Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on July 4, 1976 · Page 23
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July 4, 1976

Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 23

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Charleston, West Virginia
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Sunday, July 4, 1976
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Page 23
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-July 4, 1976 Sunday Cattle-Mail -Chir-lMfon, Wtst Vlrjlnlt H|ow Does Your Garden Grow? And Now It's Time to 'Bug' the Bugs HOWARD By Anne Howard Garden Editor I just hate to write about bugs. Chrysanthemums, now, or spring-flowering bulbs, * or pumpkins-that's a different story. They're [S'"happy" type subjects. But, alas, if you plant \' flowers and vegetables or want a pretty lawn, sooner or later you're going to run into a bug or disease j problem. For over 10 years now, I we have been bombarded with confusing information about the use of pesticides and their effect on the environment. Strict organic gardeners say no chemicals are necessary. They use companion planting (marigolds in among the beans, for instance), because it has been found that the roots, foliage, or blooms of some plants emit something that repels insects.,0r they do a lot more with mulches, and sprays made of such things as garlic and hot peppers. This is all well and good, and I have great respect for organic gardeners. Their gardens usually look so carefree and uncombed. The word "haphazard" leaps to mind, but the true organic gardener's garden only looks haphazard. (On the other hand, our entire yard looks haphazard and ". Our good friend, Ruth Whitaker, commented that she could tell we hated to cut anything down. No offense was meant and none was taken, but afterwards I did notice a weed or two that could possibly be spared.) Anyway, not all of us are going to adopt the Organic Gardener's Pledge, so let us push on with the topic in hand. * * * ALL NEW PESTICIDES are carefully regulated by federal and state agencies before they reach the consumer. Our job is to read the directions on the labels and follow them. There are new all-purpose insecticides on the market now which control practically all of the insects that attack the lawn and garden. There are chlordane, sevin, malathion, and diazinon, and others, which are "approved" for use by home gardeners. First you must identify the pest causing your problem. Then go to your garden supply store and tell them what you've got. They'll give you the product they recommend. Then you must follow the directions exactly. Be especially careful when applying chemicals to vegetables. There are times when you should not apply them. The instructions will tell you. * * * THE PROBLEM , of course, is to be able to identify the bug or disease that is ravaging your garden. There's no point in spraying viciously with something that won't kill, aphids, for instance, when the trouble with your roses is aphids. Generally, insects can be divided into three groups-those that chew plant foliage, suck plant juices, or work below the soil. Chewing insects leave plant foliage ragged. Best examples of these are caterpillars, leaf miners, and various beetles. Sucking insects give plants a sickly yel- . low appearance. The plant will be stunted, wilted, or deformed. This group includes aphids, thrips, leafhoppers, and mites. Soil insects work on or below the soil surface. Most damage is to seedlings or young plants and once damage appears it usually means replanting or reseedmg. For this reason, gardeners who suspect such infestation should treat their soil when they're working it prior to planting. Grubs, wireworms, and cabbage maggots are typical soil insects. Let's identify the most common insects: ··Thrips usually attack flowers and vegetables, such as roses, gladiolus, onions, beans, and citrus fruits. Their many species usually are brown or yellow, the largest about 1/8 inch in length. Thrip damage gives leaves a stippled effect. Thrips deposit browning dots of excrement wherever they feed. The buds on flowering plants show color but fail to open. When they do open, the blossoms are streaked and discolored. These pests are active throughout the season. As long as they are present, control measures must be repeated. ··Whiteilies are attracted to house plants, greenhouse plants, annuals, perennials, vegetables, azaleas, rhododendrons, and many other plants. Their presence is Travel News We will be. glad to chronicle your comings and goings, your visits and visitors. Call the Gazette Woman's Department, 348-5175. indicated by pale, yellow-mottled foliage, loss of vigor, and wilting leaves often coated with a black, sooty mold. Adults are minute, white-winged insects that look like tiny white moths but are closely related to aphids and scale. When disturbed, they fly up and look like small snowflakes. They're pretty--but deadly. All stages like to hide on the undersides of leaves and exude a sticky honeydew. Eggs take about a month to hatch into the pale green, oval and wingless nymphs. The nymphs remain motionless during their life stage. The adult winged period lasts 30-40 days and this is the easiest time to control the insect. Control whiteflies as soon as they appear so populations don't get built up. Use a foliar spray, wetting the plant just to the dripping point. Penetrate dense foliage and hit the underside of leaves. »-Mites visit almost every garden plant during the season. All active stages remove plant sap, usually from the underside of the leaves. Tiny light spots result; leaves become yellow or reddish and then drop. In the vegetable garden they especially like tomatoes, onions, beans, and melons. The wingless adults are minute (1/60 inch.long). They are pale yellow, green, or red. Red spider mites can be identified by their fine webs. Black specks and a mealy appearance can be detected on the underside of leaves. Since mites are microscopic, once you see them, or their tell-tale signs just mentioned, it's a safe bet you have a heavy infestation. To prevent a further buildup, spray as soon as possible with a miticide. ··Aphid or plant louse is another leading offender. No plant can be absolutely immune from one or more species of these soft-bodied creatures. They suck the sap from the plant cells and secrete honeydew. The different species are powdery, fluffy, gallmaking, even wooly. Colors are green, brown, yellow, pink, or black. All are tiny--about 1/8 inch long when fully grown. They first appear in late May and if not controlled will continue to increase throughout the summer. Loss of color and vigor, curled and crinkled leaves, or malformation of bads, flowers and fruit indicate their presence. A black sooty mold accompanies the honeydew, and stunting and wilting occurs in all parts of the plant. When infestations are minor, aphids can be washed off plant foliage. In the vegeta- . ble line they're not choosy-they like everything. ··Lace Bugs should not be confused with lacewings which are beneficial insects. These minute harmful insects of many species have dark, rather spiny larvae when young nymphs; the adults have beautiful wings veined with lace. Lace bugs suck from the underside of leaves. You'll spot their damage as a brown, varnished stain and stippling of the upper leaf surface. Azaleas and rhododendrons are their favorites, but they are the cause of many shade trees losing color in midsummer. To control lace bugs spray undersides of infested leaves. Applications in early and .mid-June should be sufficient. (Sorry about that. So this year you do it in July!) ··Leaf miners make tunnels inside leaves, causing blotchy blisters or twisting tunnels. Later in the season they emerge from leaves as flies or moths. These adults lay eggs and the cycle repeats itself. However, the first brood is usually the worst. ··Root maggots and cabbage worms are very fond of cabbage. (If you listen carefully on a still day, you can hear them burping!) Cabbage worms are velvety- green and come from white butterflies that flit around the garden. They chew holes in the leaves and bore into the cabbage heads. Root maggots are white worm-like insects. They cause leaves of a seemingly healthy plant to suddenly wilt, turn yellow, and die in a few days. ··Wireworms go for corn and potatoes, among other vegetables. These are the larvae of click beetles, and resemble a jointed wire in yellow to white, with dark heads and tails. ··Leafhoppers just love potatoes, tomatoes, and peppers. They are slender, green, yellow, or brown, and about 1/4 inch long. » » » NOW ABOUT LAWNS ··Grubs are not easily detected until the sod is broken apart. Then the thick white worms can be identified without difficulty. Their bodies usually are curled in a half circle with brown heads and legs. They are about 3/4 inch long, covered with fine hairs. They are found, generally, in poorly cared-for turf, so of course you won't have any. ··Cinch bugs prefer grass in dry sunny areas. Usually they are not readily notice. able. The easiest detection method is to remove the bottom from a coffee can and shove the cylinder into the damaged turf. Then fill the can with water and check after five minutes or more to see if tiny red and white cinch bugs are floating in MR. STEAM HYDRO-JET CARPET CLEANING UT US THAT '· YWRCAIKT 4WITIISAFECUAM Se ° ls Out Dirf ' Helps ', .Prevent E x c e s s i v e Afk Us About RESTORING FADED CARPET TO ORIGINAL COLOR, AS WE CLEAN! FREE ESTIMATES Modern, Sanitary, Jet- Spray Cleaning action and Stroncj Vacuum Suction gets deep down dirt out, restores Carpet to new life ond Appearance. Call to' day (or free estimate! W.fT«i?CilCifcct!3«.e51! OUR 29TH YEAR HI lit»K ST., Wt»t I Mil ItlH Hl.J Thrip Mite #. Whitefly Lace Bug Aphid Leaf Miner Root Maggot Click Beetle Wire worm Is Doing Laundry At Home Worth it? How much does it really cost to wash and dry laundry at home? Estimated costs are dependent upon five variables according to figures computed by family economists at the United State Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service. It depends on the initial cost of'the laundry equipment, how frequently it is used, the quantities of fuel and water used, the rates paid for utilities--and the cost of detergents. Figures are based on an automatic washer and dryer bought'on credit and costing $305 and $299: figured on the expected lifespan of the equipment (with costs distributed over the lifespan). Five per cent of the purchase price was added to cover the cost of repairs for a year. An estimated cost for three loads of laundry is 53 cents: and 46 cents for four loads a week (using hot water wash). Using cold water, the cost drops 4 cents per. load. The drying period (electric) would cost 39 cents fo three loads and 34 cents for 4 loads. Or--for three complete loads per week (wash and dry) the estimate is 92 cents. It drops down to 80 cents for four loads. Leafhopper ACADEMY of BEAUTY CULTURE 71T/2 Fife Street 346-9603 Chas. Beauty Hcadtmr Invites You To Enroll Today (Redtited Tuition) MALE FEMALE Get your New Spring permonents, tints, bleaches, and hairstyles here at budget prices. All types haircuts for male ond female. 1 IRIHC THIS COUPON AND IKflVE | a $ l M CONDITIONER MD ] STTUNC LOTION WITH AMY j SHAMPOO 4 HAIR STYLE We hove the New Uniperm permonents. Plo* cento Plus permonents at less than ]] regular price. Protein Penetration ot 'i regular price. the water. If present, cinch bugs can be recognized by their offensive odor, especially when crushed. »Sod webworms, or lawn months can cause small clipped brown spots. If you've really got a lot of 'em, the spots run together to form large dead patches. Sod webworms are the larvae of small whitish or gray lawn moths. When you walk across the lawn in the early evening, the moths fly up, go in a zig-zag pattern and return to the grass: Going out of business SALE Entire Stock 40% to 50% OFF Values up to $150.00 Open 10a.m. to5p.ro. Monday thru Saturday KW. Bridge Road, Directly above Place for Plants 346-3017 nc STORE-WIDE SUMMER PLAZA .RISKS PLAZA · 4204 MAC CORKlE AVENUE- KANAWHA CITY · SHOP MON. WURS.' vgsM-

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