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THE DAILY COURIER, CONNELLSVILLE. PA. WEDNESDAY, FKBRUARY 2, 1938. Idly THE COURIER COMPANY James 1. Driscoll R. A. Doncgan Walter S. Stimmcl James M. Driscoll i. Wylle Driscoll ,,___ . Publisher . President and General Manager Secretory and Treasurer Editor Associate Editor . Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF Audit Bureau of Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; S5 per year, or 52.50 for six months by mail U paid in advance. Entered as second class matter at the Postofflcc, Cooncllsvillc, Pa. WEDNESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 2, 1038. SEED SAl'E'l'if CONSCIOUSNESS In the face of the most intensive safety campaign in history, traffic deaths In the United States reached an all- time high In 1937, the summary of the National Safety Council reveals. Nearly 40,000 persons -- 39,700, to be '.exact -- were killed. More than a third of the death toll Â· from all causes was charged to the motor car. One hundred six thousand persons went to their graves 'by the accident route. Three hundred seventy-five thousand were "permanently" injured. Added to these Â· were nine million, four hundred thousand who suffered injuries that temporarily affected them. Â· - - The home is often referred to as presenting a greater hazard to life and limb than industry, the street or high- 'Â·way. The campaigns to direct attention to this menace may have done. good. The total dropped from 37,000 In 193G to 32,000. What might be considered preventable accidents, outside those involving the motor car, scored heavily. Falls killed 26,000; burns, 8,000 drownings, 7,000; firearms Â· mishaps, 3,300. Railroad accidents of all kinds were held responsible for but 4,000 fatalities. The railroads were once high among the killers. Occupational deaths rose from 18,000 to 19,000, -which would be accounted for in part by industrial revival. Although It has not had a traffic death for more than three years, Connellsville is riot listed among the cities with " perfect scores. Nor Is Pennsylvania on the honor roll of "states. MEASLES WAENDiG ISSUED The most widespread epidemic of measles in Pennsylvania "in several decades" has prompted Dr. J. Campbell Moore, director of the bureau of health conservation of the State Department of Health, to warn parents of the serious nature of the disease and the results that may .follow- neglect of proper care. Our grandmothers, the director says, looked upon measles as an ailment that would eventually strike all children, but "nothing to be alarmed over." The disease is not so harmless, he warns. While It is/true it is not fatal among children of more advanced years, for those of pre-school age it may be serious and often is fatal. The danger, he points out, lies in possible complications, among which may be pneumonia, abscessed ears, eye 'affections, partial deafness. With first symptoms the health director suggests children be put to bed and kept Â·warm and that no time bo lost in. calling a physician. Measles is reputed to be one ot the most contagious diseases known with the possible exception of smallpox. Consequently no suspected child should be allowed to attend school or mingle in any way Â·with other children. TAXES BLAMED FOE ATJXO SALES SLTJM1' Excessive motor taxes, Federal and State, plus registration and other fees, also excessive, are tending to pro- ihibit or discourage people from buying used cars, says W. Purvis Taylor, secretary of the Associated Petroleum Industries of Pennsylvania, who sees the business of the makers and dealers in fuel and lubricants suffering as a result. Unless there is a continuing demand for used cars, the kind of equipment purchased by the majority of motorists, it Is impossible to put new cars on the road. And as long as the new car sales are restricted, so long will the hundreds of thousands of employes of the motor industry he affected. ' Huge sums are tied up in dealers' stocks of used care. It is estimated the total may reach $100,000,000. Reduction in the expense above the actual cost of the car will relieve the situation; the oil men. contend. A lot of Fayette county dealers would like to be given relief in some form. AFL FIRES COJOIUMST AGITATOR The American Federation of Labor went through a ^partial cleansing process with the removal from office of a Communist as head of the Pittsburgh local of the Hotel and Restaurant Workers International Alliance. Carl Hacker, avowed red, was ousted when the international vice-president cancelled an election in which Hacker sought reelection.-. At the same time the affairs of the local were placed in the hands of the secretary and business manager. Hacker's_violent opposition to William Green, president of the Labor Federation, may have had something to do with the order from the higher-up. The .-Communist agitator faces expulsion this week from the Central Trades and Labor Council of the Smoky Cit. This.is one way of creating public confidence in the union. Â· Â· Â· ' LEWIS WORRY TO DEMOCRATS Organized labor as represented by the John L. Lewis following persists in making the way hard for the Democratic State organization. With Senator Joe Guffey and State Chairman Dave Lawrence on the platform, the United Mine Workers in convention in Washington unanimously endorsed Lieutenant Governor Tom Kennedy for the gubernatorial nomination, a place the organization wants kept inviolate for Uncle Joe. All this took place while the senator and the state chairman sat on the plat- form.as guests of the mine workers. Lewis planned the coup, dispatches say. Presumably Kennedy was coached not to be precipitate by immediately taking up the challenge in his behalf. That can come later with better grace. GROUND HOG DAY ABROAD' COUXCIL3TAJT CLAREX'CE POKT Clarence A. Port took the oath of ofllce last evening as a member of City Council immediately after a deadlock of weeks had been broken by his electio'n to fill a vacancy. The vote was unanimous. There will bo few, if any. to say Council did not act wisely in making the choice, notwithstanding other high-class men were considered. Popular with all who know him, a business man and of unquestioned integrity, Mr. Port should be a valuable addition to the ranks of the City Fathers. As superintendent of the Department of Streets he will have plenty to occupy the time he will he obliged to spare from his personal affairs. By the way, it is Mr. Port's first experience in public oflk-c in his 45 years. Today in Washington By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON, Feb. 2.--Refusal of the Supreme Court of the United Stales to permit injunctions to be issued interfering with the holding of hearings by the National Labor Relations Board ought to establish once and for all that, whether or not employes like the Wagner Act, it is today the law of the land in every sense of the word. While often proclaiming their sympathy with collective bargaining--provided it can be done by a formula which the employers like--the employer groups have failed thus far to say a kind word for the collective bargaining procedure laid down in the Wagner law. waste of timo, because the Circuit Courts of Appeals, in due course, will review each pf these decisions and will pass on Questions of law as '.veil as improperly construed questions of fact. This is the normi'l way t. correct them in cases of overzcalcus or mistaken rulings of a government commission or board. If, on the other hand, !!ie purpose of an inquiry is to find out siur.e- Ihlng about the Wagner Act itself and whether it is really lending to diminish labor disputes ns claimed for the law in its own preamble, then Â«n Investigation might be constructive in pointing the way to additions to the law that would hdp to smooth Even this very week, a determined j the road to Industrial peace. Cer- In the Day's News Brief Comment un Current Events llcro and There. With a record of 47 years in the service of the Pittsburgh Lake Eric Railroad, James Bcatty has been retired on a pension. For almost a half century Mr. Bcatty was employed in or about the Dickerson Run shops, in various capacities from engine viper lo 'triple valve man," holding the latter position for 17 years preceding his retirement. For many years lie was correspondent at Dickerson Run for The Courier, in which work he took a keen interest. Our wishes go out to Mr. Bcatty for many years of leisurely enjoyment of a well-earned rest. Dunbar hus Its first Eagle Scout. The honor has been won by Robert Miller. The path to the highest rating in Scouting was not an easy one. The coveted badge was not acquired by loafing. A comprehensive and practical knowledge of many things of value in after life, each step designated by a merit badge, is required. Six members of the troop were awarded merit badges. It would be- well for every one and every other member of the troop to set his eyes on the Eagle goal. Engineer "William Chambei-s, who has piloted locomotives an estimated 1,000,000 miles, but never beyond the Philadelphia city limits, in his 47 years of service with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, made plans for a trip today. Chambers, who is 71, retired on pension yesterday after bringing his last engine to a halt in the B. O. yards. "The farthest I ever got was shunting cars down to League Island," he explained. "And now my wife and I are going to have a little fun nnd see what's going on in the world." The Boy Scout movement in Connellsville was furthered several weeks ago by the instruction given at a training school at the Y. M. C. A. under the sponsorship of the District Committee. This week a similar school is in progress for Gill S.-out leaders at the First Methodist Episcopal Church. Classes ore held cacl nighl al 7:30 o'clock. Many phase, of Girl Scout work are discussed. Plans arc laid for future aclivUics. When former District Attorney Wade K. Newell was unnblc to come, ex-Judge Thomas H. Hudson of Uniontown 'very ably filled in at the annual civic and legislative meeting of the Woman's Culture Club. Many of Ihc problems that confront Ihc courts were discussed by the jurist in speaking on "Juvenile Oolinquency." High tribute was paid the Boy Scout and Girl Scout movements when Judge Hudson said that if every boy and every girl had a good home and that it they became identified with the Scout movements there would be no child delinquency. What's What At a Glance By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Columnist. WASHINGTON, Feb. 1.--President Roosevelt's son nnd secretary and liaison official between the White House and its sub-executives, young James Roosevelt, is a bright and likable Junior. Some folk do say, however, that apparently he lit being groomed rather too obviously for a great political future--In short, for a White House tenancy of his own some time In the future. Not, of course, for a presidential candidacy as soon as 1940, but four or eight or maybe a dozen years later than that. He already is referred to in Washington us the Â¥ crown prince," and this reference Is not intended to be friendly to him. NEEDED BY F. D. R. Young James' appointment to his secretarial post "took" pretty well. As was to have been expected, antl- Roosevcltlans growled a bit about "nepotism," but their complaints received little general attention, either on Capitol Hill, or, seemingly, out in the provinces--to judge from newspaper comment or from the mall our national legislators received on the subject. For one thing, it was recognized that the President's heads of departments and independent and emergency bureaus, commissions nnd administrations made about 20 times as many demands on his time as he had time to go around among them. He simply had to have some sort of an intermediary, through whom to filter this business. And young James soon proved himself to be thoroughly competent at it. Nevertheless, in the nature of the situation, it was a position whose incumbent needed to keep himself, or to be kept, as much as possible, in the background. O.VE WONDERS-It is all right enough for Executive Secretaries Marvin H. Mclntire anc Stephen Early to be moderately conspicuous. "Mac" and "Steve" are no relatives of the President. No one suspects lhat the President can have the slightest interest in se.e- ing either one of them ever as his successor--or that cither "Mac" or "Steve" has any such aspirations. But one may wonder whether "F. D." does not think of young James as a 1944 or 1948 or 195; presidential possibility--or if young James may not think of himself similarly. And it there are indications of a desire to increase young James' prominence and of yount James' willingness to innate liimscl: correspondingly--why! one's won- derings can't but be multiplied. Editor, The Courier, Dear Sir: An article in your editorial columns recently concerning retired ostal employes had a tendency to ,eave the impression in the minds of readers that retired postal employes arc pensioned at the expense of taxpayers. This Ir. not correct. The Zivil Service Retirement Act requires that three and one-halt per cent be deducted from the wages of all Civil Service employes and that this be paid into the retirement fund. Under this act provision was made [or the payment into the fund of an equal amount by the Government. However the Government has never paid anything into the fund, probably for the very good reasonÂ· that the amount paid by the employes themselves has been amply large enough to pay all pensions and to create a huge reserve fund. Employes arc retired under two conditions--for age service and on account of disability. In case ot resignation before they arc eligible for retirement the amount each in- ividunl has paid in is refunded with interest. From the above it should be apparent that all retired employes are being paid from a fund entirely contributed by employes themselves. Very truly, "RETIRED." Stray Thoughts Hy S. M. DellUFF From all reports, the view is held lhat Grundvicw avenue simply must bo made into one grand avenue. Since reading an article headed: "The Private Life ot an Orchid," I readily see why florists can't give one free with every 50-cenl potted geranium. Is the sudden announcement of contemplated spending of eight hundred millions on the Navy just another one of those things to divert attention fiom the country's present economic jam? Lack of lailh in a rope by which a dressud turkey was suspended from a third story Apple street window all of Friday night practically ruined a housewife's much needed sleep during those hours,. There are still lots of men who pull their shirts off and on over their heady instead of imboltonmK thorn ;ill Ihe way. Since to become a martyr to any cause, one must necessarily pass on, where does ;my personal gain come in? For clear-cut, constructive, convincing and challenging logic, Glenn Frank's Saturday evening rddio ciislign of New Deal air castle legislation marched right smack to the head o: the class. Two inoffensive loca fellows stood up courageously for their constitutional bidewalk rights Saturday evening on Crawford avenue--and won out. Is it ill health and old age, or just Mr. Black's company that's sending so many S. Supreme Court justices into retirement? Before Miss Scaton gets a chance to correct me, the book '. am after from the Carnegie Library is "I Knew Three Thousand (no hundred) Lunatics." On s e c o n d thought, Bill Percy may hnvc imagined my hearing and eyesight j were defective, judging from the ; scat to which he ushered me at l last Wednesday evening's cvangel- 1 ibtic church service. You'd be sur- 1 prised at tin- number of persons who I credit the New De.il with the dollnr reduction in 1938 auto drivers' , lictmes. LetN go to press. Pensions Not Paid By Government movement Is on foot to discredit the Labor Board by a public investigation, with the hope that what is revealed will tend to prove the alleged worthlessness of the Wagner Act itself. But here Is where the conservatives make their prime mistake in tactics. Instead of conceding collective bargaining, as provided in the Wagner law, and making their fight on the improper use of economic power by labor groups who call unjustified strikes or who demand wage increases when there is no economic justification for such demands and bring on indefensible Interruptions to production, the fight against collective bargaining Itself is kept going with undimlnishcd intensity. The Labor Board is, to be sure, unpopular with employers, and, to some extent, with employe groups. This is not a sign of the ineptitude of the board, but of the extraordinary difficulties encountered by a new tribunal in trying to administer, for the first time in American history, a Federal law with respect lo labor relations that really has some enforcement teeth in it. The Labor Board is the ostensible target of employer attack just now, but the aim is to break down the Wagner Act. With few exceptions business groups have not ventured to come out openly for an outright repeal of the Wagner law. Possibly they know Congress would r.ot sanction the repeal or the frustration of collective bargaining by destructive amendments. For a while, it had been though! on Capitol Hill that the American Federation of Labor and the CIO would join in the movement to investigate the Labor Board and hence to weaken its prestige. But, the othe: day, a surprise was disclosed when the A. F. of L., admitting that it had criticized the board's decisions, announced that no investigation was necessary. If the purpose of a congressiona Inquiry is to discuss over and ovc: again the merits of the various case: that already have been tried by tin Labor Board, then it would be a As Others Think THE LITTLE GIANT (Chicago Tribune.) Many of our younger renders will remember the greater part of automobile history. Those willing to admit middle age will recall its entirely. The lU'st "horseless carriages" that were advertised to precede the band at the annual circus parade and occasionally went the whole route, the brass-trimmed playthings of the wealthy, the plugs in the movies, license plates, windshields, self-start- return of prosperity is dependent on new industries, new methods and new ideas. Air conditioning has been suggested as one novelty; railway rejuvenation as another. Will the further developments of the Diesel engine not only father these two, bu find additional outlets? OUR UNTIDY STREETS (Cincinnati Enquirer.) Cartons, bags, cellophane wrap pings--whenever you buy onythin these days it has some kind of a pro tcctive or sanilary covering. If it i only a cigar, a package of cigarets or a candy bar, it comes in a cello phane overcoat. Careless people throw these wrap pings, these bags, and papers, in th street. That is why downtown Cln cinnatl is so litttered up, why sc many of our streets are unsightl because of the trash that is dlscurdc thoughtlessly. No wonder the stree cleaning department can't keep u with its job when the people whom it serves behave so badly. Cincinnati is not a spotless town and compared with any Europea city it is untidy and dirty. But n use blaming the city authorities fo conditions which are our own faul Seme of us have chimneys lha smoke, and apparently all of us re gord the streets and sidewalks a pi ices to throw all kinds of odds an ends. Really it is a case where eac and every one oÂ£ us should reform ainly, some more conciliation ma- imery is necessary, and possibly omo clauses such as now are con- ained In the National Mediation Act ovcrnlng the relations of labor to ic railroads. In the latter case, trikcs cannot b6 called till a vote f the membership has been taken nd until certain conciliation p-ocos- cs prescribed by law have been cx- austed by both parties. The merits of the Wagner law would furnish a proper basis for in- Â·cstlgaticin, but a prosecution ot the Labor Board itself, with the members s defendants, is clearly not justified iy precedent or by evidence uncov- red thus far. The most that would be found in a tudy of Labor Board operal-ons is hat the rules concerning the conduct if hearings by trial examiners and he admission of evidence, as well as the rules relating to the subpocna- ng of witnesses, would bear considerable revision in the interest of airness. Congress can compel this as public opinion sees the need for it. Meanwhile, a broad investigation of management and labor problems would be helpful, provided 't was lot a partisan affair, and clearly not in the interest of those who want to use the investigation as a weapon to break down collective bargaining The right of workers to organize n any way they please, without interference of any kind whatsoever jy any employer, is now the law of the land, and is not likely to be abridged by any action of Congress for many years to come, if at all. But the right of labor leaders to develop concentrated control of the lives of workers is going to be subject to social restraint by government v just as much as the right of business men to concentrate wealth and capital In large corporations is going to be subject in the future, as In the past, to some measure of social control. What milly is needed today is a nation-wide educational campaign on the subject oÂ£ labor relations and, if congressional committees did something of that sort with the avowed object of familiarizing the public with what the Wagner law does and does not do, then both capital and labor, und the public, too, would benefit by the study, jnd maybe some/ fruitful changes in existing law would be compelled by an eolight- encd public sentiment. ers, the used car market, instalment purchases, two cars in every garage, trailers. There is now sufficient space in pleasure cars alone to accomodate the entire population of the United States at one time. First the interurban lines and then the small town street cars disappeared. Metropolitan traction systems were affected. The steam railways lost two-thirds of their passenger business, but these statements create wrong impressions. In travel volume those two-thirds represent loss than ton per cent of the present day automobile mileage. America's millions have discovered transportation independence nnd travel ten times ns fur as their grandfathers. The announcement that mass production technique will be applied to Diesel engines opens a new prospect. This half-brother of the gasoline engine, while unable to compete with its relative for running an automobile, is n fir more efficient agent for driving an electric motor. Is it possible that it will invade the stii- iionnry public service Held? The Diesel engine h;i.i already passed through the early historical stages because it Is being used on mnny country estates to furnish power for pumping water, electric lighting, and cooking. The future farm house or city home may not be complete without, a Diesel engine in the corner of the | garage or in the basement. It will j give no more nnnoyance th:m the present electric refrigerator. With an : independent plant available, power uses are so infinite that it is purpose- ' less U attempt to list them. As with | the automobile, it would create a i field of its own. There is a direct relationship between homo independence ;md transportation independence. As h.c.-. liciiui'iilly bi-rn .-lilted, t h e ' Just Folks By EDGAK A. GUEST QUATRAIN'S Honored Custom!. We send our roses lo the dcaa Instead of to the living And dinners to the man well-fed We still persist In giving. Winter Incident. His motor car was snug and warm; His coat was stout against the btorm. I laughed to hear him as he told; How bitterly he fell the coldl The Fence. Two neighbors, having Uttlc sens* Would quarrel often o'er Â» fence. The landlord took the fence away. Now only pleasant things tliey say. On Lending Hooks. I always lose the book I lend Since I forget the "sorrowing friend. And he, who takes It home with glee, Forgets the book belongs to me. L The policies of this bank arc not of a "wcathcr-vanc" type. We do not swing from side to side with every little puff of breeze. There are certain rules of sound banking which have been established by time and experience. We are guided by these principles. Tney mark a straight line for us to follow in protecting the interests of our depositors under all conditions.