The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on January 29, 1938 · Page 4
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January 29, 1938

The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 4

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Connellsville, Pennsylvania
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Saturday, January 29, 1938
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THE DAILY COURIER. CONNELLSVILLE. PA. SATURDAY, JANUARY 29.1938. Qlnurfer THE COURIER COMPANY , James J. Driscoll ________ R. A. Doncgan Walter S. Stimmel James M. Driscoll _______ J. Wylie Driscoll __ /Publisher . President and General Manager Secretary and/Treasurer I. Editor Associate Editor . Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF Audit Bureau of Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; $5 per year, or 52.50 for six months by mall if paid In advance. Entered as second class matter at the Postofflce, ConneUsvllle. Pa. THE BIG APPLE! SATURDAY EVENING. JANUARY 20, 1938. GREATEST NAVY t'OE OUR DEFENSE Enactment by Congress" of the President's proposal for a long range.naval building program may serve two pur: poses:-. . "· · : _ - " · . ' 'Make the United States the foremost naval power in the world. : Help start the heavy industries into renewed,activity · and eventually others on the upward trend. The President's recommendations for a 20 per cent : increase in- the naval"program included immediate start on : .the construction of two battleships and two cruisers. The · -remainder, providing for a total of 47 combat ships-and 22 · ."auxiliary cruisers-"and additions to the air defense, would ;-be spread.over:succeeding years. The air program would · "iHclude'aT.housand-ne'w planes. : '. For years a leader in the efforts to reduce armaments, : _ihe United States is-faced with vast building programs by . Bother nations, apparently heading toward another great ". Ci4 r - Concisely the JPresident gives his reasons for the : ^policy suggested in:theserwords: · :p-_^_ "It is. a'n'oniinousjact'that at least one-fourth of the : Lw;orld's.population.isj;iiyojved In merciless devastating con- · ~~uTct7-in~spite" of UIC"fa"ct that most people in most countries, · including those, where conflict rages, wish to live at peace. " Armies'are fighting" in the Far East and in ISurope; thous- ; ands of civilians are being drive^ from their homes and : bombed from the air. Tension throughout the world is : high/ 1 ;-' -. .· ·' ~Continuing he said: - "It is our clear duty to further every effort toward peace but at the same time to protect our nation. This is the · purpose of these recommendations. Such protection is and will be based not on aggression but on defense." Foreign to our principles to think of reviving industry by preparing for war, but that is the way it might work out. GHOST OF THE PAST UNCOVERED Uncovering by WPA employes at work on a sewer tunnel on the South Side of the base of an old iron furnace brings to mind the fact that Fayetto county was a great iron center at the close of the last century and well into the present one. The remnant of the furnace lies under the nil at Pittsburg street and Newmyer avenue. The excavation of the tunnel revealed it. Furnaces similar to this at one time dotted Fayette county. The ruins remain, many in excellent state of preservation. Charcoal was the fuel for extracting iron from ore which came from nearby hills. For many years Pittsburgh and Ohio and Mississippi valleys drew on Fayette county furnaces for castings, pig and bar-iron. -The product was shipped as far as New Orleans. In 1804 a large order for kettles to be used on sugar plantations in Louisiana was filled by Union Furnace, just above Dunbar. Ixng before 1850, however, the flres in most of the furnaces and forges had died out. By the middle, of the century only four were left. They ceased soon afterward. In 1805, according to "Iron of All Ages," by James M. Swank, there were five furnaces'and six forges in the county. Eventually the number increased to 20. Ruins of these include one intact at Rogers Mill, one in good preservation at Mount Vernon Park, two along Laurel run and one at the junction of Little Dunbar creek, others at Breakneck, along Indian creek, the mouth of Jacob's creek and many places in the south end of the county. The old ore slate dumps remain. A notable example is Mount Vernon, where the drifts were operated to within the the last half century. The product was carried over a narrow gauge railroad, the'ruins of which remain, to Greenlick Junction, near Iron Bridge, for shipment to a furnace at Scottdale. But the industry as a. whole passed out of existence before most people now living were born. As Others Think WHAT WOULD YOU PAY FOR HENRY? (Johntown Democrat.) Is it possible for an individual employed as a manager to earn $1,000,000 a year in industry? "No," says one group. "Yes," says another. Well, let's do a bit of supposing. Let's suppose that when Henry Ford was 45 years old, n group of men engaged in the then infant automobile industry had formed n union, had financed an automobile plant and hired Henry Ford, giving him complete authority to go ahead and develop the business. Could our imaginary union, under such circumstances, have safely guaranteed to pay Ford $1,000,000 a year if he earned it? Would the union have lost any money on that deal. Has Henry Ford been worth $1,000,000 a year to himself during the last three decades? If he has been worth $1,000,000 a year to himself, wouldn't he have been worth that much money to anybody else? A million dollars a year would be big pay for a man who ran his employers into debt. But, on the other hand, would $1,000,000 a year be a wholly unreasonable wage to pay an Individual who could set up shop for himself and make $10,000,000 a year? Henry "ord, by aiding in the development of the automobile industry, has perhaps been directly responsible for the creation of more jobs than any other one man in all human history. Those who speak to labor audiences can always be sure of lots of applause when they say "labor produces everything." So it does-when it is properly directed. But even labor, if it were running the show, would need a few Fords--and, eventually, it would have to pay them considerably more than a minimum wage. In the Day's Nev/s Brief Comment on Current Events Her* and There. Parents of boys from Dunbar sent to Morganza can find comfort in their sorrow over the fact that at the training school they will be given a chance to bring to the fore the good that is in them. One boy admitted "I'm pretty bad." That may t* all changed when he returns. Another's excuse was "I did it to get the money." He will be taught there ire other ways. A third boy was non-committal. Boys don't stop to hink what tears and heartaches they cause their parents by their acts. - - JOJKSE BATTLES BULLSKIN BOARD ..'Last December 22 the majority, group of the Bullskin Township Board~6t Education, wanting~to'get rid" of the school nurse,"liif-.upon the plan of abolishing the position. It Is'so'happened" a rather live'indivldual, Miss Marguerite · R. Gill, occupied the position. The board took it for granted the jgsue .was-closed. The nurse did not. She continued to carry on daily, as before. · -- "' _ ; ; There~were no: allegations of inefficiency~on the part of the_ nurse.-'. It was/the consensus" of'opinion of the opposition a nurse* was an unnecessary adjunct of the school system." "Jliss Gill'wa's notified-there would be a special meeting of the board-.to.consider.the guestionj.She and her . counsel appeared. :~Tn an action before" Judge TT. S. Dumbauld in tJniontown. it is.set forth they were advised -the meeting-was not"a hearing; whereupon they left. December-29 she received a letter telling her the position had been abolishedr - Presumably on advice of counsel she did not yield. She reported daily a_s before--until, as she says in her petition seeking to be retained under the Teacher Tenure Act, she received a letter informing her that if she continued to serve sh(?would "do so afSer own risk." Taking this as meaning "possible-danger" she desisted. - . . . : _" The nurse avers 'she signed a contract with" the board September 10,1937. The majority contends the contract Is illegal. "Why, has" not bee'n explained. Thus another teacher . act test is on the record.- Judge Bumbauld will hear the facts the morning of Tuesday, February S. - Your Income Tax NORMAL SCHOOL VATHEtt HONORED .Nineteen hundred thirty-eight marks an Important eve'ht in education--the "100th anniversary of the founding of the teacher training movement by Henry Barnard. Writing in public Education Bulletin, Harrisburg, Dr. Ralph C. Jenkins says: "Just as Horace Mann deserves to be called the father of the free public school in America so does Henry Barnard deserve to be honored as the father of teacher education." Barnard is credited with being responsible for organization of nornia! school education in the country. An important aspect of the life of Barnard. Dr. Jenkins says, Is that the year following his graduation from Yale was spent in the only regular teaching in any institution he ever did. That was at Wellsboro, Tioga county, Pennsylvania. Barnard advised young men to teach for a year after leaving school "as the best v.;'.v to settle in hi» mind what lie had learned." No. c. NORMAL TAX AND SURTAX RATES · The Revenue Act of 1936 provides foe. only one normal tax rate, that is, four per cent on the amount of the net income in excess of the allowable credits such as the personal exemption, credit for dependents, etc. The act provides for an additional credit for the purpose of the normal tax pf an earned income credit, that is, 1C per cent of the amount of the earned net income but not in excess of 1C per cent of the amount of the ncl income. The personal exemption and credit for dependents are also allowable as credits against the net income for the purpose of the surtax, the resulting net income being designated "surtax net income." The surtax is imposed on surtax net incomes in excess of $4,000. The rates increase in accordance with the amount of surtax net income includcc in varying so-called surtax brackets On a surtax net income of $4,000 or less there is no surtax. On a surtax net income in excess of $4,000 ark not in excess, of $6,000, the rate is four per cent of such excess. The burlax upon a surtax net income o! $6,000 is $80 and upan a surtax ne income in excess of $0,000 and not in excess of $8,000 the rate is flve per cent of such excess in addition to the $80, or a surtax of $180 upon surtax net income of $8,000. The surtax on a surtax net income of $5,000,000 is $3,501,000, and upon a surtax net income in excess of $5,000,000. 75 per cent, the maximum rate is applicable to such excei*. in addition to the $3,091,000. Many taxpayers make tlic error of applyng the maximum i.ito inste.ui of the rate provided for m the bucket in whicl their surtax net inc,.i.ie is included The U. S. death rate for November 1937, was lower than for nny corresponding month in recent history 'New York hfo ir.^urame statistician t I'port. Out of long experience as » prosecuting attorney, Wade K. Newell will give the Woman's Culture Club facts ibout Juvenile delinquency at the meeting of the club Monday. He should be able to point the way for in organization such as this to help ;olve the problem. The subject is one in which every member should be interested. It's showing the right spirit on the part of the Junior Mozart Club to nvitc the members of a similar organization from another community :o put on a program. It helos pro- note better feeling. Especially may :hi: br true when the invitation is extended to the musicians of the countyseat, for there is more or les ( rivalry between the two cities in several lines of activity. Thirty members of the Junior Music Club of Unlontown will present a program here Monday night. Later the loca' musicians will fill a return engagement. Stray Thoughts By S. M. DEHUFF Looks like thermometers and thi stock market arc trying to beat each other to new lows. When it come, to correct speech two infant sons o a prominent local business man hav most adults completely outclassed Seems just too bad that instead o doing it ourselves, we're gonna hav to call on Uniontown to plug tha councilmanlc hole. Why not kee] right on calling it Wheatfleld Park' Bad as Senator Cavalcantc pictured the countysea't civil service exam set-up, nobody thought it would b necessary to call in the police. Tha downtown temporary haberdashery with its big old fashioned coal stov and ail around country general stori atmosphere, made me long for mor cash to spend in it. In the matter o speed, why is it bad rumors travel faster than good ones? With most dealers turning up their noses at trade-in deals, a lot of auto owners arc going to'find out just how dur- 'ablc their cars really arc. Aren't we all getting just a little fed up on the political activities of Emma Guffey Miller? "Instead of checking the crime, it appears the Lindbergh Law has only served to make kidnapeis more brutal. A mile walk to work these mornings is better than any "pep talk." To calm the suspicions of certain folks, may I say the "Mrs. G. P." addressed in n very recent column was the "Mrs. General Today in Washington By DAVID LAWRENCE " WASHINGTON, Jan. 29.--"While I omc burns, Nero fiddles" might be ranslated todny: "While the Nation utters a severe business recession, he Democratic party plays politics." For several weeks now the work £ the Senate of the United States as been tied up by a prolongeo case t maneuvering on the part of lorthern Republicans and Northern Democrats to make the Negro voters Just Folks By EDGAR A. GUEST PHILOSOPHER'S WIFE socratcs tnlkcd on the public street nnthlppc. his wife, wanted bread and meat. Socrates told her the mind content ip loftier thought* than food was spent; That from wanting thlncs All misery springs Ind thieves can't steal when the shelf Is bare. But Xanthippe heard Not a single word. ;hc wanted the stuff that all women wear. Socrates told her that all is vain. The greater the cost, the greater the pain Vhcn the treasure is taken. The king lies down :n fear at night lest he lose his crown. They sounder sleep With little to keep And nobody doubts that his words were wise. But Xanthippe said With a tou of her head. 'Give me the stuff that makes apple plrs" t Socrates pondering death and life. Was a Joy to scholars but not to his wife, He mastered Uie wlteit mJnda In town [Jut he never could talk Xanthippe down. Tn r manner grim Sho hounded him, Threw pots and pans at his silver hair. "You may talk." raid she. "But I'd happier be If ever you'd buy me a hat to wear." o£ the country think that each party is their friend. As a matter of fact, neither side cares anything really about the anti- lynching legislation, for, while lynching is to be deplored and there ought to be some way to prevent its recurrence, the bill now pending is unquestionably unconstitutional and would never achieve the ends sought even if it were held valid by the Supreme Court of the United States. The measure proposes to give'the Federal Government power to prosecute sheriffs and local officers lor neglect of duty if lynchings occur. This is a use of Federal power which, f carried to logical conclusion, would mean that the state police power could be supervised and held responsible to the Federal power in everything else, including lynchings. But the merits of the proposed reform have little or nothing to do with the lineup in the Senate. Any bill that ostensibly is in the interest of greater power for the Negro is bound to awaken controversy as between Northern and Southern. Democrats. In the South, few Negroes are allowed to vote, but, in the northern cities, especially during the last two decades, the Negroes have become such an important balance of power in a half dozen states that United States senators listen to the petitions of Negro groups more hart ever before in our whole history. It is significant that, in the vote to end debate by applying the cloturc or gag rule, the Northern Democrats voted almost solidly in favor of forcing the debate to come to an end so that the measure itself could be voted upon. The Republicans played politics by lining themselves up against cloture because they wanted to embarrass the Democrats. For, after all, the Democrats have an overwhelming majority, and, if they Continued on Page Five. W/iat's What At a Glance By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Columnist. WASHINGTON. Jan. 29. -- A hough Senator Jofiah W. Baile [North Carolina Democrat) denit hat his recent "Address to th American People" looks toward th 'formation of a (political) bloc coalition," Capitol Hill's congrcssion i\ folk are in very general agrecmei .hat that is what, practically, it calls for. Parenthetically: It was not exclusively Senator Bailey's "declaration of the principles." In drafting it the Carolinian had Lhc assistance of Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg (Michigan Republican) and of several other solons of both parties. However, Bailey inspired it initially and undoubtedly dictated most of it. IT'S ANTI-NEW DEAL Without going into details (the screed is too long for that, suffice it to say the document emphatically is an nnti-New Deal pronunciamcnto. To be sure. Bailey explains, "it cannot be called an attack on the President." Nevertheless, if' President Roosevelt is a Nsw Dealer, us he has proclaimed himself to be, it is hard to interpret that address otherwise than as anti-adrninistrationists. Tn short, it hints at a partisan realignment. AN EXAMPLE The coming spring primaries should begin to clarify the situation. Take Senator Bailey's state of North Carolina. The Republicans usually do not bother to nominate congressional candidates there, knowing that u Republican can't be elected anyway. But, for nomination, ?n anti-New Deal Democrat can oppose a pro-New Deal Democrat. The "ar.ti" assuredly will receive a substantial number of Democratic primary votes. He will get such Republican votes as there arc, likewise. Thus he may bat his Democratic "pro" opponent. Does that make him a Democrat or a Republican? On paper, he is a Democrat. But, in fact, what is he? The North mainly is Republican-anyway, anti-New Deal, like Democratic Senator Copeland. STEWARTS VIEW Many Democrats can get anti- New Deal nominations. Some feu* pro-New Deal' Republicans will get nominations on what theoretically are Democratic tickets, It will depend a lot on how the recession proceeds. Jf business picks up, Senator Bailey's "Address to the American People" will full flat. If business improves the New Deal will win at the primaries hands down. Public" signature to a letter found in my U. S. mail. Just to learn exactly where t stand, I am on the waiting list at the Carnegie Library for a classic entitled "I Knew Three Hundred Lunatics." Would you b much surprised to bee the South alienate it.iclf from the Democrat party for the second time within a decade? Let's go to press. STADER FUNERAL HOME Stader's move with the times . . . in equipment, in method, but wo cling to our time honored standards ot dignity, simplicity and beauty of .service that lias in;u!e our establishment successful. We'll never outgrow those essentials. Funeral d o t s i i K and prices on request. 118 West Apple Street. Phone SI. , . Moke 1938 a Pay-by-Check Year .. Complete information about YOUR affairs! Handle your finances the modern way, with a Checking Account at this bank, and have at your linger tips at all times, complete information about your affairs. Check book records tell the story of deposits and payments and 'indicate the balance in your account. Cancelled checks provide signed receipts for each transaction. In addition to this businesslike efficiency, the timesaving convenience oC paying by check and insured safety for your funds on deposit -- are advantages demanded by the importance of your financial 1 affairs. Open, your account here this week--make 1938 a Pay by Check Year! Connellsville Pa. MEMBER FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION Paramount Today Only T E X R 1 T T E R -- in-- stery of the Hooded Horseman Serial, News and Cartoon NEXT 3.0NBAY, TUESDAY, WEDNESDAY JOAN FONTAINE REGINALD G A R D I N E R RAY NOBLE

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