Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on June 16, 1974 · Page 61
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June 16, 1974

Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 61

Charleston, West Virginia
Issue Date:
Sunday, June 16, 1974
Page 61
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Page 61 article text (OCR)

16.1914 Roosevelt Created the Modern Presidency ^^^ma*ms*mmm ·/ T»ii u *e iwl w « erne* «/«*MVf fcy farmer ffffidfrnu, euck cttmfvutg Ike amki- t*c# IM tckiek be xvrked to tkat of tk# Sixo* If kite Hon»e me reretdtd fcv due tapt trun- Mripte. Jmmet Koict tcmt *lmiuu*tr*lite iutut- tuil to Preii4emt Frvrnkli* D. Keosrtvtl. By James R«we Sptciul to tke U ajtinfton Pott It is fashionable today to say the problems of the "'3(1 and '40s were essentially simpler than those that face us now. and it may even be true. But perspective should also persuade us that those same problems were far more serious than those of today and, in some respects, anyway, even more difficult to solve! President Franklin D. Roosevelt had to cope first with the Great Depression and then with World War II. It is a matter of faith among his advocates that he did so magnificently. In general, the historians seem to agree. President Roosevelt presided over his small White House staff, no swollen bureaucracy in those days, with infinite charm and an encompassing friendliness. We called him "The Boss" when we spoke to each other, but to his face it was always "Mr. President" or. occasionally, ''Sir." * » * THE EXPLANATION of why FDR was our only four- term president (and, some think, our best) was that he knew how to be president. That connoisseur of presidents, Prof. Richard Neustadt of Harvard has written-that this quality was FDR's most outstanding characteristic. Neustadt, himself a practicing White House staff man with Truman, Kennedy and Johnson, and a close academic student of the other modern presidencies, once said of Roosevelt: "No president in this century has had a sharper sense of personal power, a sense of what it is and where it comes from: none has had more hunger for it, few have had more use for it. and only one or two could match his faith in his own competence to use i t . . . .No modern president has been more nearly master in the White House:.. .Roosevelt had a love affair with power in that place. It was an early romance and it lasted all his life. "... .Once he became the president of the United States , that sense of fitness gave him an extraordinary confidence. Roosevelt/ almost, along - among our ·presidents, hacfjfio ' conception of the bffice tojive up to; he was it. His image of the office was himself-in-office. The memoirs left by his associates agree on this if no, thing else: he saw the job of being president as being FDR." ' - - Opinion help of the great Louis Brownlow and the legislative authority from the Congress, Roosevelt fashioned the executive office of the president. The executive office he deliberately kept separate from his personal White House staff. He also received authority to add the "assistants with a passion for anonymity" that he sought as part of his personal staff and this writer was one. FDR drew a sharp line between the president and the presidency. The executive office, which consisted of the budget bureau and several other staff agencies, was to serve the institution of the presidency, whoever might be the incumbent, and thus it would furnish. continuity. It was not to worry about politics. While it was vastly interested in the merits and costs of legislation, the executive office never indulged in negotiations or compromises on such legislatio'n. The White House staff, on the other hand, was to serve and protect FDR himself. The President had rather definite ideas about keeping his White House staff small and shunting much of the hard policy work out of the White House to the departments and agencies. He once told Frances Perkins, perhaps the best secretary of labor the country ever had, "Fanny, keep that steel strike down in your department, at least until 10 minutes before you have a settlement, and then you can bring it here and I will take credit for it!" Occasionally when he wanted to keep his own strong hand on his "must" legislation, he would field his own drafting and lobbying teams, such as Tommy Corcoran and Ben Cohen on financial legislation, backstopped by scores of bright young lawyers around the town who were somewhat derisively ; nicknamed the "Happy Hot Dogs" (after Felix Frankfurter who had recruited them for Washington service). While technically not on the White House staff, the Corcoran-Cohen team was called in on almost all important matters. At one time, a Cabinet officer mistakenly thought this writer was keeping him from access to the president and so complained. FDR told me, "If you even give the appearance of blocking off Cabinet offi- FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT cers from me you will need to get another job!" And once when he saw my name mentioned in the papers as attending one or two parties, he told me I was not working hard enough and if I kept getting my name in the society columns I would be looking for another job. Later when I was working day and night and fell exhausted, I told him I seeded at (east one assistant. He said: "If you need an assistant you aren't doing the job the way I want you to do it!" » » » ACTUALLY he ruled the White House by undiluted charm. No one, particularly members of his own staff, could resist him, I remember a newly elected congressman named Mike Mansfield returning from a stag party FDR had given that night for first-term congressmen telling his wife, Maureen, that he had been prepared, from everything he had read about him, to resist the famous Roosevelt charm. "But," said Mansfield, "he is irresistible." "The Boss" could be, and often was. strictly cold business with plenty of steel. Yet if he had a few minutes of free time he was easily the best conversationalist of this century, with the possible exception of Winston Churchill. His ia*c«af« was stylish a*4 f «W k*t hardly Aaf)*- Saxem. I cajuMt remember ever hearing him swear. Grace Tally, his famws secretary, has said he might «e- casiaully utter a "damn" of two in a fairly large meeting while she happened to be taking notes, Invariably, he would tun to Grace and apologize: "Sorry, Grace, I forgot you were here." Evidently, fashions do change. His one touchstone, his standard, was his country. He seemed prepared to do anything required to advance the public welfare. During the years of preparation for World War II and when the United States was, in one of his immortal phrases, "the arsenal for democracy" John Lewis pulled his coal' miners out on strike, nearly paralyzing the nation and causing considerable injury to the Allies fighting Hitler. FDR denounced him. There was bitterness everywhere. One day, several weeks after the strike began, 1 was called into the president's office oa ac unrelated matter. Just as 1 walked in he was hanging up the phone and, turning to me with a pleased smiie. he said "James. I'll bet you can't guess who I was talking to." It had been Lewis. I said "Mr. President, 1 hope you told the blankety-blank to go to hell." He replied, "I did nothing of the sort. 1 have been making peace with him. I have to have that coal and I'll tell you a secret. I am willing to crawl over to his office on my hands and knees to get it. because the country has to have it." A day or so later the strike was over. FDR. the first of the modern presidents, is long gone. But those of us who served him could well borrow from a famous quotation by Mr Justice Holmes, uttered in another connection: "Through our great good fortune, in our youth our hearts were touched with fire. It was given to us to learn at the outset that life is a profound and passionate thing." GAFDBIMNTOISMr NOW AVNUILE Be in business for yourself full or part time MSTMMTOIN0B NOW! to iuppty ond service compart / eitabliihtd occounh n the orvo for »or(d famoui GAF film. NolionaKy rtiitd on IV ond mogain« by Henry Fonda NO SELUNG OR SOLICITING REQUIRED! 53595 tlment. High Weekly Earnings GAF THE OFFICIAL FILM OFDISNEYWORLO Call collect, Mr. S'eveoi (3 U;997-1608 or write include prone numbei GAF P.O. Box 21537. St. louii. Mo. 63132 AUCTION F.B AfTMTIC lAM-KMOTTB ORIENTAL RUGS WUMYIIEASTJMTMTN, 1. H. ON Mllf M EAST-144 HIT 5 TKSMY JMMS-fcMPJL MMVIMFMalfcMPJL One of the most remarkable collections ever seen in this area, assembled by one ot the leading ORIENTAL RUG IMPORTERS of 5th Avenue. N.Y.C. KERMAN, KASHAN, QUME, TABRIZ, BOHKARA, and other leading types in all colors, patterns, and sizes, plus a special collection of NATURAL SILK RUGS. Bring your room dimensions. Sponsored by: International Persian Rug Corp. 302 Fifth Avenue N.Y. C Tel.: (212) 695-0005 THIS writer was an appallingly young, overly confident administrative assistant to the president. I was, one day, directed by FDR to find a way to shift an able but somewhat troublesome government servan.tfrom one agency to another without causing too much trouble in either place. In due course my recommendation was reported back to the president, who agreed the shift should be made but thought he would do it in a different way from that which his assistant recommended. I remember arguing, perhaps too vehemently, that my way of doing it was better than his and would cause much less trouble in the bureaucracy. And finally I said, "Mr. President, you should do it my way and not yours." ' He replied, with a beaming smile, "No, James, I do not have to do it your way and I will tell you the reason why. The reason is that, although they may have made a mistake, the people of the United States elected me president, not you." to which the only possible answer was a very quick "Yes, sir!" FDR believed the way to run the New Deal was by competitive administrative and not by the use of orderly crfan- nels. The White House was an open place, and access to the president by staff. Cabinet and Congress was relatively easy to gain, at least until Pearl Harbor when the grinding pressures of World War II forced him to adopt full time his role as commander-in- chief. He felt he learned more about what he should do on various public issues from the public battles and clashes of his Cabinet officers and the bureaucrats who. then as now. '.vould find their way on to the front pages. He received all sorts of information through his own channels from all sorts of people all over the country and the world, not least of whom was Eleanor Roosevelt. He always seemed to have acquired more knowledge about any issue than his staff had. * » » ROOSEVELT was the creator of the modern presidency. President Hoover, for insl- ance. had one or at most two i secretaries. WitMthe expert · iv. Medical Academy Advocated NORWICH? Conn-W- "If we can support four military academies dedicated to the art of killing, we can support one dedicated to the art of healing," says a doctor who is leading a campaign for the establishment of a national medical academy. Dr. James A. Harkins, an internist, says the academy could turn out 2,000 physicians yearly. Harkins, 50, said in an interview he has spent $1,000 of his own money in the last month to organize the National Committee to Establish a tL S. Medical Academy. He said he has attracted about 65 members concerned with the shortage of physicians in the country. "Some form of national health insurance is imminent. When it does come to pass, we won't have the medical manpower to service the patients," he said. "What good will it do to pay the doctors' bills if you can't go to a doctor?" Harkins. who earned a law degree in 1966 and serves as legal consultant to Connecticut Medicine, a statewide medical journal, said creation of a medical academy would cost between $3 billion and $4 billion. He suggested it be located near established medical schools so it could draw from available faculties and research facilities. . $11 Million Road Funds Due Stale WASHINGTON (AP) West Virginia will receive $11,5 million of the $500 million in impounded highway · funds lo be released by the Department of Transportation. Sen. Jennings Randolph said Saturday. ' "I hope this is a signal that the administration now realizes the folly of withholding highway funds from use and will release the approximately $2.9 billion still impounded;' Randolph sajd. Lowe's Un-flation Prices Strike Again! Inflation hasn't gone away since we introduced Lowe's UN-FLATION prices in April/Rising prices and higher costs are still with us. That's the bad news. WITH AUTOMATIC ICE MAKER *319.86 15.7 CU. FT. REFRIGERATOR With this Hotpojnt refrigerator-freezer, you get · 129.5 Ib. freezer ... twin slide-out vegetable crispers... butter compartment... cushioned egg racks... 2 easy-release ice trays... and Power Saver switch to help conserve valuable energy. #53530 REG. $319.86 - SAVE $40.00 The good news is that UN-FLATION is also still with us. This page shows verified examples of how Lowe's low prices have created UN-FLATION on many items. And we renew our pledge to use our 115-store buying power every working day to increase | your buying power at Lowe's. Lowt's can help you Un-ftatt your air conditioning dollar! This 3,200 BTU room air condttiontr told for $127.50 in 1960, but today, tht 4,000 BTU modol is priced at only $94.83! REPRODUCED FROM LOWE'S MAY, IMO HCWSPAPCR AD. Now for the best news. Lowe's guarantees to hold the line on every price in this ad for 10 days. So, if you're tired of high prices, try Lowe's UN-FLATION prices. 4,000 BTU ROOM AIR CONDITIONER! (WITH THERMOSTAT) More BTU's... less money... that's a deal that can't be beat! Hotpbint's Porta-Cool gives you a full 4,000 BTU's of easily portable cooling power. Light and compact, this model can still deliver! It has an 8-position thermostat... top air discharge... tilt-out filter... top carry handle... and Lexan. molded outside case. #50150 LOWE'S UN-FLATION PRICE ,8,000 BTU #50163 Reg. $189.76 - Save $20.00 $169.76 18" DIAGONAL COLOR T.V. Portability... performance.'.. and generous picture size are all combined in this RCA color set. It has the AccuColor picture tube for vivid, life-like color... and its one-set VHP fine tuning automatically remembers the signal you select. Just the set for your family. #54609 REG. $318.67-SAVE $50.00 2-SPEED AUTOMATIC WASHER Features 3 wathes and 2 rinses ... 2 water levels . normal and gentle agitation and spins... 3 soil removal cycles .. .Fountain Filter lint removal... wide-arc spiral agitator... and porcelain enamel finish on top and drum. #51222 . REG. $218.69 - SAVE $44.00 -Hrrtpjorijidb 20.8 CU. FT. Refrigerator Freezer Features adjustable cantilever shelves in fresh food section ... adjustable meat keeper... twin vegetable crispers... plenty of storage in door... easy-release ice service... and convenient roll-about wheels. #53570 $369" irlpool ·HrrtfLcrLnJt 11.6 CU. FT. 406 Ib. Capacity -._--._-- 19,000 BTU FREEZER AIR CONDITIONER A lot of room for frozen foods in such a narrow freezer--only 28 inches wide! Features 4 convenient door shelves ... handy slide-out basket... magnetic door gasket to keep cold in.. .and porcelain- enamel-on-steel cabinet liner. #50827 REG. $219.84 -- SAVE $20.00 $19934 This air conditioner is ready to give you 19,000 BTU's of cooling power when and where you need it most. · The 4-way air direction control lets you direct the cool air anywhere in the roo 1 * 1 .. *5QQ22 REG. $mei - SAVE $30.00 23,000 BTU «s«M3Sa« $299.72 700 Ib. Storage Capacity 20Cu.Ft. CHEST FREEZER Safety lid .... fiberglass walla... adjustable temperature control... bosket #50809 269 76 irlpool 10,000 BTU AIR CONDITIONER Dual air direction control... 3-speed fan . adjustable thermostat. #50017 Rtg. $228.86 - Savt $29.00 $199" 12" Diagonal Black White PORTABLE T.V. At this size and this price, you can have a television set for every member of the family! Its light weight and convenient carry handle make it so easy to carry from room to room. #54458 25" Diagonal Color CONSOLE T.V. PICA'S famous XL-100 picture tube in a charming Early American cabinet. #54669 Reg. $588.68 -- Save $60.00 *518 68 Automatic DRYER 5 drying cycles ... extra large lint screen 3 temperature selections. #51487 Reg. $149.73 - Savt $20.00 73 MDCKKK1UXD * Portable Dishwasher Reg. $239.91 - Save $40.00 $199*1 40" Electric Range Save $40.00 #51053 #52822 21" Economy | Apartment Size Range ' Reg. $138.84 Save $10.00 ·IMPl GIBBS 8 track #52812 Car Tape Player Black White T.V. Color T.V. fP^IB #55119 mmf^i #54757 IIFW^P * #54768 HOME OF UMfUmON PUNK ·OWAYtFIMYSAlTOSrll

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