Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on June 27, 1976 · Page 49
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Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 49

Charleston, West Virginia
Issue Date:
Sunday, June 27, 1976
Page 49
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4E-June 27, 1976 Sunday G WMt Vlrglnlt Zanes Saw Wheeling as 'Paradise' 3V-X i \\_ '"· "V*V "' ·» F^^'Mi ,,. . ^·"·"'"·'·'^^ Fort Fincastle Was Built in Wheeling in 1774 on Orders of Lord Dunmore Sept. 10,1782, This Was the 'Last Battleof the American Revolution' Mountain Roads to Independence--15 Valley and tributary areas apparently moved in slightly ahead of those, in the upper Ohio. Among the very early ones was Daniel Burchfield, who settled on Flaggy Run in 1765. John Simpson, a trapper who came to stay, the West Fork River in 1764. Zackquill Morgan settled at Morgantown in 1768 or slightly later. Michael Kerns and John Evans were among the very early ones there. Additional family names of early settlers along the Monongahela River and its tributaries include Cobun, Collins, Davisson, Dorsey, Haymond, Ice, Judy, Martin, Miller, Nutter, Parsons, Pierpont, Scott, Shinn, Stewart and Wade. Growth lagged in the upper Ohio Valley until about 1772. This was the year that the Rev. David Jones, a missionary to Indians west of the Ohio River, preached to a congregation of 15 persons at Wheeling. * FASTER GROWTH came in 1772. Settlers began to fill the woods. Land speculators circulated romantic pamphlets about the quality of life and hunting grounds here. Many of the good sites have been taken along the Buffalo, Short, Wheeling, Grave, Middle Island, Fish and Fishing creeks. New prestige and security came to the Wheeling area with the construction of Fort Fincastle here in June of 1774. Maj. William Crawford came to build the fort on orders of Lord Dunmore, the royal governor of Virginia. The name of Fincastle was drawn from one of Dunmore's many titles. A garrison from Fort Pitt at Pittsburgh joined a settlement of .30 families to help build the new structure. It is the standard type fort, with a cluster of cabins enclosed behind vertical logs partially pounded into the ground. DUNMORE AND 1,200 men, moving down the Ohio River in a flotilla of canoes and walking on banks as a land army, stopped at the fort in September of 1774. The army reportedly was on its way to link with forces under Col. Andrew Lewis at the mouth of the great Kanawha, preliminary to the Battle of Point Pleasant. But Dunmore and his men never reached the point. The Dunmore army crossed the Ohio River at a point near the mouth of the Little Kanawha River and went deep into the Ohio wilderness to negotiate peace with the Indians. BUT TIMES have changed since then. Dunmore vacated the governor chair and sought refuge aboard a British warship last June 8. Since Aug. 17, functions of the governor's office have been, handled by an !l-man safety committee. The great struggle now in progress between the British and Americans will determine the future of this fort, this area, this nation and all the King's men on American soil. Next: Independence at Williamsburg. A hit of West t'irpiniii history; irritten ns if il if ere neirs today, in presented in this story about settlement of f( heeling ninl eonstriic- tion of Fort Finrnstle, Inter Fort Henry. This is the /.5//i in n series of stories related to the liirenlrnnialolnicrrnnce. By John G.Morgan WHEELING, Va., Jan. 1, 1776-When young hunter Ebenezer Zane first looked down on this area from a high hill in 1769, · he called ita "vision of paradise." I His brothers, Jonathan, Andrew and Silias,, came to the edge of the forest on the HilHand gazed upon the same scene, en- dompassing the point that Wheeling Creek flows into the Ohio River. They agreed with Ebenezer's poetic version of the vjiew. i- »· I ALL FOUR of the Zane men returned to their homes in the valley of the South Branch of the Potomac River and brought t!heir families to this place. Thus began the Wheeling settlement of today. s Literally interpreted in Delaware Indian language, the name of Wheeling suggests a vision opposite of paradise. T "It is said to mean "place of the head," hi commemoration of a white trader whose head was scalped, removed and Attached to a pole that served as a sign post at the mouth of the creek. - There are a few somewhat legendary feports of other white men passing this way before Zane. One man was identified as Arnord Viele, a Dutch trader from Albany, said to have paddled a canoe through here in 1692. .Rubber Union, ^Negotiators Meeting Monday ; WASHINGTON (API-Secretary of Labor W. J. Usery Jr. and chief mediator ·James F. Scearce will go to Cleveland .;Monday to meet with negotiators in the ;iO-week-bld rubber strike. ·' Scearce, national director of the Feder- ial Mediation and Conciliation Service, isaid Saturday that he and Usery want to ·!"discuss with both sides the key issues '.holding up a settlement." j. "The strike is entering its 10th week. JSome 60,000 rubber workers are off the /job." Usery said in a Labor Department -statement. "It's apparent that every effort must be made to resolve this difficult '·dispute." ii Negotiators for the United Rubber ; Workers and the Firestone Tire Rubber ··Co. have been meeting in Cleveland. ? Scearce asked the Goodyear Tire Rub- *ber Co. to send its negotiators to Cleveland "also. jOne of FBI's -10 Most Wanted jMen Captured t. i WASHINGTON-(AP)-One of the ?FBI's 10 most wanted fugitives, escaped Jctmvict Morris Lynn Johnson, 38, was ar"rested Saturday in New Orleans, La., the ·FBI announced. -- 'The bureau said FBI agents and New "Orleans police apprehended Johnson as he 'tried to flee on foot and enter a house. ·- Johnson had escaped from the Atlanta /Federal Penitentiary on Oct. 25,1975 and was being returned there on Saturday. He 'faces federal warrants charging bank rob- ;bery and bank burglary issued in Atlanta Jon Aug. 4,1975 and parole violation, issued ;Aug. 5,1974 in Kansas City, Mo. .; Missionary Convention ;At St. Paul Church · The African Methodist Episcopal j Church of West Virginia will hold its an- il nual missionary convention July 20-21 at !-St. Paul AME Church on Second Avenue, ;! Dr. J.C. Williams, head of the depart- ·;ment of communications at Tennessee ^State University, Nashville, Tenn., will be ;:the speaker at a fellowship banquet at the »Daniel Boone Hotel at J p.m. July 20. |'.WVU Gets 2 Grants [ MORGANTOWN-West Virginia Univ; ersity has received a grant of ?53,075 from \ the West Virginia Department of Cpm- ? merce for research on travel and tourism : market development and a grant of $11,800 \ from the National Institute of General 1 -Medical Ipiences for pharmac-jlgy training. P- ^ ANYHOW, Ebenezer Zane built a cabin and staked out a 400-acre tomahawk claim here about 1770. To his cabin he brought his bride, Elizabeth McCulloch, sister of Samuel McCulloch. Names of other families that soon came to the area include Sprigg, Leffler, Swear- engen, McMechen, Wetzel, Shepherd, Caldwell and Boggs. Settlement of Wheeling adds another area to a growing chain of little civilizations that are taking the shape of a great crescent in northwestern Virginia. As the year of 1776 begins, the shape is becoming more obvious. Settlements are being made along the Monongahela, Tygart, West Fork, Buckhannon and Green- s brier rivers, and to a very small extent, on the Great Kanawha River. * NEW SETTLERS IN the Monongahela .A.T. McCoy, MJD. and W.T.McClellan.M.D. Announce their association in the practice of Urology as of July 1,1976. OFFICES MEDICAL STAFF BUILDING SUITE 810 3100MacCorkleAve.,S.E. PHONE 346-0394 Lease or Rent the new Ford Car or Truck you need. Parties, hauling, business, sudden emergencies, short or long term. Whatever it is, we'll give you extra transportation flexibility with a new Ford Rent-A-Car or Truck. Selection is great -- with a variety of models in both cars and trucks. You can rent or lease a Ford car or truck in minutes -- and you're off and away with a new driving freedom! JUST LIKE HERTZ and AVIS, but at lower rates. You can deal with a local business and get better service and SAVE MONEY! PATRICK STREET PLAZA FORD PHONE 344-1601 ~~ ] mi · RENT-A-CAR! @ RENT-A-TRUCK I afid -O LEASING We just figured out how expensive free checking is. What could be better than free? 5 1 /4% daily interest is better. Because the money in your free checking account doesn't earn any interest at all. Zero. So if you have more money than you need in your free checking account, we'd like to recommend that you take it out. Today. And put it in a Charleston Federal Savings Account. And along with the highest interest possible, you'll also get 15 free services-like free traveler's checks, money orders and notary services-that most banks make you pay for. Charleston Federal Savings Accounts. For people who think free checking costs too much. It's just one way we can help you managjs your money. Charleston Federal Savings and Loan Association 1320 Kanawha Boulevard, East · Charleston. WV 25328 I enclose my check for S to deposit in my present account or to open the following type ol new account. D 5'A--Passcard Account (No minimuro-SI.000 for MIP Savings) D SA-SO-Day Gold Key Passrard (StOfrS1,000 lor MIP Savings) D 6VS,--1 to 2-Year Certificate of Deposit (51,000 minimum) D 6Wb--2 1 ! to 4-Year Certificate ol Deposit (51,000 minimum) 0 ?:%--1-Year Certificate of Deposit (51,000 minimum) D 7Vfc--6-Year Investment Certificate (S1.000 minimum) Substantial interest penalty reqwed for early withdrawal on savings certificates. Please check one ol me following: D Individual Account D Joint Account with D Trust Account lor Print Name_ Address City Apt. No. _ -Slate Zip. Telephone. -See Sec. No.. (Your Signature; You get more money for your money. Charleston Federal Savings AND LOAN ASSOCIATION 345-8470 ·Charleston: · South Charleston: «S1. Albant: -Crot* Lanes: · Beckley: 1320 Kanawha Blvd. 606 "D" Street #1 Gateway Shopping Center Goff Mountains Big Tyler Rds. 115 South Kanawha St. A

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