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UK-June 20,1976 Sunday Gaxette-Mail Charleston West Virginia Adams' Compromise Politics Earned U.S. Independence Continued from Page 10K. The Stamp Act, Adams wrote, was "inconsistent with the spirit of the common law and of the essential fundamental principles of the British constitution that we should be subject to any tax imposed by the British Parliament because we are not represented in that assembly in any sense."* ' * TOWNS ALL OVER New England used Adams' work as a model for their own instructions. And later when the tiff with customs officials culminated in the seizure of one of John Hancock's ships, Adams was picked to draft instructions of protests for the Boston delegation. This time Adams went beyond constitutional arguments and said Americans were determined "to assert and vindicate our dear and invaluable rights and liberties, at the utmost hazard of our lives and fortunes. 1 ' When the colonies began to unite for action, Adams was sent to the Continental Congress, preceded by his reputation as a writer. He was appointed to the Committee on Colonial Rights and Grievances. "At his insistance, the committee declared that colonial legislatures had the sole right over "all cases of taxation and internal policy." He rejected "every idea of taxation... for raising a revenue on the subjects of America, without their consent." British recalcitrance pushed the reluctant Adams eventually to the conclusion that England was determined to subdue the colonies by "the law of brickbats and cannon balls, which can be answered only by brickbats and balls." * + * WAR CAME almost as a relief to his embattled conscience. It removed his reservations and turned him toward the inevitable solution of independence from British tyranny. Almost immediately Adams began pushing for the individual colonies to recognize a de facto independence by creating their own governments to replace the banished British. A timid Congress rejected his call. But he was more successful in urging Congress to assume responsibility for the motley troops besieging Boston. Then he talked it into creating an official American army and later a navy. Next he sucessfully promoted Virginian George Washington for command of the Continental forces. This assured Southern support and brought the colonies closer to The question now was whether the individual colonies would renounce the last vestiges of British government, set up their own and perhaps even go so far as to call themselves independent. As soon as the resolution passed, Richard Henry Lee, Adams' Virginia accomplice, sped to Williamsburg to urge the largest colony to take the lead. He arrived to find that Virginia alrefcy had resolved to draft a constitution and petition Congress to proclaim a new nation. On June 7, 1776, acting on the Virginia instructions, Lee moved that "these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states." Adams immediately jumped up to second the motion. As the debate grew hot and resolution unlikely Adams wisely allowed the conservatives to play their last trump, a delay until July 1. Thought Adams, this would serve to let the wavering colonies "ripen" to independence. * * + IN THE MEANTINE Adams was busy counting heads, cu^ating support, sending for absent delegates. When the time came for a decision, he thought he had the votes. As debate resumed, there was a 'firia'K persuasive plea for caution, a warning oÂ£ the perils. Then all eyes turned to Johft' Adams. Sitting as committee, nine states were- for independence, four held out. It was erÂ£ ough to carry, but not the unity needed tcC launch a nation. Through the night Adams; lobbied until he got a vote of 12 colonies,one abstaining. * John Adams unity and national identify than they had ever been. In the spring of 1776 he finally convinced Congress to call on the states to set up governments to replace British administrations. He knew that once he could get the colonies to taste the nectar of total self-government, they would not turn back. "There is something very unnatural and odious in a government a thousand leagues away," he believed. "A whole government of our own choice, managed by persons whom we love, revere and can confide in, has charms in it for which men will fight." * * * HAVING FIRST accomplished passage of the resolution, he cunningly came back with a preamble which was tantamount to a declaration of independence. Crown and parliament had excluded the colonies from their protection, rejected their petitions, hired foreign mercenaries and seemed determined on their destruction, Adams wrote. "It is necessary," Adams reasoned, "that the exercise of every kind of authority under the said crown should be totally suppressed, and all the powers of government exerted, under the authority of the people of the colonies, for the preservation of internal peace, virtue, and good order, as well as for the defense of their lives, liberties, and properties, against the hostile invasions and cruel depredations of their enemies." reVIDLIUIHDN/1% SAIll "' , 21.22.23 Special Men's walk shorts. SHOP MONDAY AND THURSDAY TIL 9 SPRING SUMMER Â· DAYTIME AND CASUAL Â· LONG AND SHORT FORMALS Â· MISSES OR JUNIOR SIZES DRESSES A large selection from our regular stock. 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