The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on February 5, 1938 · Page 4
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The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 4

Connellsville, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:
Saturday, February 5, 1938
Page 4
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IV--'FOUR. 1'Hin DAILY COURIER, CONNELLSVlLiilS, 'PA. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 5,1938. THE COURIER COMPANY James J. Driscoll R. A. Doncgan Walter S. Stlmmcl James M. Driscoll J. Wylio Driscoll Publisher . President and General Manager Secretary and Treasurer Editor Associate Editor . Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF / Audit Bureau of Circulations ' Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; $5 per year, or $2.50 for six .months by mail If paid in advance. - ' ·' "Ehtc'rcd a"s second class matter at the Poslofflce, Connellsville, Pa, SATURDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 5, 1938. ; - · TATTLE BUSINESS AW) THE PRESIDENT ' : ' " Lyle" C. "Wilson, staff correspondent of tlie United '. Press in Washington and close follower of political trends, - sees In the little business men's conference indications that : the New Deal has slipped materially in popularity since - 1936, "if the group gathered here was a reasonably fair . cross section of small business opinion." : ----While agreeing still in'general with the fundamentals : of Democratic'policyrtho "little fellows," like others who r have preceded them to the National Capital recently, arc at - variance with the President in his methods. Even the : fundamentals have suffered by reason of what is termed the ~. President's vacillation. · The conferees denounced the " -Wagner, act, hours^ and wages legislation, attempts to :u±regulate and control" private business and industry. They -- demanded a balanced budget; repeal or modification of the undistributed profits tax .and the capital gains tax. They ' demanded Federal regulation of labor unions. ; ' Countering the President's opposition to a sales tax they .demanded that means of raising funds; that they be relieved of the burden of social security taxation. Perhaps ] as strongly as anything else they insisted that thero be an '. end to "unwarranted and malicious attacks on business." You will notioe these were demands, not requests. Among 23 recommendations made to the President was an earnest plea for credit facilities. "We most respectfully express our belief," the report of the committee representing the conference said, "that business will flourish when relations between government and business are more clearly charted; when capital is available to business, bringing with It the freedom of action which only financial stability can give." : In reply the President said: "The large majority of - "" them (recommendations), I believe, was constructive and - possible ot - fulfillment. Some of thorn, although they sounded well, I believe impractical."" STATK FARM SHOW FORGES AHEAD Taking the State' Farm Products Show at Harrisburg as a criterion thero are still ample bank balances or'othcr visible means of. carrying on agriculture and allied enterprises in Pennsylvania, Fayette county included. Record after record was broken at the show. During the five days 540,000 persons passed through the gates, an increase of 138,000 over the previous attendance record. One hundred thousand cars from all over the Commonwealth were . parked on the show grounds. That Is perhaps tho greatest : array of automobiles ever witnessed In the State In a similar period. ; Seventy-five hundred cash prize awards, totaling $40,072, were made to the winners selected from 10,893 : entries. Concessionnaires reaped a harvest. Sales of re' freshments included 700,000 bottles of milk drinks, 100,000 - frozen custard cones, 25,000 boxes of popcorn, 37,000 bottles ; of soft drinks. Notice that drinks made up from products : of the farm greatly predominated. Next year tho "greatest show of its kind on earth" is to bo still greater. If it were ever possible to blockade Pennsylvania its farm population might easily stand ready to solve the food problem. Farming and stock raising are real assets to the State. MORE THAN 20,000 TAKE TESTS The State Department of Health is jubilant over the ~ success of its campaign to ascertain, if possible, the extent " of tho syphil.'s menace to the public. Reports received by , Dr.. Editb-McBride Dexter, Secretary of Health, show that .between 20,000 and 30,000 persons took advantage of tho recent offer of free blood tests to determine whether the .rgerm lurks in their systems. The secretary is convinced "· "we have succeeded In arousing the interest of the public in ~this most serious .menace/.'... _-_. __-_ ~ An ever increasing volume~ol mSll inquiries is pouring 3into the,offices of the;.department at-.Harrisburg for in- ;rformation on the disease and the method · ot .'treatment. "The secretary has also received numerous offers of assist- -ance from groups and organizations. -. Some 150 persons"-took the tests in Connellsville. ^Hundreds of men and ·women crowded the auditorium of ^the Y." M. C. A. to see the" motion'pictures dealing with the rdisease, its prevention and cureprAny. information -wanted £can be secured at Harrisburg- or from your physician. = SEE»MXGST)EarAS» BREAKS RECORD - An indication.of-'th'e extent'to which reforestation has irgrown in Pennsylvania through the efforts, of the Department of Forests and Waters is announcement 22,500,000 ^trces will be shipped frqm"nurs«fie's.-Jfor spring planting. -The total will be Jar the largest in the history of conserva- ^tioa in the State. - - -- · - The tremendous increase, iris explained, is due to the ^Federal Government Bordering nine million seedlings and rincreascd demand on--fh"e-part "of-private groups and indi- rvidualjC" The: lifting and preparation for shipment give {employmen.t to~j smalfarmy of"men. Shipments will begin zApril J_and continue throughout the month. "- Red'p.ine will head"the list!of trees shipped. 'Other rvarjetles include whiterpitch, Scotch and Banks pine, Nor- fway spruce, blacli'locust and red-oak. Tho depletion of the - supply of seedlings is made up' by the planting of millions "of seeds for another harvest: The whole effort is directed toward restoring to some extent the original scope y and beauty of Penn's Woods. ARMSTRONG POR FISH COMMISSION In endorsing Alfred Armstrong, a former New Salem, Fayette county, citizen and sportsman, for the Kenneth A. Reid vacancy on the Board of Fish Commissioners, the members of tho Connellsville Chapter of the Jzaak Walton League are hopeful Governor Earle will see the justice of 'making a selection from the southwestern part of the State. Sportsmen have a right to demand it. Washington and Greene counties have joined in backing Mr. Armstrong. He is regarded as thoroughly capable, a sportsman through and through. Since Fayette county has not put forward a man of its own there is hope others within the county will get back of Mr. Armstrong. His home is at Carmichaels. HARRISBURG, Feb. 5.--The long- rcdictcd battle between organized abor and the Democratic orgnniza- on leadership lor control ot the ma- ority party in Pennsylvania emerged nto tho open this week at Washins- on, D. C,, and, as observers here icw the developments, it scorned lat John L. Lewis, president ot the nitcd Mine Workers o£ America and ational head ol the Committee lor ndustrlal Organization, won the rst round against Senator Joseph F. Guflcy and Stale Democratic Chairman David L. Lawrence. The two 'ennsylvania Democratic leaders at- cndcd the ammal convention o£ the United Mine Workers as guest spoak- rs at Lewis' rcquct,t. Atter making pccchcs which hailed the CIO chief is "one ot the two greatest Ameri- :ans," GufTey and Lawrence were ilsmaycd and embarrassed, according o spectators, when Lewis brought nit a long-tabled resolution cndors- ng Lieutenant Governor Thomas iCcnncdy for Governor of Pennsyl- 'onia. The resolution wns uproar- ously adopted while the organUa- lon leaders looked on. Further evidence or pressure bc- ng exerted on the Pennsylvania eadcrs to blato Kennedy as Governor George H. Earlc's successor, was seen in the remarks of Walter Jones wealthy Pittsburgh oil man and a recognized Democratic power in Western Pennsylvania. Following a conference with Gultcy, Lawrence, Kennedy, Lewis, J. David Stern Philadelphia publisher, and Matthew rl. McCloskcy, co-leader of the Philadelphia county committee, on possible ticket, Jones told newspapermen that Lewis assumed credit 'or the Democratic victory i" Pennsylvania in 1934 and wanted to be paid oft" with Kennedy's candidacy for Governor. "Now he must be paid olT," the Plttsburghcr snld. Although most observers regarded this as a "trial balloon," all agreed tha the CIO, through Lewis, is demanding a showdown on its politics strength. The Capital Whirl By International News Service. Some far-seeing observers believec that Lewis was not so much interested Jn the gubernatorial election « hand, but was in reality attempting a political coup which might n.ijurc him the vote of the powerful Pennsylvania Democratic delegation in the 1040 Democratic national convention. According to Uiually rellabl sources, the organization leaders are cool to Uie Kennedy boom, believing that a CIO candidate for Governor would lose the business vote and a the same time alienate the labor vote controlled by the A. F. of L. Al ready William Green, president o the American Federation of Labor has issued orders that members o his union withdraw from the Labor' Non-Partisan League. Where docs every tax dollar In Pennsylvania come from" This ones lion was answered recently by Stat Treasurer F. Clnir Ross while ipcak Ing before the Engineers Society o Pennsylvania here. Ho pointed ou that: 30.39 cents ot each dollar re celvcd by the State comes from cor poration, inheritance and morcantll taxes; 23.03 cents from special tr,x cs, such as cigarct, personal property liquor sales and a special c-ornotution levy for relief only; 14.18 cents from the liquid fuels tax; 12 cents from th sale of motor licenses; Sevan cents from liquor profits; four cents from the Federal Government for highwa; construction; an aggregate of sevei cents from game and .Ish fees an fines and bank examinations. The fight between former Cover nor Glfford Plnchot and Supcrlo Court. Judge Arthur II. James lor th Republican gubernatorial nomina tlon split Harrisburg's city hall inti two clear-cut camps. City Park Dl rector J. C. Frank announced that h would throw his entire support be hind the lanky forester from Pik county In his bid for a third ten nomination. Within an hour High way Director W. J. Ficklcs, nctir Republican city chairman, announce from a sick bed that he would bac the appellate court juris.!. Your Income Tax Gross Income, Net Income, and Surtax Net Income. Three of the terms used in th income-tax law, namely, gross In come, net income, and surtax net in come, should be noted particularly inasmuch as they arc vitally impor tant to the whole subject of the in come tax. Gross income includes in genera all income from any source whatcvc unless exempt from tax by law. Th gross income of the usuul busmcs consists of the gross profits on sale plus any income from mvestmen and incidental or outside operation or sources. The return must sho the gross sales, purchases and cos of goods sold. To reflect income cor rcctly, inventories are necessary a the beginning and end of each tax able year. A lawyer, doctor, architect, phys: cinn, dentist, clergyman, author, c other professional man must includ in gross income all fees, salaries, an compensation of any kind for pro fcssional services. Net income upon which the lax assessed is RI-OS.S income less the dp ductions allowed by law. Such dc ductions include business and pro fcssional expenses, such as salane pensions, and bonuses to employe tuxes, losses, interest, bad debts, de prcciation, depletion, contribution: etc. Failure to understand dcductior against gross income and credi against net income has resulted ! numerous errors on the part of tax payers. An earned income credit is pro vided in addition to the pcisona exemption and credit for dependent, etc., for the purpose of computm the normal tax. Having arrived a th: net income, the next step is ' deduct the personal exemption an credit tor dependents. The balano j represents, the surtax net incom The nc\l step is to deduct from sue ' Ihu ojincd income cicdi What's What At a Glance By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press CoIumnlU. WASHINGTON,/D. C., Feb. 3.-- houldn't there be government recantation?" asked a querist. , I support he has noted some slur- ng comment relatives to one or the thcr ot our pending two major re- rganlzatlon plans. 'Nearly everybody I meet believes o--even prays for it," continues this UQStioner. "People believe their liberties arc handicapped and abridged ·ithout it, and that reactionaries arc ryins to defeat it." EEDED--YES We certainly do need government corganlzatlon. So-called reactionaries say so, too. !cw Dcalerishly speaking 11 think enator Harry F. Byrd of Virginia lassifles as a conservative if/ not a cautionary. Yet he is chairman ot government reorganization committee. I do not believe there is any pop- ilar disposition to reorganize the 'resident or Congress out of busi- icss. Judicial reorganization has been uggcstcd, to be sure, but it failed o "take" very well. It seems to me hat our basic, triangular, cxccutlve- cjjislatlve-Judlclal oetup is almost unanimously approved. We have, however, a multiplicity if what nre known as "Independent ifllces" which undoubtedly require tvcrhauling. FUNCTIONS OVERLAP The functions of these outfits ovcr- ap. Several of them ought to be ibolished. Some nre inefficient, ilostly they are unnecessarily cx- H'nsive. They were redundant even before he wiir; since then they have been getting super-so. The Cabinet department* al»o have superfluous bureaus. The President, who used to have one private secretary, now has three or four. There Is plenty of room for economy--and improvement, at the same time. TOO MUCH TO EXPECT Back at least to the day of. President Harding there has been a demand for reorganization. But gosh!--is it hard to effect Extinguish a political office? Murder! There have been such proposals is consolidating the War and Navy departments Into n single department In the Day's News Brief Comment un Current Events Hero and There. Mrs. Patrick J. Harrigan, who succumbed yesterday to the "old people's friend," pneumonia, was one of those kindly souls who think of the, welfare of others first, self afterward. Hers was a life that stood out in her church and the community. The older generation and part of the ounger well rcmerrtbor her late usband, who for a long time was lastcr mechanic at the Baltimore ihlo shops here. A happy couple icy were. /Mrs. Harrigan had one version--flowers for her funeral, he was insistent there be none. Better, flowers for the living. The Home Owners Loan Corpora- ion is not so considerate of tho ccllngs of owners as our county fflcials have been when it comes to making collections of payments, or n the county of taxes. In Westmore- and county the HOLC has sold at heriff's outcry 106 properties since t began to "crack down" recently. The corporation has found itself the principal buyer. It has not had much ucccss in selling to individuals bc- ause the prices are too high. This irobably accounts for the builders ir original purchasers letting them go. The same has been true in Faye t t c county. The Westmoreland icmcs represent on investment by the KOLC of nearly $400,000. of national defense, where, naturally. They got no- Nevcrthelcss, Senator Byrd's committee tried it. I do not mean to say that the Virginia senator advocatcc nn amalgamation of departments, but he positively did oppose the creation of any new ones. He told me so He was for consolidation, economy and cohesion. That was his idea of reform. WOULD IT WORK? Meantime the executive end of the government has had a reorganization committee In action, under the chairmanship of Louin Brownlow, once n commissioner of the District o Columbia nnd subsequently a city manager at population centers throughout the United Estates. Browmlow's notion is that the President should compact the whole system under his own management It might work in a city, under a mayor. But would it work in the whole United States? Just Folks By EDOAR A. GUKST WHICH WAY LIES PEACE? Which way lies peace? Search out the uorld. Tho floss of ireca fly lUll unfurled. Search human hearts, the passions stay Unchanged beneath* their wills of clay. Search human wills. And. It Is plain That all would keep whatc'cr they sain Search minds, and there Is none so wise But In Its depths tome error lies. irch men. nnd j«e how tar their deed Have fallen short of all their creeds. Secrch love and even thero you'll find Moments when lave ha» proved unkind. Which way lies peace? No certain way While men at heart unaltered stay. and other credits to which the tax payer is entitled. The remainde represents the amount of net incom subject to the normal tax ot fou per cent. Any amount of surtax nc income which is in excess of $4,000 is subject to the surtax. The surtax i to be computed in accordance wit. the rates provided for in the variou. so-called surtax brackets. Women predominate on the Fay- ate county Match grand jury, summoned for the week ot February 28. There arc 13 ot the fair sex, one more than half. Connellsville las three of them, Uniontown none. Our representatives arc Caroline Sannon, Lottie Hay and Rose Sine The last named was omitted unin- cntioniil'y from the list printed Friday. The north end of the county IBS nine membcri, while 15 were drawn from the southern half. Two out of every 11 marriages n Westmoreland county go on the rocks and ore shattered to the extent they get divorce court treatment, according to the 1837 record r ' the prothonotnry's office. In larger figures, there were 451 applications for dis-orco, while 2,53( marriage licenses were granted. It was n good year for Dan Cupid. There were 397 more marriages than the year before, accounted for yy the rise of employment during the early months. Today in Washington v By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON, Feb. 5.--Turbu- ent meetings, such as have been held .his week by the managers ot small )usincsscs, are by no means the exception to the rule in Washington. Some ot the NRA meetings of business men,were Just as noisy and demonstrative. And as for the United Mine Workers convention held here .his very week, there were episodes which threatened disorder, only to overcome by the iron hand of John Lewis. It somehow is in the nature of democracy for persons to want to express themselves, /especially whenever--as in the case of the business conference--there Has been no prearranged scheme of organization or preliminary work looking toward a leflnite program, When one considers the many weeks of preparation that are spent by such organizations as the Chamber of Commerce of the United States or the National Association of Manufacturers, the numerous committees and sub-committees which work out in advance the main principles and subjects for discussion, it is not surprising that 800 men of the small businesses should- have had so much difficulty. The names were selected almost at random from persons who had written the White House or other government agencies. Here and there, some friends ot the Administration in different part* of the country were asked to suggest names. No time was spent in checking up to sec whether the business men selected As Others Think Our new councilman, Clarence A. Port, made it emphatic at Thursday's Rotary meeting he made no commitments to anyb-dy before his election; that he will be unbosaed; that he will stand on his own feet. "In fact," said he "it was as much n surpris; to me as to you when I was called to City Hall and told I was to be the new member ot Council." Incidentally, he was given a rousing ovation by his fellow Rotarians. FLUNKING FEES (Dcs Moincs Tribune.) Hitherto one of the lundamcntal prcorgaUvcs of being a college student has been the right of "Bunking" without penalty--other than that o£ a blow to pride, of course. No longer Is this true at the University of Oklahoma. Students will be required henceforth to pay a three dollar "flunking fee" for each semstcr hour failed. To fail a three hour course will now cost S9, to fail two such courses will cost $18, and so on. That happily small group of stu- cnts who fail consistently, with n oic d'csprit that can only dampen the ardor ot more serious students, l no longer have their lun for noth- ng. Instruction, which must often irocccd at snail's pace to accommo- ate the light-hearted gentry among the student body, can be speeded up Those who persist in falling will it least have the satisfaction--In Oklahoma--of knowing that they ore ontrlbuting to the maintenance ol he university to the tune of $12,000 year, which can be spent in more idcquate teaching for those who cally want it. Uniontown Lodge of Elks will dedicate its remodeled home March 27. Preparations nro being made to feature the event with initiation of n class of 50 members. Leading men in Elkdom in the Stjtc arc expected to be present for the event. Nothing more appropriate could well be arranged thnn the introduction o£ a half hundred additional members. From office boy to the presidency of Carnegie-Illinois Steel ration, the largest unit in Corpo- United States Steel, is the way John Lester Perry has climbed to fame and fortune. There must be much more than good fortune in such an industrial career. Perry's rise shows the day o£ such possibilities has not passed. Fayette county got away to an unhealthy start in automobile deaths, flvc, during January. This is contained in tho report of Deputy Ccr- oncr Bess Arison of Uniontown. There is hope the safety campaign of Governor Earlc will be continued through every month o£ 1938 and that the toll of death will drop decidedly. As made public, the deputy's report does not indicate whether speed was the cause of the fatalities or not. Need a Cupboard? New Shelves? Book Case? Partition? we suggest thaf you use of thin, carefully dried sheets of genuine Douglas Fir laid cross-grain and glued together under hydraulic pressure. Cannot expand, shrink, or split. Light in weight, yet possesses tremendous strength. A boon to handy men or practical carpenter. Use it for sub-iloors, built-in fixtures or to finish the attic. Vi Inch Plywood 6c per sq. ft. Vo also have Kir Plywood in Ii-8 and 5-8 inch thicknesses. Phone TOGO Rear Capstan GIiiss Co., So. Coniiollsvllle, Pa. were producers or distributors or retailers. There was no attempt at classification by industry or business type or even by function. Clearly every clement of business is related to some other. Big business and little biv/iness arc intertwined and when it/ comes to forming a national organization of men representing little business men, the Department of Comrrjerce had a real job on its hands and should have been given by the President at least two months to do the preliminary work. This idea of summoning a lot of men from small businesses may have been an excellent gesture, but the Government itseU already has far better facilities for getting data and advice from business men scattered all over the country and classifying the data under separate subjects than could possibly be done overnight in the kind ol conference which was assembled here. Naturally many of the business men were full of ideas and wanted o speak. For the last seven years, he mails have been flooded with sug- ;cst!ons and panaceas of one kind or another directed to Washington officials on the problem o£ how to end depressions and bring prosperity. But there will never be any value to these ideas unless sifted by economists, and by those who are charged vith responsibility for special fields of study heic. For one thing, trade associations represent at the moment the very best way that we have in America of contacting business, large and small. These trade bodies are familiar with the problems of their own industries and business, and it it were desired to get representatives ot small business, it would have been a simple matter to ask each trade association to send delegates whose own businesses did not exceed a certain percentage ol tho total volume of any given field. That would have been one way to assure a real representation of small units. There could have been, too, a way of getting advice as to the existing situation from heads of small financial institutions familiar with credit. Indeed, there are dozens of ways by which information can be gotten by government besides having a mass meeting with a lot of talk that only reflects discredit on the lack of planning by those who called the conference in the first place. It so happens that there are many more small business units in America than large units. In fact, it has often been averred in these dispatches that, when the generic term "business" is used, the public thinks o£ a small group of wealthy men fairly bulging Continued on Page Five. LJLG. GOING STRONG (Boston Herald.) David Lloyd George celebrated his '5th birthday by defeating his bughtcr Megan on the goU links at Antibcs. That was in the morning n the afternoon he played bridge \t intervals he was busy reading cttcrs of congratulation from al sorts ol people, Including polltlca opponents. He is an extraordinary little man as happy in the leadership of a littli party of four in parliament as h vas when he had the responsibility of a world war. Happier, in fact, "or 1 c is no longer on the defensive but in W, proper clement critic o£ [ovcrnmcnts. His criticisms are valued by those at whom they are directed. His Itttlo place at Antibcs, like his little place In Surrey, Is a mecca for British political leaders on holiday. Eden, Vansittart, Churchill, and others consult him constantly on the 2uropean and Asiatic situations. .Vould that Presidents of the United States could thus sit down with their predecessors, and, forgetting party and partisanship, discuss the national welfare! We test radio tubes accurately and honestly, and we make no charge for this service. If you have any radio troubles, see us. 12« So. St. Phone 1962 Give Yourself an EXTRA In handling personal or business finances, payments made or received determine the activity of your bank account. When your bank balance falls low, you are hindered in transacting business and your credit standing is endangered. You can give yourself an EXTRA MARGIN of protection by maintaining a bank balance of more than is required for everyday needs. Then, when unexpected demands arise, you will be prepared to meet them; there will be no danger of overdrafts; and your credit will be safeguarded. Keep your credit GOOD Keep your balance UP-- Connellsville j Pa.

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