officer of our sea foiccs), resented it when COIIRIess- man Ralph Bwwitcr ot Manic asked him, as a wltiicÂ»s before Ihe House of Rcprosrntnlivc: naval affairs com- mlllcc whether bur navy folk "originated the idea that five Americans" (five American warships) "arc needed to lick thice Japanese." The admiral, as we know, replied that he never Ivid hcnrd such a suggestion before Congressman Brewstcr made II. He added that he would , "very happy" to lake a 50-50 iancc ngalnst Ihe Japanese, and thcr implied that a 25 American ercentagc against a 75 Japanese I lio (or thereabouts) would not arm him. He did nol fully explain w h a t he cant when he mild he would be Â·cry happy" to do It. Queer things ould make these icugh old sea dogs appy. HE REAL QUESTION However, Congressman Brewster ndoubtedly could have so framed is query as lo have oblmncd quite dinfeiont rejoinder from Admiral eahy, Ameilcnn naval experts long have ?roKnUcd that, In the event of Â» lash between Uncle Samuel and the ilkado, the former certainly would avc to carry hostllllies into Ihe ilkado's home walcrs, or their elghborhood. For example: The Philippines, until virtual in cpendcncc was extended to them, ere n constant source of worry to ur naval strategists. lyrOTIIETICAL. CONDITION The northern, end ot the Philippine rchlpclago Is a short night's stcam- ng from a Japanese base at the outhcrn end of Formosa. Suppose the Japanese had undcr- aken a Philippine seizure. They WASHINGTON, Feb. 9.--If all the] that surpluses ale big enough lo take manufacturing corporations in the i care of the growing unemployment United States used up aVl their cash and to prcvcntfwagc cuts is juit an- and government bonds to meet pay- lolls, the money would hardly last four months. Also, if Ihe same manu r facturing corporations turned all their savings in the foim of property and securities into cash, the whole existing surplus" would meet their payrolls for just' about one year. These statements of fact are derived from the latest available information from Ihe U. S. Bureau of Internal Revenue as to the amount of surpluses now held by manufacturing corporations, and from the bureau of labor statistics in the U. S. Department of Labor, which collects ic data about payrolls in industry. The relevance of this Information xidny is that not long ago President ooscvelt told his press conference lat business should dip Into Its sur- luses Instead of laying off men or educing wages. Ever since he made tat comment, labor lenders through- ut the country have been repeating . as they face their thousands of Isconlcnlcd members who had come o believe that, when they accepted nionlzation, they were getting sc- urity in their Jobs. But the spreading of the notion ould have been in possession and ailing, fully picpared, between Ightfall and daybreak. An American flccl could have ar- ivcd, all out of breath and sweaty fter nearly a week of forced voyag- ng. Surely it is not too much lo assert hat the defensive force would, have it least n 5-3 advantage. Our navy always took this into iccount. It never admitted thai, figh or flghl, it could be beaten, but i did agree hat a contest of the sor vould be long drawn out--in fact ndefinltely. Shoshone Indian sun dances last hum mer were surprised to find the "na ives" wearing smoked glasses am caUng "hot-dogs." An oximc from oil found in Asi is 2,000 times sweeter than sugar Saccharin is merely SCO times as sweet as sugar. Despite its fogs, London, England continues to have one of the lowes mortality rates among large cities o the world. Seventy-two per cent of the earth surface is under water. Your Income Tax NO. 14 Exemption Allowed State Employes The compensation of officers and cmpVyes of a Stale or any polilical ubdivision thereof, which is paid j-om public funds of Ihe Stale or po- itical subdivisions, as distinguished rom amounts collected from Individ- jals or private corporations, i f , t h e services of such officers or employes ire rendered in connection wllh ac- ivilics which constitule the' dis- rharge of an essential governmental 'unction, as dislinguishcd from a proprietary function, is exempt from Â·'edcral income tax. The compensa- .lon ot such officers and employes is lubjcct to Federal Income tax If .heir services were rendered in con- icclion with the exercise of iroprietatry function. For example he compensation of the governor of i state, the mayor of a city, councilmen, board of aldermen, public school teachers, firemen, and policemen is not subject to Federal incomi tax. The compensation of such off! ccra and employes whose services arc connected with the liquidation by th state: of insurance companies o ban'KS, which Is paid from funds o the companies being liquidated, i not exempt from Federal Income tax Compensation received by employes of a municipally owned street rail way or electric light plant is subjcc to Federal income tax, as such ac tivities are proprietary rather than governmental in character. Fees for special services to a SUte arc taxable, as. for exzmplr. corcjMa- saiion paid architects ind btdlders other one of those smokescreens which tend to keep the American people from knowing that we arc in the midst of an economic recession which can be cured only when stale- ments made tor polilical effect and olher . window-dressing events are eliminated from Ihe serious problem ot making the syslcm ot private capital function so that jobs can be created. The workers arc being given alibis that are largely political. They were misled In the first place by the assertion , that administrations crcale jobs or bring prosperlly. The President is right in urging that there be no wage cuts wherever possible to avoid them and that the recession can be aggravated when businesses which can afford to keep their men employed undertake unnecessary economies out of sheer apprehension about the future. But there are companies whose rders have fallen off and which can- iOt long continue to meet payrolls ut of surpluses without damaging heir whole credit structure. Sur- iluscs arc no all cash and much of vhat is listed in the bookkeeping ot American business cannot be quickly Â·onverted Into cash without causing a general liquidation, which, in itself, would cause the book values to shrink. Some idea of the way American business has taken it on the chin in he depression which began back in the Hoover Administration is to be gotten by noting that, in 1029, the official figures reveal the total sur- riuses of all manufacturing corpora- Jons In Ihe Uniled States lo have been 521,000,000,000. By 1933, due a the ravages of the first years of :hc depression, these surpluses had been melted away by red ink in op- Continued on Page Ten. Just Folks By EDGAR A.. GUEST A GIFTED CONVERSATIONALIST I sine of old Aunt Mary Ann. My Rranddamc's eldest sister. Whenever nny talk began No word important missed her. If K|X or eight stood around to chat. In croups at varying stations. She'd carry on from where she sat Six running conversations. That trick I've often seen her do While visiting nt mother's: She'd talk of bonnets to Aunt Sue And also hear the others. She'd say: "That bit of poppy bloora Provides a touch that's cheery." Then turn and call across the room. "No. that's next Thursday dcanet" To those about her she'd appear Attention to be paying. But simultaneously she'd hear What all the rctt were Mint sauce to cpple JcllyJ Excuse me! You're mistaken. Sam. His flrst wife's name Mas Nellier' It nude no difference. loud or low for planning tad ereai=g a state i Or nclr or t;a _ no ' ,,,Â«,,, capitol or other state or municipal - - -- - building. An ofScer or an employe of a state, for the purpose of the income-tax law, in one whose services arc continuous and not occasional or temporary. Aunt Mary Ann was sure to know The burden of our chatter. Though now she dwells in happier spheres VThere angel harps are playing. Somehow I fancy still she hears Whatever we arc sayinc. Before You Buy If a competent expert could pass on each purchase you make, you would be sure of getting full value for every dollar you spend. But experts are rare, and even then are seldom trained to know more than one type of merchandise. What an imposing retinue of these specialists you would need to pass judgment on your routine purchases of gasoline and gloves, hammocks and hosiery, linen and linoleum! But you can get competent and honest counsel on almost everything you buy without ever meeting an expert. How? By being ad-vised in advance by the advertising pages of this newspaper. Here you will find all kinds of reputable merchants and manufacturers telling you about their best bargains, and inviting comparisons. In a matter of minutes, you will find more bona fide bargains in print than you would discover on the counters of all the stores you could visit in a six-day shopping trek. / Read these advertising pages regularly for just one week, and then you'll know first-hand that it pays to be advised before you buy. Your money will s-t-r-e-t-c-h further, and your purchases be more satisfactory.