The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on February 22, 1930 · Page 11
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The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 11

Connellsville, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:
Saturday, February 22, 1930
Page 11
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Page 11 article text (OCR)

oATURDAY. FEBRUARY 22, 1930. THE DAILY COURIER, CONNELU VILLEi, PA. PAGE ELEVEN. CARRIER PIGEON AS BEAKER OF MESS AGES OF WAR-TIME PASSES TOOTS Jtadio Sopersedtfs "Greatest Pal Fl?htinjr Yankee Dough- Ever Had." Thoewan song of the carrier pigeon, interraationsmy (ainoue wltwve the day a | of ancient Greece for bearing important war-time mes.iagea, ha« ju»t been s u n g by the United States Navy, writes .James N»ri.n Mflk-r in a magazine article. Advanced developments in aircraft radio have eliminated the bird's value iiry a messenger, according to official order*, with the r?s«lt that eight of (.lie ten lofts, m a i n t a i n e d ' by the Navy throughout American territory, will be aooltehed. Only lof's at Lakehurst, N. J., and Guam w i l l be kept arul the number of bircln rcxined. 400, ie about half that twted np )o the present time. "The greatest pal the fighting Yan- koe doughboy ever had," is the way the World War bu-ldles like to speak of the carrier. T h a t this effectionate7y phrased opinion isn't far from the truth is indicated by the fact tha, the official records of the pigeon'e valor are almost innumerable. Indeed, they form a chapter of the war that has nover received cine recognition. Pobably htetory has no reoort'. to compare with that achieved by the dauntless "Spike," Pigeon fanclere arc etill telling his story. Of im cart Tin pedigree and bred by American troops In France, he wa« a strong. aggressive, fa«t-flying bird w i t h .considerable vitality and nnufina! endurance. He is known to have delivered 52 messages all told without receiving the elighest injury. Another famous war bird was "Cher Auii." He delivered 12 important m««agee from the Vordun front to his lift, at Rampont, a distance ot 40 k! lo- rn* tore, In the rerrui rkftble time of -In i minutes. Upon his return from the last trip It -was fonttd thru one of hie legs had been shot ivvay and hi# bresust pierced by a buUet. The message tube, containing the important messaKP, was found intact, hanging by the. ligaments of the torn 'eg. This valiant birl earned a placs amotiR the immortals. for when h3 died, in 1!H!), he s wii! stuffed and mounted in the famoue Smithsonian Institution. Thea there was 'The .Mocker." A dark-red bird, of doubtful breeding, hie best-known feat took place fiarEy on the morning of September 12. 191S. WiUi one eye destroyed by a shell . apliAter, this j?ame fellow raced home in ,-nplendld time from th* vicinity of Beaumont front, St. Mihlel sector, bearing «· message of great Importance. fal only did the information thns sent givo the location ol certain heavy eneuny batteries, but it enabled the Yank artillery to silence the rival gur« wiithin 20 minuies. The pigeon section of the sigtral ;ortw, United Stoles .\rrny, had 'ho ex- itjteoce prior to the entrance of the United States into the World War, and whi'e many efforts svcre made previous to this time liy interested observers to introduce carriers into the j army, their value wan not realized u n t i l after their performances had been observed In t h e ?3uropean arm1e«. TCarly in t.he war. th- other countries had come to look upon their tnessen- ger pigeon ae aa important communication resort. When ;very other mode of contact had filled, the message was entrusted to a blrd;and the fact that 90 por cent of these mesca^es reached their destination after passing through every handicap jmposixl by battle conditions and unfair weather, will teetlfy to tbe efficiency or pi?oon liaison. Germany had a very efficient and well -efitabllBhed pigocn service. It is a matter of record that It had enUib- Itebed, throughout Kngland, l o f t s which were used for ; ntercomnuinica- .·ion purpoHes. This w.»s made possible by maintaining flight* between England and Germany bcfore tho war. Birdii thus trained wre simply held for release after hoetllities had begun. Tho commanding officer of the American expeditionary forces observed the -wonderful work of the French and British birds and appreciated the necessity for a similar service within onr forces It wus therefore upon hi« recommendation that th« section was authorized in November, 1917, 1*y the adjutant f;»newil of tbe army, Immediate stepo were taken to procure personnel and birds. When it is considered that homing pigeons bear the twimo relation to ordinary pigeons tret fi carefully bred, high-strung racing Iwra-e does to a drayhorsc, it w i l l he appreciated that the care and training of tbe messenger b rd require con- nidersble knowledge tin A experience. The physical condition of the bird is (i.ll-itD portant, and a homer, no matter ttow curefully bred, m u r t have a course of training before it will function efficiently. The first extensive use of the birds by American troops i:i buttle was made during the recowntxl Aisne- Marn«- offensive. Owing to the rapid advance of our forces and the constantly changing front line, difficulty vftis experienced in eet'llng the birds, but a mobile loft, operating near the line, received 78 i m p o r t a n t inc«sa£e« and. US teat nwssngt::! in the active period extending from A u g u s t -! to Septeriber II. Of the 72 birds used from his iloft, not otn failed to return. In (he St. Mhiel dr ! vo w h i t h followed, 567 ear^itn-6 wet-r available for the us«» of the American forces. M a n y ' of tbeie bii-ds were a: signed to the J tanks, and although the r t r a i n i n g had : been v»ry brief and pre'-ailing fog and | rain maide flflylus: d i f f i c u l t , t0 i m p o r - j tant n;eseag«K wero ro 'cived, and of tlm 20:.' birds u«vj iu t i e tankfi, o n l y j 24 \v-0f-t lost or killed In action. Moreover, n ost of th«o !oxsf« were by lonir d e t e n t i o n i i .'-luall baekeU am! b.v iin'xi" : ·ioiu-f*! band* Uac. ~THI«= \ c = YCXJBL TO MORT\MEP- WHO RETURNB MY JXO£»V TO ME. ( ONCm MORE I'M «2rrTiM6- PRETTY; I OU6HT TO CElCERATE. MY £00t I'LL PHON Toore To ANT5 WE'LL, OUT--ro A ;;^i'LL^'^^% 5 S UUB1 ME 1 . MEl CAV4'T YOU HEAP? «=HAKE UP YOUR. PHONE! ITS ME'. HUSBAND 1 , THE LOVE OF Ml WE 1 , CAN'T YOU PLACE I'M THE THAT MARP»ED You; ro You RECALL ME ? YOUR PHONE! THE. FOR You THINK HARD'. I'M CA«2PER % . THAT'S RlHT. 1 IT'S YOUR LITTLE. PET .'HIMSELF 1 . r LISTEN,BABY.' I'M COMING HOME. "TP PUT ON jUin rifhti n ON AW ANt WHU- OUT AMON^r THH. I'VE eAlD MANY BEFOWG *- "AIN'T YOU ^LA£ - - - - MARR\E MB? aa IT.;. ,,. MK***^ d JBv J I M M Y "You CAM-T i-'EieP A MAN P9\VN",' TOOTS'. X . . . , THAT EX PRESS) OVJ U WHEN YOU HAVE BfEN THIMKIN/^' j OF Mil VM MOT A Jf ON MY FOOT MINNOW! CM jON£r /7 "WHILE we. TO B= A Bl£r (iitjY- / / WEREI5AJC1hWj- t'M N( r FEATHER - ^ l ' THOUGHT YOU BTTA KJS'J- Oil MA''HE DIKNER By PAUL BOBIKSOS TYLKfc »jr TTK GET CAU6UT out TVfe \\W-UWW 'ft in*, «i* t r«.itir« Sn«li»u. i w .. BIG SI8TEK. A TBJiAQF ^ IN OBDER By LES FOEMJIAVE. DO VOO K«OUJ \X»HV 1 KEPT T^',5 RVJSE DOLLAR BILL CXJT OP Te»e CAMkf ? If TO OURi A8«S cue jj^p-r- ^--^ y A y/ A MiMore.voe. r pc , TAtE. myrrf^f 525K HE :, tT'S MOfcE'N UE. CAM AFFORD, our TRBMT*ms i'EJLIX THE CA'« AS LONG- A S THAT BEAR STAIR'S, T CAN'T MV BUT HOU.J CAM X G-flT RID ' Cotr4G- To SPIDER! To., oo 'C J P' W! By

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