Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on June 16, 1974 · Page 78
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June 16, 1974

Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 78

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Charleston, West Virginia
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Sunday, June 16, 1974
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Page 78
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About the Cover Our cover today is Jane Carle Richardson, 20, daughter of Mr. a Mrs. William B. Richardson of 1912 Washington Ave., Parkers* burg. Janie w i l l reign as Oueen S i l v i a XXXVIII over the 38th Mountain State Forest Festival in Elkins Oct 2-6. The future Queen Silvia is a sophomore at Kadford College, Radford, Va., and is majoring in special education to prepare herself to teach exceptional children. She describes herself as a "tennis freak," but also likes to ski, hike, swim, bicycle and ride her hor^e, "Thunderbolt," which she raised from a colt. Her father is a prominent Parkersbuig attorney. What's In a Name? By J.C. Downing Schoutnacher The spellings Schoumach- er and Schoumacker are Germanic spellings of the occupational name shoemaker. In this case, the persons trade was added to his single name when more exact identification was needed to differentiate between the shoemaker and another person with the same given name. These spellings are often found in the area of North France. ...~... , MacClaih This Scottish patronymic name was written MacGhill early Gaelic and MacGille Eoin in later Gaglic. The meaning is "son of the servant of (St.) John." In the Medieval period it was fairly common for a man to select a patron saint and try to pattern his life after that of the saint. Many of these saintly devotees adopted identifying hair .styles, outer coats of varying styles and colors, caps of varying colors, etc. The above descriptive term would be added to the person's given name as an additional identification as was the case of the following. Gilmore Maclyn rendered homage to the English crown in 1296 and had his property restored. His seal bears the legend "S* Gilmore Macgylecho". Nigel M'Gillian was keeper of the Castle of Scarburgh in 1329. Walter Malynn alias Maclean was abbot of Glenduce in 1517. Around 1490 the Clan MacLean was one of the most powerful in Scotland but after 1493 it split into four clans, each one independent of the other. Burke's General Armory describes the various arms. There were three Me- Cleans, six McLanes and one McLean who served as officers in the American Revolutionary Army. The 1790 census records for the two Carolinas and Virginia list the spellings McClain, McClane, McLain, Maclain, McLaine, McLane, McLeain, and McLena. Marquess, T!bere are various spellings of this surname but all are derived from the ancient French title marquis which denoted the person appointed to guard the mark (a boundary). Its use as a surname does not derive from once being a marquis, but came about as a nickname for a person who acted the part of the marquis in the Medieval pageants or one who assumed the lofty airs of one. In France, the marquis ranked just below the duke. - In France, Marques was the Eastern spelling and Marquis was the Norman- Picardy spelling. Marquinet is the diminutive form -"little Marquis". The name found its way to England where we find Marques Loryden, a "mynstrelle", who was paid six shillings and eight pence from Elizabeth of York's Privy Purse (she married Henry III). Archibald Marquis lived in London in 1787. The 1790 census records lists three families of Marquis living near Charleston, South Carolina, and the Virginia records lists families of Marquis located in Frederick, Hampshire and King and Queen Counties. Famous Fables By E. E.Edgar BAD LUCK: After accepting an invitation to a dinner party, Mark Twain learned that he was to be the 13th at the table. "Don't go," cautioned a superstitious friend. "It's bad luck." "Nonsense," scoffed Twain. The morning after the dinner, he met his friend again. "You were right. It was bad luck," admitted the humorist. "There was only food enough for twelve." Researcher rheeks flow of ooal from erusher into mixer to lie combined with waler. Piping Out the Coal... A New Day for Mine Safety? Bv Edward Peeks The payoff phase, or Phase II, is under way on what is regarded as a revolutionary system for removing coal from an underground mine and delivering it by way of pipeline directly to a preparation plant above ground near Shinnstoh in Harrison County. This development is the brainchild of Continental Oil Co. (Conoco) and its subsidiary, Consolidation Coal Co. (Consol}. The developers maintain that their brainchild has given coal mining technology a quantum jump forward as final tests aim to show at Consols Robinson Run Mine near Shinnston. The new coal transportation system is based on the principle that a solid can be pumped through a pipeline if it is crushed into small lumps and mixed with water to form a slurry. The use of this principle dates back to 1850 when California miners used slurry systems to carry gold-bearing gravel. But until about 1956, the use of slurry was limited to short systems in .plants. It was that year that Consol initiated the first major cross- country coal slurry pipeline with the design and construction of a 106-mile pipeline from a mine in Consol's Hanna Division. (now Cen- . tral Division) to a generating plant on the shores of Lake Erie at Cleveland, This new coal transportation system has been in the making since Conoco and Consol merged in 1966. At the time, researchers went to work on the project at Conoco's lab facilities in Ponca City, Okla., and at Consol's in Library, Pa. They focused on the twin goals of improving underground mine safety and boosting productivity. Research scientists concentrated on making better use of the continuous mining machine, which was then considered the latest innovation in coal mining technology shortly after World War II. This machine enabled a single operator to rip coal . from a seam at the rate of 10 tons a minute--600 tons an hour-or 4,800 tons a shift. . Working around the clock, it could produce 14,400 tons a day. The coal then had to be loaded on a shuttle car and carried to a fixed belt transportation system, or to a mine car to be hauled out of the mine. Full use of the continuous miner couldn't be made because the shuttle cars were unable to remove the coal as fast as the machine could deliver it. "We Icnew that coal could be pumped through a pipeline continuously," says Dr. D'Arcy Shock, manager of the mining and minerals division of Conoco's research and development, who headed the task force to tackle the problem. ' 'That was proved with the Consol Ohio slurry pipeline and in Conoco's $1 million pipeline test loop facility in Ponca City. But we didn't know about an intermittent operation, where we might be starting and stopping the flow of coal several times an hour." » It took five years to solve many technological difficulties encountered in this kind of operation at the cost of several million dollars, Shock explains. One of the biggest hurdles was manufacturing a flexible hose that was strong enough to withstand the pressure, yet supple enough to snake through the rooms and around the pillars in a coal mine. Finally, Goodyear technicians developed an acceptable hose 10 inches in diameter. But still other major problems had to be solved. One was how to. design the slurry mixing device or hop- , .per. "Some of the early models were spectacular failures," Shock recalls. "Instead of entering the pipeline in a smooth flow, water and coal erupted out of the hopper in a fountain." Another problem was in developing a vehicle to carry the flexible portion of the pipeline as it maneuvered through the mine. "The first attempt involved a whole train of self- propelled vehicles," .Shock remembers. "When.we started them up, though, we found they moved like a caterpillar, with some sections up in the air part of the time." This approach was abandoned for a set of trailers pulled by a single motorized unit. "It worked perfectly in tests above ground," Shock says. »· In August, 1973, the system was moved underground for testing at the Robinson Run Mine. It tested a 3,000-foot fixed pipeline running from the loading point in the mine to the preparation plant outside, climaxing Phase I of the project. Now Phase II is under way to test the flexible portion of 2mCHARLE$TON,W.,VA. June 16,1974 Sunday Gazette-Mail

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