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PAGE FOUR. THE DAILY COURIER, CONNiBL.LSVJ.LiLJt;, f A. TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1939. (ttiwrar THE COURIER COMPANY James J. Driscoll R. A. Donegan Walter S. Stimmel James M. Driscoll . J. Wylie Driscoll _ Publishers President and General Manager Secretary and Treasurer .. ,, . . . . .. _ Editor .... Associate Editor Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF Audit Bureau of Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A, N. P. A. Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; $5 per year, or $2.50 for six months by mail It paid in advance; 12 cents per week by carrier. Entered as second class matter at the Postofflce, Connellsville, Pa. TUESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 21, 1939 FATHJ2II BeV'lVO AJil) 31IS WORK A life devoted to tlie welfare of one's fellow men is something to -which the individual whose work is so dedicated can look back upon with pleasure that is surpassed by none other. The quarter of a century of Rev. Henry DeVivo among the people of his native land whose allegiance has .been transferred to America and among their children has been marked by success that should continue to be a source of great satisfaction and pride in future years. It is fitting therefore that his service to his people and the community which benefits thereby should be rewarded by the conferring upon him of the title of chevalier, a gift from the king of his native land, and by the plaudits of his fellow men voiced at the testimonial dinner in his behalf. Father DeVivo has been the dominating figure in the life of St. Rita's Italian Catholic Church. He was largely instrumental in founding it and has watched it grow and promoted its spiritual welfare through nearly 25 years of his 40 years in the priesthood. From rented quarters in the basement of a sister church he directed the rise of the completely equipped plant now used by the congregation on the West Side, valued at more than 8150,000. His record as a leader warrants the admirable gesture on the part ol his fellow citizens, many of whom laid aside creed to unite with the people of St. Rita in doing him. honor. We join with his parishioners in expressing the hope there will be many more years in Father Time's allotment for the good work he has been carrying on. CHURCHES SLOTY TO 3IODEEXIZE Churches are slow--very slow--in taking advantage ol the opportunities for advertising what they have to offer for public consumption.. It may be because they are stingy, according to J. H. Stidham of Indianapolis, Ind., who Is here in connection with a financial campaign of the Christian Church. He expressed this possibility in speaking at the Sunday evening service. Mr. Stidham said that during his travels to all parts of the country as representative of the church extension board of the Disciples of Christ he had seen but three neon signs on church buildings. While the business of religion is thus passing-up a good thing, he pointed to great sums being expended outside the church. As the outstanding example of this new form of religious publicity he cited the Christian Church at Princeton, W. Va., where the name is emblazoned in large red letters along the length of the front of the building. Another Is iii Illinois and tne third in Georgia. Talking along the same line, Mr. Stidham decried the tendency toward abandonment of the Sunday evening service. "I can't justify the church closing Sunday nights. Even if there is no service the lights should be turned on and the doors opened. I know of nothing more disappointing than a church dark on Sunday night. I believe it is good business to turn on the lights," he said. THE IDLE MOKEY FROBI/E9I - - - .Never before ht,d the United States as much money on. hand as today. According to the United States Daily active checking accounts and currency outsde banks amounts to more than 32 billion dollars. The comparable supply of money for the boom year of 1929.was tinder 27 billiOHS. Yet the vastly larger total of dollars is producing less work for industry than the very much smaller total 10 years ago. The rate of industrial production is about a fifth lower than in 1929. The lack of activity is reflected in fewer jobs and smaller income for-the Nation. How to get"this extra capital to work is the subject for heated argument. In circles other than New Deal the explanation for the stagnation in the flow is lack of confidence. On the other hand the men who shape Government policies contend that confidence is a result--not a cause. They contend that if capital is loosed confidence will come naturally. In the light of the experience of six years it seems hardly probable the situation will be fully relieved until there is a drastic change in governmental attitude toward business. GOLD 511031 THE OCEAJf TLOOH Vast quantities of gold lie beneath the waves of the oceans, hundreds of millions of dollars in the hulks of wrecked ships but probably greater quantities in submerged ledges adjacent to workings, say in Alaska, and in the deposits carried out to sea by great rivers through the course of centuries. But heretofore no very successful-means of recovering the fabulous wealth that may exist has been devised in water of great depth. Now^comes an Oakland, California, engineer with an Tanderseas-.dredg'e that;will make'possible working the gold- 'bearing ledges down 1,000 to 3,000 feet and the deposits 'carried to sea by mountain streams. . . . As a'result of the perfection of the dredge it is predicted the,hext-big rust will be for the wealth in the grip of Davy Jones.. The first attempt, according to a news story, will be made in Stevens Passage,- not far off -.Juneau, Alaska. Wonders will.never cease so long as man's genius persists in going after the impossible. VALUE OF LIFE INSURANCE INQUIRY The monopoly in-astigation in Wasainfgton oÂ£ the life insurance business is serving a good purpose in that it is producing facts which should relieve the 64,000,000 policyholders of fear for their investments and remove distrust of the huge corporations to which they entrust -their savings. Two tentative conclusions are: 1. That the study, first of any comprehensive nature since the New Tork State investigation in 1906, is amply justified and should provide a public record of considerable value. 2. That the industry is financially spund and powerful; in other words, that millions of life insurance policies are as substantial and secure as could be any investment or device known to contemporary man. TACK UP YOUR TROUBLES-!' What's What At a Glance By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Columnist. WASHINGTON, Feb. 21. -- The lower Federal courts have come in for a good bit of unfavorable publicity lately. The purity of the Supreme Court's record is not questioned. It was attacked as reactionary during the Administration's fight to increase its membership some months ago but even its severest critics did not say it was dishonestly reactionary; they only said it was temperamentally so. And it has been considerably made over since then. I think also that the campaign to j re-organize it scared a modicum of \ liberality into two or three of its ' older-fashioned jurists. Possibly it is ' a Bailable oflense to say so, but it is i a guess that I hear whispered. j At the same time that the Supreme bench was under fire, the lesser Federal tribunals likewise underwent quite a raking. It was complained that they were behind on their calendars--that litigants did not get quick enough action. The suggestion was made that proctors ought ot be named, to accelerate proceedings-maybe that there ought to be more judges. Attorney General Homer S. Cum- mlngs, head of the Justice Department, started an Investigation. He did not suspect and was not looking for evidence of actual judicial "funny-business." He was trying to investigate only charges of Incom- petency or lassitude. Now Attorney General Cummings' successor, Attorney General Frank Murphy, has taken over his predecessor's quiz. And Murphy is dealing with stories of outright nefariousness in the Federal judicial administration. He has not progressed far enough to have anything definite to say, but he is probing and probing and probing. I can't see that he's got much "color" yet, as old time western gold prospectors used to express it. True, he has former Judge Martin T. Manton "on the pan." All the same, he hasn't "panned" anything out of Judge Manton yet. The judge certainly did resign rather peculiarly, giving rise to a lot of rumors as to "racketeering" on the bench. Aside (rom Manton, what Federal judge is being even shot at? I don't know of anyone at present. To be sure, the District of Columbia court has a very dirty ease on its hands. Three brothers of the name of Warring are accused of running a "numbers racket." They cannot be convicted of it; so, in order to convict them of something, they are being prosecuted as income tax evaders. It is like Al Capor.e's case. A] could not be convicted as a murderer, so he was convicted as an income tax evader. The Warrings are not so easy to convict. They got a bung jury. He- tried, their second trial blows up, because of U. S. deputy marshals' activities to fix the new jury in the defense's behalf. It is not the fault of the judge. It is the fault of his underlings. The argument is that these underlings ought to be put on a civil service basis, to keep them honest. They plead guilty. STRENGTH FOR YOUR TASK By Earl L. Douglass, D. D. GIVE MORE LIGHT What is the best way to meet and overcome skepticism in our own life or in the lives of others? There are many people who believe that skepticism arises chiefly from the fact that modern man cannot reconcile the new findings of science with the old revelation of the Bible. But this is not the real cause, especially in the case of the younger generation. People are generally skeptical about things religious because they are lacking in religious knowledge. If they really understood the teachings of the Christian religion, most people would accept them. The idea that we must organize discussion AU rights reserved--Babson croups for young people in which they will air their doubts, and perhaps by discussion overcome them, is a mistake. Most young people have doubts because they do not know very much about religion. Teach them religion and their doubts would largely be cleared up. This Is a skeptical age about things religious because it is an ignorant age about things religious. The reason our forefathers were not afflicted with religious doubts was not because they were ignorant of scientific facts we possess today, but because in a diligent and protracted fashion they had studied Christian truth until it became part of their nsture. Newspaper Syndicate. SIDELIGHTS A copy of the Ulster County Gazette, published in Ulster county, New York, hearing date of January, 1800, the property of G. W. Williams of Mount Pleasant, is being displayed at Gigliotti's store in North Pittsburgh street. Washington died December 14, 1799. It was more than a month later when the story appeared in the Ulster Gazette. The vast advance in communication in the 140 years since is illustrated by the fact that within five minutes of the death of Pope Pius the news had been flashed around the earth by radio. Washington lived and died long before the development of the telegraph or telephone and before the first railroad was projected. Under the heading "Washington Entombed," dated December 20, at George Town, is 'the following: "On . Wednesday, last, the mortal part of Washington the Great--the Father of his Country and friend of man--was consigned to the tomb with solemn honours and funeral pomp. "A multitude of persons assembled, from many miles around, at Mount Vernon, the choice abode and last residence of the illustrious chief. Tnere were the groves, the spacious avenues, the beautiful and sublime scenes, the noble mansion, but alas, the aguust inhabitant was now no more. The great soul was gone. His mortal part was there, indeed, but ah, how affecting, how awful the spectacle of such worth and greatness thus to mortal eyes fallen! Yes, fallen, fallen!" Facfographs More money, less work and fewer calls for charity entertainments, are the demands of French clowns who have organized a union for mutual protection and benefit. The 88th birthday anniversary of John F. Rist, one of the oldest citizens, of Bullskin township, was quietly observed at dinner Sunday at his home at Cross Roads. Only members of the family gathered for the occasion, the dinner being arranged by a daughter, Mrs. E. E. King. Prior to an attack of illness a few weeks ago, from which he has about recovered, Mr. Hist was able to walk to Scottdale, two miles, and back and other plaees about the country his fancy dictated. He expects to resume these hikes when the weather permits. His hearing is considerably affected but he reads 'readily, perusing The Courier daily, from cover to cover. He is exceptionally well preserved for one of his age. has a good chance to add another dcc- nde. Uncle Charley has the expressed hope of his fellow members of The Courier family he'll be here, spry as ever, 10 years from now. "It is because of our friends thai we have been able to do so many things in the past," declared Father Henry DeVivo as he enumerated some of the contributions that had been made to St. Rita's Church during his quarter of a century here when many thousands of dollars have been expended in building a church a school, a parish house, a convent, a beautiful Italian garden, a spacious cemetery and work started on a recreation building. The priest called attention to the many contributions made by Philip Galiardi, local contractor, and then announced that one of the surprises was a payment of a $546.26 indebtedness on the churcr that had been sent by Dominec DeGregory of Republic who is not a member of St. Rita's Church. Father DeVivo had pointed out that Frank A. Maddas, now of Jeannette, hac given freely of finances to make possible the church plant as did the late Gaetano Corrado, vfho nearly 15 years ago was honored by the Italian government by being named a chevalier The church plant of St. Rita's Parish has a value oÂ£ approximately $160,000, considering the fact tha most of the construction work was done in the years of inflated prices when materials and labor were a peak figures. The church edifice cost between ! $50,000 and $35,000 while the schoo' i hall represents an expenditure of \ around $25,000; the convent approximately $22,000 and the parish house about $24,000. The cemetery rep- reesnts an investment of between [$10,000 and $J 5,000 while'the beauti- ' ful Italian garden, including the kiosk and lighthouse, approximates $6,000 and the recreation hall property about $15,000. All this exclusive of the ground. NEWS BEHIND, THE NEWS WASHINGTON, Feb. 21.--President Roosevelt was tipped before he left Washington that the perennial spring crisis in Europe this year Â·would be bigger but probably not better than usual. His data indicated Hitler was then preparing to uphold Mussolini by calling up German reserve troops. The inside rumor forecast Hitler's move for the last of the month or early in March. Europe will literally be swarming with troops on the move before the trees are in bud if this warning is fulfilled. Other nations will have to counter by similarly marshaling their, reserves. Note--The information to the President apparently originated in German sources, and the entire move is recognized here as the usual martial display for psychological effect. The brigands are reaching for their guns this time for the all too apparent purpose of frightening France into a voluntary" contribution to Italy in the Mediterranean. They will probably get it without fighting. Don't be misled by the quietude in Thurman Arnold's business reforming division, erroneously called the trust-busting department. He is holding his breath only until he 'can get more men. A deficiency appropriation was requested of Congress, but this will not restore his respiration. He won't get it. However, by July 1, Mr. Arnold will be about his business of correction on a larger scale, on the basis of his budgetary allowance for next year. Published stories that he is looking into building trades prices mean he is looking forward to an over-all suit in one large city (probably Chicago) covering everything from labor right on down to big steel. It might mean indictment of 50 to 100 persons. He might get steel and cement on charges of submitting identical bids to the Government. He could go after unions because they will not let contractors buy equipment cheaper from manufacturers whose labor policy is unsatisfactory. The idea behind such a venture would be the same as in the milk case--forcing a "voluntary" agreement to effect lower prices. As Arnold turned the milk case over to the Agriculture Department to work out the agreement, he would also probably turn the building trades matter over to the Commerce Department (Hopkins) for settlement. Over 100,000,000 bullets were made during 1914-18, enough to kill the entire warring population several j times over. I Meals for Japanese soldiers cost app-oximately nine cents per meal. They consist of nee and fish. Uncle Charley McCorm:ck, the veteran former foreman of The Courier composing room, is launched into his 77th year. His 76th anniversary was observed Sunday at his home at Poplar' Grove, where a family dinner was served and where he received friends. "When I was 65 I never dreamed I'd live to be 76," said he to the Sidelighter. "Now I feel better than ! have for several years." Seenib one has passed 75 he usually Unprecedented interest is being manifested in the activities of the Pennsylvania Forensic Music League and indications are that every public high school in Fayette county will participate in 1his year's eliminations, according to information received to date by Chairman Earle E. Curtis of Perryopolis. "We are expecting every public high school to have a part in the county program this year," he said. Wild horses have been known within the last 20 years to roam over lava beds, National Monument, Oregon. Many of the animals were corral'.ed during the World War and sold to the British and French governments. G-2 (Army Intelligence) has assigned an agent to the Senate Military Affairs Committee. No one ever knows what a G-2 man is doing or why, but he could be shooing the spies away from the committee or running around with corks, stopping leaks. There will not be another tax increase this session. Excise taxes will be renewed, but you can. take FDR at ths word he uttered before he got aboard the Houston. The House Ways and Means Committee has been privately exploring the subject lor weeks. It considered adding a cent a package additional tax on cigarets. It thought it could get away with it, but learned there was not enough revenue to make it Stray Thoughts By S. M. DeHUFF worth while. It also thought oJ adding 25 cents a gallon on liquoi' : but dropped the idea when it heard it would be an incentive to bootlegging. FDR has been told March 15 income tax collections will be better than expected. Also he has been told by Chairman Cliff Woodrum ol the House Appropriations Committee that, whether he likes it or not, the committee intends to shave $15,000,000 to $30,000,000 from his budget allowance to each department. The legislators have decided privately that if the income tax returns are good and something is shaved from the appropriation bills, they can get through without any more raises. Woe is Senator Sheppard, the mild- mannered Texan. He never had any trouble in his life until last summer. He has had nothing else since. First as chairman of the Senate campaign investigating committee it was his excruciating duty to detect Senators Barkley and Guffey at political play with WPA in the primaries. Now he is chairman of the Senate Military Affairs Committee which is trying to penetrate the secrecy about the plane sales to France. After he gets himself thoroughly in trouble with the White House over this, it will be his turn to handle the National defense bill in the Senate. Many a Democrat could almost wish he were a Republican these days. They lead such quiet and comfortable lives. The two Morgenthau agents are Â· back from Argentina talking privately about the possibility ot a trade agreement without the sanitary convention. Practically every other authority here, however, is not optimistic. Any agreement would mean that the U. S. take canned meats, flaxseed and wool, and a lot ot optimism is required to visualize that. Sooner or later, Argentina will have to go on the trade agreement list or the black list, but either course is to be delayed. I'm beginning to learn things about amateur poetry that I've known, lor a long time about amateur prose writing and that is--you just can't please everyone. Another very satisfying thing about Governor James is that instead of vacationing and j sightseeing, he's sticking close to his' desk trying to unravel a "junior" New Deal tangle. From what I hear, it's no more possible for a woman to get public assistance relief while possessing a family cow than it is to hold on to a job on our sewing project .without first dropping all small insurance policies carried on her off-spring. A youthful, chap I know very intimately notifies me these comments are not only "simply terrible," but even goes so far as to say he finds it embarrassing to be accused of being involved in their compilation. But just the same, last Wednesday's Daily Courier was hardly off the presses' till Charles E. Reynolds, East Washington avenue, informed me that Mr. Roosevelt wasn't President when he was shoe at down in Florida on February 15, 1933, which proves two things, first, that I was %vrong and second, that some folks lose practically no time reading this part of our local newspaper. Anyhow, exactly 23 years ago today, the Battle of Verdun was begun. Let's go to press. QUATRAINS AMERICA Eastward, westward, wheresoc cr The foot oC human goes. Whatever man considers fair America bestows. * * a ENCHANTMENT So beautiful and good she seemed So radiant ot the ball. He looekd at her and never dreamed She ever worked at all. X, * * SHAKESPEARE The comedies old Shakespeare wrote Came laughing from his pen: For good or bad, no fear he had. There were no censors then. Â» * * TEMPERANCE Learn temperance "icrry maid and lad. 'Twill help jou both a lot 1 Too much oÂ£ anything is bad. It makes no difference what. As Others Think MR. ICKES AGAIN (Editor and Publisher.) The blank cartridge battle between Harold L. Ickes, Secretary of the Interior, and the newspaper columnist and editorial writers is on again. It is becoming tiresome. The chronic aberrations of the few and the occasional honest slips of all are paraded to the radio audience as a Cabinet officer's testimony that American newspapers "aren't all they ought to be" in the Victorian implication of that phrase. Even Mr. Ickes and Mr. George Seldes concede that American newspapers, with all the flaws that they find, are the best in the world. And every newspaperman Â·will agree with them that newspapers ought to be belter. Why, then," do r.ot critics as sincere as Messrs. Ickes and' Seldes start from that,'premise? Why do they not admit that newspapers today are covering labor affairs with an objectivity never before attained in any country? Why do they not credit the press with the great change that has come in this phase during the past ten years? The fact is that labor is getting a far better break in the news than is industry, ar.d a better relative treatment than industry received in the old days. Why do they harp on advertiser control, when, the testimony of all competent observers is that advertis-^ ing control is the exception and not the rule? They point to the newspaper opposition to the Tugwell bills as evidence of advertiser control, with the implication that all newspapers unanimously opposed those bills, not on their merits but because advertisers demanded opposition. Without any smugness, we can point to Editor Publisher's coverage of the Tugwell' legislation as free, objective, and we believe, informative of the real nature of the legislation. And the fact is that the "Tugwell bill" which was finally enacted over the opposition of many newspapers and with the blessing of the medicine men is not a good law in the eyes of those, interested in pure food and drug enforcement. Why do they not concede that 1,700 of the 2,000 dailies are as remote from Wall Street or Big Business control as is the corner grocery store? Why do they not learn and state that most of the newspapers owned\ by wealthy families made that wealth from scratch by hones! and competent newspaper service rendeied by those families Why do they not point out that Big Business, as such, has never had a successful newspaper to its credit? - Almost any kind of book, and almost any kind of speech, can be made about newspapers. Just at present, the most popular tack seems to be critical, even though the evidence is thin and well worn. It is the vogue, fed by people who find free press, a press as free as our own, an obstacle to their undisclosed aims. It is fed by the Communists and their volunteer aids as a step in their futile campaign to establish Utopia. The vogue will pass. ' It will not harmfully affect newspapers. It may do them a lot of good, for the outside . criticism has produced a new. wave of healthful inside criticism, without, so far as we can discern, damaging Â· newspaper morale appreciably. It has awakened publishers and editors to functional* weaknesses, and is leading to their correction. The ineptitude of most of the criticism makes it tiresome, as we said, but we wouldn't stop it for the world. Newspapers never had a better opportunity to shine by contrasting the truth with the shabby charges laid against them.