Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia on August 3, 1975 · Page 24
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August 3, 1975

Sunday Gazette-Mail from Charleston, West Virginia · Page 24

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Charleston, West Virginia
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Sunday, August 3, 1975
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Page 24
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fB --AugustS, 1975 . Sunday Gazette-Mail eii Y*$«id ---- RAGEDY Ceausescuism Passes Test 1 1 Days of Terror Recalled in Texas One v«fir nsfo Sunday, thf longest prison .-siege in American history- ended in gunfire and death. A prison official called it "/ / rfay* of pure terror." Bv Paul Reter HUNTSVILLE. Tex. iAP - Two men will walk down a dusty cemetery road Sunday to stand quietly for a few moments beside one-year-old graves. Their granite momuments are like the others standing row upon row on a pleas,ant. treeshaded hillside. But to the visi- 'tors. Catholic priest Joseph O'Brien and '. prison warden Hal Husbands, the grave [markers for the two slain women will be ·painful reminders of 11 days of desperation, terror, tragedy and triumph. v ' The gravestones bear a common date. 'Aug. 3. 1974. the day the longest prison siege in American history ended with gunfire and the deaths of four persons -- two women hostages and two convicts. "It never would have happened if all the officers had obeyed their instructions last year." says Husbands, warden of the .Walls Unit'of the Texas prison system. ;; Loopholes, like one that allowed three »guns to be smuggled into the prison inside a ^bundle of spoiled meat, have been elimi- ^nated now. Husbands said. ^ ' The ordeal began July 24 when inmates *Fred Gomez Carrasco. Rudolpho Domin- *guez and Ignacio Cuevas. all armed and all '^considered dangerous, appeared suddenly ^'inside the prison library. There were 69 -persons inside -- teachers, librarians, tguards and inmates. Seven were women. -Suddenly all were hostages. -' Through telephone negotiations, some ;of the hostages were released. Prison off i- ·cials refused to free 48 inmates as demand- ted by the armed trio. ;, Father O'Brien visited the library twice ^becoming a voluntary hostage on his sec- tbnd visit and was wounded seriously in the final hail of bullets which ended the siege. ''·Today the Rev. O'Brien is back at the ··Walls, doing the same job. He says the "experience had no effect on his basic be- ;liefs about people and life. *~~. "I will tell you one change." he says f'with a twinkle in his eye. ·:. "I can cash a check in Huntsville now "without showing identification, i--there still were 14 hostages July 29 ^wnen one of them. Aline House. 61, turned V.health weakness into a ticket out of the iiibrary. "I just decided to have a heart ^attack." Mrs. House recalls now. The at-lack was a fake, but she played it to the 'hilt.' i.; Mrs. House still is a librarian at the "p'rison. but now works outside the walls'. '-She is writing a book on the siege. -, The bizarre and brutal event hinged on ';'he personality of Fred Gomez Carrasco, -'South Texas kingpin of illegal drug traffic, iMrs. House says. "He wanted the whole *_;.world to sit up and take notice." she said. - · Carrasco played his terrible game with llskill. He called it "a poker game" with ·^hostages as chips. ·^ But to the hostages. Carrasco did not *seem threatening. It was Rudolfo Dominiguez and Ignacio Cuevas they feared. *··· "Dominguez was just mean." recalls "Anthony Branch Jr., 37. a teacher. Cuevas "was "gun crazy" and, at times, irrational, ;.':-'· Guevas, 43, was the lone survivor of the ··'gunmen. Earlier this year a Houston jury ifpund him guilty of capital murder, and Sentenced him to die in the electric chair. C". Carrasco kept an ordered list of the hos- ;.t'ages to be killed if there were trouble. For ;a while, a prison guard was No. 1. Later, it -was Branch. '·'~ "When they would threaten to shoot. I ;.;would just close my eyes and say "go ·ahead'. What choice was there?" says ^Branch, who has returned to his job at the iprison. "·. Hostage Julie Standley. one of those who -died, joked with Carrasco and talked him : out of some of the rash acts he threatened. ;She, Elizabeth Besda and Logella Pollard -volunteered to accompany the gunmen in 4heir last desperate attempt to rush over ;the walls. On Aug. 3. 1974. shortly before 9 a.m.. gunmen and hostages prepared together ;for the escape. Nine hostages were hand- · cuffed to a rope outside two blackboards lused as a rolling shield. The gunmen cuffed themselves to Mrs. Standley. Mrs. Besda ;and Mrs. Pollard. The Rev. O'Brien also 'was handcuffed. The handcuffed pairs struggled out the ' library doors and down the concrete ramp -with the shield of chalkboard and law-books. As they made their second turn, .'shots rang out. Fire hoses spewed shafts ol *water that knocked down the outside hos- ·'tages. Cahell Man Welfare Region Administrator Vinrent G. Anderson of Cabell County ha? been appointed area administrator of · the Department of Welfare's operation in ··.Lincoln and Putnam counties. ", He is a native of Ohio and an 11-year vet' eran of the decartment. Governmental Research Group to .Meet Aug. 17 WHITE SULPHUR SPRlNGS-The 61st annual conference of the Governmental Research Assn. 'GRA' will convene Aug. 17 a! the Greenbrier here The GRA. established in 1914. is a national nonprofit education organization compose^ of private agencies professiqjj- ally engaged in governmental research. Texas Rangers and FBI agents charged the shield but were driven back by the inmates' gunfire. The officers charged again. Carrasco. Mrs. Standley and Mrs. Besda were dead. Cuevas was still, but unhurt. He had fainted. The Rev. O'Brien was wounded. Dominguez' arm twiched and an officer fired pointblank. Once. Twice. Silence. He died. The siege was over. "We don't think about the ones we lost," says Husbands. "We think about the ones we saved. Otherwise, I couldn't stand to think about it at all. There were no plans for formal ceremonies marking the Shootout anniversary Sunday, only the quiet pilgrimage to the cemetery by Husbands the the Rev. O'Brien. By Otto Ooeliing "BUCHAREST, Romania (API-Ceau- sescuism. having withstood a 10-year test of time, has taken its place alongside Tito- ism as a durable form of maverick politics in Communist Eastern Europe. President Ford's weekend visits to Nicolae Ceausesci's Romania and Tito's Yugoslavia are seen by Western diplomats here as manifestations of continuing American support for independent brands of Communism-- even as Washington strives for conventional and nuclear arms accords with the Kremlin. Romania recently reaffirmed its independent foreign policy course by entering into a trade agreement with the United States despite Congress' linkage of trade and emigration. Bucharest thereby invited new displeasure from the Kremlin, which had bitterly denounced the congressional action and backed out of a similar trade accord with Washington. The key elements of Ceausescuism are a strong nationistic appeal, an aversion to bloc building, fervent insistence on noninterference in Romania's internal affairs and independent foreign policy contrasted with a hardline Communist orthodoxism at home. Unlike neighboring Yugoslavia. Romania has not engaged in any economic experiments with a market economy. Rather, the emphasis here has been on accelerated industrialization at the expense of consumer goods. In the past, Romania demonstrated its from Moscow by refusing to join other X'arsaw Pact states in severing ties with Israel after the 1967 Middle East War or io invading liberalized Czechoslovakia in 11^8. Bucharest also is alone among pact members in retaining friendly ties with Peking. In recent months Western diplomats see another sign of new friction be-- tween Romania and the Soviet Union: »· At preparatory conferences leading up to the '^-nation supersummit. which ended Friday in Helsinki. Romania took positions in open opposition to the Russians. The Romanians, still suffering from the trauma of the 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia, went even further than the West in pushing for mandatory advance notification of largescale maneuvers within 150 miles of national frontiers. T a Ceausesci BOTH 1ST 2ND MORTGAGES MORTGAGE TERM LONG MONEY AVAILABLE YEARS EFFECTIVE APR 9 THE GUARANTY BANK lG25\Vashin«l(m Street East · Charleston. West Virginia · Phcmeim-ittWl · Member K1MC FINAL WEEK RnniiriNr. __^ /jBLj Special Purchase INTRODUCING OUR NEW TREE ARM' STRETCH-STITCH MACHINE! NOW Price goes to $239.95 after Introductory Sale is over! I N 6 Now', 'free arm' mobility in a Styjjst* machine with a variety of built-in stitches, exclusive Singer* front drop-in bobbin, more! 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