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5H -June 20,1976 Sunday Ca*ette-Mail Charleston West Virginia First Political Blemish Came in 1876 Original Manuscript of Poem Is Shown The New Colossus' Is Handwritten By Ann Johnston Haas The first mark on West Virginia's blemished political history was the 1876 impeachment and conviction of State Treasurer John S. Burdette. He was found guilty of bribery and conspiracy involving the misuse of state funds.' Impeached but acquitted by one vote on similar charges was State Auditor E.A. Bennett. Burdette was charged with bribery, corruption, misconduct in office and perjury. He was found guilty of attempting to bribe an officer of the First.National Bank of Parkersburg and conspiring with his son in a deal involving the Merchant's Bank of Charleston. The treasurer escaped conviction on another count when the Senate could not get a two-thirds vote against him. It involved a $1,000 bonus Burdette allegedly received for keeping an average deposit of 540,000 in the Merchants Bank. Another allegation was that Burdette led the State Board of Public Works to think state banks were paying West Virginia all the interest on state deposits they were willing to pay when, actually, banks were paying the state 3 per cent and Burdette 3 per cent. On Jan. 31,1876, the State Senate voted 19 to 4 to remove Burdette from office, Gov. John Jacob appointed Sobieski Brady to fill the unexpired treasurer's term. According to the Charleston Courier, people in the southern counties were indignant over Burdette's conviction. It report- ed "Capt. Burdette has sympathy among all classes of the community." According to Wheeling Intelligencer reports, Charlestonians thought the impeachment vote was a move to give Gov. Jacob "possession of the state treasury by removing an official he couldn't control and making him appoint one to be subservient to himself and the city of Wheeling," then the capital city. Dissidents called the conviction a "Democratic deal." Auditor Bennett had eight counts against him, ranging from embezzlement to arranging for a "payment" from a bank in exchange for the BO Railroad deposit. He came closest to being convicted on the latter charge. Testimony printed in the Wheeling Intelligencer quoted Isaac N. Smith, cashier for the First National Bank of Charleston, as saying Bennett approached him and asked what commission he would give him for his influence in securing state deposits. According to Smith, the auditor claimed he would give First National a $25,000 deposit of BO Railroad tax funds. Smith said he went to the bank board and it rejected the idea but afterwards concluded that if deposits of state funds "could be influenced in a legal way, it would be willing to pay for such influence." Evidently, from newspaper accounts, the Merchants Bank received the BO deposit. A Mr. Cabell from Merchants testified the Charleston bank paid Bennett $200 for the account. Lacking journalistic objectivity, the Wheeling Intelligencer commented that Bennett's one-vote acquittal "is certainly a verdict that, in the eyes of the public, will be tantamount to conviction." The newspaper reported Bennett was spared conviction because Treasurer Burdette, the "big fish," had been tried first and convicted. Bennett was re-elected to the auditor's office later that year. Originals Abound In Train The poem by Emma Lazarus which appears on a tablet at the main entrance to the Statue of Liberty is included among literary artifacts and original manuscripts aboard the Freedom Train. The poem, "The New Colossus," was written in 1883, three years before the 300-foot statue was completely erected. The gift from France has become an international symbol of U.S. democracy. Another manuscript aboard the train is associated with the nation's independence day. Walt Whitman's "Leaves of Grass" was published, at Whitman's own expense, on -July 4,1885. It underwent continuous revi- 'Ision, with a special sixth edition and a new 'preface being written for the 1876 Centennial celebration. Â· An 1859 four-line, handwritten poem signed Henry W. Longfellow also is on exhibit on the train. Despite his romanticizing of Paul Revere's ride, the British selected him as the first American writer to be placed in the Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey. Â· Mark Twain is represented by a first ed- -ition of "Huckleberry Finn," published in : 1884, and an 1970 copy of Galaxy Maga- Â· zine, in which he appeared monthly. Â· He also is represented by the first type'. writer ever produced, a Model 1 Reming'.ton of 1873. Twain was one of its first pur- Â·chase'rs and used it to write "Life on the Â·Mississippi." Some Wanted State to Be 14th Colony .' If Benjamin Franklin and friends had had their way in 1773, West Virginia would have been included in a 14th colony to be called Vandalia. The capital would have been Point Pleasant and Col. George Mercer was to have been the first governor of the colony which would have included most of present-day West Virginia. Â· The proposed name was selected in honor of Queen Charlotte, "as her Majesty is descended from the Vandals." About 30 Americans and a number of British politicians were interested in the project. The original plan was to organize a land company -- the Grand Ohio Co. or 'the Walpole Co. - and purchase 2,400,000 ;acres for a little more than 10,000 pounds. Â· Lord Hillsborough, chairman of the Bri- Â·tish Board of Trade, objected to the plan 'and in order to make it seem ridiculous he Â·"suggested the new territory embrace Â· about 20 million acres. ; The proponents agreed. Â· BECAUSE OF pressure on the part of Â·influential people who were interested in Ithe venture. Lord Hillsborough resigned ;as Board of Trade chairman and also as Â· a member of cabinet. ' King George III signed the charter and '. the council agreed to formation of the new Â·colony. Practically all the details were Â· completed except affixing the seals. Opponents to the plan caused many delays, however. Franklin was active in America in opposition to taxation without representation by the British government Â· and the opponents used this to advantage. Â· But, many believed the new colony I would become reality. In September 1773 ; Washington wrote a letter in which he ex- Â· pressed a desire to purchase 10,000 acres *of land as near as possible to "the western Abounds of the new colony." T The area was to include land between ;the Allegheny Mountains and the Ohio Riv- *er between Pennsylvania and North Carolina. In 1780, during the Revolution, Thom- Zas Paine wrote an article entitled "Public -Good." He argued that a new state should : be formed west of the Alleghenies and the -land sold to defray the expenses of the " war. ' . Â· The people in what is now West Virginia .imade several attempts toward separation. '"In 1776 a petition was presented to the Con- 'tinental Congress to create a new state to -be known as Westsylvania. In 1816 a pro- tposal was made to Uie Virginia Assembly Tthat the state be divroed into northern and 'southern sections. 'POEWGLAS' Whitehall Tires From Goodyear HAPPY BIRTHDAY 200TH A78-13 whitewall with trade and $1.75 F.E.T. per tire For models of Pinto, Colt, Vega, Monza, Astre HAPPY BIRTHDAY 113TH 'Custom Power Cushion Polyglas'-America's Best SellingTire 4 for 170 whitewall with trade D78-14 E78-14 For models of Cornel. Maverick. Dart Matador, Duster. Mustang. Gremlin, Ctievelle, Chevy II, Skylark and others. whitewall with trade G78-14 For models ol Charger. Chevclle. Cutlass, Coronet, Ford, American Motors, Grand Prix, Fury, Skylark. Century and others. whitewall with trade G78-15 For models ol Ford. Fury, Discsync. Impala. Monte Carlo, wagons, and many others. whitewall with trade H78-U For models of Buick. Chevrolet, Chrysler, Ford. 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Â· Complete chassis lubrication oil change Â· Helps ensure long wearing parts smooth, quiet performance Â· Please phone for app o i n t m e n t Â· Includes light trucks Â· Ask for our Free Battery Power Check SERVICE SPECIALS NOT AVAILABLE AT ALL LOCATIONS Front-End Alignment 12 88 Any U.S. made car - parts extra if needed Excludes front-wheel drive cars Â· Complete analysis and alignment correction - to increase lire mileage and improve steering Â· Precision equipment, used hy experienced mechanics, h e l p s e n s u r e a p r e c i s i o n alignment Brakes-Your Choice Additional parts extra if needed. 2-Whccl Front Disc: I n s t a l l n e w f r o n t d i s c brake pads Â· R e p a c k a n d i n s p e c t f r n n l wheel hearings Â· Inspect h y d r a u l i c system and rotors [does not include rear wheels] OR 4-Wheel Drum-Type: I n s t a l l new lirnke linings all f o u r wheels Â· Repack f r n n l wheel hearings Â· Inspect hrake h y d r a u l i c s y s t e m / a d d f l u i d . 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