Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on August 10, 1975 · Page 6
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August 10, 1975

Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 6

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Charleston, West Virginia
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Sunday, August 10, 1975
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Page 6
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«A -- August 10, 1975 SI CHEMICALS Huntington Water Impurities Blamed on FMC Plant in S.C. Professional Advertising Bans May Cut Legal Fees - The primary source of carbon tetrachloride in Huntington's drinking water has been found to be FMC's South Charleston plant, according to an Environmental Protection Agency study obtained by West Virginia-Citizen Action Group. - Huntington was found to have the highest level of the chemical in the nation during an 80-city survey conducted last winter. I Ed Light, a spokesman for the citizen group, termed the finding "very significant." He said "this research verifies our statement of one year ago that the Charleston area chemical plants were poisoning downstream water supplies. ; "We hope the government will take appropriate actions to correct the situation." * * * - FOUR PARTS PER billion of carbon te- irachloride were found in Huntington's raw water supply, and three parts per billion were found in the treated water. The drinking water plant uses carbon filters, but Light said they were "relatively ineffective since they were replaced no more frequently than every three years." · Carbon in the old filters was being replaced, he pointed out, which should improve organic removal "at least temporarily." He said it has been estimated that the carbon would have to be replaced ev- ery six weeks to remove most organics such as carbon tetrachloride. Light said an EPA stream survey conducted in June found no carbon tetrachloride in the Ohio River above the mouth of the Kanawha. The federal agency then went up the Kanawha River and found an indication of a major source in the vicinity of South Charleston, he added. "Further detective work discovered a high level of the chemical being discharged by FMC outfall No. 18," the citizen gorup spokesman continued. He said an additional minor source was suspected to be the Diamond Shamrock plant in Belle, also on the Kanawha. Light pointed out these findings were contained in a report by the EPA's Wheeling field office dated June 20. "Carbon tetrachloride has produced cancer in numerous experiments with mice, rats and hamsters," Light said. "Human exposure to carbon tetrachloride has been tentatively linked to some cancer cases, although there is little research in this area." * * * HE SAID that "many cancer researchers cite animal cancer experiments to be a strong indication of human effects." Campaign Clean Water, the forerunner of Citizen Action Group, released a report in September, 1974, warning that toxic chemicals, including at least 18 carcinogens, were being discharged by the Kanawha Valley chemical plants. Carbon tetrachloride was cited to be "a carcinogen suspected of being discharged by both FMC and Diamond Shamrock." According to Light, "this most recent finding is just the tip of the iceberg. There are probably dozens of other toxic chemicals being discharged which are just as dangerous as carbon tetrachloride." EPA issued pollution cleanup permits to area chemical plants last winter under the National Pollution Discharge Elimination System. The companies have subsequently appealed certain provisions of the permits. EPA and the chemical plants are now involved in negotiations on the matter, Light said, and hearings originally scheduled to begin in September have been indefinitely postponed. Light contended "there are signs that EPA negotiators are backing down on many issues. We hope this latest carcinogen report will spur EPA to tighten the permits and resolve the hearings as soon as possible." MONTREAL (AP) - Bans on professional advertising by lawyers inevitably must be eased and that could mean lower fees for some legal services, U.S. attorneys said Saturday. Effects of recent court decisions and growing pubb'c opposition to the traditional bar sanctions on advertising are topics of discussion at the American Bar Association's annual meeting here. Some lawyers say the bar should tackle the issue now and insure there are safeguards against advertising that is unfair, inaccurate and undignified. "If the bar doesn't redraw its sanctions, then litigation will," said Robert J. Connerton of the National Consumer Center for Legal Services in Washington. Any advertising that contains fee information and the specialties of lawyers will mean more competition and should mean that fees for frequently-used services such as real estate closings, wills and divorce will go down, he said. · * * CONNERTON DECLINED to estimate the decrease and other members of the bar didn't want to talk about prices. But Connerton said in an interview that advertising combined with the increasing popularity of prepaid legal insurance plans should bring legal services within the reach of a good portion of the 75 million Americans who now feel they cannot afford them. Court cases that are goading the bar into re-examining its code of professional conduct are the recent Goldfarb and Bigelow decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court. Goldfarb held that state bar associations may not maintain fee schedules for lawyers, and Bigelow held that state bans restricting advertising by an abortion agency violate First Amendment freedoms. Currently, lawyers are only allowed to advertise their name, address and telephone number. Any other advertising "would mislead the layman... produce unrealistic expectations ... and bring distrust of the law and lawyers," according to the ABA Professional Code of Responsibility. A lawyer who does adversise can be reprimanded, suspended or even disbarred. Views on the type of advertising that eventually may be allowed vary. Outgoing ABA President, Jame 0. Fellers, foresees more advertising in telephone books, general announcements at the opening of law offices and on professional business signs. John W. Douglas, past president of the District of Columbia Bar, said he is not opposed to advertising campaigns if the ads are not "so far off the deep-end they seem unjustifiably undignified." the Extra Sped a s by Formfit Rogers . . .for the fuller figure! These are the most flattering mimmizers around! Designed not only to look pretty, but to give you the special extra support which is the designer's secret. D and DD cups actually look a whole size smaller and there's no extra charge for these sizes! 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