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PAGEFCHJR. THE DAILY COTTHTEK, CnTvNELLSVILT/E, PA. TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 19S9- THE COUHIER COMPANY _ /. Publishers James J. Driscoll President and General Manager R. A. Donegan _ Secretary and Treasurer Walter S. Stimmel J. Editor James M. Driscoli Associate Editor J. WylJe Driscoll Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF . ' Audit Bureau of Circulations " Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association - Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A,' Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; S5 per year, or 52.50 for six months by mall if paid in advance; 12 cents per week by carrier. Entered as second class matter at the Fostofftce, Connellsville, Pa. TUESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 14, 1930 ICKES NOT WJBL1 Regardless of what metropolitan newspapers which, have.their own correspondents in Washington and other population centers do about "inventing" and "coloring" news, that charge by Secretary Ickes cannot be made to apply to the small publications. Not having their own Â·writers at the Capital and elsewhere, they depend on the press associations. These organizations do not draw political lines. They care not whether a paper is Republican or Democratic. Their service is for sale to all. The same goes to both groups. Consequently It must be impartial. It is, Joseph. V. Connelly, president of International News Service, explains this in reply to Mr. .Ickes in an address last week before the National Lawyers Guild in Chicago: "We furnish our client papers with news stories. That is our sole function--to transmit impartial and accurate accounts of news events. "Since we do have a. free press, every editor served by International News Service is at perfect liberty to handle the dispatches we furnish him in any manner lie sees fit. He may trim a story to fit his needs, he may run it in full or, as often happens, he may discard it altogether." And that is the truth. Large papers may, and -usually do, print a dispatch in its entirety. Often the small ones cannot do that. As to coloring or inventing, that is a fabrication pure and Bimple. COlOIO^f PEOPLE SEVER WANT WAR The people of the United States do not want to go to war with the people of Germany or those of Italy. Neither do the people of England and France. Nor do the people of the two dictator-ruled nations have a hankering for short cuts to Heaven, which modern warfare provides in greater number than any agency. It is not love of war that makes any people get into it. It can. be safely asserted no people, as a whole ever makes war. The leaders do it. Then they stand back and direct the people how to wage it. The people do the fighting. The leaders' skins are safe. No poll that Dr. George Gallup or any other takes will reveal the people favoring resort to arms. Public opinion is against it. It should be impressed upon the President and Congress of. the United States that they must .do all in their power to prevent another general conflict at arms. Take a poll of Fayette county, or of your own circle, and you will find a preponderance of sentiment, for continued friendly relations with other people. It will also probably disclose a strong desire for the elimination of leaders who would embroil them in strife. That evident sentiment is an argument in favor of a, referendum on war other than one of defense of the home land. CONTINUOUS PBOCESS Â· Engage in conversation on religion with adherents oÂ£ certain beliefs and they will attempt to convince you that the "prophecies are being fulfilled" and that the end oÂ£ things on this sphere is at hand. They cling to this theory despite the fact that time and again through the years some of the more fundamental have congregated at appointed places with the conviction the climax would be reached, on a specified day. But always the two-billion-year-old, or so, globe on which we live went along as usual. Nothing happened. There are many who look iipon current unsettled conditions throughout the world as~ "indicative the afore- mention prophecies are now in process of fullnllment. They base their conclusions on the words found in Matthew: "And ye shall hear of wars and rumors of wars; see that ye be not troubled, for all these things must come to pass, but the end is not yet." History reveals that there have been wars and rumors of wars ever since the time the gospel of Matthew was written. During every century of that long period nations have risen against nations and kingdoms against kingdoms,'and there have been famines and pestilences, but still no sign of the end. . For peace of mind it would' be well to forget about the future and strive always to so live that it -would matter not when the end might come. CHILD BRIDES, ADULT GROOMS With 13-year-old Verda Rose and her lover, James Kent, eight years her senior, married; with the parents defending the match and pledged to aid them financially, and with the law standing aside, there seems to be. nothing else to do but leave them alone and allow them to work out their destiny. Disparity of eight years would not be contrary to the laws of eugencies if the bride were of marriageable age, say IS, but one cannot escape the. feeling that Verda' may some day wish she had stuck to her school books for a few more years, while both body and mind matured. Â· If Mr. and Mrs. Kent become the parents of 'children, they probably will demur at the thought of a daughter assuming the burdens of married life at 13. They will be insistent, in the light of educational progress by that time, that another Verdna forget puppy love affairs and continue the development of her mental faculties. TEN INVESTMENT DON'TS Roger Babsoii says 35 years' experience in studying investors portfolios shows the following 10 errors are the cause of the majority of investment losses: 1. Trying to pick one of two "low priced winners" 2. Attempting to catch the short-swings of ttie market. 3. Buying securities on margin or borrowed money. 4. Over-concentrating in one security, industry, or locality. 5. Selling short and similar forms of gambling. Forgetting to maintain a backlog of good bonds. Loading up with unlisted stocks and bonds. Buying for yield or price rather than for quality. Acting on tips from unreliable security salesmen.- Putting "good" securities in a safe deposit box and forgetting them. 6. 7. S. 9. 10. ANOTHER GOOD ACCOUNT ABOUT TO BE CLOSED What's What At a Glance By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Columnist. WASHINGTON, D. C.. Feb. 14.-Uncle Sam really is worried more concerning German and Italian trade inroads in Latin America than ho is concerning their military advances in the southern hemisphere. This is particularly true of Germany. Italy never has made so deep a dent but Germany hns dug in. It was doing so before the world wnr and has kept it up since then more v eiTectively thnn ever in post-war years. Italy docs not show the same commercial intelligence. Uncle Samuel has not shown much of any intelligence at all, I ran a North American newspaper in the River Plate republics in the early post-war years. The development of North American trade in that area was my particular job. It was my paper's liie blood in fact. Yankees actually on the scene sensed the necessities that they confronted, to be sure, but they did not get much backing from home. Tariffs especially were adverse to them. To start with conditions were in their favor. Latin America essentially is a raw material realm. It needs manufactured goods, in prewar days it had obtained tncm from Europe but the war left Europe P.r,t on its back. As a source of that kind! of supplies the field was wide open to us. We began to gobble the whole market. At that juncture, however, we adopted prohibitive tariff legislation, completely queering our commercial game. It crippled my paper's business in short and I sold out for what I could get. Later on, our trade readjusted it- sclÂ£ to these disadvantageous conditions and began to pick up again despites its handicaps. 1 was back in the U. S. A. then and still being interested in Latin America frequently consulted Dr. Julius Klein, in that era director of the Commerce Department's Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. Once more we were gaining ground, tariff drawbacks notwithstanding he said, but at that point we adopted a batch of still more ruinous tariff rules and set ourselves back worse than ever. President Hoover subsequently had the intelligence to attempt improved trade relations but he never accomplished much. He meant well but our unenlightened tariff policy in his day nullified his efforts. Secretary of Stale Hull has improved matters with his reciprocal program, but he has considerable of preceding mismanagement to counteract. In the meanttimc, Germany has been intrenching itself at a great rate. So lias Italy. The Italians have not been as efficient as the Germans but they have done fairly well. In short, commercially and financially, our rivals have it all over us in the Latin New World. Militarily, perhaps, we can take care of ourselves, but as business men we are completely outclassed. The Germans and Italians (especially the Germans) were on the ground away ah'ead of us and they have held their ground. The English were ahead oÂ£ us also, but they have lost some of their gains. During the war the British pulled a lot of their money out of Latin America to' send homÂ». The Germans did not because they could not transmit it. Consequently the war's end found England's Latin banks badiy depleted but Germany's banks simply wore bursting with resources. Our Latin American banks always were bungled. Our managers never understood that part of the world. They did not speak the language, they did not know the people, they do not yet. Japan is not anything to worry about in Latin America. Maybe Gci- many is not either. Militarily speaking. Italy less so, out commercially yes. STRENGTH FOR YOUR TASK By Earl L. Douglass, D. D. NEWS BEHIND, THE NEWS 1 WASHINGTON, Feb. 14.--The 400- mile an hour pursuit plane in the mishap at Mitchel Field is not the ultimate in coming American fighting speed. Something is in the wind tunnels now which has brought 500 miles per hour within sight. A new era in armed speed is about to be launched. It will make everything in Europe obsolete, especially those 1,000 planes per month which Hitler has been turning out in an effort to maintain his diplomatic supremacy. As all military men know, victory in the air rests not so much with numbers, skill or armament, as with speed. In combat, ships with inferior speed become practically worthless. As ail diplomats know, world relationships have lately hinged at Munich and elsewhere on air supremacy, so an alteration oi diplomatic values may be in sight within tile wind tunnels also. sidercd to try the idea on one farm commodity--wheat--as on experiment. Agriculture Secretary W a l l a c e dropped an intimation to friends recently he might consider going this - -. far--just to prove the fallaciousness oE the scheme with the least possible damnge. Some figures have been worked out indicating that if wheat prices were fixed at 31.40 per bushc), the advance in the price of bread might be held to 12 per cent. However, other ways of stimulating other farm products commensurately would have to be found to make the experiment politically or economically feasible for the legislators. "* If benefit payments were increased on these other commodities, the cost to the Treasury would be prohibitive. The deal therefore seems unlikely to work out just this way, but it is nevertheless being quietly discussed. Military values are being changed so swiftly, however, no authorities profess to have a clear understanding oJ what is sure from day to day. It is popularly supposed, for instance, that Hitler will make the next war. The world watches his every word and action to ascertain- der tag. Yet some military men are beginning to wonder if Britain's predicament is not more likely to make Â·war advisable from her strictly military standpoint than Germany from hers. Britain's pre - Munich experience proved she was an open mark for German bombers based only two hours flight away. She is building more planes now, but wondering if they can get off the ground in time to stop a quick raid. Her antiaircraft precautions are being pressed to the utmost, but they only show the inadequacy of such methods. As British industries and people are concentrated and accessible from the air (unlike Germany), the only sure defense for them would seem to be to eliminate the. possibility of WHEN YOU PRAY, SAY "OUR" The Lord's Prayer is a brotherly and neighborly prayer. In the first word "our" it affirms the solidarity of the human race. We are not to say "My Father who ore in Heaven, "my daily bread," "my sins." We are to say, "Our Father who are in Heaven," "our daily bread," "forgive us our debts as we forgive our debtors." With one exception the pronouns in the Lord's Prayer are all in the possessive or objective case. Only once is a pronoun in the nominative case. Some one has remarked that man likes to bo referred to in the nominative case because it moans that he is the subject of the sentence. In the Lord's Prayer, however, he does not have this satisfaction. God is the center ot interest in that historic prayer. One-half of the Lord's Prayer is an ascription of praise to God. Before man thinks of his own needs, he is to praise God, the giver of all gifts. The Lord's Prayer begins with praise to God. It then asks simply for the things that will sustain the body and give health to the soul. Its vision carries us beyond our own needs and out into the great needs oÂ£ mankind. Ail rights reserved-- Babsan Newspaper Syndicate. THE CAPITAL WHIRL By International News Service. By International News Service. KARRISBURG. Feb. 14.--Governor Arthur H. James' curtailment of the flood control program for the last four months ol the present bi- cnnJuin and his expressions oi doubt over whether the Stale will cooperate with the Federal Government during the next biennlum seems to have stirred up a hornets' nest in tiiose parts of the State where the question ot flood control is often a matter of life and death. From a large independent daily in Pittsburgh came an editorialized warning that the Governor it he must engage in an is-sue with the Federal Government should not pick on Hood eonirol "Flood control is Ibo Â·erious a matter to be played with," said the editorial "If the James Administration wants to take a stand against Washington, we suggest it find some issue on which the h \ c s c.nd fortunes of thousands of people c!o not directly hang." From Lc wistown, in the Susquehanna Hivcr valley where the iJood danger is also present, have also come vigorous protests over the curtailment of the flood control program. There is no provision in the law of Pennsylvania for a Governor's cabinet. . . Custom, however, designates the heads of the administmlK'c departments as Cabinet members, but it is left to the Governor to decide whicl rank. of them should hold that Governor James has now designated the heads of the following departments as members of his Cabinet and they will meet with him evwy Tuesday for consultation: State, Justice, Public Instruction, National Guard, Insurance, Banking, Agriculture, Property and Supplies, Forests and , Waters, Mines, Highways, Health, Labor and Industry. Weifa re. Revenue, Public Assistance, Governor's secretary, Budget Bureau . . . Not included were the FJsh com- m'.ssioner, salary $6,000; Motor Police commissioner, $8,000, and executive director of the Game Commission, $10,000. As Others Think THE CHANGING WAR GAME (Latrobe Bulletin.) War is fought differently nowadays. That is nothing new, ot course. All the world knows about' the mighty planes that drop giant bombs upon cities and towns, changing them into masses of wreckage. All the world knows about the poisonous gases that ore sent out, to overcome an army or a city. All the world knows how modern guns are used, how tiiey scatter their fire over wide expanses, dealing death in promiscuous fashion. Yet it is startling, in a way, to read that new drill regulations have been prepared, in which that long fnmilijir command, "squads right" or "squads left" has no place. , "The Infantry Journal" recently bore the announcement ot the prospective end of maneuvers which are familiar to most all ot us,--maneuvers which have been part of military routine as long as memory can recall. . "Squads-left! March!" "Sqtiads- right, column riÂ£ht!" "Right by squads!" How familiar they are to those who have belonged to Company ,M, or to any other military company. But they are not to be heard much longer. War has no place for close- marching men, any more. The squad, it is declared, is to be formed in one. not two ranks, while in the new platoon of three squads, they are formed one behind another, with the marching order attained by a simple right face--the platoon then moving off three abreast, each squad in single file behind its own leader. Roads jammed with trucks and cannon have little room for marching men -- a thiee-widc marching column requires less room than the four-wide one which we have known so Jong. Tbe day of the rigid formation is over; the machine gun has necessitated the scattering of men, and from all indications whatever of the long familiar maneuvering is retained will be for exhibition purposes, not for war-fare. Legislative debates otten have a terdency to go off on a taneont . . . Thus, in the State Senate, during a particularly hot exchange over the relief situation, one senator suddenly got to his feet to quote poetry, followed by another who led off with Shakespeare, while a third had a reference to make to the Punic wars of ancient history. Mrs. Amelia Bloomer introduced the bloomer dress in the middle of the 19th century- A bloomer ball was held in Steubenville, Ohio, shortly thereafter. Don't look surprised if the BFC makes a loan to the Nebraska public power project. Some such move has been expected since the Willkie-TVA deal was announced. Railroad men are biting their lips to keep from screaming against the Allredge appointment to the Interstate Commerce Commission in. the place of their friend Frank McManamy. iThree big rail labor men (Hobertson, Harrison and Jewell) called on FDR sometime back and came away with the misunderstanding that McManamy was to be reappointed--and il the President changed his mind, they thought they would be notified. Without advance notice to them, Allredge's appointment was announced. Rail labor has always had a representative on ICC since Teddy Hoose- velt appointed their first man 35 years ago. With McM^iamy gone, no commissioner will represent the labor background. Yet they are reluctant to speak their minds, because, frankly they consider the President friendly guarantees, carrying complete assurance (like the Anglo- French understanding) or by destroying the bases, and keeping them permanently destroyed.- Price-fixers among farm legislators are pressing the Administration so iard that a deal may be found necessary. An arrangement is being con- them. Note-- Mr. Allredge (J. Hayden of Alabama) is a champion against current freight rate discriminations involving the South. His choice, as was widely advertised unofficially, was supposed to be an executive move to get southern senatorial support for the red herring, Mr. Amlie. S I D E L I G H T S Why do Scouts and Scouters use the left handshake? The question was asked Assistant Executive Milton R. Wyatt. He explained the reason is the left hand is nearer the heart. Boy Scouts of America drop tile little finger in this form of greeting, also in t the salute -- thereby emphasizing the three parts of the Scout oath, if you are not entirely familiar with the oath, here it is: On my honor I will do my best -To do my duty to God and my country and to obey the Scout law. To help others at all times. To keep myself physically strong, mentally awake and morally straight. And here is the Scout law: A Scout is trustworthy, loyal, helpful, friendly, courteous, kind, obedient, cheerful, thrifty, brave, clean, reverent -- twelve conditions to which every boy who enters the organization subscribes. Wilson Follz, former drummer in the Conr.ellsvilie Military Band, now a member of the 110th Band, sent this from Philadelphia to W. C. Bishop: "Hello, Bill. Hear that winter is upon you people there. I have solved how the seed for that tree on top of the Exposition Building (in Pittsburgh) got there. Sam DeHuff put it there. You know, he is truly funny and some day somebody is going to accuse him of being a columnist. Please see that Bob (Hannam) and John (Kiferle) take their milk regularly. And tell Munk (Mosier) not to shave them too close. Heard here that it takes two trains of people and a 50-piece band to make application for Kiferle a job on the WPA." News of the death of Very Rev. Msgr. Peter C. Banner, vicar-general and chancellor of the Pittsburgh Roman Catholic Diocese, came as a blow to Rev. Father Henry A. Geibel, pastor of Immaculate Conception Church, who was a classmate at St. Mary's Seminary in Baltimore. Father Geibel was ordained to the priesthood in 1902 and Father Banner the following year, by Cardinal Gibbons. Father Danner was located at Scottdale as assistant to Very Rev. M. A. Lambing in his first assignment. Incidentally, there has been an exceptionally heavy toll among the priests of the Pittsburgh Diocese du- ing the past year, with Father Time calling on young as well as veterans of the church service. John Turzn, white, held with has never done so, friends claim. The defendant has been using the name of Turza ever since, it was said. According to the cyclopedia, a valentine is a sweetheart or choice made on St. Valentine's Day. - According to the legend, St. Valentine was beheaded on February 14 at Home, under the rule of Emperor Claudius. The old notion was that birds- began to couple on that day and hence arose the custom of young persons of both sexes\choosing each, other as "valentines" for the ensuing year and oi sending love missives to each other. Besides the love missives, in the form of cards or sweets, millions of hideous caricatures are sent out each year. *' Dr. D. R. Sumstein, a native of Somerset county who began a career of teaching at Youngstown," Westmoreland county, and who will retire March 1, defends the so-called "frills" of modern education which have been attacked by hard-hit taxpayers who have felt that the "three RV still are good enough for anybody. Director of the Pittsburgh department oi curriculum study and research in which the "newfangled" ideas are worked out for the classroom. Dr. Sumstein said: "In the pasi criticism on frills has been aimed largely at music and art. But outside of reading, no subjects touch the everyday life of a child in so many ways as these do. For instance, whenever you buy a necktie or anj article of clothing or arrange the furniture in a room or hang pictures on a wall, a knowledge of the principles of art is required. Even the way a girl combs her hair shows whether she has been trained to have a proper appreciation of what is artistic." The educator is going to Florida where he'll devote his time to his hobby -- studying mushrooms He's retiring, he said, because "1 thought I'd like to have a little rest.' He never had a day's absence from his 31 years of work because of illness. Stray Thoughts By S M DeHUFF Before he's in Congress very long Jimmy VanZandt's gonna learn there's a h?.ip of difference between being on the inside looking out -- anc being on the outside gazing in. A ROMANCE The lady lurned her noi,e up high. She would not look at him at all As daily he- came riding by And wavsd across her garden wall. She bade ler servants bolt the gate. "I'm not at home," she bade them say In all the cruel terms of hate She ordered him to go his way. She sneered at him behind his back. The gift 1 ! he sent she tossed aside. She kept Mm on a torture rack And vow ed she'd never be his bride. On him for just the slightest whim She'd pour a furious temper blast. She took delight in hurting him Only to marry him at last. Luther Royston colored, in two murder cases, was a native oi Greensburg. The Courier was told today he was a son oJ Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Gaberick arid when five years of ago was adopted by Joseph Tuvza in 1912 and taken to the Turza farm in Donegal township, near Big Springs. He was reared at the farm until 1929 when he started to wander around. Those who knew him when he was on the farm said that he was a good worker and a flne young man. However, he was said to have become restless and started out "on his own." Ho had retained last summer to the Turzn farm. It was explained that Turin's father, Gaberick, had Rone to the Turzas' farm either in 1911 or 1912 to ask the farmer to go into business w i t h him at Greensburg but the farmer declined. The father left the boy there, I saying he'd come back for him but work with claims he never tackled anything he couldn't maste.- with ease--but that was before he started breaking in his first set of artificial teeth. Here's the poet in me again: I love to puff my pipe and read About the petty things That agitate a gioup of men Each time a meeting brings Them face to face--or back to back. Which e'er the case might be, Â· To solve important problems xvhlch Concern both you and me. And not such things as finding out What maUc of lawn rr.ow'r rates The best for cutting Stadium grasi; I Or who bought locks for fiateÂ« Without authority, and then Gave all the keys away; -- - A paltry Uttlc banquet bill Which no one wants to pay. Yes--petty things, that count-for naught. So far as 1 can see. Except to bring to certain men Much soueht publicity. Add Mahatma Gandhi to that list oÂ£ forgotten folks. Let's go to press.