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LAST E DITION *sÂ£Â£$ Â·Â·*4^Â£sS33^ M , p RICE 2 C The Best Advertising Medium in the Yough Region. VOL. 37, NO. 64. Tno Weekly Courier, Founded July 17. 1079. Tbo DalJy Courier. Founded November 10. 1302. | Merged July ID. 1X3. CONNELLSVILLE, PA., THURSDAY KVKN'l.N'G, J A N U A U Y 1!G, J!)39. TEN PAGES. INSTRUCTOR TELLS ABOUT FALSE BELIEFS Stores Here Show 3.9 Gain !n December Says Teachers Have Impressions That Are Entirely Unfounded. READING IS DAY'S TOP iC Speaking at the 28th annual teachers' meeting of the Connellsville Public Schools and the 20th annual meeting of the Dunbar Township School district which opened this morning in the Connellsville High School auditorium Dr. Emmett Albert Belts, research professor in elementary education and director of read- ins clinic at Pennsylvania State College, urged instructors to "provide equal learning opportunities in the class rooms." Professor Bctts said that today ' can laugh at our ancestors who believed in witches and who held other beliefs that have been since dis- provcn." "However," he declared, "most school teachers hold uncritical beliefs of parents and children that are just as laughable as the beliefs of the people some 100 years ago." Some of these beliefs he listed as follows: . 1. Children who cannot read are word-blind. 2. Children who cannot read arc slow of thought. 3. That there is something undesirable about being left-handed. 4. AH childcn in the first grade arc ready for reading and shoul learn to read if they arc to be promoted. 5. That every third grade chiH can profit from reading third grade books. 6. Children should study literature. , The above beliefs arc no more true than the witches of yesteryear according to Dr. Betts. He said eight to 25 per cent of the school population is retarded in reading and the real reason is that th reading ages are away below the mental ages. "While a part of a third grade class might be learning something from a third grade book, another part is being retarded inasmuch as they are mentally advanced. Dr. O. R. Bontrager, assistant director oÂ£ Training School, California State Teachers College, who followed ' Dr. Betts on the speaking program discussed "Equalizing Learning Opportunities." He said the job of "education was 'not to reduce everyone to the same level but to provide opportunities for advanced learning to those ready to go ahead. "Children arc not alike physically or in regard to their Intelligence," he stated. "What a youngster gets out of education depends entirely what he puts into it." Preceding the speakers, a choir composed of grade school' students, directed by Mrs. Madeleine Stein, sang a group of five numbers. Others on the program were Miss Doris Lee Colbert, who rendered a piano solo and the pupils of the East Liberty schools with their tuned time bell!!. The program for tomorrow's sessions of the Connellsville-Dunbar township educational conference in the High School Auditorium follows: Retail sales of independent stores n Connellsville showed a gain of 3.9 )er cent in sales volume for Dcccm- cr, 1938, as compared with the same month of last year, according to estimates released in Washington by the U. S. Bureau of Foreign and Domcs- ic Commerce. The largest gain, however, was shown by Uniontown with a boost ol 16.9 per cent over December, 1937. Dther changes ranged down to the decline of 20 per cent reported by Bradford. Sales in Pennsylvania showed no change from December, 1938, as compared with the same month o*! last year. December sales, however, showed an increase of 46 per cent from November, 1938. Of the kinds of business for which separate figures are available for the State as a whole, motor vehicle dealers showed the greatest increase in sales over December, 1937, with a gain of 14.5 per cent, followed by furniture stores with gain of about eight per cent. Department stores showed a decrease of one half of one per cent. Other changes rangec down to the decline of 16 per cent recorded by florists. These estimates in Pennsylvania arc based upon the confidential reports for 1,704 independent retailers reporting to the current statistical service of the bureau. These merchants reported total Â· sales of $38,086,000 for the month of December 1938. None of the estimates has been adjusted for the number of working days in the various months or for seasonal influences. Changes for the cities for whicl representative figures are available "for the December, 1938, period ai against the same month in 1937 follow: 9 to Morninsr. 9:10--Devotions, Rev. C. George Shupc, pas'or of Trinity Reformed Church. fl:10 to 9:25--Music, (a) vocal solo by Betty Lee Dixon, and (b) piano solo by Edward McGill. 3:25 to 10:10--"The Marks of Real Booklover," Dr. Thyrsa W. Amos. 10:10 to 10:55--"Historical Literature of America," Dr. Howard R. Driggs. 10:55 to 11:10--Rhythm work, first grade. 11:10 to 11:55--"Meeting Worthwhile People Through Books," Dr. Harry R. Warfcl. Afternoon. 1:30 to 2:10--"America's Changing Literary Fashions," Dr. Warfel. 2:10 to 2:25--Southern melodies, pupils of Trotter school. 2:25 to 3:05--"Balancing the Diet in Reading," Dr. Amos. 3:05 to 3:20--Music, (a) "Trump- clers Three," and (b) "Sails on a Silvery Sea" by John Armstrong, John Jackson and Warren Elliott, and c) "Andante Cantabilc," Tschai- kowski. by Betty Jordan, Jean Fuehrer, Robert Stefl and Norma Elpern. 3:20 to 4--"The Poet and His Art," Dr. Driggs. Allentown, 4.1 gain. Altoona, 8.2 gain. Beaver Tails, 3 gain. Butler, 2 gain. Erie, 3.7 loss. Grccnsburg, .1 loss. Harrisburg, 13.1 gain. Hazleton, 1.4 loss. Johnstown, 1.4 gain. McKecsport, 9.2 loss. Philadelphia, 5.3 loss. Pittsburgh, .7 loss. Washington, 13.1 gain. Williamsport, 9.3 gain. York, .6 loss. Free Speech Injunction Is Upheld PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 26.--Th U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals toda upheld, with modifications, a Federa District Court "free speech" injunc tion preventing Mayor Frank Hagu and his Jersey City, N. J., adminis tration from banning speeches an meetings sponsored by the Congres of Industrial Organizations and othe groups. The modifications in the court' opinion were required, in that, " enjoined the appellants from enforc ing their deliberate policy of for bidding the appellees or their sym jjathizers to hold meetings upon th public streets or places ol Jerse City other than parks--unless an until the defendants acting in thei official capacities adopt and enforc the deliberate policy of forbiddin meetings of any kind--in Â· Jcrse City." Dies Invited To Fayette County Americanism Dav Lake Erie to Abandon . Passenger Service Notices were being posted today by the Pittsburgh Lake Erie Railroad Company announcing that effective February 15 passenger train service would be discontinued on the Yough- ioghcny Division between Connellsville and McKecsport. The railroad is now operating one train daily in each direction. Special to The Courier. UNIONTOWN, Jan. 20--American ism Day, originated here six ycai ago, will be observed here Monday May 1, under the auspices of La Fayette Post of the American Legion An invitation has been extended Â· Martin Dies, chairman of the Hous committee investigating un-Amcrica activities in the United States, to di liver the principal address. Some of the outstanding persona^ will be ,-Kked to come here to par ticipate in the county-wide event. Fish-Game Chapter Election Friday Night; Will Show Picture The Connellsville Chapter of th Fayettc County Fish and Game Prc tcctive Association will icorgnni/e a meeting Friday evening at 7:3 o'clock at the Y. M. C. A. In addition to the election of oft.ceri, there will be general business. After the business session motion pictures of interest to sportsmen will be shown. All members of the chapter are invited. QUAKE AGAIN BRINGS DISASTER TO TALCA, CHILE Reports from Talca, Chile, reveal thÂ« city again has suffered from a disastrous enrthctuake, leaving a swath of death and lire-swept buildings in its wake, repealing scenes of destruction such as the one ;ibove, which occurred In 1928 when a quake leveled the city. Thousands Die, Towns Wrecked; Disease Threat Trembler Area ROARING RUN REGISTERS SUB-ZERO TEMPERATURE Roaring Run, Fayettc county's "ice box," recorded its first tub-zero cmpcraturc of the year this morning with a low mark of four below being reported as the mountainside was covered with a two-inch blanket oÂ£ snow. The below-zero figure was a dis- jnct surprise to statisticians who^e survey of other communities showed 'mild" temperatures in the "teens." Connellsvillc's lowest mark, recorded on The Courier's thermometer, was 13 above zero and at 10 o'clock this morning the mercury had climbed up to 28 and then suffered decline of two points in the next our. The weather man today predicted more snow but saw a rise in the temperature with a hope for "generally fair" weather tomorrow. While Roaring Run showed a minus four during the early hours of the morning, the mercury at the Indian Head telephone exchange registered three above. Figures of the Baltimore Ohio Railroad at 7 A. M. at various points showed: v Somerset, 16 above. Johnstown, 10. Â· Pittsburgh, 16. Cumberland, 16. Rockwood, 14. Sand Patch, 16. Smithflcld, 16. Connellsville, 18. VanZandt Will Head Notables To V. F. W. Fete Pittsburgh Coal Loses $350,000 By United Press. PITTSBURGH, Jan. 26.--1 Pittsburgh Coal Company reported today a net loss of $350,632.04 on its operations in the last three months of 1938 and a total net loss ot $3,179,705.21 for the 12 months:. Although the net loss for the three months war, $103,886.26 less than the net loss for the same period in 1937, the loss for th- 12 months was $2,143,434.87 greater than in 1937. The company's consolidated income and expense report. showed receipt of $10,450,878.36 on sales, operating and other incrmc for the final quarter of 1938, a decrease of $1,909,125.08 from the receipts for the same period in 1937. . Franco's Rebel Troops Occupy Great Spanish C i t y Without Much Difficulty. TO BE CAPITAL OF NATIONALISTS SAM CARLOS TALCA HO ANO COMfcEPCION There will be a large array of dis- PERP1GNAN, F r c n c h-Spanish ] Frontier, Jan. 20.--The loyalis-t \ .stronghold of Barcelona fell today before a crushing month-old insur- ' across Catalonia, rebel The earthquake which struck Chile with devastating effect centered in the area (arrow) around Talca (reported leveled), Talcahuano nnd San Carlos. It extended as far as Santiago and Valparaiso. Extensive damage is reported. State Democratic Officers Will Show Records to Probers tinguished visitors for the 39th an- , miI1 ,'^ ! J ^'^ nual banquet of Walter E. Brown ' " " '""'" ' Post, Veterans of Foreign Wars, Saturday night, February 4, it was announced today by General Chairman A. B. Pickard. Heading the list of visitors will be Congressman James E. VanZandt of Altoona, past National commander of the V. F. W., one of the most popular veterans ever to hold an ofllcc :n the organization who is known far and wide for his forensic pyrotechnics, and who will deliver the principal address. Others on the guest list will include: | Robert G. Woodside of Pittsburgh, Allegheny county controller and past National commander of the V. F. W. John L. Bingham of Pittsburgh, past Stale department commander of the V. F. W. O. W. Graham ot Pittsburgh, National sergeant-at-arms of the V. F. W. A. W. Thompson, adjudication officer of the Veterans Administration in Pittsbuifih. Dr. Robert C. Cooke, manager ot the Veterans Hospital nt Aspimvall. James J. Pirt ot Pittsburgh, department inspector of the V. F. W. Harry H. Thiel ot Pittsburgh, past deputy inspector general of the V. F. W. Mrs. Myrtle Beyer of McKecsport, department president of the Ladies Auxiliary of the V. F. W. Mrs, Margai ct Armstrong of Pittsburgh', past I'ational president of Ladle? Auxiliu-y ol the V. F. W. ' Beatrice M. Sisco of McKecsport, department secretary of Ladies Auxiliary of the V. F. W. Amelia C. Kiine of Pittsburgh, department trcasuicr ot Ludies Auxiliary of'the V. P. w. Dr. Samuel A. Bnltz of Uniontown, past department surgeon of the V. F. W. Rollo J. Conley of Fairmont, W. Va., formerly ol Connelkville and a member of Company D of the Old Fighting Tenth RegimenU AMERICAN AID OFFERED CHILE HARRISBURG, Jan. 26.--Judge Paul N. SchacfTcr directed two em- ployes of the Democratic State Committee today to produce financial records of that organization for inspection by the Dauphin county grand jury investigating graft charges against the Earle Administration. At the request of District Attorney Carl B. Shelley, hu judge ordered Carl K. Deen, resident secretary, and Raymond E. Taylor, cashier, of the committee, to produce the records or be remanded to the sheriff for contempt of court. Plane's Speed 575 SI. I'. H. BUFFALO. Jon. :!6.--Test Pilot H. L. Child, who ficc-po\vcr dived a heavily armored pursuit airplane at more than 575 miles per hour claiirs the distinction of having traveled "foster than any othci human bc- German Township Man Ends Life by Hanging Special to rhc Courier. UNIONTOWN-, Jan. 2G.--Despon- dent because of ill health, James Porter Keener, 55. one of the best- knov.Ti residents of German township. commitUd suicide "Wednesday evening by hanging himself in the barn on the Eli Cargo farm on the Footedalc-Lambert road. The Weather Snow this nttcrnoon and early tonight, somewhat warmer tonight Friday generally fair nnd \vnrmor i: Uic noon weather forcciiH for West- cm Pennsylvania. Temperature Record. 1939 1938 Ma::imum . 28 .'IT, Mirimum ,, Ki 12 Rebel General Francisco Franco's rmy of 20 divisions smashed its vay through the last lines of loyalist hock troops to encircle the battered tcpublirnn capital, the military dis- jatchcs slid, and a Nuvarcse motor- zed unit of Spaniards and Italians cinshcd to the great Plaza do Las lorias Catalanas in the heart of the city. Loyalist resistance, the insurgent nessagcs inid, hud collapsed and the opulation emerged to cheer the red- capped Navarese. A dispatch via Burgos early in the iftcrnoon said that insurgent troops, entering the city over five different roads, were "gradually occupying Barcelona without difllculty." Public buildings in the city-which will be Franco's new tcmpor- iry capital--were occupied, the dis- 3atchcs said, as the last of the loyal- st army streamed northward to new lines along which they will defend northern Catalonia. The .roads to Gcronn and Figueras were jammed with icfugces, loyalist officials and soldiers, many of them on foot and without rifles or equipment. Not a single loyalist leader was left in Barcelona when the insurgents entered, the Burgos messages reported, but there were no estimates of the number of refugees or extremists still in the city, which a few days ago had a population of 2,000,000. Nor did the messages mention the fate of many- thousands of extremists supposedly listed for death or imprisonment by the insurgents. The occupation of Barcelona wns described in Burgos dispatches as the most stunning blow yet struck by the Franco armies. Frontier advices indicated that the loyalists would fight on in the Catalonian hills near the French frontier but the main scene of action is expected to shift soon to the central sectors where Madrid and Valencia still are held by the loyalists. ~ Â· By United Pros. WASHINGTON, Jan. 26.- -Prcsi- dcnt Roosevelt has cabled the President of Chile an offer of American relief for victims of the disastrous earthquake there. The White House said today that if Chile should need outside supplies n a hurry, this government would its best to provide them. Norman II. Davis, chairman of the led Cross, cabled the Chilean Red Cross an offer of aid. Scattered Reports Indicate Mounting Casu- a I t i e s; Government Acts to Extend Relief. PRESIDENT IN.CHARGE Arrange Program For Grange Day A program will be carried out Saturday nfternoon in connection with thr- annual community dny observance ol. Dawson Grange, Fayette county's oldest branch in 'the Patrons of Husbandry, ^Lecturer Hazel McKnight announced today. The program will .begin at o'clock, after dinner has been served and will be as follows: Song, audience. Devotionals, Rev. Thomas Charlesworth, pastor of the Bryan and Dawson Methodist Episcopal churches. Talk. Rev. Charlesworth. Reading, Helen Sproat. Talk, R. K. Smith, retired super intcndcnl of Dunbar townshii schools. Reading, Hj^cl McKmsht. Talk, Fayette County Farm Agen R. E. Carter. Talk. Miss Mury Anderson, count* home extension, worker. Two Die Taking Nap in Cab Of/Truck By -.United Press. INDIANA, Pa., Jan. 2G--Two men were found dead today in the cab oÂ£ i truck parked along a highway near here, apparently victims of carbon monoxide poisoning. _. Â· The" men "were tentatively identi- led as Francis Wnde Bungard, 35, of F.irmington, Fayette county, driver of the truck, and John Kenneth Auman, 21, of Patterson, Somerset county. Wrapped in blankets, the men apparently had parked the truck to snatch a few hours sleep as they were enroute home after delivering groceries beUvcen Baltimore, Md., Evans City and olher points, Coroner John Woods_ theorized. An oil lantern was burning in the cab. The tragedy was discovered by a farmer who noticed the motor ot the truck was running as he took his children to school and paused to investigate on his way home. The men had been dead several hours before their bodies were discovered. Identification was made through cards and papers'found in the pockets of the victims. The bodies were taken to a mortuary here. By WILLIAM 'L. F. MORSKY United Press .Staff Correspondent. Copyright, 1939, by United Press. SANTIAGO, Chile, Jan. 26.-Stories of rich communities destroyed, of thousands upon thousands killed, of hundreds of thousands facing the threat of disease or famine, reached Santiago today as still fragmentary reports arrived of the toll taken by an earthquake in southern Chile. Reports from the earthquake zone indicated that the death toll might reach 20,000 in three cities alone. Most of the zone was still Isolated. An official message (o the Cara- bincros headquarters estimated 5,000 dead in Cauqucncs/ an inland city 80 miles northwest of Conccpcion. The city was destroyed. A United Tress staff correspondent at Chilian, a city of 40,000 people, anil army aviators who flew him there, reported the dead there at 10,000, with 10,000 wounded or misstnsr. Officially the death estimate was 5,000. A United Press staff correspondent who icached Tcmuco radioed that authorities of the important railroad town of San Roscndo^ csti- *. mated their dead at 2,000. '"""~ ; The official estimate of dead-- at- the Big Port and naval base of Concepcion was 3,000. Railroad trains bearing surgeons, nurses, medical supplies, food, tents and rescue squads felt their way autiously southward into the earth- luakc zone. Aboard one train was Preisdent edro Aguirre Ccrdo, who haj taken active charge of relief and rescue vork. Airplanes flew southward, to land n fields because most airports were lestroycd. Chilean and British warships and Chilean, British and German merchant ships made for seaports in the zone to lend their aid. The entire earthquake area was under strict, if informal, state of martial law, with soldiers, policemen nd sailors in charge. Here, government authorities pegged prices for all articles of jrime necessity," and particularly of oods, at'.those prevailing Tuesday -in order to prevent possible speculation iccause of decreased food supplies in the Santiago area, due to interrup- ion ot communication. It .was evident that the food supply was threatened. One oÂ£ the first lets of President '-AguliTc on reaching San Javier, 'in" the earthquake zone, was to order hydraulic engineers to Talca to restorj the irriga- :ion canah in order to avoid loss of " West Newton Family Of Ten Homeless When Fire Razes Building Special to The Courier. WEST NEWTON, Jan. 26.--Clothing, food and money poured into a voluntary -"relief committee" for the benefit of Howell Clark and his fr.m- ily of 10 who were made homeless Tuesday night when fire destroyed their home. The "relief committee" was formed by West Newton firemen and neighbors after the fire left Clark, a miner, and his family destitute. The children weie taken In by neighbors. The fire started from an overhestcd kitchen stove. The log, board-covered house was consumed quickly a strong winds fanned the flames Lack of water prevented firemen Irem checking the ike. k l u l l tjtilnll. Ul U1UV1 ku ill the important rice" crop.' With the president in the earthquake zone were Minister of Interior Pedro Alfonso and nearly all members of the army general staff, planning -to reach isolated points _by motor car, and after a thorough survey to organize relict on a national All trains to the quake zone were met at every stop by throngs of people who begged for permission to get aboard and seek missing relatives. Telegraph linesmen went out this morning to siring -new wires into southern Chile. A cable ship was made ready to go out and repair a cable extending southward to Concepcion, which the quake broke. Messages, eloquent of the terrible destruction throughout southern Chile, arrived here by radio. The following was typical: "Fro-n admiral of naval base, Tnl- cahuano. In Concepcion more than. 3,000 arc dead, Local authorities ask for 100 armed men. Towns ol Chilian, Bulncs, Pcnco, Lirqucn are destroyed. ' Apparently some accidents on railroads but no accidents in coal mines. This news is unconfirmed. Communication to Concepcion (only 10 miles away) possible only by automobile. I have been appointed chief for Talcahuano, Tome and Pcnco, with definite, severe orders to prevent robbery and other lawlessness. I have ordered local authorities to take necessary action. Urgently need ships, with many tents, to help-refugees." Minister of Health Jose Etche- barnc, who flew to Chilian, said on his return -here: "Three houses still stand in the city." The bitterly fought presidential election was still fresh in the minds of political leaders, but lor the mo- Coutinued on EaÂ£Â« Six, .