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SATURDAY, FETrRUAnY IS, 1039. DAILY COTJRTER. COrTOTKULSVTLLE. T.Â«. PAGE FIVE. Pitt S p o n s o r s State-Wide High School Debates PITTSBURGH, Feb. IS.--Pennsylvania high schools will complete the 12th season of inter-school debating at Norristown on April 28 and 2f). -when the Pennsylvania Forensic and Music League holds its State meeting at Norribtown with the local schools as hosts. The program will be administered by the University of Pittsburgh through its Extension Division, according to announcement by C. Stanton Belfour, assistant director and executive secretary of the league. High schools in Pennsylvania ana throughout the Nation are this year debating the timely foreign policy topic: "Resolved, That Die United Stales should not establish nn alliance with Great Britain." Debate teams are now beginning tournaments in more than 60 coun- t-es. By April 1 the county winners will have been determined. By April 15 the inter-county or distv.ct meets will reduce the number to nine high schools. The nine district schools will send affirmative and negative teams to Norristown for a two-day tournament. In addition, there will be six other speech events and 47 music contests held at the State meeting. State high school debate champions in Pennsylvania have been from the following schools: 1928, Irwin; 1929, New Brighton; 1930 and 1031, Montgomery; 1932 and 1936, Coraopolis; 1933, Ambridge; 1934, Con- nellsvillc; 1033, Selinsgrove; 1837, Carmtchaels; 1938, Masontown. Weds Briton More Resolutions Against Discharge Of WPA Employes UNIONTOWN, Feb. 18.--Two additional resolutions, assailing WPA officials "for wholesale dismissal of Kennedy supporters" m Fayette- county came from a meeting of discharged labor foremen and others here last week. John F. Roney, Kennedy chairman in the county, said the resolutions were followed by a discussion of incidents relating to the firing of WPA workers on various projects. One called for "appointment of a committee to definitely ascertain why the former GufTey-Kennedy followers on WPA have been dismissed on such a large scale in pro- oortion to the so-called organization ivorkers." The resolution further asserts: "This shows discrimination which 'S detrimental to the welfare of honest citizens who dared. express their views during the primary election. This committee promises definite information boon, regardless of what 'highup' politicians it may involve. A Federal investigation is to follow." The second resolution says in part: "That every local union in Fayette county, including all crafts, be notified of the discrimination, exercises against union men in these various ranks, who were unfortunate enough to be employed on WPA projects. Then men discharged were ardent supporters of the Kennedy-Gufley group and it is your duty to cooperate by making a protest to John L. Lewis, P. J. Fagan and Phil Murray, v o have these men reinstated." Frances Drake Frances Drake, Hollywood movie actress, Â« honeymooning following marriaRO to Cecil John Arthur Howard, 30, brother of the Earl of Suffolk. Howard is second son of the Dowager Countess of Suffolk, who has a winter home at Tucson, Ariz. ON THE AIR Radio Information At a Glance Mardi Gras Queen WCAE--1221 KC. 6:00--Jan Garber's Orch. 6:15--Evening News 6:25--Musicals Interlude. 6:30--Gray Gordan's Orch. 6:45--Religion in the News. 7:00--Avalon Time. 7:30--Lives of Great Men. 7:45--Inside of Sports. 8:00--Tommy Rifigs and Betty. 8:30--Fred Waring's Pennsylvanians 9:00--Vox Pop. 8:30--Hall ol Fun. 10:00--Airliners Orch. 10:30--Larry Clinton's Orch. 11:00--News Parade. 11:10--Joe Rines' Orch. 11:30--Horace Heidi's Orch. 12:00--BernieCummins' Orch. 12:30--Jan Garber's Orch. 1:00--Shep Field's Orch. 1:30--Clyde Lucas' Orch. TONIGHT KDKA--080 KC. 6:00--News; Spoils; Weather Temperature. 6:06--Your Movie Magazine ot the Air. I 6:15--El Chico ScLcnddc. 6:30--Renfie / of the Mounted. 7:00--Message of Israel. 7:30--Question Bee. 8:00--Don Hirsch News. 8:15--Ben Cutler's Orch. 8:30--To be Announced. 9:00--National Barn Dance. 10:00--Symphony Concert. 11:30--News; Weather; Tcmpcrtaure. 11:45--Lou Breese's Ortli. 12:00--Barney Rapp's Orch. 12:30--Far North Broadcast. WJAS--12DO KC. 6:05--Luighton Noble. 6:15--News ot the World. 6:30--Saturday Swing. 7:00--Americans at WOIK. 7:30--Joe E. Brown. 3:00--Johnny Presents. 8:30--Professor Quiz. 9:00--Honolulu Bound. 9:30--Saturday Night bÂ«rennders. 10:00--Your Hit Parade. 10:45--Capitol Opinions. 12:00--Mews With Ken Ilildebrand. 11:15--Jack Denny Orch. 11:30--Charles Bau'm's Orch. Benes Says War Can Be Avoided in Europe CHICAGO, Feb. 18.--Dr. Eduard Benes, who icsigned recently as president of Czechoslovakia, believes war can be avoided m Europe. Ke arnved here late Thursday to assume duties Monday as a visiting professer at the University of Chicago. He was greeted by university officials and more than 5,000 Chicago Czechoslovakians, many dressed in native costume. "No one really wants war," he said, "not even the dictators oÂ£ Emope. "War can be avoided. None can foretell it, however. But then, I am an optimist. "President Roosevelt's messages during the crisis that resulted in the Munich pact were great support to the democracies of Europe." He blinked smilingly as newspaper photographers clicked their cameras. "In Ameiica," he said, "the reporters and photographers are the dictators." Former Local Couple Parents. IVIr. and Mrs. Archie H. Brooks of Cleveland, Ohio, formerly ot Connellsville, announce the birth of a 10- pound son, Clair Kirk, Sunday, February 12. There are now two boys and a girl in the family. The new arrival is a grar.cisdn of Otto Weaver of Scottdale and Mr. and Mrs. Arch Brooks of Connellsvillc. Mrs. Brooks is the former Miss Ruth Weaver. Mr. Brooks is employed by the Otis Steel Company, Cieveland. You and Your Nation's Affairs Indirect Tax on Bachelors By HAKLEY L. LUTZ Professor oj Public finance^ Princeton University An Advisory Council on Social Security was established in May, 1937, and in December, 1938, this council submitted its final report The report is not final in the sense that all of the problems ot social security h a v e been solved, for t h e p r e s e n t council advises that f u r t h e r studios be made from time to time. It is final, however, in that the recommendations now offered are considered to constitute a sufficient batch of changes for Congress to undertake until there has been further experience with the law. The summary of recommendations lists twenty-four separate proposals, grouped under three heads, viz., benefits, coverage, and finance. Even so, the council's task has been limited simply to that part of the Social Security Act which relates to old age benefits and the taxes levied on wages and payrolls for the purpose of paying these benefits. It will be recalled that the connection between the taxes and the benefits was camouflaged in the original act in the hope that the Supreme Court would not see the real purpose oJ! the taxes. The council holds tha t such camouflage is no longer necessary, "in the light of subsequent court decisions." This is an indirect way of repeating Mr. Dooley's allusion to the influence of the election re-turns on the Supreme Court, only this time it has been the influence of the court packing fight. The council's task was difficult, and it has done a tfood job of balancing and reconciles; the conflicting interests, although some rather naive assumptions were required to accomplish this resuU. On one side, it was necessary to recommend an increase of payments in the early years, and also to advire broader coverage as to benefits. The various pension schemes that have put more than one member of Congress "on the spot" have not Keen held down by actuarial or fi- nancial considerations. They have simply promised, and on these promises they have gathered a burprising number of votes. Hence the advisory council was also "on the spot" to some extent But at the same time the council recommended that the eventual cost, even with the increases it had proposad, should not exceed the eventual cost contemplated in the original act. This balance between paying more, earlier, to more people and paying no more to the whole group in the long run, is to be accomplished, according to the report, by ultimate reduction of the benefits which had been provided in the iriginal act to individual single annuitants, i.e., to bachelors and spinsters. Here is one instance of naivete in the report The willingness of the bachelors and spinsters of 1970 and 1980 ID accept less than the law now promises them is taken for granted. It is certa.n that they will not do this without a fight. And it is possible that this Â£roup of pensioners may follow the new tactics of warfare, which teach that if you cannot defeat the enemy, the next best thing is to join his side. China threatens to join Japan unless foreign loans are forthcoming, and the Czechs were induced to adopt a similar policy with regard to Germany. Following these examples, the elderly unmarried may be expected to join the enemy, so to speak, by marrying each other. The report points out that back in 1930, 63.8 per cent of all men over 65 years of age were then married. If the penalty of continuing in single blessedness is a reduction of old age pension, there will be many to decide that the price is too high. Consequently, there may be but little leeway for that reduction on which the report relies to equalise tht eventual costs, for the reason that bv 1980 there may be very few unmarried old age beneficiaries. The extension of coverage and the advance of benefit payments may be quite capable of justification lor one reason or another. But Die proposed reduction of benefits to "individual single annuitants" is a form of indirect tax on bachelors. Among all of the diflercn'. kinds of taxes, :hero is none that can be move easily evaded than a tax on bachelors. SUNDAY WCAE 8:00--Organ Recital. 8:30--Four Showman Quartet. 8:45--Animal News Club. 9:00--Phyllis Morton. 9:15--Tom Terriss. 8:30--Grandpa and Snuggms. 10:00--Hadio Pulpit 10:30--Music and American Youths. 11:00--Helen Westbrooke. 11:15--Sunday Serenade. 11:30--Meridian Music. 12:00--Madrigal Singers. 12:30--University of Chicago Round TabU". 1:00--Lutheran Hour. 1:30--Kcnnell Time. 1:45--Sunday News 2:00--Lets Go Back to the Bible. 2:30--Barry McKmlcy. 2:45--Fables in Verse. 3:00--Sunday Drivers. 3:30--Vivian Delia Chieza. 3:45--Bob Becker. 4:00--We tho Wives. 4-30--The World Is Yours. 5:00--Saturday Afternoon in Rosedale. 5:30--Spelling Bee. 6:00--Catholic Hour. 6:30--Show of the Week 7:00--Jack Benny. 7:30--Band Wagon. 8:00--All Star Show. 9:00--Manhattan Merry Go Round. 9:30--American Album ol Music. 10:00--The Circle. 11:00--News. 11:10---Johnny Ivleisncr's Orch. 11:30--Lee Shelley's Orch. 12:00--Cmck Webb's Orch. 12:30--Bob Crosby's Orch. (Address questions to the aulhor, care of thit KDKA 8:00--Trails oÂ£ Happiness. 9:00--Coast to Coast On a Bus. 10:00--Russian Melodies. 10:30--Aloha Tune. 10:45--Music ot Today. 11:00--Christian Science Serv'c.e. 12:00--Radio City Music Hall. 1:00--Great Plays. 2:00--Magic Key of RCA 3:00--Armco Band. 3:30--Festival ol Music. 4:00--Bernie Armstrong. 4:30--Vesper--Shadyside Church. 5:00--Metropolitan Auditions. 5:30- The M-.n from Cooks 5:45--Dog Heroes. 6:00--Music Please. 6:15--Sunday Newspaper oÂ£ the Air. 6:30--A Tale of Today. 7:00--New York Woild Fair p lo - Sram. 7:15--Popular CIassn.5. 7:30--Selh Parker. 8:00--Cleveland Sjmponj Orch, 9:00--Hollywood Playhouse. 9:30--Walter Winchell 9:45--Irene Rich. 10:00-- Romance and Rh}tnm. 30:30--Cheerio. 11:00--Music; news 11:15--Missionary Broadcast. 12:00--Archie BIryiM s Orch 12:30--Herb.e Kay's Oich. WJAS 9:00--St. Patrick's Church. 10:00--Church of the Air. 10:30--Aubade for Strings. 11:00--First English Lutheran Church 12:00--Major Bowes' Capitol Family. 12:30--Music from Italy. 1:00--Chuich of the Air. 1.30--Salute to New York World's Â£ air. 2:00--Americans All. 2.30--Words Without Music. 3:00--Pittsburgh Amateur Hour. 4:00--Rev. Charles E. Coughlin. 5-00--Today's Program. 5.05--St. Louis Blues 5:30--Ben Eernie's Orch. 6:00--The Silver Theatre. 6:30--Gateway to Hollywood. 7-00--People's Platform. 7.30--Hollywood Guild. 8:00--This it New York. 9:00--Ford Sunday Evening Hour. 10:00--Melody and Madness. 10:30--Kaltenborn Comments. 10.45--Ciipilai Opinions. 11:00--.Jack Denny. 11:30--Archie Bleycr's Orch. MONDAY WCAE 7:00--Morning Express. 8:00--Newt. 8:iJ--Today's Almanac. 8:30--Do You Remember. 8:45--Hits and Encores. 8.53--Health Column. 9:00--Jean Abbey. 9.15--Gems of Melody. 9:30--Band Goes to Town. D:45--Musical Mirror. 10:00--Central City. 10:15--John's Other Wife. 10:30--Just Plain Bill. 10:45--Woman in White. 11:00--David Harurn. 11:1C--Lorenzo Jones. 11:30--Young Widow Brown. 11:45--Roz_ of Life. 12:00--News. 12:10--Melodies. 12:15--The O'Neiils. 12:30--Monticello Party Line. 12:45 --Singin' Sam. 1:00--Musical Caravan. 1:15--Bernie Cummins' Orch. 1:30--Melody Jewell Box. 1:45--Voice of Experience. 2:00--Elinor Sherry. 2:15--Folly Entertains. 2:30--Kitty Keene. 2:45--Utility Hall. 3:00--Mary Marlin. 3:15--Ma Perkins. 3:30--Pepper Young's Family. :45--Guiding Light. 4:00--Backstage Wife. 4:15--Stella Dallas. 4:30--Vie and Sade. 4:45--Girl Alone. 5:00--Dick Tracy. 5:15--Your Family Mine. 5:30--Jack Armstrong. 5:45--Orphan Annie. 6:00--Science In the News. 6:15--Evening News. G:25--Sports. 6:30--Rose Marie. 6:45--Del Courtney's Orch. 7:00--Amos and Andy. 7:15--Edwin C. Hill. 7:30--Big Swing. 8:00--Al Pcarce and His Gang. 8:30--Richard Crooks. 9:00--Hour of Charm. 0:30--Eddie Duchin. 30:00--Contented Hour 10:30--Horace Heidi's Orch. 11:00--New Parade. 11:10--Billy Sherman's Orch. 11:45--Lou Breeze's Orch. 12:00--Ben Bernie's Orch. 12:30--Bob Crosby's Orch. 1:00--Bernie Cummins' Orch. KDKA 8:30--Curly Miller. 6.-15--F.Jim .Market'; Â« 7.00--Musical Clock 7.15--Writeni Ti.uK 7-30--Illicit- Kuf-. 7:45--Checkerboard Time. 8.00--Ncv.^. 8.05--Musical Clock. 8:15--Dr. Sunshine. 8.30--Musical Clock 0 00--Shopping Circle. 9:15--Linda's First Love. 8:30--The Editor's Daughter. , 9:45--Gospel Singer. 10:00--Story of the Month 10:15--Jane Aiden. 10:30--Tena and Tim. 10:45--Houseboat Hannah 11:00--Mary Marlin. JJ.-15--Vic and Sade. 11:30--Pepper Young's Family. 11:45--Getting the Most Out of Life. 12:00--News, Weather; Temp. 12:15--Rosey Bits 12:30--National Farm Home Hour. 1:15--Farm Radio News. 1:30--Women in the News. 1:45--Happy Gilmans. 2:00--Betty and Bob. 2:15--Arnold Grimm's Daughter. 2:30--Valiant Lady. 2:45--Hymns of All Churches. 3:00--KDKA Home Forum. 3:20--Dale McFeatters, news reeler. 3:30--State Federation of Women's Clubs. 3:45--Tea Time Tunes. 4:00--Club Matinee. 5:0(1--Rakov's Orch. 5:15--Terry and the Pirates. 5:30--Don Winslow of the Navy. 5:45--Tom Mix Straight Shooters. 6:00--News, Sports. 6:06--You Movie Magazine of the Air. 6:15--Manuel Contrares' Orch. 6:30--Muse--Sports. 6:45--Lowel Thomas. 7:00--Alias Jimmie Vnlcr.tme. 7:30--Sor.g Pictures. 7:45--G-Men and Crime. 8:00--Carson Robinson and His Buckaroos, 8:30.--Those We Love. 9:CO--You Don't Say. 9:30--Westminster College Cnoir. 10:00--True Or False. 10:30--National Radio Forum. ' 11:00--News. Weather, Temp. 11:15--The Music You Want. 12:00--Al Kavclin's Orch. 12:15--New Penn Orch. i |12:30--Artie Shaw's Orch. Illinois Pilot Plans Flight From New York to Warsaw WASHINGTON, Feb. 18--Stanley Kluzek. a Polish youth from Springfield, 111., applied to the Civil Aeronautics Authority Friday for permission to make a solo, r.on-stop flight from New Yoilc to W.irsnv., Poland, next summer. His application wns the liril of its kinds leceived uy the nev,ly-crtated Federal aviation agency. Its ruling will provide the first indication oj the CAA's policy toward non-commercial, trans-ocean flights. WJAS 7.30--Musicale. 8 00--News. U 13--Maijoiic Stcu.iit 3 SO--Transci iptlon. 8:-i5--Chceiie Melodies. 8:55--Toddy's Programs.. 0:00--Richard Maxwell. B:15--Tex Walker. 0:25--New.-.. 9:30--Joyce Jordan. 0:45--Bachelor's Children. 10.00--Young Dr M.ilonc. 10:15--Myrt and Marge. 10:30--Hilltop House. 10:45--The Stepmother. 11:00--Volkwein's Musicale. 11:15--Scnttergood Buines. 11:30--Big Sister. ll.'45-r-Aunt Jenny's Real L i f e Stories. 12:00--Mary Margaret McBride 12:15--Her Honor, Nancy James. 12:30--Isews of the World. 12:43--Our Gal Sunday. 1:00--The Goldbergs. 1:15--Life Can Be Beautiful. 1:30--Road of Life. 1:45--This Day Is Ours. 2:00--Doc Bartley's Daughters. 2:15--The Life and Love of Dr. Susan. 2.30--American School of the Air. 3:00--GUI tis Institute. Â·-:00--Ruth Carhart. 4:15--Today's Programs. 4:20--Not So Long Ago. 4:45--National Defense. 5:00--Music Restoration. Â£ :15--Howie Wing. 5:30--Baroi Elliott's Orch. 0:05--Rhythm Roundup. 6:15--News of tho World. 6:30--Bob T-oul. 6:45--Talk of the Town. 7.00--County Seat. 7:15--Lum and Abnor. 7:30--Eddie Cantor. 8:00--Cavalcade of America. 3:00--Lux Theatre. 10:00--Guy Lombardo's Orch. 10:30--We, the Jury 10:-I5--W. P. A. 11:00--News with Ken Hildebrand. 11.15--Sammy Kayo's Orch. U:30--Cab Galloway's Orch. 12:00--Henry King's Orch. Charlotte Eardie A II939 debutante, Miss Charlotte Hal-die is queen of this year's Mardi Graa at New Orleans, La. The blonde glamor girl is the daughter of Mrs. Eben Hardie. Amiulus Club Has Speaking Program Three members of the Annulus Club, a public speaking group of the West Perm Powei Company, gave talks Jit the regular meeting Wednesday at the FirU Methodist Episcopal Church. A. S, Silcox ut,ed for his subject, "What Is the Iiuak Walton League?" He covered the history of the league, its purposes, and the consoivation work already nccomplibhed. J. A. Thompson spoke on ''Photography" in iexpect to its value us a hobby. His talk included a description oC the operation of a camera. He also showed a number of Jine examples of different types oÂ£ photography that he has taken in the past years. H. E. Koosci talked on "The Endless Chain," in which he dealt with the trickery in trade practices and their exposure. These he classed as follows: 1. Those who do not mean to trick us but do. 2.--Those who mean to trick us il they can. F. E. Ferguson served as chairman during the talks and D. K. Alc- Ilvainc offered constructive criticism on each speech. Opportunities Ah^ad for Maple Syrup Producers A recent interview with M. T. Augustine ot the U. S. Depaitment ol Agriculture, flood control survey, re- vcals a hopetul outlook lor the continuance of Lhis region as a leader in ITU pic syi-up production. Kspecial- I; is this true now, since it has beer, estimated that a substantial part ol New England's sugar orchards have been damaged by the recent hurricane. Tins area, long famous for its maple syrup and sugar--now sold in all parts of the United States, pro- vjdes an annual income amply justifying the continuation of this industry. In 1930, the last year for which complete records are available, the sole of maple 'sugar and syrup yielded approximately $200.000 tc this aiea or an average of $250 pet farm producer. Since 1930 this output has decreased due io decadency of the present stand and to the cutting of the maple trees for lumber. Gra?.ing lias, in most cases, prevented natural regeneration and made transplanting impractical. Thus, most of the sugar bushes consist of old trees. In many cases these trees are slap headed which indicates that they will soon succumb and die. Mr. Augustine stated that he expected to interview a number of producers of Garrett county, Maiyland and Somerset county, Pennsylvania. From data pertaining to general condition of the sugar bushes and the cost of production, plans may be developed which will stimulate this declining industry. The development of improved sugar busn practices appears to be. not only good farm management, but also an essential part of any upstream flood control program which might be inaugurated in the Yough- icgheny Watershed. Robber Resents Robbery of Loot MONTREAL, Feb. 18. -- Harry P.-irkms, 53, confessed robber, complained hei e thnt "Home crook" l,nd stolen the loot he himself had stolen from a slimmer home at Laval-sur- Ic-Lac. After robbing the home Par'dn? brought the loot to the city and hid it. When he-went to get the goods, they were gone. Lorctta Young's Voice Best. BERKELEY, Cal , Feb. 18.--Loretta Young has the best speaking voice on the scieen today, B: other Loo of St. Mary's College, an authority on public .peaking, said m a lecture. "People probably don't realize tms because her speaking is so completely in harmony with her personality that it attracts no attention," he said. Howard C. Bell Made Chairman of Class B Football Conference Formal organization of the Mon Valley Little Class B Football Conference was completed at a meeting at Charleroi with the selection of a board of control. Howard C. Bell of East Pike Run Township High was chosen chairman, Fred F. Herman of Rostraver Township and Ernest Hefferle of South Huntingdon representatives of the eastern division and R. S. Hartzell of Bentleyville and \V. F. Bowers of East Bethlehem Township of the western section. One member is to be named from the Mon Valley Press Association. A meeting is to be held on March 15 to revise the temporary constitution. Members of the conference are: Eastern division--Fayette City, Washington Township, North Belle Vernon, Rostraver Township, Belle Vernon. West Newton and South Huntingdon Township. Western, division--East Pike Run Township, East Bethlehem Township, Cer.terville, Jefferson, West Bethlehem, Bentleyville and Ellsworth. Rev. G. W. Pollock Dies. WASHINGTON, Pa., Feb. 18.-Rev. George W. Pollock, 62, veteran Presbyterian minister and one of the organizers oÂ£ the West Virginia synod, died at his home here. SOMERSET BUS FIRM HEAD DIES SOMERSET, Feb. 18.--William A. Marteeny, 54, veteran general manager of the Somerset Bus Company, died Wednesday morning at his home at Stoyestown road after a heart attack the day before. He founded the Somerset Bus Company in 1923 and had seued as c e n t i a l oflice mnr.ngcr here. Hi 1 lea\es h, b rather, D a \ i d A. JVkutoeny, Somerset county a u f t i u n f e i ; his wife, Q daughter and a ;Â· ^u-i. The lunerjl sen ii e v. ill be held Saturday aittrrnoon. New Counsel for PUC. HARRISBURG. Feb. 13--Hairy M. Showaltev of Lewibbuig. a Republican, succeeded Eduard Knuff of Johnstown as cmef counsel to the all-Dcmocrnlic Public Utility Com.- mibsion. Freight Loss Heavy. Freight revenue loss to the rail- loads of the United States as n 10 sult of diversion of fie.ght to other modes of transportation, i elocution of industiy and other econo-mu changes VMS appioxmi.iLeij ?523,000,000 in 1037, according to estimate. 1 made by the I. C. C. Another Competing Private Utility in TV A Region to Quit MEMPHIS, Tonn., Feb. J8.--An- other competing private utility was removed iiom the areR servde by the Tennessee Valley Authority today when Memphis Power Light Company agieed to sell its electric and gun properties to the city and TVA lor 517,300,000. The Memphis company is owned by National Power and Light, a subsidiary of Electric Bond and Share Comp.m.y. Urlriuls C'omic Vulcllliilc.s. S l l l P P E i N S B U R G . Feb. 18.--Henry Luhrs pap^i novelty manufacturer, defended the copy paper valentines, called by senders as "comic" and by i ^cipients as "insulting," SE a good detlater of ego. Vitamin D Needed In Children's Diet 1 1 Sunlight Exposure Should Be Supplemented by the Feeding of Fish Oils to Avoid Rickets Paid Vacations Granted. PITTSBURGH Feb. 18. -- The Alummu/n Company of America announced 18,000 hourly paid employes would be granted pnid vaca tionb t a n f i ng tip to two ucrlvs. By LOGAN CLENDENING. M. D. RICKETS, that nutritional disease ot childhood which -we discussed yesterday, is most prevalent in the spring months. The incidence rises to JU peak in March and sinks to the lowest level in. September. Obviously, this is related to sunlight. It appears after the long period of winter darkness. "Rickets is directly dependent on the lack of Vitamin D in the body. But Vitamin D is .formed in the body by the action oÂ£ sunlight on the skin, and stored in the liver. Pcedinj? Vitamin D by mouth in the form of fish liver oils -- fish btorc it in the body more abundantly than any other animals -- "will supply enough to prevent rickets, but feeding Vitamin D should always be supplemented by sunshine exposure. Enough Exposure Therefore, in these days of returning sunlight be sure your baby is getting enough exposure to prevent the development of rickets. And notice carefully how much sun the baby really does get. The baby is in the sunlight in the baby-carriage -- all very well. First, the mother may discover that the baby is blinking, so she promptly shields its eyes and much of its face from the sun. Second, since the baby's body is covered, the child will then be getting only reflected light or skyshine, which is only 50 per cent as effective as direct sunlight to prevent rickets. Third, the time of day will also affect the am punt of sunshine or skyshine reaching the baby's face. At 8:30 A. M., regardless of the season, the average loss of sunlight is over 30 per cent and tit 3:30 P. M. it id over 21 per cent. These reasons are enough to convince one that sunlight exposure should be supplemented by feeding Vitamin D in the form of fish oils. The real function of Vitamin D in the body is to aid in the deposit of calcium. It is the lack of calcium deposit- in the bones which causes them to be soft, and this is the reason ffr the deformities of rickets. Thr PC! -irionship h*-f worn the trf rickefcs and the lack of sunshine in any population is remarkably close. For instance, rickets is far commoner in. negro children thari u white because the sunlight docs not get a chance to penetrate through the darker skin. Even in countries where there is a * great deal of sunshine, such as Algeria, rickets is prevalent because certain religious customs keep women and children indoors, away from sunlight. Purdah, for instance, ia a religious custom in India, as in Africa, which keeps -women indoors in the early stages after childbirth, and hence rickcth is present in three out of every four children in these communities. Dr. Clendcning will answer questions of general interest only, and then only through his column. Another disease of infancy, called "tetany," in which there are spasms in. the muscles, has been greatly improved and brilliant results have been obtained by exposing the patient to light. The expectant mother, and the mother during the period when she is nursing the baby, require an extra amount of calcium in their bodies because of the drain of calcium in the milk and to form the baby's bones. It has been found that when mothers received ultra-violet light exposures the calcium, content of the blood remained normal or showed an actual increase. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Mrs. P. Ij. C.: "What causes puffiness above the inside corners of the eyes?" Answer--Usually increase iu weight, perhaps due to lack of thyroid secretion, perhaps due to infection. Sometimes, but very rarely, kidney trouble. EDITOR'S NOTE; Seven p*mph)Â«ts by Dr. ClonJoninfr Â«in now be obtained by Mndlni? 10 cents in coin, for each, and a s']f-2ildrob3pl enieloic stamped with Â·. "hri*i?-cent sinmTi. to Dr. Ijocan Cl*ndov- i n p in cars of thi*Â« pnpcr. The r-iJTipbU** arc: 'Three Weeks' RHucinc Iict". "In- Hmir 5km* "