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PAGE FOUR. THE DAIT.Y COURIER, CONNELLSVILLE, PA. MONDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1939- lath} ffiourw THE COURIER COMPANY James J. Driscoll R. A. Donegan . _.. Walter S. Stimmei , James M. Driscoll J. Wyhe Driscoll -- . ,, Publishers _. .. President and General Manager Secretary and Treasurer ~ ~ - . . . . . Editor . - .- . Associate Editor . Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF Audit Bureau of Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; $5 per year, or $2.50 lor six months by mail if paid in advance; 12 cents per week by carrier. Entered as second class matter at the Postofnce, Connellsville, Pa. MONDAY EVENING. FEBRUARY 13, 1939 XEGRO TFIZAED OF THE SOUTH The figure of an SO-year-old Negro, born a slave, is . looming on the horizon, as an international humanitarian after having through his labors of over a half-century done more than any individual to benefit the South agriculturally. Crowning a career that lias elevated him to a place among the greatest of agricultural chemists, Dr. George Washington Carver of Tuskegee Institute in Alabama, is the possibility he has discovered a cure for infantile paralysis. Replying to a query regarding his reported cure, the doctor said: Â· Â· "It has been given out that I have found a cure for infantile paralysis. I have not. But it looks hopeful. I have used it on 250 persons and it has never failed, so far as I can find out. . . .1 am s.till experimenting. When I fee! I have a finished product, I shall give it to suffering mankind." The experiments involve the use of peanut oil. If the oil should turn out to be a remedy for one of the worst of human ills, its discovery will have 'been credited 1o accident. Dr. Carver used it as the base for a beauty lotion. Women found .jt made them gain weight. The paralysis .theory flashed into his mind. The experiments Â·were begun. Taking nothing for his discoveries but his salary at Tuskegee, Dr. Carver has boosted the South's peanut crop evaluation from comparatively nothing to $60.000,000 annually. He has given, the world 300 by-products of the peanut. From the soy bean and the sweet potato, he has developed 100 products. He gave the world the process for using cotton to tie asphalt together for road surfacing His idea would make possible use of the South'B surplus cotton and provide better roads everywhere. He developed synthetic rubber -which, any maker is free to use. As the Louisville Courier Journal said editorially: "It would be strange indeed If a member of a liberated race should in, turn liberate a large part of the South.". TUaj. is the end toward which Dr. Carver and his discoveries-are headed--and not only the South but the world. SCHOOL DISTEICTS I* DISTRESS Unless relief ie forthcoming from the Legislature, numerous school districts in Pennsylvania will be con- confronted with the necessity of discontinuing sessions, according to Dr. Harvey E. Cayman, director of research of the State Education Association. Immediate aid is necessary, said Dr. Gayman, addressing a meeting of the Civic League in. Pittsburgh. Attention was called especially to one county, Lackawanna, where 1,100 teachers have been unpaid for six months and where unpaid salaries at the close of the school year will aggregate a half million dollars. In some instances teachers are on relief, in order to have the bare necessities of life. Declining realty values and Blow tax collections are held responsible. Because of this Dr. Gayman advocated creation of a commission to study the school tax situation and work out a stable program of education. Two bills are before the Legislature calling for emergency school appropriations, one for 53,000,000, the other $2,500,000. Whatever relief is to be given will be delayed until well toward Spring. The Legislature will not reconvene until the latter part of the month. It is evident there is need for prompt action, unless the school system is to collapse. HAKKISG AWAY BACK TO KATDBE The minister of a religious sect in Colorado raises a new question in jurisprudence. He wants to know if ids okay in the sight of the law for two of his parishioners to be married in the "natural uniforms they were born in." His grammatical usage is faulty, just as bad as saying "where's it at?" But that is not the point. After searching the Scriptures and the law of the land, the attorney general is unable to find anything in either to prevent the unusual ceremony "so long as they are properly modest about it." Presumably they belong in the nudist colony class, so there would he nothing immodest about it, in their, including the minister's, eyes. Here in the old-fashioned Bast brides are given to donning more than the usual quantity of finery for the bridal ceremony. Bridegrooms, too, are often dressed to the point of discomfort. Perhaps the back to nature idea - never occurred to them;-let alone the possible difficulty they might have in finding a minister, or even a magistrate, who could overcome his tendency to blush unduly long enough to tie the nuptial knot. It is altogether probable there will be no rush to emulate PatherlAdam and Mother Eve and'their descendants in the Silver State,.especially in the open on a-snow-clad - mountain. It might .be we. are trending toward such a spectacle at some of our beach resorts. SEMOK BOY SCOUTING The Explorer Patrol of Troop S, Boy Scouts, organized recently, is designed to provide an opportunity for older boys to continue in Scouting to better advantage than they could have by remaining attached to the regular troop patrols. The age range is 15 years and up--with no definite maximum. Boys 15 to 20 do not fit in _with those of 12 to 14, either in Scouting or any other activity." It has there-" "fore been~deemed wise' to provide" senior scouting, which embraces Explorers and Sea Scouts. There is thus afforded the opportunity to acquire" knowledge that might be beyond the range of the beginners. Not only that, but there is the incentive of developing leadership for the younger Scouts--something that is oftentimes to find. "ALL ROADS LEAD TO ROME!" What's What At a Glance STRENGTH FOR YOUR TASK By Earl L. Douglass, IX D. By CHARLES P, SThWAHT Ct-ntr-l PrÂ«-_Â» C's'-unit-il WASHINGTON, Â»b. 13.-- Prr?.- _ ck-r.t Hwevri*. may ty dl^ju*. ai pop- i Mie in ,:t-.~f--a:. T).e stray polls, 'cr, , wh.iU-Ncr :h'-;. rr.rty sljjrji:-, aji J r - , are conccn-ei HO'A ever, h: .r:!i:'--K-e- ctrUi:uy ' the so!on.-r rejected hi5 .'i';^ r.imerj'. | of Flc (1 H. Rxt'CrU to the b'txi'-r-il bench by a rn.-r;on!- cf ~C to r...*,u Thv SI-:M*C hiii turned cl j-.vn Trej!- 'li-:it :i! oppcm.t'r.Wi before, but L-.st IVV.H b :.v Â»!'.Â·Â«! n.s-eir in Amcr-Â· icr.n hivt^ry. On a ^'.r.t.-t r..rt- vo:e, the V,*h;te Hou-c tcr s.v. cu,:ht :n , have won 5f !j 'jy. in r,i,-i, Â»Â· ;,--,: 50 to e!;;h:, ccjr.'Jr.^ o:-.',y Den-.otr.t- tic seniors. True, he picked up o:-.c J independent bnlint (STO.II-J.- .Vo.-~ ,'). All the Republicans were iis.ilr.?: him Perhaps that was natural--'.r.oufjh C. O. P. senator; Senater- Ships tÂ«d I (another liberal, a? a Kurrr.cr- j L;ibor!uO w a s .iRuinj,: the Admini.Â«-' tration, tÂ«. And tl-c-r- v, ere 15 :.L- scn'.ucs If then' nb cntct'i h;.d been pro-Ryose^ t-I: jnci had !rv-d very ( hard, most of them could have been j on the job. Tr.e truth 13 that they | ii!d not want !o vo(; against the President, but they did not want to vote hi; way cither. So they were not there Tho nub of it is that "F. D." could n e t control quite as many as one In six of his own Senate Democrats, re- gardlcs.s of other partisans. He did not ever, hold his New Deal Democratic alignment together. If he had been able to* do so, he cauld have squeaked through. How Bid Zt Happen? In the first place, Floyd H. Roberts' appolnlrnent to the Federal bench jn Virginia was not so very Important nationally. It is agreed that It was a pretty good appo.ntmcnk--nothing the matter with Judge Roberts. But Senators Glass and Byrd of Virginia had made a different selection, and it is recognized that a Senator is entitled to dictate Federal appointments within his own bailiwick. And here were two senators, in partnership, who concurred. It r. ide a strong team. Other senators are like this: They want political "pup" as milch as Senators Glass and Byrd do. If they do not support Glass and Byrd, Glass and Byrd will not support Ciem, in turn. Yst the Administration does not regard Glass, Byrd and t eir like as genuine New Dealers; consequently it docs not heed their admonitions. It rates them, not exactly as Republicans, but as some other alien political breed; so. when they tell what they want, they do not get it. Nevertheless, there are Democrats (even New Deal Democrats) who still foel thiit Glass and Byrd are Democrats under the skin. Parenthetically: Glass and Byrd are no more the same with Neely or Pepper than Capper and Frazier, and Austin and H '.e are the same. The parties are completely split up. And President Roosevelt has not got either party that he can depend on--not if that Roberts vote means ?- 'hing. Moreover, it is a good thing. Checks and balances! That was the original idea. It has been lost sight of lately Who Is a Communist? In connectin with the- Roberts ap-. pomtment, nooody has asked, "Is he a Communist?" That is rational, anyhow. Nobody so considered him. But the query was put concerning Tom Amlie, for the Interstate Commerce Commission. And concerning Harry Bridges, labor leader. And they both have answered, "N'o." B'- caref 1 .!," ijrted rfccr.'Iy a ni,;. l :t Jrr. e r j :r.ju:.'.a.l roatl Â·Â·Thfir'* la f c J/'i thr oU.t-r tide or lh..t SLIPPERY SPOTS d R fr'.er.d. r.x c,irv v-htre the gurs r.^-.er reaches. .ir..-i .; 1.1 -uvr.jt slippery in v.i.-.:;r" .Â·V-. I tlr r s,\i- c'^rclully r.'^vn w --cr '.ha 1 , j .?e- f J ro.id rrv- tl..:.;; ^tt her,- v, iis a. stretch th,;'. '.h- u n :r. inr 1-ves of are llt'.lr- rÂ«n jt .trii E.:.d ley pin*-*-!, iro-^j, Â»;.:s,ery. Scn-.e jn-jp!c arc r.di^trrcr.t :o the'.r Â»r,ih.ne of Gci t u All rtKfc krt'p h:d- cold. -v .vd r:-.cl!ovv5 their j:t- ::.tf spectacle o! I'j.'Irn.-.g. G ' h C A hetp n dark .Tva i-f h.ilc ti.crii-hivl .n their Â· 'Â· ir'..s .ir.v! nt'.er uiluw to fall ...rri'; i t the iur.sh.nc of that l j \ t i,jv:n v -ilch we all muji dc- I'-r-.d u::.:ru!c!y for ou: foigivc- nos Or.c ec'.j'.ci g.} on enciiess- 1'. (io^ r.o' t: }:t! rm c.cre o! ice to cju'e ar. riUtjrnoD.Ie accident. A l.n'f '.cy ipo*. a few feet bqunrc in:-, hurl rit-r: to destruction, :,r.d on^ 1 littlt area in our lives liTouc'ii'd b-.- ;r.e love of God. Â·r.d untouched because *.vc would \ivi- !'. -n, rruv vine d.iy be- tin.' :nc:ins of hurtiir? us m:o borrow nnd catastrophe. THE NEWS WASHINGTON,, Feb. 13.--Things are getting so strained here that Vlce-Preslder.t Garner is supposed to b Â· leading the movement to keep the Scnnte in recess. A few more debates like the relief, Judge Roberts and war planes arguments would probably cause most of the statesmen to refrain from speaking to each other. There is something about Mr. Roosevelt's hard-hitting way of expressing himself that seems to bring out the animal instinct in both his friends and opponents. Also his opposition is eager to get at him on the latest issues he has raised. Senate Leader Barkley, at the last two short Senate sessions, Monday and Thursday, was bobbing up con-J tlnuousiy in his eagerness to move adjournment before anyone ' else could get the floor. Particularly, the Administration does not want Senators Hiram Johnson, Gerry Nje and Bennett Clark--and Borah if he were well--expressing themselves in their usual manner about the foreign policy. Mr. Roosevelt is in a precarious situation. It will be evident if Garner and Barkley let the Senate out of recess before the boys cool off. although 55,000 applications are on hand; no refugees can come in under South American quotas because birth certificates are required for passport visas. Representative Dickstein made a speech in the House the other day,^ denying all the rumors. A few presidential advisers have tried to interest Harry Hopkins in getting the President to appoint an outstanding business man to the Na- t'Mial Labor Relations Board in the place of Donald Wakefteld Smith. Their idea is thus to deflect the heat from the board. Hopkins is considering it but probably will not lend a hand. Far more than this would be needed to take the heat off the board. House Judiciary Chairman Hatton Sumners rarely speaks, but when he does, he makes a decisive oration. More tb-in usual significance therefore attaches to the intimation that Mr. Sumners feels a speech coming on lo refute Mr. Roosevelt's independence in judgeship nominations. Tne last time Stunners spoke, he jet forth the basis upon which the President's Supreme Court proposal was subsequently rejected. Congressmen appear more eager to meet Mr. Roosevelt on this Issue than any other he has submitted. The idea Is crawling around in high places that some better ar- angement can be made with airplane manufacturers for the new defense models. The Government would like to drop the system of awarding contracts to the highest bidder and make a new arrangement whereby the losing bidders can get some orders. It sounds like too sensational a departure from historic government policy for anyone to come right out' publicly with the suggestion yet, but the private hearing of the House Military Affairs Committee on. army procurement will consider the problem very quietly. Senators Homer Bone, Clark, Nye and Vandcnberg have been getting together in comers planning a way to open up the neutrality isuue. Three amendments probably will be proposed by them, (1) a straight declaration against any trade with belligerents except on a cash and carry basis barring use of American ships, (2) banning arms and munitions shipments to neutral states il any ground exists for suspicion that the shipments are destined for'bel- ligerents. (3) outlawing the arming | at American ships under any cir- curr-starjce. Sidelight? As Others Think Letter % from the J. J. DrlscolU to membra of The Courier f6rct- indi- c;itÂ«' ih'*y arc thoroushiy enjoying n k-..-urely vr.c.ition through the South. La^t word hp.ti Uum I'-axlng St. Petersburg, Fia., with Snrr.soU us their next objective and wtK're they were expecting to remain for a week or to to try out the Gulf flihing. A postcard to "The Courier Family" from Mr. Driscoll, the president and general manager, reads: "This would be okay'if you all were here." Well, MORE ON' TENURE ACT (Grcensburfi Tribune.) One of the almost CCE tain fights now brewing for this session of the Pennsylvania General Assembly has to do with the teacher tenure law, passed during the Earle, Administration. Ccnsiderablo dissatisfaction with that law has been voiced from many THE FRIEND sides, especially from the public ! Beside the lire his iavorite chair standpoint. Teacher organizations on The dope is the extraordinary Amlie appointment will be approved three to two in the Senate Commerce sub-committee, but no one will guess what the full committee will do. Mr. Roosevelt has two New Dealers on the sub-committee and a third Democrat who is an oldtime railroad labor mon. The two Republicans will vote Ineffectively in the negative. Word of mouth stories being circulated nationally about "streams of German refugees pouring into the country are denied by all authorities. Labor Department says there are only about 5,000 foreigners in on visitor permits; the German-Austria quota of 27,370 is not being exceeded we'd all like to be there, without 1 lne other hand, have been vigorously much question. j opposed to certain changes which I some deem essential. Readers of The Courier learn w i t h ) Measures to make changes in the much Interest that Richard B. Hood, I ' aw as now constituted have been . former Uniontown boy, has been! introduced In the Legislature but placed in the charge of the Los I whether additional" measures along Angeles office of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, a real promotion. Mr. Hood, ion of William C. Hood, new general superintendent of the H. C. Frick Coke Company, is a nephew of Mr. Hood of Trotter. and Mrs. Paul O. He has a find educational background--graduate oÂ£ Culver Military Academy, Dartmouth College and the law department of the University of Pittsburgh, where he p; :pared speciflcially for the work of the FBI. similar lines will cone forward remains to be seen. Tho Pennsylvania School Directors' Association has just concluded a somewhat stormy session in Harrisburg in which the tenure law was one of the chief topics of debate. Directors approved a resolution regarding th:'s law desired these changes: which they The death at Marion, Ind., of Mrs. i Samuel Esheiman at the age of 92 bings back memories of an old family which once lived in upper Bullskin township, near Laureiville. The Esheiman farm was one'of the finest, best culivated, ..best kept in every way, conspicuous by_ a huge-red barn. Mr. Esheiman:"stuTlivcs, but i blind. His wife would have passed her 92nd milestone on Washington's Birthday. ' Congratulations for E ofw a r d Sweeney, West Penn veteran, who goes on the retired lis't after 25 years of service, as he approaches his BOth year. Tae story recounting his activities over nearly four-score years closes with the notation that he attributes- his long life and good health thai, permits him to continue active --to temperate habits, a daily hike "of two miles, and, very important, his wife's good cooking, well deserved praise. Then there is the ad- Establishment of a two-year probationary period for all new entrants into the profession. Provision for teacher retirement at the discretion of the local board any * during' the present permissive retirement period. Make insubordination a cause -ior dismissal. Leave to the lo'cal boards the/policy regarding employment of married female teachers. ' " Proviso for suspension of professional employes' upon recommendation of county superintendents when there is a' substantial decrease in enrollment or when a subject-is eliminated from the curriculum. .There is no doubt some of these may be fought by teacher organizations which declare- that if they are passed tenure will be a thing of the past. One feature which is not appealing to teacher organizations is the proposed probationary period. Another imbroglio impends-on" the man-led female teachers -question. One legislative proposal is--to leave such a factor to ind.vidual boards to solve. In the past most school boards have frowned on married women friend comes in and BetUcs down. Tossing aside that small renown Which business men must guard -with Sprawled out at ease he talks of things Unlinked witli fortune, place or fame; Calls me by short, familiar name And drops the speech of bargainings. Since comvadship does not depend On proud pretense or business guUÂ« It's restful for a little while To drop all else and play the friend. Usually the Senate leader makes a motion to notify the President following Senate action on his nominations. After Virginia Judge Roberts was defeated, no such motion was offered. Apparently the Senate thought the President would find out about it from the newspapers. Stray Thoughts By S M DeHUFF Do you suppose President Roosevelt might be ignorant of the fact that we taxpayers pay 435 congressmen and 96 senators fairly good wages to ' help him run this Government? A Northwestern University professor of sociology prescribes laughter as a cure for many of our ills but the way a lot of people shy. away from it you'd think it was castor oiL Add t that list of forgotten folks, Nan Patterson, Broadway actress of yesteryear and dramatic figure in a sensational and as y.et unsolved New York murder mystery. Getting up in the morning with a very ugly taste in your mouth poves conclusively you ate something that tasted unusually nice the night before. Now that I've had my say about it, there's no reason why a lot more business and professional men shouldn't turn out for that weekly recreational night at the "Y." While we know it isn't possible to build bridges out of words, it won't do any arm to just keep on chattering about it. Wonder if that darned groundhog did actually Â»ee his shadow? A man's home may be hJs castle, but that doesn't always mean that he reigns as a king therein. Let's go to press. Factographs The baobab trees of Majunga, Madagascar, are so huge that 15 men with arms outstretched would be needed to circle one of them. Many of the town's street are lined with them. Â· Pilate's ghost was supposed, until the 16th century, to haunt the slopes of Mount Pilatus, Switzerland. It took more than seven years to build the Panama CanaL Eight countries of Latin America have granted votes to women. ditional comment that his favorite teachers continuing in sports_ are boxing and baseball. So j when the tenure law ,,,, ^o^ lonR ae that interest remains, Mr,, marriage was no cause for dismissal their posts, was passed Sw'eney \vil_l be- 80 or 90 or whatever --umber^'of ''years young." The .faster arr airplane travels the less likelihood of''if causing heavy casualty- to ground troops during warfare, Sergeant Instructor Dwyer of the 110th Infantry told the Howitzer Company during a discussion after a drill. As the plane gains speed, it covers more ground and its machine gun targets are farther apart with the natural result of less casualties to ground troops, he- pointed out. and hundreds of women teachers throughout the'Slate took advantage of It. It is almost safe to assume they-will now wage a relentless war to hold their jobs. All of these factions, therefore, aie lining up to produce a legislative crisis. There are no n-.ahogany forests Mahogany trees grow singly, or with an average of one or two trees to the acre, scattered throughout the jungles, in virgin-forests.- DAVIDSON'S "Meet Me at Davidson's" These New Spring DRESSES Will Give an Exhilarating Lift to Winter-Weary Wardrobes 5-95 Sizes 10 to 44 --There's no tonic like a new dress, especially at this time of the year --and certainly possible to have several when they're priced as low as .these! Soft rayons in many weaves with full skirts that swirl gracefully, snug waistlines that _glve you that look of slimness so popular this season, necklines that will natter any woman. One piece and' bolero style with and without zippers. Black, navy and soft pastel shades.