The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on January 17, 1938 · Page 4
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The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 4

Connellsville, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:
Monday, January 17, 1938
Page 4
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PAGE FOUR. THE DAILY COURIER. CONNBLLSVILLB, PA. MONDAY, JANUARY 17, 1335. iatlg Gtattrar SHE COURIER COMPANY . James J. DriscoE R. A. poncgan ______ Walter S. Stimmel James M. Driscoll J. Wylle Driscoll., Publisher --_ President and General Manager Secretary and Treasurer Editor Associate Editor . Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF Audit Bureau of Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau ot Advertising, A. N. P. A, Served by United Press and International News Service ' - SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; $5 per year, or $2.50 for six months by. mall if paid in advance. ; i f f ; - . -Entered'os second class matter at the Postofflcc, ~ --·· ~ " ~~- , Connellsville, Pa. MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 17, 1938. HEED SELECTION APPROVED .;_-_ From a4og-house la the mountains of Kentucky to the ' Supreme" Court of the United States is the trail of Stanley Forman Reed, named hy President Roosevelt to succeed 'Associate Justice George Sutherland, who retires tomorrow. Lincoln, too, was born in a log cabin, in Kentucky. There was this difference. Lincoln's surroundings were those ot extreme poverty. Reed's were not. Son of a country physician,"" he'was v given-every educational and cultural advantage one could desire. With degrees from Kentucky Wesleyan, and-Yale, where he won the Bennett prize, he studied law at the University of Virginia and Columbia and finished at the University of Paris. First In the public-eye as counsel for the Farm Board ot'tho-IIopver Administration, then general counsel for the RECrunder Hooveiy-Reed .became the legal expert- o£ the bank-stabilization period of Roosevelt's first term and eventually the right-hand man ol the President in defense of New Deal legislation befBrc the Supreme Court. "r/.Clas'sed as a liberal, Reed is so highly regarded by Democrats and Republicans, alike in the Senate that any incfuify^fnto hfs"fitness will be perfunctory. It is agreed he wiU.:bring-to:tho:Supreme tench} a wealth of legal experience "br great value to his associates. ·. - HOSPITAL PLACE OE GREAT ACTIVITY . 'The annual'report of the Connellsville State Hospital for 1937 itself that the institution is- a veritable beehive of'activity and that'thcre is no time for loafing on the part of. Superintendent Emily A. Holmes and her corps of doctors, supervisors, technicians, nurses and 'others. Patients averaged 75.a day, the report reveals. Many days-every" bed was occupied. At times it was necessary io provide emergency space. More than eleven hundred operations were performed during the 12-month period. Two thousand, seventy-one persons were treated. Not included in the foregoing were 2,080 cared for as out patients-^-persons who were given attention, but not the Hospital. Of increasing importance .is the maternity department where 2S2 babies'were born." Yes, a very busy place'for all'connected with the institution. Without doubt the Hospital is one ot which the community may well be proud. Construction of garage and laundry, now under way, will make it still more modern. Officially accredited, it ranks with the best In the land for its capacity. As Others Think EXIT THE MAURIAGE MILL (Chicago Tribune.) In a strong opinion by Justice James P. Hughes, the Supreme Court of Indiana has biought an end to the marriage mill evjl in that stole. 11 has ruled that an old statute for- bii'lng county clerks to Issue marriage licenses to non-residents o£ the county at issuance Is valid. This will stop the flood o£ foolish applicants who have been evading the laws o£ their own state by crossing the Indiana line to be married. It'is especially important in regard to the venereal test law ot Illinois and the law requiring three days' notice before the issuance ot a license, designed to check the "gin wedding." "The state of Indiana," said Justice Hughes, "should not assist parties Irom other states to evade the laws o£ their respective states." On the contrary, "courts ol justice in one state should out ot comity, help to enforce' the laws o£ another state, when, by such enforcement, they will not violate their own laws or inflict an injury on some o£ their own citizens." We are confident Indiana will soon have its own law to safeguard its own people against the venereal plague, but in the meanwhile, Illinois, which is leading in that war, was finding its efforts being defeated so far as several thousands ol its own citizens arc concerned. We are very grateful for the decision. SCIEXCE IUXKS AS ISDUSTKY l "Scientific research deserves rank today with America's great industries." says the Pittsburgh Post-Ga: ette, commenting editorially on "The Romance o£ Science." Truy romantic it is, a great agency not only for industrial development but for the welfare of humanity. The Post- Gazette quotes Dr. Hamor, assistant director of the Mellon Institute, as saying that more than a hundred -million dollars are spent annually in laboratory investigations. Pittsburgh is a center of such research, through the munificence of the members of the Mellon family, chiefly the late Andrew W. Says the Post-Gazette: "It is impossible to estimate the true value of this great field of endeavor. Some of it is commercial in character and pays direct dividends to its sponsors. Much of it is for the advancement or protection o£ civilization generally, bringing returns that cannot be measured In monetary values. And part is pure science seeking to enlarge' human knowledge ·with no fixed objectives but exploration of the 'next' step suggested by.some previous experiment. "One laboratory department may" be devoted to reducing hazards on the." high ways by eliminating glare from concrete or devising a glass that will reduce the blinding; effect of oncoming"headlights. Another.may be working dn-^-serunf-fpr'-ljn'euinonla'r'o'r'-extractiiig a vitamin from fish-livers?- -One group of scientists may be seeking gasses or chemicals with which to protect agriculture from insect hordes while another tries -to find better protection for human beings from poison fumes that might be released iri another -war. Scientists are constantly busy seeking methods that will reduce economic waste by ubing byproducts now considered worthless, or ot opening new fields to'indtistry by finding ways around'obstacles that in the past were considered insurmountable." MARCHOTTI SWEN'GS MONKEY AVREXOH One after another situations are arising to plague the Democratic leadership in the State as the time for the opening of the political campaign draws closer. Attorney General Charles J. Margiotti has projected the newest. 'lie threatens- to throw a wrench into the machinery by ir.s aspirations for the governorship. The Attorney General has spread "abroad" the information that he is "considering the request of a number of individuals, groups and organizations" that he enter the race. ·That is not as,the powers that be would have it. Joe Guffey is their 'choice--or was. The senator's sister "gummed the works" to some extent by her drive against the Public Assistance Secretary. "She talks too much," for the welfare of Brother Joe. The row over Karl do Schweinitz hasn't contributed to party harmony. A worry to the leadership, too,' was the failure of Democratic congressmen to warm up to the senator in spontaneity when the plans for. the gubernatorial program were laid before them recently in Washington by Chairman Dave Lawrence. One by one the clouds clutter the horizon. BETTER JUNES AHOUXD COUXEUJ Let us hope the experts of the Department of Agriculture are right in their assertions that the decline of five months has been checked and that there are indications of a "turn for the better.' Inasmuch as they forecast, six months in advance, the acute recession, weight may be given to their optimistic outlook for the spring and summer. In support of the prediction the economists point to "evidence of renewed interest by prospective buyers of some industrial goods and a slight improvement in the demand for wheat and cotton." A little more evidence of cooperation on the part of the Xcw Dealers at Washington \\ould probably greatly stimulate tUe-industrial-goods situation. - . LOSS OF 1WAN GREATEST (Latrobe Bulletin.) The Samoan Clipper was a mighty plane, equipped with four 800- horscpowcr motors, and it represented a large investment. Moreover, it was on an exploratory mission, blazing the way to what was hoped to become another important link in trans-Pacific flying, when it failed and sank; and its loss marked the first major disaster in nearly 1,500,000 miles of overwoter flying by Clipper plnncs. I Yet dispitc the importance of all of these factors, it is to be noted that in the press accounts, it is the loss of Captain Musick, commander of of the ship, that is regarded as "incalculable." Another ship may be built, the trail may be taken up by another, and millions more miles of travel in safety may bring forgutfulncss of the fate of the Samoan Clipper. But Captain Musick was "the greatest trail blazer in the world; he had pioneered more flights than any other commercial flier." There will be some one else of course, to complete the trail on which Captain Musick died. Yet in the presence of one of the modern ships of the air, vast In size, equipped with all the wonders ot science in behalf of navigation and communication, it is needful, sometimes, that we be reminded that back of it all there is a man, with his knowledge, his skill--more valuable than the ship he guides. In the Day's News Btict Comment on Current Event* Here and There. Superiniiendent Smith's Survey Warrants Most Careful Study So complete and so comprehensive is the survuy oC the school housing situation in Connellsvillc made by Superintendent B. B. Smith and submitted to the Board of Education for study that it should be gtvea close attention of all interested iu the educational welfare of the children of the city. It is the result of years of careful and intensive thought. The IIif,h School Building. Mr. Smith points out, was erected in 1916 and 1917, to accomodate a thousand students. In November of the latter year there was un enrollment of SIS. Thp same date 20 years later--last November--J.,87?. were on the roll, an increase of 1,026. "Aj'ncAV condition is now confronting us due to recent legislation," which, Mr. Smith explains, is that next fall the compulsory school age will be 17 years, instead of 1G, and the following year, 18 years. What increase in the size of tlie student body this legislation will entail nobody knows. With enrollment already double that contemplated when the building'was projected, the urgency of remedial action Is apparent. ' Of vital importance, when it is decided something must be done, should be consideration of a phase of the superintendent's survey dealing with a modern vocational department--owe whieU children of the coming years have as much r! jht to expect and demand as those of any other city in the State. Mr. Smith's suggestions are set forth in these words: "If our High School is to properly serve those who desire and will be required to attend it in the coming years, additional courses of a practical and vocational nature must bo made available ior both girls and boys. Only a minority of our pupils continue their formal education beyond the High School. The great majority seek at graduation, an opportunity to begin their life work. "Since the great majority of the girls marry and become, homoraakers within a few years after graduation from High School, it would appear that additional courses in the various aspects of homemaking, care of children and simple nursing principles should be made available for the girls. "In the commercial field,-the traditional courses In shorthand, bookkeeping and typewriting no longer comprise a well-rounded commercial curriculum. Facilities and equipment should be provided for the offering of adequate courses covering the various office procedures and instruction in the distributive occupations which is almost entirely neglected should be offered. "For the boys who are interested in the industrial field various courses should be offered. We 7ieed first a complete and adequately-equipped general shop and shops affording opportunity in several of the Indus-trial fields should be provided with well-organized courses and competent Instruction. Vocational agriculture has become a popular course in many high scaools, and there is evidence that there Is a definite demand for such courses and instruction in our High School." Supporting this program, from the financial angle, Mr. Smith points to the district's "peculiarly happy position from the standpoint of its debt situation," reference being to the bonded indebtedness, which he said puts it in position to at once begin preparations for erecting whatever building is necessary. No selfish views of anyone connected with the educational activities of the city should be allowed to stand in the ·way. Today in Washington By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON, Jan. 17.--Govern- 1 using a dcfilution all his own or that mcnl by headline, by impromptu j he wants Omgress to go farther than conversation, by cursory treatment] it has ulrcltdy gonu in the "death o£ grave problems may be all right in nounal times, but, In o critical national situation, they arc a disservice not only to the Piosident ot the Untied States bat to the American people. An illustration "is the way the President discussed the utility problem with the presi on Friday. Instead of Issuing a carefully prepaicd reply to the rather comprehensive memorandum submitted by Wendell Will- kic, president of the Commonwealth Southern, a lew weeks ago, the President undertook a conversation sentence" clause. Ccitainly it docs, not seem plausible that the President meant any Midi thing, Tor there has been no such legislation proposed and it is [ not likely that, in a press conference, Mr. noobcveit would communicate matteis ot such vital importance, conccining which he has not given the slightest Intimation in his messages to Congress or conferences with leaders there. What Mr. Roosevelt undoubtedly had in mind was that a holding company with geographically diversified An outstanding event in the life of Mount Pleasant Is the anual farmers' institute, arranged jointly by the Kiwanis and Rotary clubs, in conjunction with the Westmoreland Agricultural Association. It brings in hundreds of farmcis and serve:, to cement tics between the rural folks and the business men, somewhat like our city-farm dinners. Instead of gathering about the tables for one meal, the Westmoreland folks make a day of It, arranging n program of interest to all. The date is February 24. Earlc E. Curtis was first prevailed upon to head the Fayette county activities of the Pennsylvania Forensic and Music IXIJKUC in 1931. He has served each year since. Now he's in the hainess for another. All of which points to successful direction of the work. Under his leadership many of the high schools in tlje county have achieved notable success in State-wide participation, notably, it was pointed out, debating teams from Connellsvillc, musicians from Point Marion and Brownsville, orators from Perry Township High, of which Mr. Curtis Is principal. Somerset borough council is preparing tc comply with the 44-hour a week Jn\v at an estimated cost to the taxpayci-j of two mills additional levy --15 in all--in dollars, about five thousand. Other boroughs of the county have decided not to attempt to comply. So 1 - s Connellsvillc. Supreme court action on the law is being delayed in the preparation of an appeal, in which more than GOO industrial and other firms have intervened. What's What At a Glance By CHARLES P. STEWART Centra! Press Columnist. WASHINGTON, Jan. 17.--"Social Security, on its present basis, is not very satisfactory. The law was well meant, but it is clumsy and inadequate, too. The system it seeks to establish will have to be vastly improved or. And the old age benefits it provides lor arc not nearly large enough. 'But these changes will he c(tccted by degrees, and we shall hove something like real Social Security. "To many folk the scheme seems radical now; a generation or two hence it will be regarded as much as a matlcr-of-coursc as we regard automobiles today. The public will have had time to assimilalc Ihc idea. Ol course, also, the plan will have been perfected; it will work all right." TIIE COMMENTATOR The speaker was a pretty old gentleman--and no "red," cither. He Is retired and lives, on a moderately sufilciert but by no means extravagant income. All his life he has been interested in welfare work. Not Tro- fessionally. During his active days ho wa i a fairly prosperous New York City lawyer. SLUMS.! ,For :tomc reason, giving up his legal practice as age crept upon him Forty yc.-irs is a considerable stretch ot time to live in the to'./n ol one's adoption. That was part of the hibtyry of William T. Marti who died Friday night at Scottd.ilc. For many years he was employed in the sheet mill at that place. Mr. Marti wab descended from a fiimily of pioneer settlers of Somerset tounty--Jacob Martz and his 'vifc. Tlie new general superintendent ot the United States Coal and Coke Company's operations in West Virginia and Kentucky--William C. Hood of Um:ntown--began his career in industry at Broad Ford when he was 17. He was a shipper for the F. C. Frick Coke Company, ot wh.'ch he later became assistant general ru- perintendent, which position he held t'.r 20 years, ending today. For many years bo was plant superintendent at Continental No. 3 and Bridgeport, near Biownsville. He is a brothci of Paul O. Hood of Trotter, Frick superintendent. His headquar- | r-; will be at Gaiy, W. Va. he left New York.City to dwell in Washington, where I know him. "Slums!" he exclaimed to me. "Four or five decades ago no other place on earth had slums to compare with New York City's. "It goes almost without saying.' said my friend, "that, as New York grew, such conditions became intolerable. "It was recognized lhat they wei a public danger. "There was a demand (or running water and a toilet, not neccssanlj per apartment, but at least per floo of each tenement house--for example a toilet a piece for c.ich five or iix families." FOUGHT UY LANDLORDS "This proposition," continued old New York acquaintance, "wa fought like fury by landlords. -They contended that the burden vlth u\c reporters which went far j investments, or a holding company field from the utility problem, and, I which exercised undue control over tcforc it was ended, the investors in 11 corporations that might possibly ic called parent corporations with ubsidiarics had reason to feel un- asy. For the President did not dlfteren- Intc. He said he didn't know why here should be any holding companies. On the surface, this might cem a plausible question for the 'resident ot the United States to ask j f he had previously defined just what he meant by a holding com- any. But, in the law signed by Mr. loosovelt containing the famous 'death sentence," there are provi- ions which sanction holding companies. Here, for instance, is what !ect!on II provides: "That the commission shall permit i rvistercd holding wimpany to coning to control one or more addi- ional integrated public utility systems, if after notice, and opportunity '.or hearing, it finds that (a) each of such additional systems cannot be operated ns an independent system without the loss of substantial economics which can be secured by the retention of control by such holding company of such system; and (fa) all such additional systems are located i one state or in adjoining states, or .1 a contiguous foreign country; and (c) the continued combination of such systems under the control of such holding company is not so large (considering the state of the art and the area or region affected) as to impair the advantages of localized management, efficient operation, or the effectiveness of. regulation." The statement that all "holding companies" should be abolished in all lines of business would seem to indicate that either Sir. Roosevelt is on them would be impossible. "The principal opponent of the so-called reform was Old Trinity Church, at Wall street's end at Broadway." Parenthetically, Trinity Church always has been known as a huge property-owning organization in lower Manhattan. INTENTIONS GOOD "Those vestrymen," concluded my narrator,-"had the best of intentions "They simply fought slum amelioration because they believed it would cripple them in the good work thoy were trying to do. the companies through fl- nancial manipulation or interlocking directorates should be subject to governmental action of some kind. If Mr. Roosevelt meant all holding companies without distinction, then 75 per cent of the companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange would be included in his alleged proposal of a new "death sentence." The general belief is that a parent ompany with subsidiaries engaged n cognate operations is immune from he presidential ban and that Mr. tooscvelt intended something along hat line, but did not make it clear, as indeed he often fails to do in lis catch-as-catch-can conversations vith the newspapermen in the semi- veekly conferences. Two other glaring inconsistencies itand out. Mr. Roosevelt spoke of he amortization or paying off of the senior bonds of operating companies as if this was a matter of neglect on their part. He does not realize or did not stop to think that rates are fixed by state commissions and that, if he wants higher electric light rates, then amortization can be speeded up. The other point related to utility valuation, Mr. Willkle having Mig- jasted in his format memorandum hat the utility companies which had been valued under rules established prior to March 4, 1933, should be :onflrmed only up to that date and that the "prudent investment" method favored by Mr. Boosevelt subsequent to that date. The President said this would be compounding a felony because, if it was wrong before March 4, 1933, it was wrong now. The President overlooked the fact that the valuation rules 1iad been sanctioned by the Supreme Court of the United States and that it is hardly compounding a felony for the utilities or anybody to obey rules established by the Supreme Court. If these rules should some day be reversed, that's something else again, but even so it is improvements were New York City stll. "Well, some made, anyway. has slums, but not what they were formerly. And if Trinity's old vestrymen were alive now they certainly would be horrified at the idea r.f a return to conditions which, in their time, they considered perfectly normal. "It is the same with up-to-date Social Security efforts. To numerous folk of our current generation they teem redly revolutionary, bccausi we're unaccustomed to the notion o: them. "The next generations but one or two will look on them as quite commonplace -- but conservatives then will be scandalized by some new kind of social security program." haidly fair to accuse anybody of compounding a felony because he follows the rulings of the highest court in the land. Again it was a case of spur o£ the moment comment, which does not put the President in a favorable light bcforo those who know the subject or before the general public to whom these matters must ultimately be submitted. The President's most significant remark related to future use o£ Federal funds to drive private companies out of business. He failed to say the Government would permanently stop Continued on P.\se Six. LEADING PIANO FIKM WILI. SACRD7ICE SSIALL-S1ZE For very cmaU balance. Respond slblc party may take o\tr for terms low a« Jl weekly. Piano Is almost new and fully guaranteed. After welne It, we will tune and deliver lo your home, for appointment and Information, write-- m V. A. North IMnno Co., Inc. 1533 Chestnut St. Phila. WITH A CASH LOAN $25 to $300 FROM US. IF LAST YEAK'S BILLS AKE THIS YEAH'S PROBLEM, Why Not Combine Them Hrre; Let Onr Cash Solve Yoor Problem. NO Signers Husband And WHe. No Investigation*. Inquire About The Union Repayment Plan. Small Payments Arranged To Suit VOUK INCOME. Up To 18 Months to Rcpny. il Reliable-!? i'ra. In Giwn-biirj: Loarn Made In Westmoreland And Surrounding Counties. Call-- Phone-- Or Write. U N I O N LOAN CO. 204--Second Floor Fin* National Bank BMg. Pbooc 1-3-1-3 GREENSBURG JUST. ^OU WAIT, OSCAR. MOMMY'S GOING- TO cooKtNs SCHOOL To LEARN HOW TO COOK OUP. VEGETABLES SO LIKE TWEM ^-·^ The newest and easiest way to cook baby's special foods is just one of the many features of cooking school. Three different programs. ConneUsviHe Courier Cooking School Wednesday, Thursday, Friday-Jan. 19, 20 21 9:30-11:30 A. M.-ORPHEUM THEATRE Y O U R E L E C T R I C A L A P P L I A N C E D E A L E R S

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