Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on June 16, 1974 · Page 16
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Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 16

Charleston, West Virginia
Issue Date:
Sunday, June 16, 1974
Page 16
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Page 16 article text (OCR)

PRESIDENT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT SIGNS THE G.I. BILL The Original Bill Has Resulted in Payments Over $29 Million GI BILL $29 Million Aid Paid in 30- Years By Jerry T. Baulch WASHINGTON l/Pl - The neglect and delay of government help for war veterans returning to civilian life is a national disgrace, said the 22, 1944. American Legion's national commander. Familiar words? They are echoed today on behalf of the Vietnam veterans, but they were most effective three decades ago, signaling the s t a r t of a m a j o r congressional battle that resulted in the "GI Bill of Rights" for veterans of World War II. Thirty years old this Saturday, the original GI Bill, and its successors, have resulted in payments of $29 million in educational and training benefits for 15 million veterans of World War II, the Korean conflict and the Vietnam era.' Six million persons have been trained at the college level. Millions have been helped with housing, farms, business loans and jobs under the bill. But the original legislation faced stiff opposition, prompting Warren H. Atherton, then national commander of the American Legion, to testify in those World War II days: "I should not like to face the wrath of 11 million veterans after this war if treatment of their disabled has been as shabby, indifferent and lax as the story of the last two years would indicate." There were benefits available for the disabled, but they had to wait three to 11 months w h i l e red tape u n w o u n d . Meanwhile, many had no money to live on while awaiting federal help or re-employment. Some were forced to beg. Atherton's report on Nov. 29.1943. titled "The Forgotten Battalion," detailed as examples the sad stories of 1,537 t su:h cases. He asked Con' gress to provide "by Christmas" up to S500 mustering out pay for all v e t e r a n s , the amount depending on length of service. The muster out pay was reduced to S200 before it passed in 1944. but meanwhile, the Legion sought to wrap into one package some of the more than 600 bills before Congress touching on various veterans benefits. It launched a seven-months fight that led to enactment of the first "GI Bill of Rights." which helped not only the disabled but provided for the first time broad benefits for all U.S. veterans. No other nation has such "an enlightened program." the Veterans Administration says. Alherton set up a committee on Nov. 29. 1943. to draft a mastrr plan to "avoid a re- pettion of the tragic mistakes of the demobilization following World War I." The goal was to restore the citizen" soldier, as nearly as possible, to the competitive position in civilian life equal to that of those who stayed home. * * * fHE BILL was buffeted by stiff opposition and near, defeats amid protesting cries of "handouts." But. after a massive Legion publicity campaign, it was quar'erbacKeti to passage unanimously in the Senate and House by Sen. Bennett Champ Clark of Missouri. It was signed by President era veterans' choice of colleges, there is a drive for a similar program for them. A pending Senate Veterans Franklin D.Roosevelt on June Committee proposal would Labeled as "The Serviceman's Readjustment Act of 1944," it and succeeding bills continued to be called "The GI Bill." The 30th anniversary of the signing will be commemorated by the Legion next Friday with a ceremony and luncheon in Suite 570 of The Mayflower Hotel, scene of the Legion's draft of its original bill. A plaque commemorating the event will be-dedicated. A1973 study for Congress by the Educational Testing Service at Princeton, N.J., said, "There is no doubt that the World War II bill was one of the most important and most effective pieces of social legislation Congress has ever enacted." Other veterans organizations generally agree that the Legion played the major role in pushing through the "omnibus package" approach but disagree with the Legion's claim that they dragged their feet or opposed it. The Veterans of Foreign Wars, second to the Legion in" size among veterans organizations, said it questioned some parts of the package but had pushed earlier than the Legion, for separ: ate educational aid along with more help for the disabled. In addition to the $29 billion in education benefits, the program made possible more than $103 billiot in V. A. guaranteed home loans for nearly 8.5 million veterans. In addition, the V. A. guaranteed more than 71,000 farm loans and 230,000 business loans. The V. A. no longer makes business loans to veterans but the Small Business Administration does. than half the home loans have been paid. Fewer than four out of every 100 veterans defaulted. The VA says the $29 million . in educational and training assistance under the GI bill will be more than repaid during the lifetime ajthe veterans in the added feaeral income tax they will payi But the VA also is fighting the administration battle against raising benefits to the level m a n y veterans and members of Congress now dem a n d . F a m i l i a r to most Americans these days are complaints by Vietnam-era veterans that they are being shortchanged compared to the benefits given World War II veterans. The 1973 Princeton study says. "The GI Bill may not be doing as much today for the veterans as it did in the past, or it might do lomoTow." DOLLAR DAYS HURRY IN! SINSATIONAL SAVINGS IN EVERY DEPARTMENT DOWNSTAIRS STORE 20% OFF LADIES'SWMWEAR WITH THIS COUPON Choose from entire stock regularly priced 9.99 KNEE HIGH STOCKINGS The perfect little stocking to wear with all y o u r pants. Made of miracle stretch ny- on with reinforced toe. One size fits LADES' PANTIES SORRY, NO MAIL, PHONE OR C.O.D. ORDERS LADIES' SPORTSWEAR LADIES' PANTYHOSE Slight irregulars of famous brands. Mesh, Cantrece and Agilon in the group. Assorted colors. 2PRS. $ 1 Reg. .59 pr. LADIES' BRAS Choice of tailored cotton bries in white only or nylon bikini's in white, gingham V print and em- / b r o i d e r e d -Briefs: 5-6-7; /Bikini's: 5 to 10. / \ ^ 3PRS. MEN'S SOCK SALE 2PRS. pay up to $750 - not to the school, but directly to the veteran -- for tuition costs. This is opposed by the V. A. and the House Veterans Affairs Committee. The Senate also wants to offer low-interest federal loans to veterans up to $2,000 a year. This also is opposed by the V.A. and the House Committee is cool to the idea. The House and Senate, however, have moved closer on how much to increase monthly payments over the 8 per cent proposed by the Nixon administration. The House has voted 13 per cent. The Senate proposal calls for 18 per cent. The Senate bill would raise payments for a single veteran from the current $220 a month to $260. The House bill would raise it to $250. Payments to a veteran with a wife would go from $261 a month to $309 under the Senate bill and to $297 under the House bill. This compares with $50 a month paid World War II single veterans in 1944 above the tuition allowance. This was increased to $65 in 1946 and $75 . in 1948. However, there was a $210-a-month limit on the combined subsistence allowance and job earnings. There is no such limit on Vietnam- ·era veterans. The single rate for Korean veterans was $110 monthly. The current GI Bill, passed in 1966, began paying a single veteran $100 and this was increased to $130 in 1967, to $175 in 1970 and to the present $220 in 1972: Participation by Vietnam- era veterans in the educational program is running about 52.5 per'cent, compared to just over 50 per cent for World War II and 42 per cent for Korea. While the World War II veterans did not get all the mustering-out pay the Legion sought, they did get pay for unused leave. Assorted styles in acrylics, cottons and n y l o n s . Stripes and solids. If perfect 1.00 pr. First quality and slight irregulars in a s s o r t e d styles and fabrics. White only. '1 Reg. 39 C pr. Shorts and surfers and in a variety of styles and colors. Misses and extra sizes. 2 PIS. Reg. .59-79 'Reg. 2.97-3.57 COTTON TERRY BATH TOWELS Soft and absorbent in jacquards and c o l o r f u l prints. Stock-up now! If perfect 3.00 DISH TOWELS Super absorbent and lint free for f a s t , e a s y dish drying. White with stripe. 3 FOR GREETING CARDS Excellent ossort- I ment. All Occasion, Birthday, Get Well and others. 10 to 15 c a r d s with envelopes per box. 2 FOR '1 Reg. .59 If perfect 1.29 SUMMER JEWELRY 2 FOR WOVEN AREA RUGS Earrings, bracelets and earrings in a wide variety of styles and colors. Buy now at Half price! Reg. 1.00 ea. MEN'S NYLON JACKETS Lightweight, unlined wind break| ers with elastic sleeve and hidden [ h o o d . Green, gold, olive I navy. S-M-L, Multicolor woven rugs are reversible for_ extra wear. Machine washable. 24x45" size. 3 FOR $9 2 LADIES'FULL SLIPS Carefree nylon tricot with lace trim on bodice and hemline. Adjustable straps. White, sizes 34-44. FATIGUE MATS Pile bonded to non-skid rubber backing. Choose from assorted colors, 18x27" size. Reg. 1.29 LADIES' GIRDLES Reg. 1.39 o r LADIES' DRESSES Summer shifts and cotton muu-muu's, s o m e with zip front and large pockets. All machine washable. TERRY HAND TOWELS Orig. 2.99-3.99 Highly absorbent cotton terry with f r i n g e d edges. Solid colors. TERRY TUB MATS Several styles to choose from in assorted fabrics and colors. $ 2 BOYS'CUT-OFF SHORTS Assorted colors and patterns, mostly jean type. Sizes : 8 to 16. If perfect much more If perfect 1.49-1.69 Big, thick cotton terry mats to soak- up the water. Royal blue or orange. $2 MAGNETIC PHOTO-ALBUMS , If perfect 3.99-4.99 LADIES' KNIT CAPES if perfect 8.00 $ 3 Reg. 5.99 MEN'S CASUALPANTS Slight irregulars in straight and flare leg styles. Solids, stripes and patterns. Waist sizes: 29-42; Lengths: 29 33 6.99-8.99 values BOYS' KNIT SHIRTS Large 9x11 size, 10 pages to mount on both sides. Clear, dust-free protection. Assorted colors. Reg. 1.99 Long and short sleeve styles in solids and fancies. Machine washable, no ironing needed. Sizes 8-16. 2 FOR CURTAIN AND VALANCE SETS Machine washable acrylic knit capes in assorted s t y l e s with and without collars. Assorted colors. If perfect 14.99 What gives children great] pleasure that they can] enjoy when they are 70? PIANO! MEN'S WALK SHORTS LADIES' BLAZERS with matching valance in machine wash, no-iron polyester and rayon. Rose, Orchid or Melon. 2 SETS Made to Sell at 2.99 TIER CURTAINS AND SWAGS CL I 2MS - Sheer polyester ^ ninon or marquis- 1 ette in white and J colors. 24", 30" ' and 36" lengths in group. Reg. 2.69-4.291 Valance, Sale $1 Reg. 1.69-2.29 COUPON Machine washable seersuckers in assorted colors. Great with skirts and pants. Sizes '8-16 and 40-42. Compare at 15.00 20% OFF MEN'S SUITS SPORT COATS WITH THIS COUPON Entire stock summer weights and colors. Sizes 36 to 46 with shorts, regulars and long in the group. Solids and fancies. MEN'S UNDERWEAR MEN'S KNIT CREW SHIRTS MEN'S KNIT PANTS ALL-WEATHER COATS MEN'S SPORT .COATS THE BIGGEST controversy is over the maximum $500 a year the VA paid for World War II vet^ns to educational or vocatiOWl institutions for tuition, bofks. fees and other training cfBls. That halted in 1952 after complaints about abuses by many schools, especially fly-ly-night types. WiUi Uie rising cost of education limiting the Vietnam- AJnw ony Wy for you ?0 ftfl OWT ftl'l .·:·.·? 01 yovr cVy rj To RENT A PIANO Tnr c«» w GORBY'S MUSIC 2!!7tk«fL MMETi|.9tt3 Twsiim SHT1CUXLE$TW|| Assorted pat- 1 terns and colors] to go with most any casual pants and shorts. Sizes S M-L-XL. 100% cotton briefs and t-shirts. Briefs, sizes 28 to 42 and t-shirts S- M-L-XL. White only. Flare and straight leg models in solid colors and fancy patterns. W a s h a b l e , non-wrinkle. Sizes 3,7 1 !. Great selection of styles including r e g u l a r length, pant length and bike jackets. Misses and half sizes. 2 FOR P o l y e s t e r knits and p o l y e s t e r and cotton woven fabrics in bold iplaids and checks. Assorted sizes 38-46. Reg. 2.99 compare ct 16.00-20.00 J 20.00 Orig. 26.99

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