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PAGE FOUR. E DATT.Y COTJRTER, CONNETJ.S'irTLT.E. PA. TUESDAY, JANUARY 31, 193P THE COURlKn COMPANY Jarm..'. .[. Untcoll R. A. Donegal) Walter S. Stimmci James M. Oriscoll J. Wylie Driscoll . Publiiheis . . _ President and General Manager . Secretary and Treasuier Editor Associate Editoi _ Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF Audit Bureau of Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association "Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION HATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; 55 per year, or $2.50 for six months by mail if paid in advance; 12 cents per week by carrier. Entered as second class matter at the Postoffice, Connellsville, Pa. TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 31, 1039 LOOKEN'G TOTVAKD 1940 Certain signs point to a program by the President lo bolster the cause of the New Deal, or at least let it down gently, as he nears the end of eight years in office with much of his program without the bounds of realization. They include: An about face on his point of view with regard to balancing the budget. A real endeavor through his new- Cabinet appointee, Secretary of Commerce Harry L. Hopkins, to bring about some understanding between the Administration ant' business. Among Mr. Roosevelt's utterances before and after becoming President was one of severe censure of his predecessor, Herbert Hoover, for, as he put it, leading the Federal Government on the road to bankruptcy. This' was coupled with a plea .to Congress to join with him in a policy of economy. Time after time at the beginning of his first term he denounced excessive spending. He backed his denunciations with a bill aimed at "maintaining the credit" of the Government. At the risk of losing large blocks of votes he pushed through an "economy program" that reduced war pensions and gave him authority to slash all allowances of the Federal Government to service men and their dependents. His whole attitude seemed to be curtailment of spending. Long ago, however, he abandoned that policy. Finding it impossible year after year to balance the budget, he Is now converted to the idea that there can be no balance, and that after all that situation is not so bad as his critics and opponents would make it. He is opposed to the idea that we are spending more than we can' afford. There is expected to be a studied effort to make the people conscious of that idea. There have been numerous gestures toward business but without appreciable results. Conferences between business and the Chief Executive have been lacking in accomplishment of anything worthwhile. It appears now, with the end at hand and a presidential campaign in the offing, the President is depending on HopHns to do something--to help the New Deal over the next hurdle, the 1940 election. SLOW BUT SEEMINGLY SCRE While the process is slow, steel demand is gathering some momentum, according to the magazine Htee!, which is in a position to appraise conditions in the trade. The industry is receiving better support from the railroads. Buildnig and engineering construction, however, continues to be the major outlet for its products. Buying elsewhere is somewhat hesitant. This situation is seen as only temporary, however, since consumption generally is steady or rising slightly. Absence of major changes in specifications is reflected in slight variations in steelmaking since the initial post-holiday recovery. Operations last week were unchanged at 51.5 per cent. So far this month, nothing has developed to alter expectations of a moderate upturn in steel production later this quarter. Because of surplus stocks at the opening of the year, some consumers have deferred new buying of sheets and strips. Mills have reduced heavy backlogs accumulated in these products last quarter, and quiet in new ordering is tending to curtail output. Influence of prices on purchases was slight prior to recent circulation of a report that the structure bad weakened. Despite absence of confirmation, and vigorous denials by producers, this rumor has contributed to buyer hesitancy. Chronic weakness still prevails in some products, principally in resale markets, but quotations ou most commodities are steady. COLLEGE STUDENT HANDICAP Of 1,600 students entering State College last fall, 200 were poor readers*. They were in a class with average eighth graders. That is what Dr. Emtnett A. Betts, direc- lor of the college's reading clinic, told the Rotary Club here last week. The doctor was one of the instructors at the annual education conference of the Connellsville and Cuubar Township schools. How to overcome this handicap to college work is one of the tasks of the clinic. A good reader should bo able to read 4CO words a minute, on the average. The Scaie College study revealed some as low as 3? words, some as high as 800. Several things besides lack of ordinary ability have been found responsible. Impaired vision is a. leading cause. Dr. Betts related the case ot a student who could read but 200 words with both eyes, 400 with the left and 100 with the right. Proper glasses "would probably be the solution or' this condition. Some of the funds being "wasted" in the operation of the State might well be diverted to Dr. Betts' clinic. He told the Rotary Club only he and his secretary are paid out of the college treasury. He raises enough to employ 15 assistants. How he can carry on his clinical work and at the same timÂ« raise money to finance so large a staff was not explained. LOOKING BEFOHE LEAPING Among SO persons arrested during a raid Saturday night in a Water street house of alleged shady reputation are no doubt many who feel they were innocent victims of a crusade designed to obliterate such places. There were some tearful protests, not only at the time of the raid but at the hearings of those who sought to have their forfeits returned. Usually thu character of such placeb is k n o w n among m a n y who might possibly be habitues thereof. For others a sate rule to follow would be to make inquiry before entering. There are places with clean records insofar as compliance with the laws is concerned. A d m i t t i n g the raiders were right in their suspicions of f l a g r a n t law violations, such resorts as that raided Saturday night should not only be closed but kept closed to businesses of the type carried on there. li; t h i s rase the officers contend the operator had no lin'ii = e to sell intoxicants. In fairness to others who pay lUTii-e t a x ;ind attempt to meet the conditions of the Â·t.itwo* g u u ' i n i n g the ?a!o o! liquor, all such should be put Hit in I NO, ONLY THE APPETIZERS! What's What At a CLance By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Columnist WASHINGTON, D. C., Jan. 31.-William Atherton Du Puy, economist and shaik on the subject of currency, coinage and allied problems Cone of his books, ".Money," is recognized hy students of financial exchange rs authoritative), sets himself to visualize 545,000,000,000 for this colUT.n. Uncle Sam's public debt is rapidly approaching that figure. "It's pretty hard," says Du Puy, "to sense the magnitude of only a billion. Forty-five times that much tends to stagger the imagination. My notion has been to express it in something concrete. "Well, what is Texas worth, sidered as a monetary asset'.' 'Statistical Abstract' tells us." The "Statistical Abstract" is, a standard governmental publication. 'The 'Abstract,' ''continues Bill, "P'4ts Texas' wealth at about nine billions. Of course that isn't a patch on 45 billions. 'We have to include tome more states. We have to include Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, both Curolmas and Virginia. This group of commonwealths represents salability, according to the 'Statistical Abstract,' of approximately the desired 45 thousands of con- The STRENGTH FOR YOUR TASK By Earl L, Douglass, D. D, KEEP THE RULES OF THE ROAD Many automobile accidents occur because in going over a hill motorists sometimes do not keep on their tide of the road. The v.hite line is always a warning, but never so much as on a hjli. We cannot possibly know whether there is somebody coming up the other side of the hill or not, and the only thing we can do, if xve want to be safe, is to stay well on our side of the road and drive with caution. We con never tell what is on the other side of the hill Every ti tie we come to a steep grade in lue, we should appreciate the fact that dangers become more grave as we approach the summit for the simple reason that we do not know what is on the other side. It js then that we should hearken to the rules of the road with even greater fidelity than befoie. Lifo may have become for us a narrow road and a steep one. Juot remember that Die bet wuy to get up a hill in safety Is to obey all the trafiic laws and go cautiously. You do not know what may be on the other side oÂ£ the crest, but you can be sure that if on the highway of life you act honestly, tell the truth, choose the hard right instead of the easy wron,Â£. and remain firm before the onslaught of temptation, you will come to the crest of every difiiculty and coast down peacefully on the other side. WASHINGTON, Jan. 31.--Evi- ' have steel pioduction doubling in six deuces- of slackening in business are causing no alarm among Mr. Roosevelt's economic navigators in the crow's nest heie Then charts say figuies for January will show a more-than-seasonal decline which, carry through they expect, February 15, will then level out. By April 1 they expect to see last year's climb resumed. Their old piediction of a 25 per cent montns, with a pause. These an- not major ailments, no permanent influences, r.ot very im- poi tant influences if you think we are in a major cycle, of improvement, ;s everyone hoie does. Unless Wall Streeters blow thorn- selves down with their own snUis. unless that always impending "sorn:- thmg" falls in Europe, it stands to reason, under the Washington pro- A five per cent decline in inchF- trial production probably will be registered this month. business improvement before the year cess, that domestic business cannot end is still good. ! go anywhere but up. Their courage is strengthened by the prospect that Government expenditures, now running 275 millions to 300 millions a month, will soon bo increasing. These may hit 400 millions a month in the late spring and summer, when the bulk of public works and housing dollars are roiling. Another encouraging prospect is residential building. Prices have dropped some. Rents are fairly steady. This makes a situation more favorable to private building than in some years. Weather vanes--It seems impossible foi the railroads to avoid ordering much new equipment this year, either on their own or through RFC. They are abandoning cars all the Lime, not making replacements, and had barely enough to handle the good traffic last fall Composite guess of government guessers is the first quarter will be just slightly be- Heavy iighing in the stock market low the first quarter of last year . . is being publicly attributed to the European situation. When market men want to fear something, they generally favor Europe with their apprehensions. Most oÂ£ the crowd in t!ie Govtrnment crow's nest are also paying tribute to European possibilities by affixing "it nothing happens in Europe" to every economic calculation. However 75 per cent of them do not expect things to happen in Europe. Frankly, they attribute the current reaction to several minor causes, in- a slight over-production, inventories bulged (steei, cluding Certain textiles.) Raw material prices were not strong (the Sterling decline lessened British Empire demand.) January is always a slack month. Farm prices were low but no one expects them to go lower. You can't War in Euiope might mean an initial drop in business here as foreigners cashed their American holdings. It meant a five months' drop in 1914. But this time England and France are likely to start ordering equipment here immediately. Remember France is even now arranging to buy 600 planes here. One of the outstanding economists, whose name you would know, is figuring Hitler's collapse is yet a yoar off . . . Big bulge in business contracts shown above, 's due to winter contracts awarded then, but the real work on these projects cannot go ahead until spring. An official who called every turn on the Czech crisis correctly (as few did) will bet no troops will move in northern Europe during February and March, basing his belief on expected weather. SIDELIGHTS "Clergyman sought by the unusuql "neadlme in a paper. The story deals with the police" is ' weekly, was started in January, 1915, countyseat j by Henry Baker Reiley, at present bombing of a Greek Catholic church a New Salem. It relates that officers will go to Morgsntown, W. Va. t "this week," to "investigate the activities a prominent Morgontown priest" determine if there is any con- i of to nection he might have with tht outrage at New Salem. For the good ot the cause of religion let us hope he is innocent. All righta reserved--Baboon Newspaper Syndicate Stray Thought* By S. M. DeHUFF millions. 'In other words, if we wanted to pay of!' a 45 billion doilar indebtedness in a hurry, we'd have to dispose of, under the hammer, a triangle of territory bounded by a line drawn southward from the mouth of the Potomac to the Gulf of Mexico, wcshvardly along the Gulf ciatt to the Rio Grande, including Texas, and back again northeasterly to the Potomac once moie. "About one-third of the United Statesl" Du Puy isn't trying to make any kind of a case against the New Deal's accumui.iting delicitb. He does not contend that it is a perilous national policy. Ke simply is a statistical fiend, trying to visualize 45 bil.ion dollars. Maps Arc So Deceptive. Dropping Du Puy-News dispatches have much to 5ay about small spots on the map. The Azores' TÂ£ Germany gains a foothold there, Hitler will be too close to South America for Uncle Sam's safety. Guam? If the U. S. fortifies that islet, Japan will be threatened. Various other little oceanic pinpricks are referred to. It is a temptation :o look them up on a chait, to see what the meaning 36. Do not be fooled by a Hat map, such as the geogiv.ph.c-; print. Those maps assume that lines of longitude ate exactly parallel--that they are as far apart near the poles as they are nt the equator. As a mptter of fact, longitude so-and-so and longitude thus-anct-50 may be a day's journey apart in an equator il latitude, and yet one can put one ard the same foot down on both of them in such latitudes as Admiral Peary and Lieutenant Shackleton reached in the course of their explorations. Glance at a flat map, known as "Mercatoi's projection"--it look.-, as if Greenland were the size of the United States. Tnen look ac a g!obe --it is obvious that Gieenla'id is about the size ot no mo.-e thun the U. S. west coast. Consequently, on a "Metcator' map such strategic points as Azores and Guam appear in A mighty cute little Czechoslovakian lassie, in town between trains one day last week, revealed, through an interpreter, that she was direct fiom the Sudetenland section of her country and--that she didn't like Hitler. A couple more names for that forgotten folks list--W. E. Corey, former U. S. Steel president, and MaybeUe Oilman, one time musical comedy star. A lot of local business and professional men were sore last Friday morning--not about economic conditions, but because of their first class in muscular development at the "Y," the night before. If congressmen would devote as much tirAe and thought to helpful legislation as they do to getting themselves reelected, we'd have much better laws and much better congressmen. And I'm told this corner of The Courier is regularly sandwiched in between chicken and waffles out at W. E. As Others Think London Bridee Not Fallinc Down (New York Herald-Tribune). Sir Samuel Hoare, British Home Secretary, in his speech on Thursday lo a meeting at Swansea, Bounded a note ot confidence In the future of Great Britain and in the power and determination of the empire to de- lend Itself against all aggression, which needed to be uttered. Coming as it did shortly before an important address expected from the Prime Minister, which will precede a Harbaugh's equally as Perinsvitie farm. And comforting is another picture postcard from my Florida fan, reading: "Only thing I'm missing here is my _ favorite columnist and having to depend on a second rater like Bond Bliss, of the Miami Herald. Let's go to press. speech by Hitler--perhaps even more momentous--it may mark the beginning of a more resolute attitude toward dictators. These heads of states, made desperate by econom.c and financial straits, incite their people to further encroachments on other nations by telling them that England is done, and no longer to be feared. Their sources of information being better than those of the public, from whom all unpleasant facts are withheld, not deceived, but themselves they find the QUATRAINS PoSbCSKiOll. 'Tib wanting keeps a man awake And geti him up to plain and reap. Need arouses him the field to take; Possession puts a man to bleep. Success. Who cheers another- on his way Or aids a neighbor in distress, Whatever else the criUcs iay. Is for the moment, a succest. Doubters. Believers read the books and sink Into the ruts which sages chum. But doubters shake their heads and think That pofatibly there's more to learn. The Game. The cups Just a chattel, My boy, so be \vlsc The lui's in the battle. And no: in the prize. ge'.her different positions from their real globular ones. The layman sees the siluation as a pancake. The naval expert sees it globularly. The layman needs to examine a globe, not an ordinary "geog'ga'phy," to understand what a navy man is talking abojt. Communism versus Nazi-Fascism. A reader of mine, who doesn't sign | nis name, takes exception (politely) to my statement that Communism I does not seem to me to have done The Republic of Haiti is Yoout the size of Massachusetts and Connecticut together. Itb president is elected for Â·-he ' a five-year term of office, the mourn- ben t being Stenio Vincent, whose term ends in 1040. Most of the inhabitants are Negroes. alto- the damage that Nazi-ism-Fascism has. ~ rm no Communist. But Communism took charge in an uncivilized country and didn't, or couldn't, uncivilize it much farther. Nazi-ism and Fascism took charge m two comparatively civilized countries, and un-civilizcd them. spreading of reports of Britain's decline serves their purposes. In this they are helped by some leaders of opinion in this ana other countries, who cheerfully and even gleefully proclaim the setting of England's sun, unmindful of the fact that similar prophecies have failed since the day ot Napoleon. Sir Samue , defending the reluctance of democracies to plunge the world into a war in which ! they would have vastly more 'o lose | than those who provoked it, remarked thiit it had led many to mistake forbearance lor weakness. After telling his hearers that the opinion of the. well informed on the Continent regarded Mr. Chamberlain not as "a guillible old man, always outwitted by the adversaries," but as the chief safeguard of the peace of Europe, he declared that'both German and British peoples were averse to war and added: "I come now to the second fact; the invincibility of Great Britain and of the British Empire. When I say that this great country and this great empire can never be defeated, I am not playing with phrases or using rhetoric for effect." He said that "blind and foolish people" are saying that the decline of the British Empire has already begun; that the Biitish have lost the wilt to govern, and the nerve to resist. This is a complete misunderstanding of the facts, Sir Samuel said, which would result, if put to the test, in as tragic an awakening as that of 1014. "Let us face the future, whatever it may bring, with courage and resolution, believing that reason and goopi sense will prevail, but determined nevertheless to be ready for every emergency." j These words, we believe, more truly' represent the spirit of the British people than the quavermgs of those who belong to what Lloyd George used to call the "God-sakers," and who are sure other nations are stronger, wiser, more resourceful and better led than their own. May they not be lost on those abroad for whom they have special significance. A booster reservoir located on the top of Cemetery Hill, which supplies Biairsviile with water was emptied one day last week after an unidentified skater turned on a hydrant at the skating pond in the Biairsviile municipal park full blast, and left it running all night. The person who turned on . the water evidently had done so with the intention of providing a smoother' skating surface, without realizing the danger involved in the act. Because of the draining of the booster reservoir, properties in the hill district of Biairsviile were left without water for fire protection, and the water pressure over a large part of the town was lessened. Fortunately no boilers in buildings heated by hot water exploded because of the temporary water shortage. publisher and editor of the Somerset Daily American, and Harold H. Bacr of Brownsville. Mr. Baer severed his connection a short . l ime later nnd Mr?, Heiley conducted the publication until July I , 1928, when it was assumed by the present management of wh'ch Llvin J. Tiiton is editor and publisher. Eleven reporting independent stores ot Connellsville had retail sales of ?124,500 during December, 1938, which showed a gain of 3.9 per cent from December, 1937, and a jump ot 50.4 per cent from November, 1938. The information compiled by the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce of the Department of Commerce showed the stores doing business of $11Â° 800 in December, 1937, and 382,800 m November, 1938. The figures for Connellsville ran far ahead of the State average for cities having a population between 10,000 and 25 000. Buffalo meat will be the main item on the menu for the annual banquet of Westmoreland-Fayette Council, Boy Scouts of America, in February. E. V. Babcock, former Pittsburgh mayor and Allegheny county commissioner, is thinning out the buffalo herd on his Somerset county estate above Windber and has offered the Scout organization one of the animals. Factographs Borough Manager McCrea, warns skaters not to tamper with the hy- ftrant, cautioning them that another occurence such as that just experienced will result in the hydrant being closed permanently which would mean the end of the skating pond. That threat smacks of a rule once in vogue in school when a whole room or class was penalized for some in- j among republic. It is approximately fraction when the teacher could not I the size of the state of Maine and identify the culprit. A better way I only 35 years old. might be to lock the hydrant. Somebody besides the one who turned it on would be responsible if there had been loss oÂ£ life. The republic of Panama is a baby The Brownsville Telegraph last Frida,- began its 25th year of publication. The daily paper, evolved from the old Clipper-Monitor, a The National Association of Audubon societies has a junior membei- ship oÂ£ 5,000,000 young folk interested in birds. King Prajadhipok of Siam renounced his throne in 1934 and now lives in England. SALLY'S SALLIES Ccpr 1919. Ki ns Fq^rg SynJ.ote. He., \Vo,!d mto A man is a bachelor until he marries, then he is whatever his wife calls him.