The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on February 20, 1930 · Page 13
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February 20, 1930

The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 13

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Connellsville, Pennsylvania
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Thursday, February 20, 1930
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A 1 , I' 1 -iV, i'l-IE DAILY COURIER, C )NNELLSVILLE, PA. PAGE THIRTBiui JUNKED MACHINERY FORMS MONUMENTTO AMERICAN PROGRESS Say* Jir. Julius Kloin, Assistant Secretary of "Department Of Commerce. MARKS PASSING OF OLD METHODS Junk pil«« of discarded machinery and caei.-off equipment are "inipreB- islve monuments to American pro- ress, ' se.kl Dr. Julius Klein, assistant secretary of commerce, in a radio «wl- "Thoao heapw of junk," he continued, "are the viatbla evidence of our eagerness to «ihake off tho deaden- im? palsy of archaic Inwlltlona, antiquated methods and out-oMnto equipment. "I trtexl to point out 1o you a couplo of wookH aj?o how machinery has -virtually revolutionised our lives, bringing u« luor* of ocune and comfort, greater command of nature, and larger quantities of desirable Roods," lie «ald, "Wo saw thnt !t Ima Increased enormously mr manufacturing efficiency, enabling a ·workman to turn out vastly mor» merchandise In a given period of time. "Hat a factory cannot derive the full b e n e f i t s iwl profit* that spring from mechanical efficiency unless it keepa Its roach irvery absolutely up to date, following tho progrews of invention closoly J'.ml u t i l i z i n g the very "best, modern devices that science makes available "Thin nioan« tlial the men in charge of a manufacturing enterprise must be willing to junk things -- to get rid of them summarily when they have out- live«I t h e i r usefulne83. And they mu«t calculate matters from the 'actuarial' fitaiidpolat-- a* our insurance friends would «n:t -- estimating the 'lifo prospects' -- in such a way Unit thoy can scrap out.vom e q u i p m e n t without Buffering any w e r i o u H financial loss im a vosniU. This is of vital Interest to us COIIKUIHOIM, because old and Inappropriate machinery nieanc higher prices to bi p:u.l by us. "I unod just now, the word 'junk. 1 That is not a very lovely term -- but I t h i n k it is worth considering; for a moment. "Our A m e r i c a n junk piles have nevtr been «o high a« t h e y nre now. If you arc a superficial observer you ·probably .wive regarded these junk pilo.i fit; sifins of proftlRate waste. Doubtless you have seen them through t r a i n window**, na you whirled through ·factory districts. And if you thought aiKHil. them at nil, you may have been repelled a:d shocked. "But if no, you were wrong. Those piles of discarded machinery, of cant- off e q u i p m e n t , arc impressive monument* to American proRrece! They avo there because factory managers. in general pr-sfer to have the j u n k piles outside thHr factories Instead of inside and In use. "Thc«c heaps of j u n k arc actually nilleetoi'eti, m a r k i n g our industrial adv a n c e m e n t . They are tho visible evidence of ( u r o ug or n OS'S to shake off the deadiM !HK paisy of archaic t r a - ditions, a n : l ( j u a t « l "methods, «nd out- «f-lat« e q u i p m e n t . "nissatlt* 'action Us one of tho primal d r i v i M K for cos of our American economic life. In fact, that e x p l a i n s tho t r u l y majestic westward m«.rch of our civilisation acros« t h «: continent. Nothing is more thoroughly American than the restless spirit of the picm:er, whoso gaunt bill s t u r d y I'm me «ym- bollzeo, a« H were, this strugKle of our Nation will tho wilderness. How thoroughly appropriate it is, incidentally. t h a t Ilia is the. figure which h,as IxM'n porpetuatel In the tall wiry form n n d keen, teady countenance of our national prototype, 'Uncle Sam.' The vigorous, onward urge of the Amori- can busincfs leader, certainly mnkoB real t h a t romantic 'Explorer' of Kip- lingYi who wae driven ever forward by u 'voice as had as conscience,' whispering Interminably of tho luro of 'something hUUlon. Go and find it! Co a ud look behind the ranges!'" ^M%P»fe^ri «*«;$ *# *SMw^8 ^ ^^ ^^wBirtisiwMM?*? ·*^j».ijHrfcfr'*i£tefr Mine Fzitality. Rate 1929 Was Slightly Better Than 1928 C o n t i n u e d f r o m preceding 1 page, vember. Two miijo- explosions--thiat ia, e.\- plrwlons cuU'iliiK five of more deaths-occur rel in Decumber, 1929. On Do- oeinber i. soveu men were killeil at West K r a n k o -t, Illinois, and on Doceni- K-r 17, Cl :nen were- killed at Mc- Ale*ter, Oklahoma. These two accident* brought the number of major dtaiKters in :'J20 to eevcu with tin aggregate lo.-v f 151 llvea. All of these disasters were in bituminouB mines and, w i t h th exception of one fall ot .slate ciiueiiiR the death of flvo men, all were explosions of gas or coal dust. This record for 1S29 represented an improvement ov«r tli«,t for 1928 In ·which ,vcar t'.i«rc were 14 major disasters, all of w h i c h were explosions, and a msulting loss of 326 lives. The tut.ality rate* per m i l l i o n tons, ha«ed f - x c l u s t v e l y o:t the tlRurcrj for major (iisaslerp, wtr«. 0.25 for 132V 1 , ind 0.57 for 13JS. Famous Southern University Lincoln kfecnnrUl unltsrtity t« mi institution for higher fdiK'iitlon founded in 18l»7, near (. % nnibtr)HiHl !ai', T*»nu. Thfi nnlrerslty was estnb- Halted IarK*l.» rhmuah ftie efforts o« t!en. (Hlver ( ' t i s Howard. It l» aon- *p-fsr!ari. T it* purpocn ff the nnl- 'versll.v Is in furnish piJufBTionBi ml- v j i n t n K P * f* divsilprik In t h e montiijila rfgintif. »! Tet n«MP« n m t Th« univeralty iifn* ahont of land, wbl'h inc!ud« a benutifttt eatopu* REPLACEMENT HAND LABOR BY MACHINE HAS INVADED MINES -«? ______ , Operators Turning 'to Methods That Will Soon Make Hand I'rooe scs Obsolete. PRINCIPAL THEME AT MINING MEET WASHINGTC N. Fob. 10-- The (substitution of modui u machinery to replace a n t i q u a t e d mei hods of hand labor, which !« eo 1 irgoly re«pon«lble for tho rapid pro; resci of American industry in tltfi pawt quarter century, has Invtuled th · · m i n i n g industry, and coal m i n e ope a torn througliout the I'nlted Statt-H \rn now turning to a new mechanlaa ion jirocess which ba« but recently proveil euceeefiful, and it IB possible i Uat hand mining wlU soon bo clnss6( as obsolete. That the day if the mechanized coal mine is defintti ly hore, and that the entire industry etand« on the three- hold of a revclutlonary cliange, a change which vlll see the end of laborious hand nining and the substitution o£ a vastly Improved new pro- :e«s. Is the, op niou of G. 43. Southward, Mechanfzi tion Kngineer of the American M i n i n g Congrese, 'who will dolivor an add.n en on thla subjejct at the Seventh A n n u a l Convention of Practical Coal Operating Men In Cincinnati next Ma; . "Ninety per c nit of, tho 000,000,000 tons o-f coal mlm d in the United States la still mined !y the old procese -hand-process sy ubolized by the man with a pick," I.!r. Southward points out, "but since ii. was flr«t tried BUC- cefisfully flv© ye irs ago the adoption ot the mechaniz it ion process in coal mining ha« been increasing steadily at the rate of 50 per cent a year, and before long will probably be adopted by every progr ssive mine operator in the country. "Mechanization wa« first Introduced to tue mining Industry about 40 years ago with the dfc elopment of loading machines, but it was not until flvo years ago that meclmnisved loading proved 'successful. Machinery has eliminated the drudgery of hand shoveling and of other laborioua hand operations, it ha; provided better underground condit ons, Increased the Important factor of safety, and very materially apedc-l output. "Production of machine loaded coal In eay appreciable quantity began about th« year Ki'j'i. At that time approximately 2,000,000 tons were machine loaded expt rfmontally. In 19^'G this amount had li- created to 10,000,000 tons, while In 1!'30 the total la ex- j pected to reach a. ; .000,000. At the end ' of 1020 in one i-*al producing state alone, over 40 m nes were 100 per cent mechaulzed. In two oiher states more, t h a n 40 pc · cent of the state o u t p u t of coal irf ri a c h t u e loaded. Thus It m«y be seen v hat rapid tilridcs tuechaulxalloci hit i mude recently. "Any change as evolutionary aa t h i s present* many pr ibleinrt nnd dlfficui- j ttpK t h a t iinitit i.it -iolved «nl Involves j much i i x p e r l u i p u t ; 1 work and S U n i y . j It look th«r Itidii.iM -,· 25 years l,i t l n n l l y adopt marblnf r u i IBF, miii iHc.ffi w«s ' l t i r » f l y bnriiusr I n« w o r k i n g a» Irullvki !»!* n n d vhp bensflt of tiv lr own ANOTHER NEW Y O U G PRODUCT Wood and Lend Lined Strainer with Banket Screen foe Sump Pumps Installed Out of the Water. Simple -- Accessible for Cleaning -- Eflcctivt . Boyts, Porter CD. CONNELLSVILLE, PA. w l t b the induetry as a whole. Tlie mechanization coromlfctae of t h e Amrlcan Mining Co-ugress w a e creiitod to overcome this difficulty, and to Litter Its eervicofj to every coal mine operator fn the country." Upward Swing to Employment Is in Motion, Report C o n t i n u e d from preceding pnjre. ha« not reached the dcmanl that pre- iliHi during the closing months o£ 1929. A decreaee In employment was repc-rtod In the boot and shoe industry. The textile industry continued to mart time. A surplus of textile ·workers Is apparent in all sections o£ the country. While unemployment appears to have been quite general throughout the country, some sections have been hit liaroer than others, noticeably Now York atate. This, no doubt, can IK) accounted for by its nearness to the recent disturbances in the State, which temporarily, dislocated much employment. Aa quickly ae favorable conditions will permit large operations will iTM u n d e r way which will absorb much of tho employment Black. Road construction, which w i l l be on a scale larger than any of the former years, w i l l offer o p p o r t u n i t y for a large nuinl'or of workers. Your Can*cl«nca Itn.j L . S m i t h : "Never otmnlder on 1 ? f d i n j ; «lvnnt«}:iM»«» Utiii coiii[nI s you ; fo Or'iiK f » i l i i i w l i h r « . i i - ' n p MINERAL PRODUCT ON UNITED STAT1S, 1929 The estimated tota! val e of mineral products in tlnj Unite States in 1929 was approximately $5, 100,000,000, as announced by Scott Tin nor, tltrec- lor of tho United States lureau of Minos. This is an In crew of nearly 30 per cent over the tot 1 value of mineral products in 1928, ind is due to increases In the total value ot metals and the mineral i lels produced. The total value ol nomrn allic mineral products 'lu 1929 decreased slightly as compared with 1088. The Increase in the value 01 metallic products is due chlelly t i the Increase in quantity and uni . value of copper and iron produced. Lead and zinc also increased, but ;old and silver decreased. The vali a of each of the mineral fuels produc ·! showed incroaatis, especially ..petrol u.m and natural gas. The total q taiitity of petroleum produced ohan) ed little, .but there was a slight inert isu in the u n i t value. On the obher hand, tho total quantity of coal prc luced 'increased appreciably, but the t c t a ) value lucreasod relatively less, 'w- tauae- unit, v a l u o a were lov er. Thei following figures givi the estimated total of m e t a l l i c mineral products and noniaeiallic mineral products · oilier t h n n f u e l d and tit mineral fuels pi'oduted In t i e Huite^ States In 1U20: Meiallic, | ,540,000,000; nonmeUlllf, oilier tin n fuels, $1,^0(1.000,000; m i n e r a l f u e l , $3,100,000,000; *total, $5,900,00(1,0(1(1 I i-(iokinir for Rargotni J \ s«r« I When you use If »x), read Ui« .artvertlslaj; colnmM Ate, In Th« Didly CV»i»rlor. Tlio cost of Tb« Dally Coarte" to gnsaJl, nwults ar* biff. At. 91. COCJIUAJV, M. IB, STKAWN, Vice P«.W«-t. , JOS. H. STRAWN. WASHINGTON COAL COKE CO. General Office, BAWSON. FAYETTE COUNTY, PA. 6,OOO Tons Daily Capacity. Individual Cars, Youghiogheny Coal Stcnm Gas Coking Connellsville Coke Furnace and Foundry Low Sulphur Hard Structure Shipments yJa B. O. E. B. and P. L. E. B. R. and Connections. * r . P. Hrndman, Sales Agent, 511 Wood Street, Pfttetrar" -Hostetter-Connellsville Coke Co, HIGHESl GRADE f i Connellsville Coke J Furnace and Foundiy Orders Solicited Branch Office: 368 Frick Annex, Plttsbnr^h, J'a. Laws Regulating Mining in Persia .\'« one is aJlowedi to exploit any mine In Persia -without tb« ponnteslon of the Government, say* John W. Kroy, uaHociat* mineral economl.'it, in a .uynopslB of tine mining laws of that country, mad« for the United Stages r.virt'itu of Mines. Oa private land, (iroHpecting »hall be urith tho per- mi;wioii of th-s owner of the land and (he Government. In. case the owner f the land Is net willing to allow prospecting, tho Government will permit proepoctins without the owner's conrwmt. Tho owner of th« land may ex.ploti hla land In any way he llkea, but excBvntiona can not taie place unless permitted by the ttovernmeiiit. Neither the owner of tbe land nor the diseovorer of the mine will be preferred by the Government to any other person as lar as thv giving of the concession lor tbo mine Ss concerned. Thxs applicant far the cont:e»slon nhaJl prove that h« baa fulfilled all conditions required for the investigation and excavation of tu« mine. Two kinds of taxes are levied on mines; proportionate taxes and Died tasea. Proiwrtionate taxes shall be agreed upon at the time of granting the concession; this tax will b« based upon the nature of tb« miaeral, de- greo of Its compoflitlon, lie prospective tiuantity. and Uie apwojclma-te: ex- po-naes of its mining, Tb« fixed taxes tiha.ll lx» on« toman on every thousand Mjuar* zars, wblcb is marked on tho map of the concession. If Oie poreou that has obtained the con»«8lon is not tho ovmer of the land he must pay an antttt*! rent to the owner o-f tJie land, first, for^ the mine Itself, and, secondly, for the territory around it. The amount of money paid for th« mine ehaJl be named by tho GoTeranne-nt at the time ot granting tho eon-cession. No c*h«r right Is givon to tbe owner. The rent paid for the territory around the mine shall be equal to OBO and a half times the usual incotno of that land. The land around th-e mine can be bought or rwnted by the man that has tb» concession, as ho plea«efl. If th-a ttme re- iiulred tor prospectfag d«priTeu the owner of tho land of his usual in*om« for more than two years, the landowner will be in a position to require tho purchase of his land at a normal price. New Method of Determination Oxygen in Steel Tli* metallurgical section, of the Pittsburg experiment station of th« United States Bureau of Mines, In cooperation wHli Carnegie Institute of Technology and.the Metallurgical Ad- vifiory Board, has. devised a new meth- for the determination ot oxygen in liquid steel, the Department of Commerce has annnounced. The method consists, briefly, of killing a eample of liquid steel with an excase ot aluminum and determining the alumina formed, the commerce report said. The killing o£ the sample 5* done with heavy aluminum wire in the teat sp'oon and not in the test mold. A one per cent aluminum addition has been found to give satisfactory results In the determination of the oxygen present. The aluminum Ic added to the te«it upoon a« soon ae the sample liqujd steel is drawn from the wicket hole of the furnace and thnn the metal Is immediately poured into the test mold. The solid sample i« drilled and 20 grams of drillings taken for analysis. Tlie analysis consists of solution of the drillings In 20 per cent hydrochloric uclrt solution, ignition and treatment ·frith hydroflpu'rlc acid to remove any silica present. The weighed residue !e calculated from alumina to ferroim oxide from (lio oxygen e q u i v a lent ot tlift two. C. Mechlin*. E. 3U FAYETTE ENGINEERING COMPANY dtll, Mhitog «nil Cottsvltlng Englneon Mine w»d tnd nnrrrr*-. Plww, c*Hm«t«« «ad SnyerlntnidmiMt ot **irtrati1n* of rnaiplrte po»l Md coklnjc pUutts, mflnadm, irmttfi ·vrorlu, rttr pnvlr K a«d ·cnr«mK«i ««e. tCxHfnlnntlv* ··« revolt* on coal iKHdfl anil miul«K jprvpertioi. V»|iiit4lowi. SPECOXTIBS: COAL A3O) COKE PLANTS. £r*ex?rai0 BI,VK PHJCNT DICPAJRTWENT. eoi-a Pin* Natlot.al BMlc B!«K. BvU Pk*M MB. PA. CIV IL and MINING ENGINEER 625 and 627 Fuyefcto Title Trust BIdg., Unfontown, Pa. tnJTt-rmcttom of Co«J unit Coke Plantn. Kinralnntlon on «al pro|«rt1««i. Val B ntl«na, Sapcrlnte adjure, iiluux, Mine i *d ^roprrty . r * **·Z******* cowsXMrt«i h. PoBmrylTanla nmi . CnittitiH«M b!*e frtmt machine u«ed IK electric printing Ben 58 YEAJIS OF SERVICE --By-- * Eureka Fire Brick Works. Coke Oven, Glass HOTKW, and Mill Operators Jtovr Heanin? of 'EUREKA 99 1507 First Vntional Bank liaHMng, Pltfclmrgfv Ht. Braddock, PJU, Phone 4» Bnnbar. Kerchnur, Marshall Company Sales Agents , / DUN BAR MOTOR SAND Pit: iron Coke Coal ,f 1645 Oliver Bid?., Pittsburgh, Fa. Phone: jS.tl. 2280. Danbar, Phone 118. Patronize Those Who Advertise. The Sum of Twenty-Five Cents (25c) Will BIJ Paid for Each Copy of Tht: WEEKLY Courier That Is Listed Below: January 5, l',)28 ...,,, ............................................................ _ ..... ....o copies January 12, ]OS8 ................................. . ...................... ., ............... .. 2 C01) j cs 3 copfcs 3 » 28 .......... · .................................................... -.: ............... '. ..... 1 copy «» "SS ....................................................................... .' ................. I copy Tlie Daily Courier Connellsvillc, Pa. May 81, 1028 PATRONIZE THOSE WHO ADVERTISE 0*THE DAILY COURSER

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