Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on August 27, 1972 · Page 5
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Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 5

Charleston, West Virginia
Issue Date:
Sunday, August 27, 1972
Page 5
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Page 5 article text (OCR)

Logan Act-Big Political Threat UsedOnlvOnce Rv SanfnrH r I!...,_.. ^/ call into play this sleeping gisnt?" By Sanford J. Ungar © The Washington Post/Outlook WASHINGTON-What d o these people have in common- Henry Ford, Joseph ' R. McCarthy, Henry Wallace, Harold Stassen, William 0. Douglas Cyrus Eaton, Tom Hayden' Ramsey Clark and Pierre Salinger? They have all been accused, at one time or another during the last 173 years, of violating the so-called Logan Act, one of the most frequently cited but least used federal laws in the statute books Had they been formally charged and convicted each could have been sentenced to three years in prison and fined $5,000 for the "crime" of private interference in the conduct of American foreign policy. BUT NONE*of*these well- known public figures was ever indicted. Only Francis Fluornoy was. A Kentucky farmer with an avid interest in foreign affairs, in 1803 Flournoy wrote an article signed "A Western American" urging that a separate country be established in the American West allied with France. That angered the Federalist administration in Washington, and the U.S. attorney for Kentucky--an appointee of President John Adams who also happened to be the brother-in-law of Chief Justice John Marshall- obtained a grand jury indictment. The case against Fluornoy was dropped, however, when the United States made its Louisiana purchase from France and the raging separatism issue faded. Attention was focused anew on the Logan Act last week when, in the midst of Republican National Convention rheto- senalor for providing informa- activity Tom Hayden, for his ent disc-use, it was hardly sur- Detlev K. Vagts put it in the IZist SoST * ' ~ VlSitS t0 N ° rth V i e t n a m : a «d Posing when it was impassion-:American Journal of Inlerna- - ' · . Supreme Court Justice William ately cited this month, on prime tional Law in 1966, during an THE SPECTER of Logan Act 0. Douglas, for participating in television time, against Clark!exhaustive review of the Logan violations has since been raised,a meeting in Geneva sponsored!and Salinger. The reactions of:Act's history importance and against, among many others,;by the Center for the Study of the State and Justice depart- questionable constitutionality millionaire industrialist CyrusDemocratic Institutions to dis-iments seemed to assure that "Who can tell when a new ad- lUS PnV ^ C - ^ W " iCU TM-,l he ,!f iel ? am Wa r · SUch charges would ** taken TM ministration, thinner skinned or former Soviet Pre-i With the Logan Acts illus-jmore seriously than ever before, harder pressed than its prede- Khnasc^ consist- . But as Harvard law professor cessors. may in its irritation HENRY FORD Industrialist HAROLD STASSEN Educator JOSEPH MCCARTHY Politician TOM HAYDEN Activist ric, it was suggested rather strongly that prominent members of the other party, Ramsey Clark and Pierre Salinger, had The people of Pennsylvania the president of Meixco asking were so happy with Logan that he was elected to the Senate in 1801, and the interloper in diplomacy is now given some credit) MORE RECENTLY, the Lo- fpr information about land nationalizations. 111!It,'-! IfaU r 1 _ 1 · · i -·-«---»»· »m_i^.uii.i..u*.T mv. t-t\r violated the law in their' talks f ° r h * lpm * jmprove French-A-jgan Act was invoked at several with Vietnamese Communists i n i mencan relations at the time, (stages during the development Hanoi and Paris I Undaunted by the law named of the cold war. In no way meaning to bej «* a J_ a _ in ?P Wm, after he disloyal to their leaders andj 16 ! 1 the Senate in 1807 L °8 an sponsors, the Republican Justice! tr . 1( r° a Kam~m 1810-this time So serious were the accusations against maverick Democrat Henry Wallace in 1947 that and State departments did not'Z is , iting Britain in an effort to contemporary newspaper ac- feel as sure as Sen Barry M ! p avert wnat WOU W becomelcounts of the furor over a trip Gold water of Arizona that the W a r ° f 1812 - That mission Clark, a former attorney gener-! was c . or !| ial enough, but an ob- al himself, should be puf away ivious failure for a few years for his alleged sins. DESPITE the abortive move Justice said that State P" nish f . r m e r or responsible for recommending ___ . ,, . , , ,, , , any prosecution. State said no^;^" in ^ ct was never invoked it is actually the Justice Depart-;??*' ,, , mself - ver trip he made to Europe included the full text of the Logan Act as it had been revised in 1932. Wallace, who visited Socialist and Communist leaders on the continent during his tour, denounced the "Truman Doctrine" as a policy that would surely lead the United States into another n^^^^:^^TM^TM^ ^ TM««: «gj war- , R M . sponsihle official in both d, ^^ef thoS SS Ll^^^tSd^ -i .._.:._. the Un iversity of Pennsylvania, . , whole brouhaha would go away. ;Am?rican | panish affairSj J^" LAWYERS AT JUSTICE and lishing separate h'nes of commu- State had obviously done the! nication between Britain and the research that Senate staff ers! Confederac y du TMg the Civil had not. What they found was iWar and quarreling with the Act "came to mind." that the Logan Act lias long state Department over relations The shoe was on the other been useful as a partisan rhetor-! witn Mexico. _ , 'foot three years later when had an open letter of Soviet Premier Joseph V. Stalin printed in The New York Times in 1950 urging "that you change the policy of the Soviet Union," Secretary of State Dean Acheson suggested that the Logan ical sledgehammer, else. but little! Henry Ford was accused of violating the Logan Act when he It is one of those quaint laws sjuled hls "Peace Ship" to Eu- that seemingly cannot be en- ! r °P e m . 1915 - h °P m S to convince forced. But neither can it be lne nations then fighting to set- easily repealed, lest the federal! tle tneir disputes peacefully. T " 1^0, Republican presiden- candidate Warren G. Hard- government appear to be en-! couraging private ventures Stassen, then mutual security^ administrator in the Eisenhower fldministration, attacked Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy, R.-Wis.,-member of a different wing of the same party--for attempting to negotiate a private agreement with Greek shipowners to foreign policy in S su 88 ested that he had been (keep their ships from participat- George Logan, for whom the in P riv ate contact with French-j ing in any trade with China and law was named, danced across i m ^ n w "° nad confidence in his j other Communist countries, the American political stage A abili ty to bring about a "world After a tense meeting with - f~f-.~:*»» ~ «~~j.:..- .1-- secretary of State John Foster Dulles. McCarthy insisted to reporters that he 'had never used the word "negotiate." Face was saved for the Republican admin- stration when the State Department said Dulles had warned McCarthy about the "dangers" of interesting in foreign rela- tojtions but had "thanked" the wealthy Philadelphia Quaker: r ateTrnity T^ e ? ffective than and physician who was an early i* e Lea g"e of Nations; that got leader of conscientious objec-i^TM. a " a f tv Ie [?.[ from Pfe , si - tors, Logan worried that war'^" 1 Woodrow Wilson, warning was about to break out between: ab « ut th | L °g an ., Act - _ w . France and the United States in 1 . E TM n . Se "- William E. Borah 1798. The French, angry over ° f Idaho ' then chairrnan of the American reluctance to recipro- Se " ate Forel en Relations Com- cate for Paris' help during the American Revolution against 1 Britain, had put an embargo on: U.S. shipping and seized somej American merchant vessels and seamen. Armed with a letter of introduction from then-Vice President Thomas Jefferson, Logan: sailed to Europe and interceded j with French Foreign Minister! Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand,! obtaining the release of ships j and crew. I Even Federal President Ad-[ ams, though impatient with his Republican vice president, was; impressed with Logan's success. | But Congress was livid and on | Jan. 30, 1799, passed the law forbiding private citizens from engaging in diplomatic negotia-j tions without official sanction. ; Flood Victims Can Receive Jobless Pay The Annotated. Press Gov. Moore has announced that persons living or working in the four southwestern West; Virginia counties struck by flash flooding last weekend are eligible for unemployment benefits if they lost work because of the : flooding. Moore said eligibility for the benefits is limited to persons who, due to the disaster, lost their jobs or place of employment, canonot reach their job sites, or cannot work because of damage to their place of em-; ployment. All initial claims for the benefits, which range from $40 to $75 weekly, must be filed on or before Sept. 27, Moore said. Claims can he filed at. offices 1 In Gilbert. Williamson. Welch. Logan, Beckley and Pineville. under sending a " AN ADDITION TO PROJECT 72 YOU GOTTA HAVE A MUG A mug for your coffee. A mug for your tsa. There's even a mug for you and o mug for me. Come to the Housewares ·deportment on ths Fifth Floor, There you will find mugs galore. 1.00 to 2.00 HOUSEWARES--fifth F/oor Dr. Mitsuru Nakatsuka it now associated with Or. James H.Walker as of August 1, 1972 in the practice of Thorocic and Cardio-Vascular Surgery offices at 1373 Quarrier St. HOOT OWL MAKES 3 EASY PIECES FOR THE CASUAL WAY OF DRESSING OF FORTREL® POLYESTER Juniors go for the carefree casual way of today. And what would be more natural than a wardrobe from Hoot Owl of Celanese CTlo. A completely machine washable fiber that has a wonderful feel, look and is pill-proof. Build your fashion image from these: A ... Jumper in Forest Green with Yellow print blouse .. .28.00 B . . . Gold blouse, shrink vest and green plaid s k i r t . . . 30.00 C .., Green pant set with plaid blouse and shrink v e s t . . . 33.00 All sizes 5-13 petite., YOUNG W. VA. SHOP--Fashion f/oo rlr ftf SHOP f OR YOUR BUCK TO CJMPUS CLOTHES MONDAY 4ND FRIDAY 9 30-9:00-OTHER DAYS Til 5:00 (CLOSED SUNDAY) 346-09! 1

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