The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on February 21, 1930 · Page 11
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The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 11

Connellsville, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:
Friday, February 21, 1930
Page 11
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(F=* Second Part Pages 11 to 20! VOL. 28, NO. 87. CONNBLLSVILLE, PA., FRIDAY EVENING, I EBR.UARY 21, 1930, TWENTY PAGES. Fires EJricks First Shapes Them Later; New Ceramic idea Special t'i Tin- Courier. TORONTO, Out., Kb. 21.--How proposes to shovel ot a k i l n ant! r o l l sections of roads, ho a'y* into one- end sides of houses, r-Mntorceil- floors, piling*, and beams o u t ot tho other, was related in d«tail to the-American Ceramic Society here by Prof. Joseph t!. Shaw, head of the. ceramics do-part- men'. ot Pennsylvania State College. He read the paper, prepared by him and his son, Myril 0. Shaw, at the ;i2nd a n n u a l meeting of the society, one of his throe con.iributicns to the meeting. His other two papers were ·A progress r e p o r t on abrasive tests of f i r e b r i c k at high temperatures, and a practical method of controlling the quart'/, content of tck'spar. ^ In t h i s new m a n u f a c t u r i n g process Prol. Shaw adopted I h o principles of processing steel to the requirements of coramlc materials, added some adv a n c e d Ideas of his o w n , and de- velo-ie.d. a r e v o l u t i o n a r y process. Two i s o b t e d problems on -.vhlch he worked 15 y ;ars ago furnlshe.i the correlating " I n k w h i c h w a s e x p a n d e d i n t o tills process when Unitocl States Senator W. Ji. I'ine of Oklahoma camo to him tor a nn-w road m a t e r i a l "stronger t h a n conr-ve-le- and cheaper than macadam " Prof. Shaw also reported t h a t by c h a r g i n g t h e c o n d i i i o n s ot manu- f a c t u r e he had p r o d u c e d a light w e i g h t ceramic m a t s - r i a l possessing h i g h i n s u l a t i n g p r o p e r t i e s and in add i t i o n that t h e m e t h o ^ m a y be adopted here in a technical sen ;e, meaning that temperature range d u r i n g which clay products shrink and develop a den so structure. Observations made %vhil·· testing fire bricks under pressure in 1'J.H gav« him t h o first giimpst) o ' t h i s new principle, Prof. Shaw s a i l . The'dis- tortion these bricks u n d e r w e n t at Uigu temperatures when subjei ted to press u r e demonstrated thai the clay flowed under those condition*, thus giving him the basis 1'or ili« first half of his new process. FacU discovered while working on slag b r i c k s in tho following few years led to the information which he Incorporated in the anneaHng process, th ·· concluding operation of this method Ho tound that through proper tmealing a strong crystalline product was obtained in which all the tendencies to crack or warp were eliminated, "This method," tho Penn State ceramist said, "has advantages over present processes in addition to open- Ing the Held 10 massive ceramic pieces impossible to make at present. It can be made entirely continue us, eliminating handling ot tho material and utilizing mechanical equlpini-nt for complete handling from clay bank to the linlshed article in the stock shed. Fuels used are no more, probably m u c h less, than used ui.d-er present processes. "It Is expected this pr eess will bo used in the p r o d u c t i o n of paving slabs, massive s t r u c t u r a l materials, to u.;e eyanite. CanUe, he pointed o u t , w i t h sllli- m a n t f i . a n d atut-ulasiu-. is the best n a t u r a l r e f r a c t o r y material k n o w n . The only a n d u l a s i t e deposit k n o w n in t h i s c o u n t r y , h o w e v e r , is owned and c o n t r o l l e d by a spark plug company, w h i l o there is no s.ilHmauite here, h u n c i r e d a of tons arc being imported rrotn India to wake tiro bricks. Cyan-ltd. he said, exists i i numerous extensive de-posits all through the Alleg h e n y M o u n t a i n s , but by no known commercial m e t h o d tuis it been possible heretofore to uso this material, due to its* peculiar jihyelcal properties. C y a n i t e , w h i l e posssss-lng tho same chemical makeup of andalastte and s,ilHmanile, c r u m p l e ? to a powder when shaped and Bred. By flrins it first a lid t h e n siiapinp. it. as the Penn Stall ceramist does : n his new p r u - i-es;», he handles it )\\si as ho does any nth':-:' c l a y or shale. I n this process the -MI tire procedure .{ m a n u f a c t u r i n g ceramics is reversed. The usual U K l i i o d is to shape Hie c l a y and t h e n tire it. but. the Penn H t a t t ceramist d e m o i - s t r a t r . d in his iab(?i atory , in the school c f mineral industries there t h a t it is '.'easible to f i r e the clay first and t h e n shape it. Tho raw e l n y is iivst burned, that iidizod, then to a plastic rolled or pres-ieU into shape, an steel is ha.uclk .1, atul then sent h a n aitaoaUiu f u r n a c e . Tho j is a douse, t o u g h product, whlcn and heavy refractory blocks. It seems likely that vitrified cl; y products made u n d e r t h i s process w i l l be used in m a n y canes where con rete is now used. Sea walls, piling, 1 eavy beams, foundations, building wal a, and similar articles which are of iargo dimensions, and which c a n u o be manufactured economically tint!or tho pres-* e n t practices, are the typ· of articles for the production of whi".h this process seems Ideal." IK. o i J U K I (··an be t u r n e d out in ilmost a n y ·uul in w h i c h steel rel \ f o r c l n g may bo i n c o r p o r a t e d if cleared. Wight b y 20 !·,.(.i s . M n s i d c r e d the limits of prac- U i - n b l i l y at p i v s o u l , I ' r o t . Shaw said, and any ;-;nuk- bf u; fd. l u p r o d u c i n g hi.-; .stilaUim blocks, the. u p h i s t i c s t a t e in '-'lav or shale may . I g h t w e i g h t i n - c a y Is healed to -e absence «l i t r o l l e d f e a t u r e o\yg--u. an easily co lu "ceramic p r o d u c t i o n . the Perm State ceraMist said, o u t s i d e of which it is h a n d e d j u s t like t h o other p r o d u c t s u n d o - t h i s svtitcin, This absence of produces a c e l l u l a r condition in " l i e (iiii'shed blocl; w h i c h may be i n e r e i H f i d by the i n c l m i o n ot charcoal hi t h ' m i x t u r e . W h i l e not possessing Iho e x t r e m e s t r e n g t h of tho oxidized m a l e - i u l , t h i s l i g h t w e i g h t block still 4,054,762 Tons Of Coal Is Mined In llth District Spcc'iul to The Cot rler, GRKJ5NSBURG, Feb. 2J -- J. J. McDonald o£ Orceneburg, nu 10 inspector for the l l t h bituminous district, o£ Pennsylvania which lion in We.ituioro- land county, has.tefiued hi ftnaaal report for Iho paet. year disclosing that ·1,054,763 tons wero mine; during the 12 moiithe' period. There are 20 mines in this district w i t h ill oC th«m bolnp i i operation. Ten ot! these mines are ;iiseua and 11 non-gaeeous. There were ilvo fatal uockients in- nido tho rnine« of the llth district and none on tho outeicle. Tho report also shown 'J 832 iicrnons wor« employed inaido the mines; 656 on the ouUmlo of which 1 ployed in the m a n u f a c t u r The coul production b\ f o l l o w n : ('tun panics JI. C. Krick Coke Co Y o u g h t o g h e n y Ohio Coal Co. Keystone Cfial Coke Co -Jamison Coal Coke Co ·1 wt'i-B em- ' of coke, coin panics Tons 804.69S 7;:r,75i 6'«rt,782 531,112 Westmoreland Coal Co 349,906 possissea mor« b u i l d i n g bricks. T w o n i e t h o d s f i r s t of t h a n grade C i n ; i y lu used in the m a n u f a c t u r e - . Prof. W. J. Ralney, Inc _ Greeriftburg Coal Coki» C V u l c a n .Gas CoaVCo Penn Valley Coal M i n i n g C H u m p h r e y s Coal Coke C Fulton COal Coke Co Whyel Coke Co Thaw Coke Trust "... ., H u n k e r Stoani Coai Co 348,277 282,735 112,924 111,670 80,333 12,860 11,090 10,910 B.716 S h a w e x p l a i n e d . The (.'round c l a y may e l l h e " he 11 red in th ' p o w d e r f o r m and t h r i . m o l d e d , or it may bo molded i ( nd lien tired. I n I ' H h e r caso tho next s t e p Is l.oMiHM-ea.-.o tlu^ t e m p e r a - t u r e t o render t i n 1 m o l d e d a r t i c l e plastic, a f t e r w h i c h it is pressed I n t o shapi. a n d a n n e a l e d . T h o a n n e a l i n g ] b r i n n * o u t a strong, d c r y s t a l l i n e j \8truc u r n i n w h i c h a l l the* s t r a i n s set UP h." t h e pressing a - i d s h a p i n g arc Total "Cl iv or sil.i:ije," P r o f . Shaw said in enunrtathu' tho I'umkunental irlnci- pal on w h i c h his ur.v process IH baaed, " w h e n w i t h i i . the range .ot temperature during- w h i c h i t v i t r i f l e s w i l l have a s n d i c l e u t plasticity or fluidl'y to y i e l d to m o l d i n g pressuro when by articles may !« shaped f r o m It. ai 1 p r o p e r s u b s e i i n e t i t a n n e a l i n g w i l l develop a c.rynK l i i n o structure K l v i w : a H t r o n s . U ush p r o d u c t . " Vlu-ltv.".ttwu, he cxphv nod, was U!-;ed FAMOUS . FIRSTS/ The detailed report of c tal prqjluc- tion in tho tlist/tct follows N u m b e r oC iiiiftea In d l s t r h t ..... 29 Number of mines in opera 1 i-oti ai Number of gaiseoiks mltiot in operation ........................ ................... 30 N u m b e r of n'on-'gatieoue nlMic-s lu operation ..................................... 11 Tons of coal shippcul to nuirkot .:.. ...................... _ ..................... a, 622,500 Toiw uscl £or stcani and heat ....... . .................................. - ............ ....... - 52,971 Tons «old to locil trade ai il used by employets ........................... (4,SI63 Tons used In m a n u f a c t u r e "C · coke .............. :....:..·. ........ - ............ ......... . ...... 31-U28 Totw of coal produced ( n e l s ...... 4,054,762 Tons of coke produced ................ .. 20!),0!2 Coke ovons .... ......................... ... .............. 1,256 Coke oven In operation _______ ....... ... 380 Tons of coal produced by j ick m i n i n g .......... ............................... -. ........... 2,195,973 TOIIH produced by electr oal machines ............. ... ............................ ..1,858,784 ··B|llil»Bllllllliilllll..NM|i|l«lllHHIllBM«CT rpcery Sale ·iday and Saturday I N O 0 R P O K A T E D LA PREMIATA MACARONI - SPAGHETTI 25c Tomato Paste, 3 cans PenriCoffee29 Start today to buy the Penn Store way. Join t le many thrifty people who come from miles around to buy their groceries at wholesale. If you want to save bring your orders to the Penn Stores--Lowest Price Grocery Stores. BACON, Bars 53c S W A N S D O W N S U G A R 3 Boxes 29c UR,SACK89c D, 5 Lbs. 69c COFFEE:,4Lbs.79c -FARMROLL* /» BUTTER OMAHA-KANSAS CITY-SES MO1NE WEDGEWOOD BUTTER Best Butter in America You Cannot Buy Better Butter At Any If rice. f " 2 Ib. Roll 85c FRANKLIN SUGAR OLEO, 3 Pound Country ROLL 59c BLUE RIBBON MALT, 2 Cans 98 CREAM CORN STARCH, 3 Boxes 25c SPREDIT OLEO, 2 Lbs. 49c GOOD LUCK OLE O, 2 Lbs. 59c PABST-ETT CHEE:SE , 2. Boxes 45c California WALNtTS, 3 Lbs. 79c iiality BROOMS 37c Libby's Corned Beef 2 cans ...49c NAVY BEANS, 4 Pounds 39c c box CANDY CHOCOLATE DROPS 2 Pounds 25c FANCY CREAM MIXED 2 Pounds 25c Chocolate · u Oft** NonPareils L-U« A*IC Jumbo Salted Peanuts,, pound 23c ILK, 10cans89c|LiptonsTea23o National Biscuit Co. C akes UNEEDAS, 12Box;s49c SODAS, 3 Lb, Bo 44c Butter Wafers, Can 33c Flaked Butters, Bex 20c BRICK CHEESE, Lb. 2 Lima Beans, 3 2 For 29c IVrsons ernilyc-d per fatal accident Inaldc and outsile. : .... SVives made widowa C h l l d r o n made orphans Compressed air locomotives KU-ani iocom«t.lveH -.... - Klectrlc Txittcry locomotives Klectrld locon\otivee....: -· T u b u l a r boilers Steam engines of all claHCB... Internal comjiustion enginee Klecl.ric dynamoH ..: Electric jnotors - A;ir compresecsore ; f'limps of all clasees Pumps delivering water to r i u r f a c o Fan« in use .-, BBS Whiskey for Colds No Crime 2 . It 3 2S2 14 200 20 Persons employed Inside. ...... I'orsoiiH employed outside, in- uliiillug cokcr workers ..... . .... PersouK employed at rauni; · f i i u t i i r e of coke ................. .. ... em'pToyel laskle e- Hi and 21 years ..... employeil outside iio- 14 ind 21 y-eai-8 ........ I'ersous tw'cen 2,832 114 1D3 HI) Nuii-t';iuil u c c ' i d u n l i j iiiHkte, GO da.v«' disability or more ....... ... N o i i ' ( a t a l a i ' i ' i d e n t a ouslile . . \'ni-fatjl accidents intide : ml Tons of coal produced 'er f i n a l a c c i d e n t Inside .................. 810, Tnn* jiroflucel. p*-r f a t a l a ci- rtoni i ixslrt-e and outside . ... Slit, etnpioyed per ( a l a l u-.- tneide .. , ...................... S24 ,953 | 952 SSff I r af Comes At Forty .Sometimes ^n earlier years. It comes when a certain gland grows weak. That iti.what inode:-ii nuthoritiesj find. And physicians the world over now combat that cause. The method they use is embodied in Marmola prescription tablets. People have used them for 22 years--millions of boxes of them. Now in every circle you can see what si jnder figuresj what health and vigor that right method brings. And all without abnormal exercise or diet. Every box of Marmola contains the formula and fects. Users know the reasons (or all good effects. In fairness 10 yourss-'lf, go iry Marmola. Watch the results. All druggists supply it at Si a box. Miss M. Louise Gross, national chair' man of the Woman's Moderation Union, tells the House Judiciary Committee that the majority of the American women cannot be made to be~ lieve it is a crime to "add a Uttle brandy in making mince pier" or to "administer a hot lemonade with a little whiskey to a member of her family who is suffering with a bad cold" (Intornftttonal NewsreaU U*e Our T.Uussifted Ads--They Bring Reaulita. "Why Not Serve the Best?" sold by All Independent Grocers PATRONIZE THOSE WHO ADVERTSSE

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