The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on January 27, 1938 · Page 4
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The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 4

Connellsville, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:
Thursday, January 27, 1938
Page 4
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PA ^ FOUR THE DAILY COURIER, CONNELLSVIL,LE, PA. THURSDAY, JANUARY 27, 1938. (Emcrier THE COURIER COMPANY . James J. Driscoll K. A. Doncgan ·Walter S. Stimrael James M. Driscoll J. Wylie Driscoll L Publisher . President and General Manager Secretary nnd Treasurer Editor . Associate Editor . Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF Audit Bureau of Circulations · Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; $5 per year, or $2.50 for six months by mail If paid in advance. Entered as second class matter at the Postofflcc, ConneUsville, Pa. THURSDAY EVENING, JANUARY 27, 1D38. EDUCATIONAL COKFJKBEXCKS OPEN Three days of educational conferences intended to inject new enthusiasm into the teaching corps of the schools of Connellsville and Dunbar township and to raise the level of the quality of Instruction given the boys and girls were opened this morning at the High School here. This has been annual event for many years. Continuance of the program year after year is evidence of its merit. Six leading educators from colleges and universities of Pennsylvania and New York will be here. They will cover a variety of subjects, embracing the most modern ideas in the field of education, that cannot fail to be of lasting value to teacher and student. That the people of the community may know by personal contact just what is being presented, a pressing invitation to attend any or all sessions is extended. When leading men from New York University, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania State College, Pennsylvania College for Women and.California State Teachers College are engaged, the program offered should demand public interest. TVn.DI.IFE RESTORATION M'EEK , During the next few weeks, ending with Wild Life Restoration Week, March 20 to 27, people of Fayette county will have called to their attention to a greater degree the disappearing wildlife of America and the need for public support of the movement to restore and perpetuate it. A Connellsville sportsman, Robert S. Cooper, has been named chairman of the observance in Fayette county. He is mapping a program intended to get the facts before the people. Pennsylvania is not in as dire straits in its supply of wildlife as some others. It has the largest, deer herd in the Union. Its game and fish commissions carry on extensive programs of stocking small game and fish. Many other states are not so fortunate. They have lagged. But there is still vast room for improvement in the Keystone State. Its sportsmen have to be constantly alert to prevent their license funds being diverted by politicians. They have to keep constantly on the heels of legislators-State and National--to get conservation action. The coming campaign will be to arouse the public to the point of demanding greater cooperation by Congress and the State Legislature in supporting the agencies that strive for wildlife restoration, purification of streams, protection against violators and conservation in general. In the Day's News Brief Comment un Current Events Hero and There. \ What's What \At a Glance PUBMC PATS THE WAGES "United States Steel does not actually pay any wages or salaries," says U. S. Steel News, January issue, in an editorial oa "Who Pays Wages." Yes, "it seems to pay them, because It fills tlte pay envelopes and writes the checks. But really it is only a paymaster. It can pay out only the money paid to it. Who, then, pays U. S. Steel wages?" After lengthy analysis the editor winds up -with: "The public." That's putting the public in the position of master of the situation. Actually neither the corporation nor the public is master. One cannot exist without the other. They are so closely knit that the ties cannot be broken without injury to both. The more the public has to spend and actually spends the more the paymaster will have to hand out, and vice versa. When purchase of any product tails off, so must the operations of the producer be restricted. And when payrolls cease or drop the corporation loses, too. ^* Supporting Big Steel's end of the economic situation the editor says that since the establishment of U. S Steel average hourly wage rates have increased 300 per cent. But, he points out, "hourly rates do not tell the whole story, for families have to live by the year and not by the hour. And also dollars do not tell the whole story, for in 1920 the prices of things were so high that the high wages paid for an hour's work bought no more in goods than the low rate of 1932. The point is that purchasing power is not always raised by raising wages and is not always lowered by lowering wages." Wages are paid by the public in the products which it uses. It works that way through the whole fabric of human endeavor. UJflVEKSAL SERVICE DE5IANDED Universal service in event of war was endorsed and the Ludlow movement for referendum of the people before going to war was denounced by National Commander Daniel J. Doherty of the American Legion In an address lu Uniontown Tuesday night., a feature of his visit to the county. The commander took the firm stand that "i£ the Government conscripts the lives of the citizens in the public defense it should also conscript the wealth and resources of the country for the same cause." Attacking the proposed referendum proposal Mr. Doherty declared "it would tend to destroy our whole plan of national defense and without question would invite war." The commander probably has made a closer study of both problems than the average person. He heads an organization that stands for wealth doing its share in war. He is for what Is best in the program for defense. As he sees it eliminating greed and taking the profits out of war will be the best means of preventing the United States becoming involved. Her affliction unknown to many, | the sudden death Tuesday night in a Pittsburgh hospital of Mrs. John G. Hayncs was a shock to her friends. Of a retiring nature, Mrs. Hayncs was withal one of the most active workers in her church, the First Presbyterian--president of the Women's Misisonary Society and teacher of a Sunday school class. A girl from the country--her childhood home was at Wooddalc--she fitted into the chairmanship of the garden and conservation committee of the Woman's Culture Club. Also she was a member of the Order of the Eastern Star. Many of the fine things that could be said of a woman would apply to her. 1V03IEX AND FIRE PREVENTION Women are far superior to men in keeping down fire hazards, M. B. Pryce told the Dunbar Board of Trade the other night. H is seldom a fire occurs in a home where the housekeeper is alert to the hazards, he said. The speaker blamed negligence of the men in failing to inspect things which might cause fires--faulty Hues and hud wiring, for example. It might not have been out of place for him to have suggested the women go the whole way--put on the pants--and do the inspecting themselves. With women as possible students, the underwriters could take a lesson from the cooking schools, such as we had last week. They might devise programs to interest the housekeepers and carry on educational campaigns. Offering attendance prizes would help. Another means of prevention suggested to the people of Dunbar was educating the children in fire hazards and how to eliminate them. They'd probably take an artlvo interest. Women and girls of the community will have the opportunity of seeing motion pictures dealing with syphilis Friday evening at the Y. M. C. A. The showing has been arranged by the Gradalc Sorrority, a Y. M. C. A. auxiliary- It was the boys' organization, Phalanx, which sponsored the picture several weeks ago when hundreds of men turned out. All women and girls of the community are urged to see them. Deadlines sometimes don't mean much. For instance that regarding securing licenses for dogs expired last Saturday, but only 8,000 owners took out licenses. Last year 17,400 licenses were issued. If the population remained stationary there must By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Columnist WASHINGTON, Jan. 25.--One of my esteemed readers writes in, taking exception to a reference 1 rccent- y made to the "saturation" of certain of our markets--that, is to say, so large a supply of products on hand that demand cannot absorb any more of them, thus forcing a slow-down in production until consumerdom has had time to assimilate some of the already enisling accumulation. This critic takes the position that there can be no such thing as an oversupply of merchandise generally until everyone has as much of everything as he would like to have if he could pay for it--which, my reader submits, will be never. No truer statement ever was made by anyone. All I intended to imply was tha a market reaches the saturation point at the limit of its customers' ability to continue buying. Unbalanced Production. I do think that there may be unbalanced production--an unmarketable volume of some things; a shortage of others. Long ago, in the then developing Northwest, where I grew up, we hac a country newspaper editor of the name of Charlie Collins--a very public-spirited chap and a religious cuss, who often was asked to lead in prayer at one or another of thi local meeting houses. 1 recently saw this story reprinted by a fellow columnist, but it's n be about 9,400 canines nmning | chestnut of half a century's standing about or tied up without legal permits. Dunbar firemen ore still in need of funds to apply against debt incurred by purchase of a true/;. Cash and pledges reported amount to about $1,000. The obligation Is Sl,700. Maybe the firemen have a little of their own, but they, as volunteers, should not be required to pay. If the bill is settled by a specified date the company which sold the truck will knock off J200. That would leave $500 for some interested cltl- mis to make good. A valuable piece of property Is purchased for a tchool site or other public building. Before the purchase it was n source of income in the form of taxes to the municipality. Now it's not. Over in Somerset county, near Trent, the Government and it originated with Charlie Col lins.) There was a local depression. Many folk were suffering. The pastor the First M. E. Church, if I rcmem ber correctly, invited Charlie to pray for them. He responded readily. T11K PIIAYER "I beg. Heavenly Father," he reverently, "shelter and clothing fo each family in this community. I be for Jucl for each of them. I beg, fo c ch of them, a barrel of flour, barrel of pork, a barrel of salt and barrel of pepper -"No, no, Heavenly Father, I mis spoke; that's two much pepper. That's what I would call an un balance -- and ovcreaturatlon of pep per requirement* in Charlie's com munity. Improved shelter, warmer clothes lots of fuel and more flour and por would have quite so much preferable; n Today in Washington . By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON, Jan 2V.--Prcsi- cnt Koosevclt has gone back to the 1-fated days of President Hoover or a headline. There must be no vage reductions, says Mr. Roosevelt, nd industry must keep up its pro- uetion. Mr. Hoover ment credit if taxes were cut out? The same thing that happens to business when they keep on employ- Just Folks By EI/GAR A. GUEST FOLEV AND SENSE God bless the tool, since he fcupptlcv What wisdom rleldly denies. Good sense of blunders IK afraid. Each tiny deed is measured, weighed. Considered wide jmd deep and lone ing people to make goods that they j L^ ), a .. lc hnnl | u-ad It Into wrone. cannot soil, thpir securities begin to drop and their credit, too. Good bcmc with calculating mind Everybody is in sympathy with the j TM' colled the business' idea of maintaining wage levels and j Thc men together in the latter part o f i n o sensible business man will cut| 929 and said the same thing--there hould be no wage reductions and ndustry should maintain its produc- ion levels. Industry took Mr. Hoover's advice and paid out of its surpluses huge labor costs except as a last resort, Folly forced Hie rules a! Uirift. when demand has materially fallen "I 1 *" 1 lraln "f ! tu make a Kilt, ns mind j oft. The other day, at the Senate ' committee- hearing, .someone asked j William Knudsen of General Motors i wisdom with .slcrn ict llpa and solemn why he didn't keep the 30,000 men View* fearfully ihc error column *«Pf» wri «' ar " B " t - iums to maintain employment. Seven on his payroll, and he asked the j S"','*?,," 11 .!! 10 !. w i t /cars of depression took a big chunk I senators: "What would the workmen j am "" y ut of those surpluses. The record j be doing?" , cod bios* the fool--and those mistakes shows that, from 1030 through 1936,1 ' Raw materials cost as much almost j Which he. In pity, boldly mnkcs. ill business concerns in the- United i as payroll, and to use up materials 1 States paid out, net, about $24,367^- | to make cars for which there is no 100,000 more than their income dur- '. demand or to sell cars at prices mg the same period. j which are below what other cars This enormous sum went for j already produced are selling for is wages, materials, interest and taxes merely to demoralize the industry ns well as some dividends. still further. No corporation can When Mr. Roosevelt asks industry a resume the digging into surpluses so as to maintain employment and at the same time to reduce prices by selling below cost, he is facing a different situation than Mr. Hoover did. For surpluses have been consumed in large part and also there is very little cash, relatively speaking, in those surpluses which remain. Thus, the total surplus for all manufacturing industries is 'only about $8,000,000,000 and not more than a fifth of it is in cash. To meet payrolls, cash is always needed. There comes a time when the thing called a "surplus," being very largely Money Loaned long continue to maintain a payroll when it doesn't make its production fit demand. Certain levels can be I maintained artificially for a few weeks perhaps, or even a few months, but it's a dangerous process. Business men did it in 1930 and 1931, and then the cycle of demand and purchasing power ran so low that the debacle of 1933 ensued. Today the surpluses in private business are not what they were in 1930, t so industry will be cautious about doing what it thinks are uneconomic things, Mr. Roosevelt refuses to pay any attention to the advice of business men who say that, in the form of bricks, mortar and | if the Administration will at least machinery, cannot be converted into j define its position clearly, instead of cash and paid out in wages, but the company must borrow. Will commercial banks or investment banking houses grant loans to companies which actually sell products below cost, as Mr. Roosevelt advises, or which keep on producing goods that cannot be moved into markets? If the question needs an answer, it can be found by asking the bank examiners wh;it they usually say about loans made by banks for op- crating expenses when the surplus of a company is diminished and the goods arc being sold below cost, in other words when a company is justi using its funds to subsidize payroll j and buy raw materials for production that cannot be disposed of. Mr. Roosevelt would never asJc the farmers to reduce their prices when r.ig-zagRing every other day, maybe business can do some planning of its own and employment can come back. Recovery will not come through indifference to the fact that, taxes are one of the biggest factors in present- day, prices. Recovery will come only when government revises tax rates so as to encourage instead of discourage production. Increase in output per man, cither by labor or machine efficiency, alone can augment the purchasing power of the whole people. But Mr. Roosevelt never mentions efficiency. ON YOUR AUTOMOBILE UNPAID BALANCES RE-FINANCED 5^r 25 to Coil or See Us H You Need Money For Any Emergency Moderate Repayments Fayette Loan Co. 510 Title Trust Co. Bldg. Telephones 244-866 BOMED TO THE STATE ConncllSYille, Pa. : Prompt, Courteous, Convenient Service purchased a considerable tract of j Charlie on n second thought," recog- r.ilt iind pcppc Uiy havr a surplus. In fact, he is land for a park--the Trent National Forest. Tax officials of Middle Creek township in which the p.-irk is located arc up in arms over the of of something may have an planning to grant government subsidies to the farmers so they can maintain their price.-i. Just why the Of course an apparent oversupply President applies one rule of h!« m immediate | economics to support farm prices, it. DISCOVERIES 1JELP taxes on land formerly said to have j dc.-nand created for it by the dls-1 while, at the same time, he advocates been assessed at a hundml thousand covcry of «mc new method of utilir- dollare. They have put the matter up to State nnd Federal authorities. Rev. Lawrence S. Elliott is to be the speaker at the annual dinner of Daw.^on Grange .it Grange Hall in Lower Tyrone township Saturday nt noon. There ·will be other Connellsville folks there. The minister should be able to further cement the already strong tics that bind Connellsville and Lower Tyrone. If you cannot patronize the President's Birthday Ball Saturday night ut the Pleasant Valley Country Club, Mayor Ira D. Younkln suggests, in a formal proclamation, you play your part by sending a contribution to the county treasurer of the infantile paralysis campaign, E. S. Tyler of Uniontown. Tf you want to go to the ball the Mayor has tickets. The person who stole from the home of Mr. the and ham Mrs. Austin King of McCoy road qualifies for the "meanest" list. It's bad enough to steal a ham at any time. It's stooping very lov/ to take advantage of another's trouble to pilfer it. This ham was stolen while Mr. nnd Mrs. King were taking their son, Wilbur, 13, to the Hospital lor treatment of a broken arm. Factographs Recent surveys indicate that 57 per cent of the 340,350 person? receiving direct relief, in Naw York City could not meet minimum standards for employment in privat* industry. A census of deer, antelope, elk nnd other forms of wild life which roam the 142,(JOO,000 acres of p"blic range in the U. S. is planned by the Department of the Interior. Portland cement was so nomed because the concrete It mate te- sembles stone quarried on the isle of Portland, off the coast of England. ing it. For example, we urtr lupposrd to have an oversupply of farm products. At this juncture Henry Ford sug- rcduction of prices below cost to the manufacturer of industrial goods is not t-xphiinud, yet economists assort that buMru'i-s volume grows only when goods m:iy be exchanged at gcsts that autos can be mndc out of i fair prices between different gioups wheat chaff and luch stuff, as well as ' out of Heel, et cetera. If so, here's ig boon for wheat chatt--nnd let the wheat go hang, as a by-product. Your Income Tax No. 4. WHO MUST FILE RETURNS Returns are required of every single person who for the year had a gross Income of ?5,000 or more or a net income of $1,000 or more and of every husband and wife living together who for the year 1937 had an aggregate gross income of 55,000 or more or an aggregate net Income of $2,500 or more. Widowers, widows, divorcees, and married persons separated by mutual consent arc classed as single persons. The personal exemptions ore $1,000 for single persons and $2,500 for married persons living together and for heads of families. Husband and wife living together at the close of the taxable year may include their income in a single joint return or make separate returns of the income of each. If separate returns are filed, one may not report income which belongs to the other, but must report only the income which actually belongs to him. It a joint return is filed, such return is treated as a taxable unit, and the Income disclosed is subject to both the normal tax and the surtax. In order for a return to be classified as a joint rctuni of husband end wife both spouses must have had some income or deduction-, in the year for which the return is Hied, and the return must include the income and deductions of both spouses. If a joint return is not made by an agent of the taxpayers it must be signed by both husband and wife and sworn to before a proper olllcer by the spouse preparing the return, or if neither or both prepare the return then by both spouses. Where separate returns are filed by in the economic entity. If Mr. RoOM-'Velt'i thciis were correct, the United States government! could utTord to reduce taxes--which are one of the biggest items in present day coitr--and let business reduce its prices. The President, on the other hand, has told Congress that, if nny tnx revision is to be granted, it must not be by changes that in any way reduce revenues. As for costs of production today, taxes are usually added, and the tax bill of the Nation--Federal, state and local- that -is about $14,000,000,000, to sizable reduction in prices, stimulating volume, could easily be accomplished if taxes were cut, say, ialf. what would happen to govcrn- husband and wife, the joint personal exemption of 52,500 may be taken by either or divided between them in any proportion as agreed upon. In filing a joint return husband onrt wife compute the earned income credit in the same manner as m ill- ing separate returns. If taxpayer's net income is not more than $3,000, the entire net income is considered to be earned net income. Husband and wife may elect each year whether to flic a joint return or separate returns. Where, however, joint or separate returns have been filed for n particular year, neither husband nor wife may after the due date of the return file an amended return or return on a different basis for that year. You Ride Wit/i when you ride cm As Others Think UNREST IN SCHOOLS (Greensburg Tribune.) There seems to be unrest in the public school system of Pennsylvania today. What has In ought it about? During the last two weeks more or less excitement was aroused Continued on Page Seven. TWO WAYS TO AVOID WINTER TRANSPORTATION PROBLEMS 'Bur YOU CANT TAKE IT WITH YOU. SETTER RIDE TWE TROLLEYS WHEN 10U a*TC (XKX. NO WORRIES ABOUT STARTING. ALWWS SAFE. WARM AMD COMFORTABLE. More people were killed in this country by automobiles during the last IS months than America's total loss of men during tbe World War. Of these auto accidents, a big percentage resulted from riding on SMOOTH TIRES! Lot us RENEW the TREAD DESIGNS on Your Smooth Tires with our speedy, efficient, BENDIX-PECO Equipment. It restores safety; improves steering; increases mileage; enhances appearance. Your choice of many anti-skid treads may he quickly cut. The cost per tire is only $1.00 Opposite West Penn Terminal Phone 1252

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