Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on June 20, 1976 · Page 113
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June 20, 1976

Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 113

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Charleston, West Virginia
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Sunday, June 20, 1976
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Page 113
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Rights BiWs Unlikely Author A Conservative On Mn\ l~, l~7(, tin-first declaration of American inilppendviire KYIS proclaimed. The unliki-ly author of that historic ilorunienl win Kit- annul 1'finllvlon, temperate; and whilst I was endeavouring oletit and fiery, who were plunging us into to raise the spirit of the timid to a general rash measures, and had the happiness to united opposition by stating to the unin- find a majority of all the public bodies conformed the real merits of the dispute, I op- firming mv sentiments. "Which, I believe, posed and endeavoured to moderate the vi- w . as the corner stone of our success.'' 8K --June 20,1976 Sunday Gazette-Mail Chtflesloa West Virginia By Don McLeod The Aiiocialed Press ·The man who pointed America toward the radical extremes of independence and the equality of man was a conservative of the old school, Squire Edmund Pendleton of Virginia. Pendleton was the recognized leader of Virginia conservatives, yet he presided over the convention in Williamsburg that replaced more than a century and a half of colonial administration with total self- government. And he authored the resolution adopted 200 years ago which ultimately led to the Declaration of Independence, the Bill of Rights and the Constitution. * * * PENDLETON WAS such a cautious man that he was nicknamed "Moderation" by his critics. But it was this staid conservative who recognized independence as a necessity just as the firebrands of revolution were beginning to cool. Pendleton was born on Virginia's frontier in an age of growth and excitement, but he had much to overcome. Four months before his birth on Sept. 9,1721, his father died. His mother, left with seven children, soon married another frontier planter, and Edmund grew up at hard farm labor. . But while the boy toiled by day, he studied by night, although he had only two years of formal education. Like most boys of his class from families too large and too poor to support them, Pendleton was apprenticed at the age of 14, to Col. Benjamin Moore, the clerk of court for Caroline County. In this practical school of experience Pendleton learned of law and government, processing wills, deeds, bonds and all manner of court pleadings. He gained such a reputation for industry and efficiency that by 16 he was clerk of the vestry of St. Mary's Parish. Then he became clerk of the county court. But clerking wasn't good enough for the amibitious youth. He wanted to be a lawyer, or maybe even a judge. So he began studying law from the few books available at the courthouse. + * * FINDING HIMSELF frustrated by the Latin phrases, he enrolled in a Latin school for three months until he knew enough to continue on his own. By the time he passed the bar, it was said, "few were. able to translate Latin more correctly." At age 21 he was licensed to practice in .the colony's lower courts and began building a practice and a comfortable life. Then his young wife of less than a year died delivering a stillborn child. Although he would remarry in a matter of months, there would be no other children. - To escape his grief, Pendleton threw ..himself into his work, confirming a life- 'long pattern. A colleague in government once said "labour was his delight." Still in his 20s, he became one of the foremost lawyers in the territory and was licensed to practice in the general court, the colony's highest. Like most ambitious men of the time, Pendleton also invested in land, building up a profitable plantation and speculating in the West. · * * THE YOUNG lawyer-planter accepted all the civic responsibilities which went with his new station. He was a devoted member of the established Anglican Church and served as vestryman. At 30, Pendleton was made county justice, and the next year he was elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses. He never lost an election and remained a member of the colonial legislature until it was replaced by a new government of his own making. As member of a committee to protest the hard-money demands of London merchants, Pendleton helped voice one of the earliest defenses of colonial rights. While the committee acknowledged American dependence, it insisted this was " not the '.' dependence of a people subjugated by the * arms of conqueror, but of sons sent out to · explore and.settle a new world, for the . mutual benefit of themselves and their common parent." t'i'E.\" TILL lll'.M. ennialRing§ Keepsake' '"i Registered Diamond Rings ^ g For The % Jane $ :·; J Bride :=: From | '$150 TO § #5,000 | All Credit Cards Honored or Mann '.i Charge Pendleton often found himseJf involved in writing protests, not from any love of dissent, but because he could be counted on to keep things within reasonable bounds. * * * HIS STYLE was sober and intellectual. He opposed those who wanted to deter a stamp tax for the colonies with violence, and he disapproved of the inflammatory resolutions promoted by Patrick Henry's oratory. But he insisted on American rights. Pendleton also opposed Henry when an appeal to "liberty or death" led Virginia to mobilize two regiments of militia. Why, he asked could Virginia affront England with a show of force when the purpose of real defense already was being served by men arming and drilling all over the colony on a less formal basis? And why the haste to confront the world's mightiest empire without first lining up foreign allies? Although he lost the debate to Henry, Pendleton accepted his duty and led the committee which was to put Virginia in a state of defense. But Pendleton was to have the last word in the summer of 1776 when Virginia gathered in convention to decide her destiny. Would she claim her independence alone or with the other colonies? The conservatives breathed relief when Pendleton was elected president. But this time it was Henry'who was reluctant, who wanted foreign allies first. # * + AFTER TWO DAYS of debate a compromise resolution emerged from the convention. Pendleton, the conservative who had opposed Henry's radicalism,.was its author and the first author of a declaration of American independence. The resolution of May 15,1776 instructed the Virginia delegates in Congress to propose that the 13 united colonies declare their independence and form a national government. It also called for a written state constitution and a declaration of rights lo spell out and guarantee freedom. Under Pendleton's guidance, these were accomplished. "When the dispute with Britain began," he recalled later in life, "a redress of grievances, and not a revolution of government was mv wish. In this I was firm, but AI.I.Sl'MMKR (not on Sale Racks) 0 OFF! AI.I.SIM.MKK (i 20% OFF ONKUtOlT PAXTSUTS ALL SPORTSWEAR 20% OFF! ONE GROUP- SUMMER DRESSES VERY SI A50 TA 81 fi50 SPECIAL 1U IU 11) (These dresses ore slightly soiled or domoged- looks ore not affected.) of course. OBERLAN'S Use Your Oberlan's Charge, BankAmericard or Master Charge. Entire Stock 20% off ATTIC Open 10 a.m. too p.m. Monday thru Saturday 1022 Bridge Road. Directly above Place for Plants 346-3017 SALE ENDS JUNE 28,1976 Brighten up your garage, breezeway and patio area with new outdoor lighting from Capitol Light Company. SAVE 50% on any outdoor light in Stock SAVE 40% on all other lights or lamps OPEN SATURDAY 'TIL 4:00 P. M. Brackets like this, in black and clear glass add a luxury toush lo traditional outdoor settings... and especially to Colonial architecture. ' Featuring: Lightcraft . ^ffCAtMW* Lights for Living 619 VIRGINIA STREET WEST PHONE 344-2343 PLENTY OF FREE PARKING HOyRS: Hon. 1:30-8:30 PM TUES-Pfil. 7:30 SM-5PK SST. 8 AM-4PM HERBERT MUSIC COMPANY STORiWIDE SALE! To celebrate our 40 years in business and this our Bicentennial year, we are having the biggest sale we have ever had. Everything in our two stores have been reduced from 10% up to 50%. This ad can list only a few of the many items. Buy now and SAVE. SAII DMSf Mon. Tues.,\A/ed. ' June 21,22,23 PERCUSSION MMY OUTSTANDING BUYS IN OUR PERCUSSION DEPT. All Drums are on Sale!! KEYBOARDS AU PIANOS AND ORGANS ON SALE!! Here are a few of the many bargains YAMAHA ORGANS B4CR Contemporary - Walnut Reg. 925 Now $644 BK20 Contemporary - Walnut Reg. 1850Mow $1289 BK20S Met. Spanish--Oak Reg. 1850 Mow $1289 BK-5 Contemporary - Walnut Reg. 1275.Mow $950 BK4B Contemporary - Walnut Reg. 1295 Now $961 E5 Contemporary - Walnut Reg. 5600 NoW $3995 Lowery TGS Symphonic Holiday Reg. 4014 Now $3190 YAMAHA PIANOS - $176.00 off Reg. Price GRAND PIANOS - $276.00 off Reg. Price Yamaha 57" Grand G2E Satin Ebony Reg. 4100 Now $3259 Yamaha MIA American Walnut Reg. 1630 Now $1454 Yamaha M206 Early American - Cherry Reg. 1750 Now $1574 Grand Console Traditional - Walnut Reg. 1106HOW $830 Grand Console Italian Prov.-Walnut Reg. 1280 Now $1004 Grand Console French Prov. - White/Gold .. Reg. 1258 NOW $982 SLINGERIAND DRUM SET 5-pieces..- Reg. 939 Choice of Brown, Chrome or Copper Latin Percussion 1 2 ' r " Congo Block Peorl Reg. 287 28" Paiste Gong Reg. 384 24" Poiste Gong Reg. 240 Rogers Timbales Set Reg. 221 Rogers Londoner 5 - White Reg. 1095 Slingerlond 70N Set - 7-pieces - Walnut Reg. 1236 Sale $706 Sale $176 Sale $288 Sale $180 Sale $177 Sde s 876 Sale $989 20% off on all Drum Accessories, sticks, Mallets, Zidjian Paiste Cymbals, Cymbal cleaner and Polish. STRINGS OUR COMPLETE LIHE Of GUITAR, BANJOS, MANDOLINS, AMPLIFIERS, BEING OFFERED AT REAL SAVINGS 1 !! ALL FAMOUS BRANDS, SUCH AS FENDER. YAMAHA, OVATION, TRAYNOR, DCBRO, GIBSON, EIPHONE, GUILD MANY MORE. HERE IS ONLY A FEW OF THE MANY WONDERFUL BUYS IN OUR GUITAR AND AMPLIFIER DEPARTMENT. 20% OFF ALL AMPLIFIERS AND P.A. SYSTEMS IN STOCK!! Reg. Price Sale Price Yamaha FG-75 Folk Guitar 5109.50 $87.60 Martin D-35 Guitar w/case 860.00 688.00 Gibson MK-53 Mark Series Guitar 549.00 399.20 Gibson Grabber Bass Guitar 349.00 279.00 Gibson A12 Mandolin w/case 899.00 719.20 Fender Mustang Bass Guitar w/case Sunburst. 360.00 288.00 Fender Telecaster Guitar w/case Blond 455.00 364.00 Honda Classical Guitar Model H310 65.00 · 52.00 Auto Harp - 12 Bar - Oscar Schmitt 94.95 75.97 Fender F-15 Folk Guitar, Wood 110.00 88.00 Fender 160 Pa-Amp 2 Columns 650.00 520.00 Guild 12-String Wood Guitar 515.00 412.00 EXTRA iBONUS: FOUR FREE PRIVATE LESSONS WITH EACH GUITAR PURCHASED REAL BARGAINS While they Last One Lot Sheet Music « Reg. SI.50 One Lot Sacred Sheet Music Reg. 51.25 Guitar Polishing Cloths Guitar Picks Regal Classical Guitar Strings Reg. $4.00 One Lot Clarinet Reeds Reg. 40' One Lot Alto Sax Reeds Reg. 55= One Lot Bass Clarinet Reeds Reg. 75' One Lot Baritone Sax Reeds". Reg. 85= One Lot Tenor Sax Reeds Rea. 65 C How 10' each Now 10'each 25' each .05' each Sale $2.00 Now 20' Now 20' Now 20' Now 20' Now 20' BAND INSTRUMENTS LOOK OVER THESE "BUYS" ON BAND INSTRUMENTS. HOW IS THE TIME TO BUY YOUR CHILD A HORN FOR SCHOOL THIS FALL. YOU WILL HAVE YOUR CHOICE OF FAMOUS NAMES SUCH AS: CONN- YAMAHA - GEIMENHARDT - BUESCHER Yamaha Band Instruments!! Reg. Price YTR-232 Trumpet - Brass Lacquer S230.00 YFL-231 Fluegelhorn 325.00 YHR-311-F French Horn 570.00 YSL-352 Trombone - Brass Lacquer 235.00 YFL-24N Flute 220.00 YPC-31-C Piccolo 235.00 YCL-24N Clarinet 195.00 YAS-21 Alto Sax 425.00 YTS-21 Tenor Sax 490.00 · GETZEN Sale Price $174.00 269.00 495.00 179.00 164.00 179.00 159.00 369.00 434.00 All Other Makes Of Band Instruments Are On Sale At Great Savings! Register at both stores for FREE DOOR PRIZES! You do not have to be present to win: Drawing Thursday June 23 9:30 a.m. · Hondo Bicentennial 5 string banjo · 5 Star Batons · Electric Solid Body Guitar · $25.00 Gift Certificate · 5 sets Martin strings HERBERT MUSIC CO. We Honor: BANKAMERICARD. 912 Quarrier Street--Charleston 342-6 \ 21 63 Main Street--St. Albans OPEN 9:30 to 9:00 3 DAYS - MONDAY-TUESDAY-WEDNESDAY Terms on Approved Credit Sorry, Mo Trade-Ins Accepted on this Sale ·*«·

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