Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on June 20, 1976 · Page 196
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June 20, 1976

Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 196

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Charleston, West Virginia
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Sunday, June 20, 1976
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Page 196
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Page 196 article text (OCR)

I CONTINUED · other $36,497 for "liaison and counseling services, out-of-pocket expenses, travel, entertainment, etc." In other words, Mrs. Javits picked up a total of $46,497 for less than five months' yvork--approximately the same amount as her husband earns during a year in the Senate. Iran National Airlines also had a contract with another New York public relations firm. Carl Byoir Associates, Inc., which receives $50,000 a year but listed no work performed on behalf of the airline when it reported to the Justice Department last autumn. The reporting procedures of other American agents representing Arab clients also' raise questions about compliance with the disclosure law. Consider the case of Adnan M. Khashoggi, a Saudi Arabian millionaire businessman accused of serving as a middleman in the payment of bribes by American corporations attempting to sell weapons to his country. Law firm hired Last summer, the Washington law firm of Chapman, Gadsby, Hannah and Duff was recruited by Khashoggi's principal corporation, Triad Enterprises, to monitor Congressional hearings that affected him. The lawyers registered as foreign agents because "the essential ownership of the company is Khashoggi and his brothers," explained Norman S. Paul, a partner in the firm. 'They're foreigners and we wanted to be in compliance with the law." But Clark Clifford's law firm did work for Khashoggi at about the same time --and it did not register as his American agent. In m'ore recent months, the influential Washington law firm of Arnold and Porter has been representing Khashoggi in negotiations with the Justice Department and did not register. There is an exemption to the registration requirement for attorneys engaged in traditional legal work--as opposed to the quasi-lobbying activities in which many Washington lawyers engage--but the law is murky in that and several other areas, often making it difficult to determine whether the representative of a foreign power must · register. Another firm which has not registered as a foreign agent representing Arab interests is Martin Ryan Haley Associates, the New York public relations and political consulting organization which prepared the secret 1974 document on Arab propaganda plans. 'Didn't get a nickel' Haley said he did not register with the government because he only developed the propaganda program but did not implement it. In addition, he said he "didn't get a nickel" for his work. But the law does not exempt those who offer their services without cost and it does cover those who engage in "informing" or "advising" for- Adnan Khashoggi, Saudi Arabian multimillionaire and top middleman in arms sales. He is accused in bribery cases and has hired a Washington law firm to monitor Congressional hearings affecting him. eign clients about public relations. Haley refused to disclose the identity of his client, saying only that he did the work "for ah individual in the Middle East who, in turn, discussed it with several governments." Haley said his proposal was a "confidential document" whose distribution was carefully controlled. All copies were numbered and assigned to specific recipients, he said. One reason for that secrecy apparently involves the potentially explosive section dealing with American politics. In discussing the 1974 elections, Haley identified "five friendly Senators who are ready for reelection and should be helped," as well as "six adversaries who are vulnerable." The Senators "friendly" to the Arabs included two who were defeated-Sens. Fulbright and Marlow W. Cook, a Kentucky Republican. Three others won reelection and are still in Congress --Sens. James B. Allen, an Alabama Democrat; Barry M. Gpldwater, an Arizona Republican, and Russell B. Long, a Louisiana Democrat. In addition, Sen. Mike Gravel, an Alaska Democrat, was described as a man "who could probably be per- Mart/n Haley, who did not register as an agent though his firm prepared the Arabs' secret 1974 propaganda program. He says that he "didn't get a nickel." suaded to be favorable, or at least evenhanded." The six Arab "adversaries" also included two men who were defeated-Sens. Howard M.Metzenbaum,an Ohio Democrat, and Edward J. Gurney, a Florida Republican. Four others won new terms--Sens. Birch Bayh, an Indiana Democrat; Robert Dole, a Kansas Republican; George S. McGovern, a South Dakota Democrat, and Milton R. Young, a North Dakota Republican. Haley's plan called for Arab intervention by performing numerous services for favored candidates, including fundraising, opinion polling, production of radio and television commercials, and providing a varietyof other crucial campaign services. The confidential document said American citizens of Arab extraction would have to carry the burden in the political field because "United States law is very clear about prohibiting other nations from playing a part in U.S. election campaigns." But the long memo also discussed a typical Senatorial race in which "our own professional campaign consultant moves into Ohio" and "our field services unit sends organizers to Ohio to unify the Arab-American organizations" in an effort to defeat Metzen- baum, one of the few Jewish Senators. Fulbright campaign In Fulbright's case, the secret report said "the entire Arab-American community should be mobilized to help him." Financial reports later filed by Fulbright showed that he received contributions from groups such as the Cleveland Council on Arab-American Relations, the American Arabic Association and the American Arabic Council. The document called for the establishment of an elaborate political intelligence system, including an organization of professional lobbyists in Washington to engage in "persuasion of specific members" of Congress, compiling "intelligence about members' attitudes" and working for the passage or defeat of specific bills. Also proposed was the purchase of full-page advertisements in daily newspapers serving the nation's 30 principal metropolitan areas, utilization of the 300 newspapers and magazines published by Christian churches in this country, and distribution of free films and tapes about the Arab world to 700 television and up to 4000 radio stations across the nation. Still other elements of the plan included production of "two or three high-quality films" to be shown on educational television stations and at meetings of sympathetic organizations, mailings to "thought leaders" in all walks of life, efforts to revise the image of Arabs in school textbooks and a program to improve relationships with labor, business, agricultural and religious groups. Staff of 100 The document "strongly recommended" a three- or five-year program, stretching into 1977 or 1979, at a yearly cost of $15 million. Coordinating that effort would be a staff of 100 persons, about a third of them professionals. Many of those proposals are being implemented. A large lobbying staff Is already in place in Washington, political assistance has been provided to favored Congressmen, and advertising space has been purchased in newspapers. "The Arab world has great potential power rooted not only in oil resources and financial reserves but also in untapped friendships and supporters," the confidential document noted. "A long-term consistent and coherent plan is needed--a central system for identifying and mobilizing friends is needed." That is precisely what the Arab world is seeking to do today in the U.S.

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