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PAGE FOUR. T U B DATLY COURIER, CONNELLSVILLE, PA. SVEDNESDAY, JANUARY 25, 1039. Hatty THE COURIER COMPANY , James J. DrtscoJl R. A. Donegan Walter S. Stimmel Ja.nes M. Driscoll J. Wybo Driscoll ... _ _ ,, . Publishers President and General Manager Secretary and Treasurer ^^^_^_ __, , Editor Associate Editor ,_ Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF Audit Bureau of Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United Press and International News Service ' SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy: SO cents per month: S5 per year, or $2.50 for eix months by mail If paid to advance; 12 cents per week by carrier. Entered aÂ« second class matter at the Postofflcc, Conncllsville, Pa. WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 23, 1930 HOW TO START YOUR CAR THESE COLD WINTER MORNINGS? Reading-What, When and How "The early . . . love of reading I would not exchange for the treasures of India," wrote Edwrd Gibbon, English historian, in his memoirs. It was Isaac Disraeli, the great English essayist, who said "there Is an art of reading as well as an art of thinking and an art of writing." Still another authority, the poet Addison, declared "reading is to the mind what exercise Is to the body." Â·It Is a combination of these three factors--love of reading, recognition of the art of It and the fact that it develops-the mind that Is being worked out In our High School and which .will be stressed during the annual conference here Thursday'and Friday of the teachers of the city and of Dunbar .Township schools. ""Â·' .There are two recognized types of reading--first that dealing with the everyday work in the schools, plus such researching as is done in cooperation with the Carnegie' Free Library. The second has to do with leisure time. During the conferences specii lists in education and especially English \vill lead the teaohers in determining how to so balance the work type and the leisure time or recreatloaal type that the student will not become lopsided. Â· The first Involves the use of the research department of the Library Sn physics, chemistry and other subjects; the second, fiction, biography, etc. Such" well-known schools as the University of Pittsburgh, the University of Maryland, New York University, Pennsylvania. State College and California State Teachers College have been drawn upon to provide the Instruction. As Superintendent William G. Davis has expressed it, Thursday's conference will have to do with the problem and significance of attacking and Improving reading, that of Friday, Inspiring teachers and the public to greater interest In recreational reading. In order that the Interest of the public may be centered to a greater degree on the necessity of a solid foundation for one of the fundamentals of education.--reading--tho superintendent Is urgent in his Invitation to the people of the community to attend any or all of the sessions--mornings and afternoons of the two days, at the High School. TUBJfPIKE'S FATE Hi BALANCE Removal by Governor James of Edward N. Jones _as head of the Peansylvania Turnpike Commission, the body -entrusted with building the proposed "dream highway" between Pittsburgh and Harrlsburg, and his Intimation tte position may not be filled is taken as an indication the Governor will give considerable study to the project be- for proceeding with It, If at all. Although construction of the highway has already been started under a $26,000,000 PWA grant and a loan of $30,000,000 by the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, there Is no assurance the work will be carried through. The Governor has said he has received estimates which show that either the Lincoln or the William Penn highway "can be Improved In a manner comparable with the turnpike for not more than 515,000,000." If "comparable" Is the word and $15,000,000 the cost, both could he Improved for slightly more than tho amount of the PWA grant. Comparable, however would mean a four-lane highway, with an, earthen dividing strip--In line with the most advanced ideas In road building for safety. If that can be attained for $30,000,000 It would seem folly to proceed with a new road for $56,000 4 000. As to the Lincoln and the William P.OHJI, aeitber.can be called a modern highway--not the kind one finds in many places outside of Pennsylvania. .This Is especially true of the William Penn, as any motorist who has traveled It knows. There are disadvantages, too, to the proposed turnpike. Along its route are nine tunnels. At every one the width of the highway would be reduced by a half or more. While this would not affect the safety angle to any great degree it would not put the road in a class with a highway, of equal width the entire distance. It the turnpike's favor is the elimination of grades to an unusual degree. There has been doubt as to whether tolls on tho turnpike would be sufficient to repay the $30,000,OOO.RFC loan within a reasonable period. Also collection of the tolls would In itself would require quite a staff. Before there is a definite decision It Is probable the Governor will give the project close study. The welfare of the people at large should be considered, rather than the limited number living along the existing parallel routes. Of course there arises the question as to whether the PWA or the RFC would fall In with the proposals for the Lincoln and William Penn. 4-H STOCK IX GJttEAT DE2LYXJ) Members of the numerous 4-H baby beef and fat lamb clubs of the State found ready sale for their entries In the State Farm Show at Harrlsburg and at good prices. During the annual auction a recent afternoon 99 baby beeves and 5G pens of fat lambs were disposed of. A well-known Chicago' packer with a branch at the Capital was the heaviest buyer, taking 28 beeves and six Tens of lambs. Other packers and individual^ quickly bid in the remainder. A" Harrisburg restaurant bought the grand champion baby beef; a Lancaster man the champion lamb^-at 23 cents a pound. "."- "t-_-.\ : The purchasers got-the-best'obtainable ia the meat line in Che State. - Boys and girls who entered their prizes in the show gave no end of time and care to get them ready for the big event in agriculture and stock raising. The animals lived on the best the farms had to offer. ELKS JOIJf IX BRIDGE CAMPAIGN The more organizations we can get behind the new- bridge movement, the sooner the project will become a reality. The time-honored saying runs: "In union ther.e is strength." Without doubt that is true. It is therefore good news to hear Connellsville Lodge of Elks has joined In the campaign. A-committee-has been named to work with the bridge committee of the Merchants Club which Is sponsoring It. The cause will be furthered if other organizations, of whatever character, take similar action. If this whole region rises in demanding a structure that is adequate and safe we will get it, and much sooner than it we go at "it halfheartedly. THE NEWS' By PAULMALLON WASHINGTON, Jan. 25. -- Tho State Department seems to bo opening at least one eye to good neighbor Mexico's finagling with Horr Hitler on expror 'iated American oil. An acting division chief has sent a letter to a senator on the Foreign Relations Committee setting forth what tho department has been able to find out about what is going on over the back fence along the Hlo Grande. Some of It is new, some old, but all Is official for the flrst time, The letter sets forth that the first deal between Piesident Cardenas and Hitler, through W. R. Davis, called for the Mexican government to take $2,000,000 worth of irrigation equipment from Germany. The oil credit lor that transaction is presumed (by the State Department) to have been completed, and "additional credits are contemplated for other materials" as soon as Mexico's sale of oil from expropriated American properties warrants them. What's What At a Glance STRENGTH FOR YOUR TASK By Earl L. Douglass, D. D. By CHARLES P. STEWA'RT WASHINGTON, Jan. 25.--Nelson T. Johnson does not call himself an expert aviator at all. He Is an expert, however, as an aviators' target. As United States ambassador in China he probably has had morn bombs spilled in his vicinity from on high than any other living American. In fact, the chances arc that he has been more copiously bombed than the Chinese themselves. Here's the idea: When Ambassador Johnson went to the Orient the capita! he was assigned to was Nanking. War presently having broken out, Japanese airmen bombed the Nankingcrs out of house and home. Johnson took his medicine with the rest, but finnlly things got so bad that the Chinese government transferred Its headquarters to Hankow. Our ambassador went along. Thereupon the Japs let up on Nanking, giving folk there a rest. Johnson did not get any, though, for the Mikado's flyers Immediately began bombing Hankow. Ultimately Hankow likewise became too hot for Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek to hold, so his administration maved on to Chungking, still farther inland. This meant a spell of peace for the Hankow populace, but none for Nelson Johnson, because he had moved his embassy along, to keep up with the government, and as soon as he arrived at Chungking, Nippon's birdmcn were dropping pineapples there, too. In short, for a considerable part of his time during a plurality of years. Nelson Johnson has been under * rain of explosives from the clouds. Thus, as a spokesman for the aviators' bullscyes, what he says, in the course of his current visit in Washington (he Is here *o Inform :hc Government concerning Far Eastern conditions) Is said with considerable authority. His verdict is: "Aerial bombing doesn't win a war." This remark by Ambassador Johnson has been quoted freely enough, but I question that it has been fully digested. Aerial warfare is rather a new proposition. Aviators claim so much tor it that one suspects them ol over- enthusiasm. Groundlings, who pooh- pooh it, are open to the suspicion that they are back numbers. We ordinary folk arc uncertain. But "Nols" Johnson Is quite Impartial. He's seen aviation In operation upon an enormous scale, and he's seen groundling!,' reaction to it. His judgment is that, militarily speaking, it is abortive. Which is about what I should have imagined, speaking as no judge whatever, but just as an Innocent bystander. It is conceded that an air-fleet swishing over a hostile city, can raise hades. But it cannot do anything excep: superficial damage. In 1016 I saw a deal of it) done by a German Zeppelin in London. The Zep did not effect a landing, however --and it does not do a Zeppelin much good to embarrass London a bit without a landing or an occupatiot of a foothold. Indeed, this Zep was shot down in the Thames estuary. It is irritating to a country to be raided, but it docs not cripple its military strength particularly. Its purpose is to crack an opposing nation's civilian morale, correspond ingly weakening it militarily. Bu does it do it? It did nol do it to the Allies in the last war. Ambassado' Johnson says it has not done it in China's case. Aviation has improved since the world conflict. Maybe Berlin and Rome could flatten out London and Paris--but that would not Imply that Germany and Rome had licked England and France. As for New York? A chance shot might dispose of the HEAL HOMES Prompt action of Grant McManus, ralnman of the West Penn Railways Company, In rendering first aid is ellcved to have saved the life of Jwlng Upton, 15, Dunbar Township High School freshman, son of Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Upton of Summit, who lost his right leg in a bus-truck collision last week. The boy's mother informed Ernest 1. Kooser, general superintendent of the railways company, that Hospital attaches told her application of a tourniquet by the motorman prevented the flow of blood and prob- ibly saved his life. The trainman was near the scene of the accident The Greek word for "household" uiicd in the New Testament Is "therapcla." From this word we get the English word thcr- aputlcs which means the science of heatog. The ancient Greek- speaking world therefore looked upon the home as a place of healing--a place where bruises are healed, the wounds of life dressed and cauterized, the diseases of body, soul, and mind cared for and healed. And such a place a true home Is indeed. It Is the therapcla, tho center of healing and health wherein all that n hurt Li healed, and all that is weak and immature is tended with loving caic. Now there are many households that arc not of this nature. Some households are places of bruising and cutt.ng, not of healing. And where this is true tho members thereof need to ask themselves why they are turn- ins something God intended to be good into something which Satan uses for every evil purpose. When a home Is a center not of healing but of hurting, it is because the people who make up the home are lacking in the spirit God intends them to have. In HJs wise providence God has made the home u therapcla or a center of healing. When people make it a center of bitterness and wrath, of backbi'.mg and jcalauiy, of hate and envy, they have turned God's gracious house of healing into Satan's house of hate. Note--The contract which Davis signed with the Mexican government provided for purchase of 9,000,000 barrels of oil in 1839 for which Davis will pay 15 millions in material credits. He does not pay iny cash. He merely is to establish credits "principally in Germany." The letter further says' specifically that everything which State Secretary Hull has told Mexico is his notes about expropriated agrarian property also applied to oil property It also says Cardenas promisee Ambassador Daniels specifically that proper compensation would be made to the Americans who were dcprlvcc of their mvcstr-.cnts. But being a diplomatic letter with official Implications, It failed to acknowledge Mexico's promise is no considered worth tho air that carried the spoken words. It falls to tny for instance that the constitutionality of Cardenas' seizure will be decided March 17 by a Mexican i-uprenv court ,the six justices ot which were all appointed by him to six- year terms. It neglects to note that Cardenas' suggested compensation was a 10-year payment plan which would call tor about 40 mil lions a year, whereas his whole gov ernment budget U only 100 million annually and everyone knows that in the permanent financial crisis which the government of Mexico has always been in, he could not even make the firs', year's payment. in WPA is guessed around 18 months. Interested legislators, however, In- cnd to pursue the issue and duvoloi Jeflmtc figures, considering this phase o be the root of the whole problem. Superiority In tho Agriculture Department is measured by square feet. Top man is the bureau chief. Ho s the most expansive. He gets -480 Â»quarc feet of office room. Ari assistant or division chief rates only half as much, 240. Various under- ings rate down to 120 and 100, while stenographers, statistical clerks and auditors get only 70 square feet. Agriculture buildings comprise the .argcst depaitment in government, jut these are already insufficient to house its employes In the square footage to which they may have been accustomed, to this new system has oeen quietly adopted. A tourist was taking a picture of the White House when a truck drove out the service entrance and blocked view. He stopped until the truck ' had passed, thereby missing the best picture of the week. The truck was plainly labeled, "beer and wine." Alt richla reserved--Babion Newspaper Syndicate. Sidelights Stray Thoughts By S. M DeHUFF vi ying n h d on the road gra As Others Think SOUND WPA DOCTRINE (Johnstown Democrat.) With the announcement that in the future supervision on sewing projects will be drawn from the relief lists, the WPA In this district enters o new phase. The decision to reestablish nt least one arm oÂ£ the WPA on a work relief basis, while too long delayed, is to be commended. The WPA sewing projects were originally Inaugurated so thct women who were the sole support of families might be given the opportunity to earn a wage. The projects were not launched for the purpose- of creating a nesting place for those who were useful politically. Work relief never should have been Included in any list of nolitic.il nss-els. When Demo' Certain interested official parties ara now sounding out American oil mci and the Cardenas clan on opening negotiations tor a settlement. Th:y have rome new idea about. Mexico maintaining jurisdiction over the properties by establishing them as a "government monopoly," while letting the former American owners hold the stock and operate the property. Apparently the Davis contract with Hitler has some escape clause which would permit Cardenas thus to terminate his arrangement. Hopes of solution are not high here, but the State Department is certainly leading up to a firmer attitude unless something is done. There's a heap of difference between self-made national popularity and the kind that's bought and paid for with taxpayers' money. In case you never gave the matter much thought, few, it any, men ever succeed in getting their hands out of their pockets in time to break the force of a fall on slippery sidewalks or streets. "Sweet Saturday Night," would you believe it. Is actually the name of a pipe tobacco that costs six bucks a pound, can be purchased publicly at only one store in the United States, and--a fellow gave me a pipelul of it last Saturday. It Governor James can succeed in weeding politics, chiselcrs and mac- ing out ot WPA it can -yet become the grand thing It Â· should be--in Pennsylvania, anyhow. Come on, you East Park skating pond, and freeze over--I have a pair of skate?, now. And don't try to tell me Wilbur Miller, driver for the J. R. Davidson Company, and Alfred ("Boots") Worthlngton, ot mushboll fame, don't look alike. I believe I can almost guess who our next post- mastcr'll be. Let's, go to press. 1~, Cardenas Is smoother than the oil he has taken. When asked about any specific shipment he always says it is not American oil but from, the Mexican government's own wells. Truth is Mexico owns wells producing 15,000 to 18,000 barrels a day, but this Is almost the amount of Mexican oil being shipped Into the Jnited States. Presumably there- ore, if all 'the oil coming into the U. S. is Mexican government oil, as ic says, all going to Germany must SQ confiscated American oil. Factographs The United States Department of the Interior carries on an unremitting program tor safer working conditions In mines. It is studying how to provide pure, breathable air, uncontaminated by carbon' monoxide and other poisonous gases, or by silica dusts thct often cause'lung troubles to mine workers. No house plants will bloom all the time. Each has its own season ot natural bloom, and then must have its period of rest to recuperate before it can again put forth blossoms. rescue. He applied the tourniquet to stop the flow of blood after which the boy was rushed to the Hospitil where the limb was amputated, so sadly was it crushed. , . . W . C - n .L*. h i s cratic leaders staffed the WPA on a political bnsis, they betrayed both their party and the cause of relief. For months and months and months there have been those who have argued, "I am just as much cntiiled to a WPA job as so-and-so. Havsn't I always been a party worker? Didn't I turn out and register so many people? 1 demand iccognition." In many instances those who protested that the WPA owed them a job were recognized. However, every time WPA executives made an appointment on a purely political basis, they created more trouble for themselves, their party and the WPA ns an organization. The fact it is possible to lecruit supervision for sewing pi ejects from the ranks proves there never was any 15 "years ago. "Having j Justification in the beginning for Because property owners for the most part are financially unable to meet their obligations, the rate of interest on street lien bonds has been reduced by action ot City Council from six to four per cent. The death in Pittsburgh Monday of John Marshall Lockhart, 73, chairman ot the board ot the Lockhart Iron and Steel Company, recalls his connection with Conncllsville. Lockhart was operating our Sllgo steel plant at the time it was destroyed by flre another Congressmen are trying to find out how many people have been on WPA from the beginning--those who ire making WPA a career--but they tmve not had much success. WPA docs not keep such figures on the rolls for the past three years-which would mean around 600,000. Average duration ot relief recipients plant in the Pittsburgh district sufficient to supply all its needs at the time, the company abandoned Sligo, which has since been Idle Mr. Lockhact had been chairman of the Â· board of his company tor 25 years. He was also a director of the Alpha Portland Cement Company, the Wcitinghouse Airbrake Company, the Mellon National Bank, the Union Trust Company and the Union Savings Bank-all of which stamps him as a man of importance in Pittsburgh industrial and business activities. Chances taken by children in coasting, especially boys, has been pointed out by a citizen, with the suggestion that a 'varnini? of danger be given. It has been observed that during a snowfall some of the boys are inclined to wait until an automobile comes along and when it slows down they hook their sleds on to it. One coaster in particular was noticed to be lying on his sled while he held on to the bumper with his hand. There was grave danger here because of carbon monoxide fumes from the automobile exhaust and also if the machine should start skid. Empire State Building or Rockefeller Center. But could that kind of a raider get away with it." going outside the relief rolls, when supervisors were needed. The decision to draw supervision on WPA sewing projects from the relief lists does not by nny means end all of the contention, but the decision does, in rather definite fashion, lift responsibility from the shoulders of the politicians. The decision, moreover should operate to abolish persona: pull. However, with sewing project supervision on a relief basis, the next logical step is the extension of the work relief principle in other diiec- tions. ON TliE KAI'ID FLIG25T OF TIME The days and weeks and month j fly b. Here'* January almost done And February drawing nU:h! Of months that Is the 'Â·hortcs* one. March will come boldly blustering Jn The way for April to prepare If we have work we'd best bcfiln Or May will take Ub unaware. On verdant pains Miss June will tread With many a n.iopy. blushing bride. Soon we shall flmi the summer fled And autumn at the country-bide Last Christmas was a month ago' Hnvc thity dd$Â« down by Mnco then? rii w.irnrH ;ou n t x t thins we hnow ,.t will be Chrijtmat. time again. The ethlos - of" the " profession ot doctor or dentist compels them to give their discoveries free to tHe world--the only profession In which this Is true. " ,, Final squelch lor that popular idea that beauties usually are "dumb" is the fact that 83 per cent of the Zieg- fcld "Follies" girls attended linis'ums schools or colleges ond many of them were on the honor rolls. Did you think the Red Cross originated in America? Well, you're wrong. It wns originated In Switzerland. , Did. you know you had a max- -- illary protuberance? Why, of course, it is your jaw. BANKING LOOKS AHEAD Principles of Progress .- \ "WJiat we ncsd is a re-a.ffirma.lion. of faith in our system of free enterprise. On/y rjy the encouragement of thrift-and of business privately conducted by business men... will fasting prosperity come." PHILIP A. BENSON. President, American Bankers Association, \ 938-39 We sincerely believe that tlie basic American -principles of free enterprise, thrifl rind individual initinlive -- which have combined to make our country great -- form our main hope for continued progress in the future, T H E N A T I O N A L B A N K A N D T R U S T C O M P A N Y O F C O N N E L L S V I L L E Memitu of KuiU-rtil IX-poMi Insurance Corporation.