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I9H --June 20,1976 Sunday Gazelle-Mail -- ; Charleston, West Virginia S.C. Celebration Scheduled CITIES IN 1876 In State's Thirteenth Year, Charleston Was Coming of Age Uncle Sam parachuting into Oakes Field will climax South Charleston's July 4th celebration. Starting at 6 p.m. there will be games for children, a remote control airplane demonstration and music by the Straw Hatters, a Dixieland band; the Hallmarks, and the Freda Cooper Band. CLIP AND SAVE Fireworks will begin at 10 p.m. In case of rain, activities will be moved to the Oakes Field gym. Sponsoring the South Charlestpn program are the South Charleston Woman's Club, South Charleston-Spring Hill Lions Club and the South Charleston Recreation Board. By Ann Johnson Haas In 1.876, West Virginia's 13th year, the City of Charleston was coming of age. Bricks were being laid on city streets and the use of gas lights was new, but a ferry still was needed to reach the railroad station across the Kanawha River from town. Not until the 1880s would a City Hall be erected, a water works company be organized, and electric lights be common. And, it was the 1900s when a street car line, first utilizing mules and then electricity, had its first run, a county court house was built, and the Burlew Opera House opened. A steel bridge for traffic over the Kanawha was not completed until the early 1900s. Nearly 4,500 persons lived in Charleston in 1876. Its corporate limits, set by the legislature in 1875, extended from the Kanawha 'River at the estate of Bradford , Noyes, (at about the location today of Bradford Street), north to the foot of the hill, west along Coal Branch to the Elk River, and down the Elk to the Kanawha. In the 1890s the city limits moved eastward from present-day Bradford Street to Michigan Street. The legislature-approved city charter specified a mayor, recorder and nine councilmen for Charleston's three wards. John C. Ruby, a grocer, was mayor of Charleston in 1876. Police chief was H. W. Rand and councilmen were John Sentz, Valentine Kieffer. C. P. Snyder, Fielding Stark, W. S. Laidley, Dr. Daniel Mayer, Meredith Price, William T. Kiger and John Gibson. A state history noted that in 1872 Charleston was a "village of unpaved and unlighted streets and shut off from the mails for three days at a time." The Wheeling Intelligencer reported the city had "the poorest excuse of a ferry (over the Kanawha) that was ever allowed to cross a stream." A private corporation built the toll bridge which linked Charleston and the train station. According to Callahan's "History of West Virginia," bricks were first laid in Charleston on Capitol Street in 1870. The following year gas lights appeared on city streets, and the first steam ferry crossed the Kanawha. The first wholesale grocery was established by Dr. John Hale and Ruby, the fu- ture mayor, in 1872. Jenkenko Brothers started a dry goods store in '74, a hardware store opened in 1875, a liquor house in '76, and the first shoe store in 1877. Larger industrial establishments in- Charleston in the mid-1870s included ' Charles Ward Engineering Works, on the south side of the Kanawha near the train depot. Nearby was an iron foundry moved from Maiden in 1871 by Otis and W. T. Thayer. The foundry operated for 50 years, closed a short time, and was reorganized as Trojan Steel by the founders' grandson, Garland T. Thayer, and Richard M. Venable. The area mill was on the Elk River just below today's Washington Street Bridge. Joseph Bibby bought the mill from David and Daniel Ruffner in 1837 and operated it until the 1900s. "The Kanawha Spectator," Julius de- Gruyter's history, reports that until 1880 most Charleston stores and offices were on lower Kanawha Street, now Kanawha Boulevard, between Goshorn and Capitol streets. A prominent physician of the day was Dr. Spicer Patrick, former Virginia legis- lature member, who moved to Charleston in 1816. He lived until 1884 and served on the county court and in the State Senate. Patrick's home, "Beechwood," was on a hill overlooking West Washington Street. Patrick and his home's names now belong to two Charleston streets and. a -bridge. Charleston's first drug Store was opened in 1824 by Dr. Henry_ Rogers on Kanawha Street between Â· Alderso'n and Summers Streets. His heirs succeeded him until 1909 when the store was sold to T. B. Stalnaker. He ran the business until 4948, making nearly 124 years a drug store Ra_d'stood on that site. Three newspapers were publishing in Charleston in 1876. The West Virginia Journal was bought that year by the W. L. Moore Co. It was established-in 1864 as the city's first Republican,paper. 'The Democratic paper, West Virginia Courier,'was started in 1870 by Henry Walker and Co. R. P. Warren was its publisher. " ' Â· The third paper, Kanawha Chronicle, was established as an independent riews= paper in 1872 by Charles Webb. However, in the elections of 1876 the paper supported Democratic candidates. D NEW ENGLAND-CAPE COD in FALL FOLIAGE SEASON, Includes all New England States, Oct. 9-22. $595. D Co, West-Truveler!-THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST TOUR: Cross central U.S. and AMERICAN ROCKIES to San Francisco, travel the famous Redwood Highway; Portland, Seattle; Victoria, Vancouver, Banff, Lake Louise; cross Canadian ROCKIES-Winnipeg; Chicago, WV June 24-Jul,124.51198. Q WESTERN NATIONAL PARKS TOUR-Visit 7 NATIONAL PARKS, Grand Canyon, Bryce, Zion, Petrified f orest, Mt. Ru$hmore, Grand Tetons, Yellowstone; cities, plains, desert. July 10-29.5795. , D PA. DUTCH-FALL FOLIAGE SEASON-Sept. 27-Oct. 1; Lancaster and York, Pa.; Gettysburg, Cacapon State Park, Blockwaler Falls. 5198. D READING, PA. SHOPPING SPREE! Fall Foliage, too. Visit over 100 factory outlet shops, Lancaster, and Btackwater Falls, Oct. 12-16.5175. D HAWAII-Our 20th ANNUAL tour, visiting ALL 4ISLANDS-2 weeks, July 31-Aug. 15. Round trip flight from Charleston, WV on American and Northwest Orient Airlines; a few meals and 7 outstanding sightseeing tours. 51049 CRUISES EXPERIENCE Freedom Train Documents Are True Americana Wheeling State's 1876 Premier City . Â» / By Jay Clarke Knight News Wire .ATLANTA-A printed page with notes written in the margin, a gingham dress, a baseball bat and a rocking chair. They make a strange collection, but millions on Americans are standing in line to see these objects. Why? Because all together they spell a part of America, and this is the Bicentennial year. The paper, dress, bat and chair are four of more than 500 original American documents and memorabilia aboard the touring American Freedom Train. The train, with its ten.cars filled with a smorgasbord of Americana, is winding its way through the 48 contiguous states of the union. So far, it has visited 37 states and is averaging 14,525 visitors a day. * * * WHAT BRINGS these large crowds to the train is a panoramic view of 200 years of Americana, a concentrated look at things American which cannot be duplicated. "This isn't a museum," said Freeman. "It isn't some place to go and stand and look at things. It's an experience." The experience is the result of a combination of multimedia presentations, historic documents and objects whose varie- ty.and breadth perhaps give us a clearer picture of ourselves than we have ever seen before. That printed page with the notes written in'the margin is a draft copy of the Constitution, with George Washington's handwritten corrections and comments. The gingham dress is one which Judy Garland wore as Dorothy in "The Wizard of Oz": the baseball bat is the one Henry Aaron swung when he tied Babe Ruth's homer record. The rocking chair belonged to President Kennedy. These and hundreds of other objects. A conglomerate, yes, but very American. Apollo command module medical kit. * * * MANY VISITORS identify readily with ' the next two cars. Car 7 features "Sports" and displays such intriguing items as Gale Sayers" football jersey (No. 40), the Heisman Trophy (Leon Hart's putter, which these days he might wish he had back. Â· Car 8, "Performing Arts," puts the spotlight on show business. Movie buffs can eye the suit Robert Redford wore in "The Sting," or Shirley Temple's teddy bear from "Captain January," John Wayne's eye patch and hat from "True Grit" or Fred Astaire's top hat and cane. + * * SOME OF America's finest artists are represented in Car 9 ("Fine Arts"), but not necessarily their finest works. What is shown does give some feeling for America and American life, such as Winslow Homer's ((The Pumpkin Patch" and Thomas Hart Benton's study for "Independence and the Opening of the West" mural. In the last car, "Conflict and Resolution" leans heavily on the presidents. Abe Lincoln's stovepipe hat is there; so are Franklin Roosevelt's cane, an early handwritten draft of John F. Kennedy's inaugural speech and Gerald Ford's presidential swearing-in Bible. This is just a sampling of what is to be seen in the train, which contains about 510 original historical documents and memorabilia, 12 exact replicas and facsimilies and 975 supporting graphics. Wheeling was West Virginia's premier city in 1876. It was the "center of the state's greatest wealth and densest population, 40,000-50,000 persons," according to the Farmers' Almanac for 1879. Beer and "stogies", were leading products of the capital city. "Wheeling Stogies" had a worldwide reputation for being "cheap cigars" and there were nine .breweries in the city. Also, 30,000 kegs of cut nails were manufactured in Wheeling each week. There were six candy factories, tanneries, plan- ing mills, steamboat and wagon building plants, woolen factories, soap and candle making businesses and an oil refinery. Kanawha Valley towns existing in the mid-1870s included St. Albans and Montgomery. In 1876, Montgomery's Landing had its _ name changed to Coal Valley for the Coal Valley Coal Co. which plotted the town. It was incorporated as Montgomery in 1890. St. Albans was known as a lumber town. The Chesapeake Ohio Railroad erected a sawmill there in 1971 to cut lumber for its construction projects and the business attracted other mills. Huntington already had its broad streets and avenues laid by 1976 but it did not have a fire department for four more years. Collis P. Huntington, then owner of the CO Railroad, felt it his mission to establish a "new town planned for orderly growth and development," according to Callahan's "History of West Virginia." He directed an engineer to design a city with wide thoroughfares and their construction began in 1971. B'y 1876 Huntington had a municipal government, public schools, -churches, railroad shops and round house, The Bank of Huntington, and a newspaper--O.G. Chase's The Independent. . Fire destroyed the principal business section of Fairmont'in 1876 despite efforts of a bucket brigade, histqries-note. But insurance money enabled good replacement buildings to be constructed. Â· Clarksburg had progressed to using gas Â·lights .by 1871 while Morgantown had enjoyed telegraphic, communications worldwide since 1866 because it was on a line .running between Pittsburgh and Fairmont. Not incorporated by the nation's centennial year were the- regional towns of Fayetteville and Bluefield (the 1880s), Ansted and Mount Hope (the 1890s), and Beckley, Williamson and Oak Hill (the early 1900s). D THE DELTA QUIEN, Cincinnati to Pittsburgh, Aug. 23-27, ports of call D BERMUDA, a 6^toy cruise on T S MARDIGRAS, Oct. 12-18, from Norfolk. D AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND, Round trip from Hawaii, Nov. 1-Dec. 8. Free flight to West Coast. Enjoy spring in Australia and South Pacific. D QUEEN ELIZABETH II the GREATEST SHIP IN THE WORLD, on her 2nd AROUND THE WORLD CRUISE, beginning Jan. 7 for 81 days. Take all (510,000 to 515,000) or short segment of it, 12 to 21 days, 51100 up. Itinerary ready soon. SHORT WEEK END TOURS D CINCINNATI REDS, CINCINNATI-club box seats reserved for May 29-30 * (sold out), July 3-4 (few seats yet available), Sept. 18-19, Oct. 2-3, Reds appreciation day; Hotel Netherland Hilton for each Sat. night. $65. D GRAND OLE OPRY-Reserved seats and Opryland tickets for July 2-3-4 Sept. 10-11-12; celebrate U.S. BIRTHDAY Country-Music way! Nov. 6-7. 576 to 599 D THEATER TOURS: Wilderness Road, Berea, Ky. Stephen Foster Story, Bardstown, Ky., Trumpet in the Land, New Philadelphia, Ohio. Write for dates, D NEW YORK CITY, Sept. 24-25-26, via plane, from Charleston. 5135. Let us plan YOUR vacation for '76, over 50,000 other travelers have, since 1939. I NAME ADDRESS : | CITY . - Â· STATE CALL OR WRITE DORSEY TOURS, INC. 504 Elizabeth Ave.-South Charleston, W.V. 25303 Phone (304) 744-5659 and 343-2418--Huntington 429-2894 Â· WHILE THE actual time viewing the exhibits is less than a half hour, the waiting time to get into the train can be much longer. Average waiting time, Freeman said, is one to two hours, though on the day I visited the train, the wait was less than five minutes. ; Each of the ten railroad cars which form the major display of the train has a theme. ' In Car No. 1,, "The Beginning display includes, among other things, some early American documents, a diorama of Boston harbor and a piece of the flag which inspired Francis Scott Key to write "The Star Spangled Banner." - '' Exploration and Expansion'' key Car 2, whose exhibits include many Indian arti- .facts, the first treaty with Hawaii, Daniel Boone's survey of 1797 and a rock from the moon - ,, "The Growth of a Nation" in Car 3 has Â·some visual displays along with.such 'things as the silver shovel used in the Â·ground-breaking for the nation's first rail. -road, the B 0. Â· AN UNUSUAL presentation is used in Car 4 ("Origins"), Motion pictures of Â· races are projected onto the blank faces of full-size models of various ethnic peoples who came to the U. S. and they tell Â· their own story. -^ "A "Magic Rat Trap" (Patent Model ! 660007, 1867) is found in Car 5 ("Innovations"), along with other more important -early inventions; such as the cotton gin and reaper, and later developments such ;as" a 1920 television tube, an 1892,Kodak Â·camera arid early phonographs. Â· : "Human Resources" in Car 6 takes you Â· as far as a letter from Thomas Jefferson Â· to Jamet Monroe and throughtsuch diy- . erse protects of American life as an Edison stock tidier and an F. Scott Fitzgerald manuscript, an actual Nobtl prize and an JbliMtXif... by @rnstrong only S fl 95 %FSQ.YD. Free Parking Free Estimates H* Floor design copyngnled ty Armstrong Everything you'd .want in a new floor--.beauty, durability, comfort, economy--Sundial has it all. Two high-styled patterns, many colors. A special Mirabond'wear surface that keeps its shine, without waxing, far longer'than an ordinary vinyl floor. A foam inner cushion for more comfort underfoot. Plus Sundial is the lowest cost floor featuring Armstrong's special Mirabond no-wax wear surface. See Sundial today. ANDREW'S FLOOR AiDWAUCOVaiNG CO 5i5CHitrÂ«l*M.(5ctfMTt)PliÂ«M343-S5t8 MERCHANTS, 4) +- /$ / (J Uimmav t/Sa/nk/ Since 1910 CONSUMER LOANS OF ALL TYPES! MONTGOMERY 442-4275. CHARKSTON * O fl O y 1 n Â· 0 MERCHANT MONTGOMERY, W'^VA.