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PAGE FOUR. K D A I L Y C O U K I K K , C ( 1 N N E I , L S V I L l , W , P A . SATURDAY, FEBRUARY IS, 1939. ,. ^ iatiy (Wren* THE COURIER COMPANY _ _ !.. Publishers James J. Driscoll President and General Manager R. A. Donegan ..Â«.,,__ _,,,,,_... _ Secretary and Treasurer Walter S. Stimmel Editor James M. Driscoll Associate Editor J. Wylie Driscoll Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF Audit Bureau of Circulations .' Â·.-- Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; $5 per year, or $2.50 lor six iionths by mail if paid in advance; 12 cents per week by carrier. Entered as second class matter at the Postofllce, Connellsville, Pa. SATURDAY EVENING. FEBRUARY 18, 1939 BELIGIOCS LACK ON THE CAMPUS Pennsylvania's new Secretary of Welfare, E. Arthur Sweeny, Greensburg publisher, is concerned over the lack of religious public education of the Nation. The lack is one of the greatest faults ot" schools and colleges, he said in an address in Pittsburgh at the University Club at the 70th anniversary dinner of Wilson College. The "Campus Conference on Religion" in Pittsburgh this week took cognizance of trÂ° condtion to which Secretary Sweeny referred. It finds religious life at a very low ebb at American colleges. Skepticism and downright atheism prevail, the conference -was told. The trend away from the Bible and the Christian religion generally in Europe lends emphasis to the need of greater effort to combat it here in democratic America. Until the dictators are able to produce something better, Seecretary Sweeny says, "we had better teach Christianity in our institutions of higher learning." It was Lord Bacon, the great English philosopher, who said: "A little knowledge inclineth a man's mind to atheism, but depth in philosophy bringeth a man's mind around to religion." Colleges will be strengthening the bulwarks of civilization by judicious missionary work on the campus. . HAS SO AHEAD SI6XAI/, MOKE POWER Not only will the Dies committee investigating un- Americanism have ample funds for further prosecution of its work but it will have solid support in the House, despite opposition of the Administration. Against a paltry $25,000 allotted the committee last year, there will be $100,000 available, and it is probable that if Representative Martin Dies and his associates continue to develop sensations more will be forthcoming, if needed. Minority Leader Joe Martin put the Administration and the House leadership on the spot -when the appropriation was voted by demanding a roll call when it became evident the majority was exerting every effort to build strength against it. The Republicans stood solidly in--favor of the resolution. When it came to showdown many Democrats who otherwise would not have been registered for or against cast their lot with the committee. During the next year more may be expected of the committee. Also there will be fewer efforts to block its Â·work. The prestige it has gained will materially increase the respect for it among opponents. If conditions are such as have been indicated in the investigation thus far the committee can do no greater service than to expose everything anti-American. FURTHER REPAIRS DEEDED Here's news for the children. Neighbor Maryland has no legislation to prevent child marriages. The only controlling factor is common law. It does not recognize the validity of the marriage of persons under seven. But there is no statute fixing the ages at which a valid contract may be executed. "Marriage of a girl between the ages of seven and 12 and a boy between seven and 14 is not prohibited, but is voidable by the girl until she becomes 12 and the boy-until he becomes 14," is the ruling of the attorney general in. this most unusual situation. There is an obstacle in the way of elopers, say from Pennsylvania. The written consent of the parents must be produced. And then the applicants for license must wait three days before the ceremony can be performed. There won't be much of a rush. It is probable Maryland will see to it that this defect in its social laws is overcome. In the meantime the officiating ministers and magistrates may be depended upon ' to use their preventative persuasive powers. COOLITESS SATES LIVES What can be done by cool heads in the face of disaster was demonstrated to a high degree in the insane asylum fire at Quebec, where nearly 2,000 inmates were led to safety, while 292 nuns and 250 employes made their way out, with the loss of one life and that indirectly, from a heart ailment. The work of rescue is all the more remarkable when we consider that many of the patients, were violent and that evacuation of the building was carried oh in a temperature 15 degrees below zero. Undoubtedly the rescued suffered from exposure in garments not intended for the out of doors in warmer weather. Favoring the rescue was the fact the fire occurred during-daylight. But even then it was a herculean task, reflecting great credit on the management and all who participated in the work. Â· - Fear, the strongest of human emotions, usually plays a major part in boosting the casualty list in a fire. If people could be persuaded to avoid panic and take their time, the loss of life and injury would be materially reduced. HEALTH EXA3IINATIOKS PAY The death rate from tuberculosis can be materially reduced if people in apparently vigorous health will do as they are frequently urged to do so by insurance companies and health organizations--have more frequent physical examinations. This is emphasized by the statement before the annual meeting of tbe Pennsylvania Tuberculosis Association in Pittsburgh that SO per cent of the Nation's "white plague" victims have reached the advanced stage before it is discovered. That being true, the only safe course to follow is frequent examinations. It is vastly less expensive to pay for a physical test than be subject to 'the ravages of the disease. Attention also should be given to the impossibility of the State of Pennsylvania to meet the demands for treatment at its sanitariums. The Pittsburgh convention was told that the requirement now is 10,000 beds, whereas the available supply is less than that number, or 4,502. This ftict should be borne in mind in considering prevention. WHICH DOES THIS COUNTRY WANT? What's What At a Glance By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Columnist. WASHINGTON", D. C,, Feb. 18.-Our Yankee diplomatic and naval folk arc trying to got a line on General Franco, the Spanish rebel Icad- who evidently has his country's government crowd licked to within a second or two oÂ£ a knockout. ' One ordinarily thinks of a rebel \ chieftain as a Jibera] or even an e x - j treme radical, in a tate of insurrcc- , tion against a backward regime. This time, in Spain, it is different, j King Alfonso was an ultra-con-j servativc. He was so much so, and was so incompetent also, that his .id- ministration became decidedly rickety. Finally, m an effort to stall of! revolution, General Primo de Rivera, one of Alfonso's military men (as reactionary as Alfonso himself, but with more ginger), set up a dictatorship. It did not displace Alfonso. It was something like the situation in Italy, where Dictator Mussolini is the recognized boss, with King Victor remaining as a mere figurehead. It was too late, though. After three or four years the radicals chucked Rivera, plus Alfonso, into the discard and established what they called a republic. They certainly were radical. I knew Spain very well in later pre- World War days. The then anti- STRENGTH FOR YOUR TASK By Earl L. Douglass, D. D. THE NEWS WASHINGTON, Feb. 18.--A fat morsel of pork-bait has been softly planted on the desk of every congressman. It is a list of $1,775,510,286 (take a day off and try to count up to that much) of new Public Works Administration projects which Mr. Ickes says "might" be started if Congress provides "additional appropriations." Anyone who knows political signs will appreciate this means a new PWA program is going to be proposed, and the preparatory promotion embarassing cotton question was agreeable, but don't expect a world cotton production agreement. Brazil might be favorably inclined. She has been getting into our foreign markets with cotton increasingly since 1932. Her production then was about 400,000 bales, steadily rising thereafter to 2,100,000 bales in 193738. Her world exports in this current cotton year were the largest in history. But even if Brazil is willing, India will not be. Officials here have found India's production of four to cious aroma of well roasted pork, browned so perfectly that the juice eight to 10 million producers, meaning the average Indian producer raises about half a bale. No effective chops are in this new roast, each one a hometown project, enough for all --sewers, courthouses, jails, schools, armories, swimming pools, electric plants, waterworks, libraries, every- think of, for only hamlets you have TRUE RELIGION ALWAYS WORKS Of what value is religion if it ] success; unemployment, jealousy; doesn't enable us to solve our problems and overcome our difficulties? To that question everybody would answer, of course, that it is worth nothing unless it is useful. 1C we cannot bring the power of our religion to bear upon some trying situation in our life, it is either because our religion is Inciting in power or we arc lacking in the faith or the wit to use it. Here are some difficulties religion should certainly be able to help us handle; disagreeable family situations; defects of personality; inability to achieve evil thinking. Religion which doesn't enable us to better these things in daily combat is no real religion at nil. If religion isr.'t helping you to solve your real problems, then why isn't it? No one can answer for another, but a general rule which holds good is this; that the cause of moral impediment can almost always be found within the heart and nature of the man in question. Seldom does the f a u l t lie outside the desires and acts of his daily life. Something evil is still cherished if the power of evil still persists. Something, under such circumstances, still inhibits the will. AU rlchu reserved--Babson Newspaper Syndicate. Sidelight? As Others Think Rev. Burley A. Peters, pastor ot Grace Lutheran Church at Altoona, is the new chaplain of the State Senate, succeeding Dr. George Walker Buckncr of Canonsburg, who j served under the Earle Administration. A United Press Harrisburg story says he "is regarded hy members of the upper chamber, newspapermen and others as one of the government party was dominated by j best in Commonwealth history," in the anarchists. Those were the men; which classification Dr. Buckner also who came into power. Anarchists are j q-ialified but who is a "dyed in the quite unlike Nazis or Fascist!. They wool" Democrat, often are confused with Communists; as a matter of fact the t\vo philoso- phines are downright hostile to each other. Strange as it may seem, the average anarchist has a lovable personality. He tosses explosives rather liberally, but he has high ideals--too high for the world we live in. His theory is that, it we ail were real brethren, we should not need any troublesome, interfering, expensive governments. Now, when 1 say that anarchists ran Spain during the post-Alfonso- Hivera era I mean just that. Newspaper readers will have noticed that, following the Franco rebels' conquest of Catalonia, their first job has been the "cleaning up of the anarchists." Just so. Anarchists have been pretty thick all over Spain, but in Catalonia, and especially in Barcelona, its provincial capital, they have been as numerous as Tammanyites in Manhattan ever were. What, then, is Franco's program? He is a conservative rebel against radicalism, certainly. But is he trying simply to get back to rationality? Or is he a tool of Fascism, backed by Nazi-ism? Undoubtedly he represents a reversion from anarchy--which most of us, tolerant as we may be, regard as too much of a good thing, for the present. Maybe he wants to revert too far, however. HOOVER'S SPEECH (Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.) The esteem in which former President H:rbert Hoover continues to be held v as evident at the National Rc- publk-nn Club's Lincoln Day dinner hck, nt the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in Xew York last Monday. In introducing Mr. Hoover, Mr. C. Wayland Brooks, who wns a candidate for Governor of Illinois last ear, recalled the many bitter attacks to which Lincoln was subjected. Mr. Hoover, he said, has been similarly ns:,a:lcd, but neither man permitted such treatment to daunt his courage A former soldier, Peters is short f o r a moment, and both continued to and stocky, eloquent but forceful in ji gllt for what they know was best his prayers and of good presence and voice. He is a constitutcnt of Chairman Charles R. Mallcry of the Seriate Judiciary General Committee and other units and is familiar with legislative procedure. When the World War broke out. Peters had taken his first charge at Millville in Columbia county. He dropped his religious duties and went into camp with the old First Pennsylvania Artillery, of which former Senator W. C. McKee was colonel. A recent graduate of Susquehanna University, lie became religious leader of a "hard-boiled" regiment r.ow known as the 107th Field Artillery. The war over, the chaplain came back with his regiment with a fine record. He accepted a charge at Boswell, Somerset county. For 17 years he has been pastor of one ot the most influential churches in for their country. In his speech, Mr. Hoover presented one of the most telling analyses of the Roosevelt regime which has yet been made. But Mr. Hoover did more than (his. He also created a forward-looking program for the revitalized Republican party. The party's chief missions, he declared, were three, the preservation of our liberties, the restoration oÂ£ economic prosperity and the maintenance of peace for America. Each ot these three vita] national aims is endangered by the policies of the present administration, a: Mr. Hoover indicated. That he has done so with clarity and force is but another example of the high quality of leadership which he has displayed so often since 1933. Loyal to ideals which are above party, unselfishly pike between Jones Mill and Bakersville, asked the Sidelighter to print the following which he clipped from a paper some 13 years ago. It still intrigues him: A list of 10 commandments for ;..oonshiners has been added to the Even Alfonso and Primo de Hi-' "Volsteadana" in the possession oÂ£ vera were not as intolerable as Herr; Andrew J. Volstead, father oÂ£ the Hitler is. Does Franco want to be- prohibition enforcement act. determined to fight for the way of Altoona. life which he is conviced is the American way, Mr. Hoover continues Patrick McCarty, well-knowr. to point the sound road out ot our farmer living along the Somerset present dilemma and toward greater freedom and happiness for all our citizens. Only those who are blinded by political zeal will withheld the admiration and gratitude which his able and disinterested efforts in the common welfare deserve. come as 100 per cent a dictator as Hitler?--ur, possibly, is he willing to become a dictator who is dictated to by Hitler and Mussolini? Washington does not know enough about the general to be sure on these points. It may not be any of our business. Yet it is, indirectly. If a woman uses the proper posture for every step oÂ£ the work of doing toe weekly family wash, she will beautify her figure as well as her clothes. The correct posture of her body while working will also leave her less fatigued. Arnold Guyot, Swiss-American geographer and geologist, was the first rang feet before the to explore the Appalachian of mountains, performing the ' Civil War. Volstead, now special advisor to Brigadier General W. F. Rhmow, Northwest prohibition administrator, received the list from Federal agents who seized it in raiding a still. The commandments read: 1--Thou shalt not make moonshine. 2--Thou shalt not drink liquor. 3--Thou shalt not tempt thy Government, lest thy Government tempt thee. 4--Thou shalt do unto the Federal agents as you would like to have the deputy sheriffs do unto you. 5--Thou shalt not fear the hijackers, but trust in fair play. 6--Thou shall not drink wood alcohol. 7--Thou shalt not steal thy neighbor's jug. C--Thou shalt protect thy enemy's still. 9--Thou shalt have only one pio- Factographs According to an archaeologist, Solomon, in the tenth century B. C., was one of the first kings xvhose mam trade export was copper. Instead of meaning an inclination to tuberculosis, a scientist has a theory that a flat chest may mean a sign of intelligence. The first mahogany used in England xvas called "Spanish mahogany," because it came from the Spanish colonies in the West Indies. The terms "negative," and "positive" as used in electricity, were originated by Benjamin Franklin. seems possible. What Brazil is going to do about the 8370,000,000 of her defaulted bonds in the hands of American investors is not yet clear. Yet something will have to be done before any further credits are announced in order to avoid domestic repercussions. Stray Thoughts By S. M. DcHUFF thing you can $1,775,510,286. Villages and never heard of and never will would get more money than they ever dreamed oÂ£ to do things they have always hoped for. Even the economical Vice-President's to\vn has r.ot been overlooked. The list proposes a grant of 516,830 for a sanitary sewer at Uvalde, and $23,805 for street improvements. Virginia, home state of non-conformists Carter Glass Of course, Mr. Ickes would never bait Congress like this, at least, not so boldly, if he had not been asked. A resolution was introduced by New Deal enthusiast Senator Mead of New York, and passed, requesting the information. Inside talk is the Administration will wait until the pork aroma has worked the legislators into a frenzy, then will ask for about half a billion dollars to "start" another PWA. No departing newsman has ever received as great a tribute as was paid by Washington statesmen, clergy, citizens and reporters to George R. it'll actually run. The only really offensive valentine to make my mailbox was one depicting me as a telegraph operator with "the safety of hundreds of lives in the hollow of my hand" and me sleeping at my post of duty which, in case you don't know it, happens to be a place where I doubt Rip Van Winkle could catnap. Add to that list of forgotten folks the name of Melville Davisscn Post, master mystery short story writer of just a few years ago. Now just why do you reckon Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes completely ignored me in his collective castigating (in last week's Colliers) of such columnists as Paul Mallon, Holmes, the International News Serv- ; Doro thy Thompson, Westbrook Peg- ice bureau manager. His death, | ler Boakc Carter| Mark Sullivan coming at a time when the morality of the press was being publicly Gen. Hugh S. Johnson? And Miss Mary Murphy takes time from her ith , .,- ,. uu .uu,;ia U it: eagerness, the delivery life had quietly contributed to oÂ£ The Courier (and oÂ£ course , this journalism, daily for 23 years. It.was e) to her Â£ar North End h nnr nnlv n -urrvrthv tnhntin in Wnlmnc' 1 , . - _ . ,,,- Â· - .. for which I again say "thank you. discussed brought public recognition shop p ing to teU me she awaitSj wi of the integrity and honesty which considerable eagerness, the delive: his life had qiueUy contributed to nf TKÂ« r^,,,-;Â«,. /*,,,* ^f ^ *v not only a worthy tribute to Holmes' personality, but to the press under | the inspiration of which he served the best traditions faithfully. Brazil's eminent Foreign Minister Aranha will not get all he asked for, but most of it. Inner arrangements now are being worked out in expectation of announcement to be made when the President returns from fleet maneuvers. A credit will be extended by the Export-Import Bank, probably not 550,000,000 to $60,000,000, but a considerable sum. A method of helping him in the currency situation will be arranged. But his suggestion of direct contribution to the rearming of Brazil has not found an enthusiastic reception. More military missions may be sent to give advice, but the Administration does not Â·want to furnish military arms lor fear of arousing Brazil's big neighbor--Argentina. Other Latin American countries have been clamoring inside for similar arms aid, but a definite line against the policy is likely to be drawn in this case. Why is it so many fellows who spend money recklessly for other things, will beg and borrow matches all day long before taking the time to buy a penny box. Let's go to press. Aranha's conference with Agriculture Secretary Wallace on the QUATRAINS "Winter Scene. So still and silent lies the snow So peaceful all the fields afar; The noisy blackbird and the crow Like midnight homebound revelers are. A Woman Explains. 'Td like to please him if I can," She answered me \viLh eyes aflame. "But I don't dress to please a man. I dress to beat some other dame." The Price of Old Age. Who would to three-score-ten attain. Must know the smiles and tearÂ» And all the 'sorrow and the pain, . That cumber seventy years. About Luck. If it's good luck you seek my lad, I'll tell the truth about it, Luck soonest flics to him who tries To get along without it. lector. 10--Thou shalt make good vine, and be hcppy all the days of thy life. A GRAND TIME FOR YOU TO START A SAVINGS ACCOUNT It's not hard to be thrifty . . . and thrift certainly pays big dividends in happiness and security! Opening a savings account starts you out on thrift, and you don't have to be making a lot to save a little each week. Any amount, no matter how small, that's put in- the bank regularly will grow to be a source of future pleasure and security. It will be there when you want to buy something, at your service instantly! Mcnihcr of Feilernl Deposit riisnrnnct- fornnrnlinti.