The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on February 8, 1939 · Page 4
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February 8, 1939

The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 4

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Connellsville, Pennsylvania
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Wednesday, February 8, 1939
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PAGE FOUR. THE DAIV? COURIER, CONNELLSVILLB, PA. WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY S, 1939. Stye iatltj "Engineer, inventor of new glue, visions cities of nail-less homes"-News Dispatch THE COURIER COMPANY .1 . Publishers James J. Driscoll President ajid General Manager R. A. Donegan . Secretary and Treasurer Walter S. Stimmel _. . E d i t o r James M. Driscoll . . Associate Editor J. Wylie Driscoll _ . Advertising and Busaiess Manager MEMBER OF £ Audit Bureau of Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau ot Advertising, A. N. P. A, Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; $5 per year, or $2.50 for six months by mail if paid in advance;. 12 cents per week by carrier. Entered as second class matter at the Postoffice, Connellsville, Pa. WEDNESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 8, 1939 THE KE» CBOSS ITS' ACTION in the old clays a flood such, as is sweeping down the Ohio River was attended by widespread illness among refugees resulting from exposure and inadequate care-colds, influenza and pneumonia. Modern science has done much to prevent'this heavy toll in impaired health and death. Vaccines have been developed which make human beings immune to the maladies mentioned. The Red Cross has hurried vaccine treatment into the flooded areas in the Kentucky hill areas, sufficient for 250,000 persona. Not only does the organization provide the vaccines but it makes provision for inoculating the refugees. Ordinarily mountain sections are not seriously affected by high waters. Last week's rain in Kentucky was unusual. When communication had been restored with isolated areas there were tales of whole communities under water, houses submerged. The state, health commissioner in appealing to the United States Public Health Service for aid said "this is the worst flood in the history of the mountains." Red Cross estimates put the number of families affected by floods in five states at 10,000, or upwards of 30,000 to ·10,000 persons. The annual Roll Call of the Red Cross make possible prompt relief work in disasters. WAR GOODS I3S" DEMAND The frenzied efforts of European nations to make ready against the possibility of war is reflected in the purchase of American goods during 1938, which in physical volume approached that of the boom year 1929. The purchases by foreigners were four-fifths as large as in 1929, b'ut measured in dollars they did not compare so favorably with either 1929 or with the abortive recovery year 1937. ' For 1929 the dollar value was $5,241,000,000. For 1938 the percentage was 79.5 as great and the dollar value, $3,094,000,000. The demand for American goods that conies from, abroad is found from the official figures to have changed greatly in character. important problems and future difficulty may spring from that fact. Thus: Foreigners in 193S bought eight times the volume of airplanes and airplane parts that they bought in 1929. They bought more than six times the volume of scrap iron and nearly three times as much metal-working machinery. Their purchases of semi-manufactured iron and and steel were 20 per cent larger than in the 1929 boom year and their copper purchases nearly as large. Fuel oil sai.es were larger. Materials and machinery and products that are important in war preparation were in heaviest demand. - SENATORIAL PREROGATIVE TJPHEID Ordinarily the fact that a presidential appointee is "personally obnoxious" to members of the Senate should not be permitted to enter into the situation. There is more than mere personal objection in the row over the nomination by Mr. Roosevelt of Floyd H. Roberts to a Federal district judgeship in Virginia. A principle is involved. The President realized just what would happen in ignoring the wishes of Senators Glass and Byrd. Yet he pushed ahead, with the result the Senate upheld its two colleagues from Virginia by the overwhelming vote of 72 to 9. Among the 72 were many personal friends of the Executive. Instead of avoiding certain defeat, the President rushes in where the cautious would fear to tread. It has been rumored he will repeat the procedure. This can only serve to widen the breach with the upper house and serve no useful purpose. Judge Roberts becomes the goat. All sides agree there was no question of his qualifications. The only question was whether the President should have the right to make an appointment to which both senators objected, because they had not been consulted. The question of lack of presidential courtesy should be considered settled for all time by the results of the Roberts case. SIDESTEPPING JUST CLAIM The ruling group of the Board of Education is not playing fair with the company which sold it, City Council and the county an addressograph outfit. While the two other parties to the purchase liava met their obligations and Council has put up cash for some extras, the Education · Board delays action. Even when-a--representative of the company indicates that-unless the amount'is forthcoming - legal steps must be taken"there 1 is stilt nSTactionr".. . · ' · -' The obligation is.reccignizea'.'" Trie necessary amount, something over $1,000, was set up in the school budget for the current year. Permitting the matter to go to the point of litigation will be only 'saddling expense on the public. That should not be. If such a situation eventuates the taxpayers should protest, emphatically. TUB VLOOD CONTROL IMPASSE Four years in succession the Ohio River Valley has been visited by disastrous floods which have driven thousands from_ their homes and caused heavy loss of property, and in some years, taken heavy toll- of lifer- ·During tire fo'ur years, some progress has. been made toward preventing" this ~anziual'_visitation~. The .program has embraced control reservoirs in Pennsylvania and West Virginia. With the prospect of the Allegheny River being subjected in greater measure to the will of man it is hoped there will be early agreement between the authorities of Pennsylvania and the Federal Government on the work that has already been begun in t h e Tionesta region. Tlie cause of humanity demands it. STRENGTH FOR YOUR TASK By Barl L. Douglass, D. D. THE KEY LOG There is a great deal of misery in this world which has its rise in misunderstanding. Most friendships are broken up over some little misunderstanding. Most divorces are granted for incompatibility of temperament which is just a confession that two people didn't try hard enough to understand each other. We can, grow livid with rage against people who hold political ideas which differ from ours, while i£ we just met these people once and had a talk with them we would find that they are anxious to do the right thing, and that in ninety-nine thing? out o£ a hundred we are in agreement with them. Parents and their children often drift- apart because the parents are sure the children are selfish, and the children are sure that "the parents are unreasonable, old fashioned, and unjust. In the log rafts which float down our Western rivers terrific jams sometimes occur because one log gets out of place, and the woodsmen know that if they can find what they call the key log and pull it out of the jam, the whole thing will subside. Most misunderstanding s t a r t s with a key log, and a resolute hunt for it and its courageous removal will cause most jams in homes, offices, colleges, churches, and factories to subside immediately. What's What At a Glance NEWS THE NEWS By Following Is the flnal inquiry Into llv- ng standards of the people under com- T.unlsm, fascism, nazism and democracy today. This economic study was begun n the column oC January 10 on Nazi wages and prices. Included the coZumn of January 17 on Red Russia, and is now completed with, a survey o£ Fascist Itai- an costs and wages--all now compared vlth each other and with us. The study was begun following the message o£ President Roosevelt to Congress January 4. saying: "However we abhor their methods, we are compelled o admit that they (the dictators) have obtained substantial utilization o£ all .heir material and human resources. Like t or not they have solved, for a time at east, the problem of idle men and Idle capital. Can we compete with them and . . remain within our American way of ife . . . (which is) civilization itself?" WASHINGTON, Feb. 8.--Mussolini is another Utopia-keeper who has just put his nation to work. He has done it, like Hitler and Stalin, by the simple process of making zmyone out of a job work for the state--mostly roads, bridges, state projects which are nothing but glorified WPA's and PWA's. ] This sounds pretty good, even so, until you learn that the wage level in this Fascist heaven averages--$4.371 per week. This is an official figure. It comes from an Italian government statistical bulletin issued in November, 1938, and covering August wages. It states that in 23,200 representative Italian industrial establishments employing 1,502,755 workers (covering 51 per cent of all workers and 16 per cent of all establishments) the average wage rate was 239 lire lor a 151-hour month, or $4.37 a week at the current fixed value of the lira. Respective wages in the three European totalitarian super-serenities compare with our buffeted and publicly lamented democracy, thus: Fascism Nazism Communism. Democracy (Italy) (Germany) (Russia) (United States) S4 37 ?18.50 Sll $23.30 Galeotti made a study of the dietary habits of Italian farmers and discovered 6.9 per cent ot their food consists o£ rabbits, hedgehogs, frogs, cats and snails. If you measure what the people are accustomed to get, the standard of living appears higher in Italy than in Germany and Russia. This may be because the Italians have not lately been draining such a large percentage of their national income off for armaments, airdromes, public works. They have been draining plenty in these unproductive capital goods activities but apparently have left enough to go into consumers goods so there is more to eat of what they have. Most people in Italy eat bread, cheese, olive oil, spaghetti, macaroni, corn meal mush and rice instead of meat, coffee and butter. Their red wine is cheaper than coffee, and the lower classes use olive oil for butter. The bread they use is not made of pure wheat flour like ours, but is composed (by law) of 10 per cent corn meal. The government in Italy does not fix- retail prices directly, but it does control them. After devaluation of the lira in 1938, the government decreed that certain retail prices should not be increased and that others should only be increased by a certain amount. It does fix wholesale prices of wheat and rice and limits the retail price of these commodities to a certain percentage above wholesale. All rights reserved--Babson Newspaper Syndicate. Sidelights Talking about records, Mrs. Thomas G. Witrr.an of Third street, West Side, has one. On January 12, this year, Mrs. Witman ended her 19th year o£ continuous attendance at sessions of the Sunday school of the First Batist Church. In recognition of her faithfulness the Berean Bible Class presented her with a Bible. Abraham Lincoln is credited with this one: "Douglas (Stephen A.) says 'excavate a channel,' I say 'dig a ditch,' " The words were used during debate ot the pre-Civil War election campaign, with Douglas, the Democratic candidate. The silver-tongued Douglas has a rival in the use of flowery words in a writer for the United Press in Pittsburgh whose story of a holdup in the Smoky City reads thus: "Police today (Tuesday) searched for a Negro gunman who held up the girl clerk of a Hill district store a'ld escaped with 345. Disregarding the cerebral machinations of 22-year-old Ruth Fireman, clerk in her father's store and undergraduate psychology student at the University of Pittsburgh, the gunman told the girl he would shoot if she approached the front door, where he said he had an armed companion." Miss Fireman's "cerebral machinations" failed to work. The Negro compelled her to give up $75 from the cash register, before threatening her with the gun. The death Saturday afternoon ot Robert G. Collins at his home here removed the last of a group of locomotive enginemen, brothers, all in the service of the Baltimore Ohio. The others were William, George, John and James. William, Robert and George were in the freight service. John, more familiarly known as "Katy," was for many years at the throttle of fast passenger engines. James piloted the West Newton Accommodation. The only member of the family left is a sister, Miss Althea Collins of North Pittsburg street. From the beginning, people living along the Lincoln and William Penn highways have opposed the Pittsburgh-Harrisburg super - highway With Governor James not fully decided what action shall be taken, they have renewed the fight. Petitions opposing completion o£ the highway as an "ill-conceived, costly anrl unnecessary parallel route" were circulated today by the Lincoln Highway Association. Spokesmen for the organization said they had opposed the project for three years during which they -completed surveys showing the Lincoln and William Penn could be improved for $15,000,000 to make them "fast, safe and convenient" for accommodation of more traffic than the four-lane super-highway will carry. The petitions were drafted by E. S. Shuck, Clearfield, Blairsville and Ligomer hotel man, who headed a delegation that conferred yesterday with Hightways Sccre'.ary Lament As Others Think A GOOD INVESTMENT (Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph.) Governor Arthur H. James is resorted in a Harrisburg dispatch to lave decided to retain Irwin D. Wolf, of Pittsburgh, as chairman of the World's Fair Commission in charge o£ Pennsylvania's building and ex- libits at the New York exposition. The Governor expressed approval of plans and announced that he favored an additional appropriation by the Legislature of $312,500 to finance the State's display. This is good news. The New York World's Fair is going to attract millions of visitors, and Pennsylvania ought by all means to have ;m cx- libit worthy of the Commonwealth's greatness. If there are those who think that because of the bad condition of the State's finances we should not spend so much money on the display, they should be reassured by Governor James' attitude; lor he has already shown himself a staunch advocate of the strictest economy, and we can be certain he would not approve the expenditure if there were the slightest element of wastefulness in it. As a matter of fact, the money spent on Pennsylvania's building and exhibits at the World's Fair will be a good investment, from which the State can confidently expect rich returns. It is to be an advertisement of our attractions and resources, and we have no doubt it will bring tourists, and possibly new industries, which will yield dividends far in excess of the cost of the exhibit. Mr. Wolf and his committee have been sorely handicapped by lack of funds. The Earle administration, while appropriating $500,000 for publicity to bring tourists to Pennsylvania, granted only 578,000 for the World's Fair. That was, of course, woefully inadequate. The measure appropriating $312,000 should be passed quickly. Money will be saved by prompt action. Pennsylvania's prestige demands that we have a satisfactory building and a fine display ready when the fair opens. The Slate will be disgraced if it is not suitably represented among the exhibits. Mr. Wolf and his committee have worked hard. Governor James is now helping. The Legislature must cooperate, too. By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Columnist. WASHINGTON, D. C., Feb. 8.-Diplomatic relations were reestablished the other day between thi United States and Iran, and Charle: C. Hart certainly is glad of it. Iran, be it understood, is the old- fashioned name for Persia. Persians prefer it to the more modem designation. They choose to be known as Iranians. After a deal of trouble they succeeded in rubbing this idea into the state department, which had been accustomed to speaking of Persia as Persia for so long that it was no easy job to persuade Washington officialdom to adopt the newer term--or the older, original one, rather. Greece, by the way, liken to be called Hellas. Again and again the Hellanese legation has reminded our foreign office that Hellas, not Greece (there is no such place), is the country which maintains it here. But the state departrnent never has managed to grasp ths distinction; it still lists the Greek legation as the Greek legation. It frets the Hellcnese but there is not much they can do about Far from rejoicing If their hair is , naturally curly, Japanese girls feel which will be of interest to American disgraced. They make every effort -.._.,, ,, ,,,,,, ,,,, ,,,,,,.,,.-,, .. ^- £a " ne " whoss lot is hal 'd Just now to straighten locks that wave, dousing ton for speeding. Ghaffar contended ° occasionally have pined for them with oil and pulling them Hughes and Governor James. Whether the Federal Government will divert the money appropriated for the new route is something to be determined. With the motor fund tapped to provide relief there is ho hope this year of finances there. Each Pullman railroad car has as many as 100 light bulbs, in addition to fans and air-conditioning apparatus. One standard car generates £or its own use enough electricity to it. The Iranians had better luck. 7ney contrived to pound into the state department's skull the fact that Iran is where they live, not in Persia (there's no such place as that, either). To be sure, American newspapers do not sense the difference. If they have occasion to mention Iran, they do not know where it is. If an occasional editor does happen to know, he changes Iran to Persia, to make himself clear to his readers. The Iranians are angered accordingly. Nevertheless, they make certain allowances for the ignorance of our newspapers. Downright Unforgivable. But finally an incident occurred which Iran considered downright unforgivable. A couple of years ago Irsni.-m Minister GhafTar Khan Djalal took nn auto ride from Washington into Maryland and was "pinched" gt Elk- quite pro'perly) that, under diplomatic immunity, he could not be arrested. Yet he WAS arrested. 'When he grew hard-boiled the Elkton police, utterly unacquainted with diplomatic immunity, actually handcuffed him. The state department, horrified, abjectly apologized to Teheran, Ghaffar's headquarters. This was not sufficient for niza Khan Pahlevi, Shah of Persia--no, Iran. Pardon! Riza wanted somebody at Elkton boiled in oil, as pet- Iranian regulations. It couldn't be done under our system. Thereupon Riza broke diplomatic relations with us. Ever since then they have stayed broken until just now. Recently, however, Wallace Murray, state department chief of eastern aSairs, visited Teheran, and proved to be so sugary that American-Iranian relations are o. k. again, even without any oil-boiling at Elkton. AH Akbar Daftary, as charge d'affaires, has reopened Iran's Washington legation. Soon he will be a full-Hedged minister and we shall have one in Teneran. As to Charles Uart? But Charley Hart? He was sent to Teheran as TJ. S. minister to Persia when Persia was Persia. He subsequently resigned as minister to Iran, after the transformation. In the meantime he had framed up an oil compact between the U. S. A., Iran-Persia and Afghanistan (there's oodles of oil in that region), which has beer, hung up by the Iranian-American break in relations. Naturally Hart is delighted at recent developments. Published artificial exchange values of the lira, mark and ruble have all been used in this computation, although none ql their money is worth what they are asking for it. Their prices are so high, they must issue their money at cut-rate prices to tourists, who would not otherwise be able to afford a trip through such expensive Utopias. But for a price · comparison, the face value is the only fair one., In this price particular Italy, alone, shines. While the right wing of heaven in Germany, charges prices twice as high as ours, and the left wing cloudworkers in Russia treble and quadruple them, Mussolini's axis- angels ha\'e a price level below ours. They need it, on $4'.37 a week. Relative costs'of six items under slave' and free economy--items which Americans consider simple necessities of life--can be compared as follows: Italy Germany Russia U. S. Beet ...28clb. Sl.OO $1.14 35J2c Coffee 78c It. 1.25 12.00 23c Eggs 2!bdoz. .75 1.55 44.Se Butter _ 39e Ib. .65 1.82 33.20 Bread 4.7C Ib. .06 15.5 8.2c Gasoline 50c gal .60 (Me 18c ivotes--In the case of bread,,the Italian brand is inferior. Black bread which is generally used in Russia is only 7.7c a pound, and in case anyone wants to argue, the above Italian prices are from official government publications, BoHeitino Mensile di Statistica Delia Provincia di Milano and Bollettino Statistico Governator- ato di Horna. Prices are for last fall, but have not changed materially since then. American prices are national averages from the Bureau of Labor statistics. Fact is the Germans have been used to good things in the past, a standard Stray Thoughts By S. M. DcHUET Not that I ever imagined January 11 was specially reserved for my own birth (the year's my own business), but not until a day or two ago did I meet -up with another similar date "blessed event"--Mr. G. B. JTarlow, B. O. division engineer, Pittsburgh. Pa. Just what did the people of Texas expect of a governor elected by a hill-billy band and a lot of crazy promises? And personable Miss Dorothy Keagy tells me right plain out that it's first, the society column, then the funnys, then, "Stray Thoughts" on her Daily Courier reading menu. Add Doug Fairbanks, Sr. to that list of forgotten folks. Men who operate clean glistening bodied, and dirty greasy engined automobiles always remind me pf women who keep the living-room spick and span and the kitchen sink clogged with soiled dishes. In his seemingly honest endeavors to put the State back on its financial feet, Governor James is making it painfully plain to some disgruntled supporters that the old axiom "You can't have your cake and eat it too" still holds good with him. I'm glad now that I wasn't a rabid Tom Mooney fan. Let's go to press. FOKCE,AND FEAR Force deals with fear and forcfl and fear Build nothing very lasting here. Their barriers stand while shot and shell Are large enough to guard them, well, But when appears a stronger foe The game is up. and down they go! The thoughts of force and tear are bent On soldiery and armament And brutal training to instill tn little boys the wish to kill. , r. . - - - .. - - - - - n e oys e ws o . of living somewhere near ours. Now For force that would outlast the year they are reduced to scarcity. But the Italians and the Russians never had very much. The Italians still haven't, and the Reds have less. The Germans for instance have always had their meat, butter, coffee and a bicycle, but the Italians--well, the Royal Academy of Italy, a semiofficial organization, recently published a report by one Guido Galeotti, Must propagate both force and fear. Force puts up monuments to hate And statues of her soldier-great It glorifies its hero dead. But leaves the living short oj bread. And since by fear Its power Is made Force is of greater force, afraid. an arbitrary price-fixing economy. straight back. In the Turrnsnian republic, Russia, supply approximately four average three women recently were made homes. [justices of tile supiemc court. 1=.BANKING LOOfCS.AHEAD^ Get Ready . . Get Set. , Go! The race for fame and fortune is always on. Every day men and women get new Jots, are promoted, start new businesses, struggle upward on tKe ladder of success. It is said that "the race goes to the swift." But in every-day life it is more liable to go to the person who is well armed with facts, and who is-geared to cope'with the business and financial problems of the day. You will find your bank a source o[ constant helpfulness in your business' career, as well as your personal life. We invite yffu to come in, open an account, and get acquainted. - T H E N A T I O N A L B A N K A N D T R U S T C O M P A N Y O F C O N N E L L S V I L L E Member federal L)uuosii Insurance Corporation

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