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LAST E i-DlTION The Best Advertising Medium in the Youujh Region. VOL. 37, NO. CJ. Tile Weekly Courier, Founded July 17. 1B79. The Daily Courier, Founded November 10. 1002. | Merged July 18, 1923. CONNELLSVILLE, PA., MONDAY KVKNhNU, J A N U A U Y l!;j, 1039. TEN PAGES. SPANISH REPUBLIC HAS MARTIAL LAW AS CRISIS LOOMS Men, Women and Children of Barcelona Prepare . for Defense As Rebels Reach Outer Lines. MANY RAIDS BY FOREIGN PLANES By HAROLD PETERS United Press Staff Correspondent. BARCELONA, Jan. 23.--The entire Spanish republic was placed under a state ot war, equivalent to martial law, today as government and people ol Barcelona prepared to defend the city against the attacking Spaniards, Moors, Italians and Germans of the insurgent armies. The cabinet, at a meeting which ended at 1 A. M. today, voted formally to remain in the city. It named a commission to organize ^ the evacuation of civilians "affected by works oÂ£ fortification and defense"--that is, those living in zones which would be needed for the final defenses oJ the city. The martial law decree was taken under the constitutional provisions for dealing with emergencies. Three separate stages are prescribed: First a state of prevention, secondly a state ot alarm 1 , thirdly a state of war "* or martial law. Since the early days of Ihe civil war a stale of alarm hod been operative in loyalist territory. Barcelona's normal life was suspended today. Men, women anc children worked on defenses. The nationalists hammered at the outer defenses, a few miles from the city, with their' artillery, while their airplanes blasted the city proper. There were three air raids by 9:30 o'clock this morning following 10 yesterday and eight Saturday. In the intervals between aerial bombs the people could hear the dis- '.ant rumbling _pf_ the artillery, in the lulls" wc"sf "and southwest of the city. By order ot the Catalonian government, all industries and businesses except those deemed essential were closed today until further notice. Employers and employes,of all establishments closed under the order were instructed to stand by for orders. -* All men under 55 years of age, and all women of 18 to 40 years hod voluntarily registered themselves for service, at the disposal of military authorities for whatever work might be assigned them. Only arms and munitions factories, public services, sanitation services, drug stores, newspapers and specially authorized restaurants were permitted to remain open as the city *~ concentrated on its defense. Children aided men and women in preparing the final defense inside the city. The people hoped that they could match the proud record of Madrid, whose fall had been announced more than two years ago. Eight times Saturday, 10 times yesterday, German and Italian airplanes bombed the city. They spread . (heir bombs alKSamong the coast. Totpl casualties, in all raids, were estimated at 110 killed and several hundred wounded in three days. The air raids yesterday began at 2 A. M. and ended late last night. A number ot British ships were struck by bombs, including the African Mariner, Huntress, Dover Abbey, Yorkbrooke and Scabank Spray. The Stanholme and the . French steamship C o m m a n d a n t Charles Meric were reported damaged in raids on Valencia. It was rumored, but not confirmed, that three Greek members of the African Mariner's crew were killed. (The Spanish loyalist press agency at Paris, in a dispatch from Barcelona, reported that six members of Presidents Birthday Bail Saturday Evening A v President Roosevelt birthday ball will be held Saturday night at Pleasant Valley Country Cluo as this community's part in the infantile paralysis foundation fund. Dr. H. Daniel Minerd, Conncllsvillc chairman, announced today. Tickets have been placed on sale throughout the community so that everyone will have an opportunity to help the fund this year, whether they desire to attend the danci or noi. The dance will begin at 10 o'clock. Various committees havÂ«: been assigned to handle difTcrcat aliases of the ball so that no 'detail will bo overlooked. The ball here will bo the outstanding of sc.veral infantile paralysis benefits to be held in various sections of the Fay-West region, all of which are a part of the nationwide campaign in a war on the drcjded illness. The President's birthday is January 30. There will be a benefit basketball game'Wodnesday night at Leiscnrins No. 1 with Dunbar Township and Georges Township High Schools competing. The preliminary will bring together two quintets of former Dunbar stars who havc'beon graduated. Lyell L. BuUcrmore oÂ£ Grandview avenue, the Fayette count chairman, has urged participation of every citizen because of the importance of the movement. 'Such a humanitarian movement the African killed.) Mariner's crew were . Charges Against Numbers Men to Be Made During Da^ UNIONTOWN, Jan. 23--"Informa- tions will be made this afternoon," , District Attorney James A. Reiily Â· ^ said today in connection with the V projected filing of charges against Steve Samonas, Tony DeCarlo and Duke Davis, alleged numbers rack- steers in Fayette county. Judge H. S. Dumbauld directed Ihe prosecutor to file the accusations- after hearing George Betters, Negro numbers baron of Co:inellsville, accuse the trio of wanting to take over his (Betters) numbers' business on :he promise of paying his line, getting him out of jail and paying him a commission. Dies In Kuflalo. ~ UNIONTOW.V, Jan. 23.--George W. Lennox. 83, former local grocery store owner and a pioneer resident here, died Saturday in Buffalo, N. Y., after a protracted illness. He is survived -- by t\vo children. should find an open heart among those who arc able to help anc everyone ean help in come manner/ Mr. Buttermorc sviid. Share in Ruppert Millions Fighf fo Restore WPA Appropriation Cut Likely Tomorrow By United Press. WASHINGTON, Jan. 23.--Senate Majority Loader Alben W. Barklcy announced after a conference with President Roosevelt todny that Administration forces will make a final attempt on the Senate floor to restore the $150,000,000 cut from the WPA appropriation. Barkley reiterated that Mr. Roosevelt believes the $725,000,000 bill approved by -the House and the Senate Appropriations Committee is insufficient to meet relief needs. He said Senator Kenneth McKcllar, D., Tenn., probably will ofTcr an amendment from the floor to restore the appropriation to the 5875,000,000 requested by the President. The bil!, carrying restrictions against wholesale reduction in relief rolls during the winter, will be taken up in the Senate tomorrow, Barkley said. Confluence Men Escape Injury As Car Upsets CONFLUENCE, Jan. 23.--Four occupants of an autombile that wrecked on the slippery highway near Winding Ridge escaped with minor injuries Saturday. The car was owned and operated by Darwin Cuppett of Confluence and in it were also Harry Gunderman, Dave Clous-e and Herman Clousc, all of Confluence, according to State Motor Police who made an investigation. The machine skidded off the highway and turned over several times, coming to rest on its top. The accident occurred on Route 40. The machine, a new coupe, was practically demolished, police said. Mra. Frank UoUcran. Jr. Â»ml Mrs. J. Basil McCain Three -women arc named as principal beneficiaries in the will of the Into Colonel Jacob Ruppcrt, with the estate estimated nt between ?30 000 000 and ?70,000,000. They also become chief stockholders in the New York Yankees, world champion baseball tÂ«nm, of which the beer magnate via owner. They arc Mrs. Frank Uollcrim, Jr., and Mrs, J. Basil McGuirc nieces, both of Greenwich, Conn., and Now York, and Uclcr. Winlhrop Wcynnt, a former Broadway show girl. (Central Prtat) GANGLAND WAR BLAMED FOR DEATH AND INJURY WHEELING, W. Vn., Jan. 23.--One man lay dead and another cnticÂ«!ly wounded today in what police described as a "gangland killing." The .slain man was Tom (Palsy) Bonovitch, 55, former bodyguard for William (Big Bill) Lias, Wheeling numbers baron. ' Nick Miller, 32, said to be a former Lias chauffeur,' Â·wn.4- v Hf""*r~horpnal, wounded in the right shoulder and chest. Shot six times through the neck ind body, his .skull fractured from a blow to the head,. Bonovitch was !ound lying in an alley. Miller was shot by Bonovitch a short time before Bonovitch's body was found. Coker Debaters Win Three At Hurst High Dunbar Township May Improve Lighting In Its School Buildings Dunbar Township School District is going to give serious study to equipping its buildings with the most modern lighting facilities so as to eliminate as much as possible the danger to eyesight of students. The board ot education has authorized equipping of two classroom with the model lighting installatiofa which works automatically, the lights being turned on when the meter shows ihat nibufliuicnt illumination is beinj pioyidcd by nature The directorate viewed a demonstration with a miniature classroom accompanied by motion pictures giving statistics to show the relation of eyesight to both li-arninir and health Memorial Service Held by Firemen First United Brethren Church in Lincoln avenue was filled to overflowing Sunday night for the annual memorial service ot the New Haven Hose Company and Firemen's Band. There were no deaths in either organization during the past year, it was announced. i'orty-one firemen and 11 musicians, all in /ull uniform, Mayor Ira D. Younkin and four councilmen, City Clerk S. T. Benford and Health Officer Charles H. Balsley attended the service in a body. Rev. Elmer A. Schultz, pastor, delivered an appropriate seimon, lauding the firemen for their devotion to their fellowman in the preservation of life and property. Kiferle's Orchestra furnished instrumental numbers. Special music was al.so provided by the Firemen's quartet, the augmented church choir and Miss Florence Wilkey, who played the marimba. $11 Stolen From Confluence Store CONFLUENCE, Jan. 23.--Robbers broke into Colborn's pharmacy early Sunday morning and took about $11 in coins the proprietor had left in the cash register for change. The burglars gained entrance through the cellar door and a trap door leading up from the basement. There were no clues, Constable Frank Previere and Somerset police said. Kenneth Burnworth, a clerk, discovered the robbery when he opened the store Sunday morning. Stork at Hospital. There were two births at Connellsville State Hospital over the weekend. A daughter arrived at 4:35 o'clock Satuiday afternoon for Mr, and Mrs. Charles McGivern of Dunbar and a son was born at 11:52 o'clock Sunday night to Mr. and Mrs, Kdward Morgan, also of Dunbnr. Amrrlranfeatloii I'arade. The Westmoreland County Council of the American Legion will sponso an Americanization parade at New Kensington this yc.,r in cooperation will) Veterans ot Foreign Wors who held a similar parade last year in Grcensburg it was decided at meeting held Wednesday night. The date of the event n-.-j.. tontntiwly set as May 1. :OLD WAVE H I T S CITY; SHORT-LIVED Mercury Advances Fast During Forenoon to 23 Degrees. SNOW, SLEET IS FORECAST to Lifebelts Hours Before ing, won I tied two, I Connellsville High School debaters )arLio paling in the first tournamcn iponsorccl by Hurbt High School oC .Mount Pleasant township at the Westmoreland county buildn Jircc contents, lost one and t: a summary revealed. There were 14 schools in the competition on the theme: "Resolved, That the United States Should Form An Alliance with Grc;it Britain." In the absence of Coach Harold A. Swank who was ill, the debaters were takun to Hurst by David C. Guh!. Members of the Coker squad were: AffUmativcs, Earl Lowcry and Celia Sapolsky with Betty Coughcnour as alternate, and negatives, Henry McRobbie and Sara Bailey with Helen Russo as alternative. The Coker affirmatives met Mason town, Ea_st Pike Run and Homestead while the negatives encountered Charjeroi, Derry Township and Munhall. i\ new system of judging was inaugurated under which plan ties are possible. It is known as the Allegheny College plan. Andrew Civnncr of Grcensburg and Gene McDonald of Dcrry Township tied for first place in the debate, event, sponsored by the Hurst Debate Club and Coach Joseph E. Silvis. V/mners in the college plan under which the individual, rather than the team, is named .were: Andrew Cramer of Greensburg an(J Gene McDonald of Derry Township, each 46 points, and Philip Eroholtz of Hurst, Oliver Home! of East Pike Run; "Stanford Roscorni of Donora, Kenneth Pnugburn of McKeosport and Kenneth Bucll of Ligonier, each 42 points. The highest possible score is 48 point, 1 ;, judges grading pupils on 8-G-4-2 b.isis. The severest cold wave of the year over the week-end swept the mercury to n low of 16 degrees above zero in Connellsville but the frigidity was expected to be ot short duration as the weather man predicted "rising temperatures." While the city had n low of 16 above during the night. Roaring Run recorded the "ice box" mark of seven above for Fayette county while Sand Patch in Somerset county showed six above. The weather observer said snow would fall late tonight or tomorrow and would change to sleet or rain during Tuesday, being accompanied by n ri.se in the mercury. The week-end bitter winter Monti, accompanied by a light fall of snow, found the mercury taking a nose dive to the 16-degrcc point from the high murk of 54 above. At 10 o'clock the thermometer at The Courier office showed 20 and at noon was up three points. Thermometer readings reported in various localities include: Connellsville, 16. Roniing Run, seven. Indim Head, eight. Pcrryiipolis, 12. Mount Pleasant, 10. Star Junction, 12. Vanderbilt. 10. Dawson, 10. Dunbar, 11. The Baltimore Ohio Railroad reported thermometer figures on its system nt 7 A. M. as follows: Connellsville, 12. Johnstown, H. Somerset. 10. Cumberland, 20. Smithflcld, M. Morgnntown, 20. Rockwood, 12. Oppkiskn. W. Va., 10. Pittsburgh, II). Sand Patch, six. Tanker Locates Them Five Men and Five Women Aboard Ship Ncaring Port; Three Victims Given Up for Lost; Have Harrowing Experience. ONE BOAT PASSES THEM IN DARKNESS By JAMES C. AUSTIN United Press Staff Correspondent. NEW YORK, Jan. 23.--The tank ship Esso Baytown arrives in port this afternoon with the five men and five women it plucked from the sea 300 miles from the nearest land and a remarkable story of disaster, heroism, suffering and death. They were the survivors ot the crew and the passengers of the 20-ton British flying boat Cavalier, which was lost during one ot its regular flights from Port Washington, Long Island, to Bermuda, on Saturday. They had floated for over 10 hours on the open Atlantic, clinging to life belts and to one another. They had watched three ot their companions drop away, one by one. Through the black of the ocean night, they, had seen one steamer go by, unheeding their frenzied cries, and all were prepared for death when Suffers Lcc Injury. John Hcgadore, 32, of Dawson, suffered an in;ury to his right leg while working in ft mine ne;ir his home. He was taken to the Hospital for treatment. "WEARS" ONLY UMBRELLA; THINKS HE'S CHAMBERLAIN 1 TARANTO, Italy, J.-m. 23.--Battista Rocca, 28, was. arrested in a main street todny as he promenaded wearing only an umbrell.-i slung on his arm. "I'm Mr. Chumbcrlmn," he explained to questioning policemen. He was taken to hospital for observation. The Weather ones, Crossen Fired by James HARRISBURG, Jan. 23.--Govcr- p ior Arthur II. James today notified Liquor Control Board Chairman Leo T. Ciosscn and Turnpike Commissioner Edward N. Jones, whose appointments by former Governor corgi; H. Earle were r,ot confirmed by the Senate, that they have been removed from ortice. In accordance with the powers vested in me under Article 6, Section 4, of thu Constitution of Pennsylvania, I hereby remove you, effective immediately." James notified Crossen and Jones. Attorney General Claude T. Reno sv.id Public Utility Commissioner John Sullivan, whose nomination was recalled by Governor James, was notified th,it his commission has been revoked. the Esso Baytown put over its life boats and returned them to the living. Yesterday, last night, and this morning, the big' Standard Oil tanker fought gale winds which whipped the sea into heaving, shimmering mountains, adding to the discomfort ot the weakened survivors and slowing their arrival here whera hospital beds and expert medical attention awaited them. Had it not been for the E.ile lashing all of thu north Atlantic coast, they would have arrived Bus Will Avoid Crossings; Loading Location Changed The school bus going into the Dunbar district will stop in front ot the Standard Garage at Dunbar to load and unload students instead of traveling over four railroad tracks nnd n trolley crossing, the Dunbar Township Board of Education has decided as a safety measure. There is considerable danger involved in taking the bus over the tracks and it was decided the pupils should walk to the loading place. In case ot r.rin, the Dunbar Recreation Center will be available as a waiting room, Eddie Mohan, supervisor, Informed the directorate. The board decided to send Secretary Julius Molnar and Superintendent W. E. Tietbohl to Harrisburg on February 2, 3 and 4 to the convention of the Pennsylvania State School Directors Association. President Clyde S. E. Martin reported that a grade school student who had eight teeth knocked out while watching a mushball game was having her mouth reconditioned with funds from private sources. It was voted to have A. R. Boycr of Cor.nellsville recondition the plumbing in the Monarch and West Leisenring buildings. The board will rent the school auditorium to a Vanderbilt organization for a play January 27. Prescription Error Leads io Arrest of Doctor, Pharmacist PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 23.--A Philadelphia physician and a young woman pharmacist were charged with homicide today in the "prescription error" death of a 15-year- old girl. Dr. John Raftery, who was released in $5,000 bail, told Magistrate Jacob Dogole that he assumed full blame for accidentally specifying 20 grains of strychnine in the prescription instead of a half grain. He said lie had been "in a hurry" to leave his office. Isabell Grnntz, a grammer school graduate whose jobless father had to borrow money to have the prescription iilled, died after taking a tablespoon of the medicine. She was the youngest of five children. Pearl Barrow, 26, a graduate of Temple University School of Pharmacy six years ago, testified thai while filling the prescription she thought the amount ot strychnine was unusually J.'irge, but that "Dr. Raftery was used to making strong prescriptions." Dr. Raflcry also said that he returned to Ihe drug store where the prescription was tilled and corrected it in case someone should call for a reorder. I can show medical records where Americans Told To .Get Out r Of Spanish Capital HENDAYE, Jan. 23.--The United States consulate at Barcelona urged Americans today to evacuate the cily at once as the nationalist armies pounded their way to within sight of the loyalist capital. - - The cruiser Omaha and the "destroyers Badger and Jacob Jones were nearby in the Mediterranean with steam up, ready to come to the aid of the Americans. W. C. Thurston, charge 'd'affaires, prepared to ask Admiral Henry E. Lackey tonight to bring the ships into the port of Barcelona. They would arrive probably by Wednesday. There are about 200 Americans in Barcelona, many of whom are Puerto Ricans and Filipinos. The consulate ur.;cd all to get out by their own efforts if possible and a mimeographed warning said, "no assurance can be given that American warships will be able to evacuate civilians." I t was believed the British destroyer Devonshire also would, come to help evacuate civilians. Barcelona was under almost constant aerial bombardment as the nationalist land forces closed in. By early afternoon there had been seven raids, in vhich many--the number could not be estimated--were killed and wounded. S. Connellsville Firemen Conduct Annual Memorial Snow beginning late tonight or | patients survived dosages containing Tuesday, changing to sleet or rail, two or three fir.iins ami even up to to the church in a body. Tuesday rising temperature if the !7 or ls wains." he testified. Rev. E. I. Mankamycr, the c! r.oon weather loir-c.Kl for W'^lcrn His counsel ami close friend, Hu- Â· p.istor, preached the .service. Hi The annual memorial service of South Connellsville firemen was held Sunday evening at the Evangelical Church theic. Members of the fiie department and members- of the ladies' auxiliary met at the fire station rind mnrchcd church Pennsylvania. Temperature Record. 1939 .Maximum ..... 5-i Minimum ._ 16 Menu . . 35 iK'il J. Ilorr.n, Jr., president of the Broad Street Trust Company, told 1938 the magistrate that he had "every SO faith in Dr. Raftery and that "he has :m been my family physician for more 10 ' than 23 years." assisted by Rev. W. E. Ba.isett, a former pastor of Die church, now retired and living at South Connellsville. A poem, eulogizing the lire- men, composed by Rev, Bassett, was read fay him at the service last night. Shortly before noon Radio Marine was advised that the tanker expected to arrive off Staplcton, Statcn Islai.d, at the entrance ot upper N. Y. harbor late in the afternoon and dock about S P. M. at Pier S, where where relatives, police and medical aid awaited the survivors. ' Its speed reduced by heavy seas, the oil carrier was proceeding at 11 to 14 miles an hour. Awaiting two of. the women wns something in addition to comforts and care. They will receive the news that they are, beyond possibility ot reversal or hope, widows. Mrs. Donald Miller, ot LincouvKeb., and Mrs. J. Gordon Noakcs ot New York City watched their husbands drift away out there on the ocean, and all of the survivors but them believed they were definitely dead. When they were taken aboard the Esso Baytown Saturday night, they were assured that three Coast Guard oats would continue the search for .hem. The boats searched all day yesterday and last night, returned to and, officially abandoning any hope hat Miller, Noakes, and Robert Spencc, the Cavalier's steward, were alive. Awaiting four of the men were the searching ques-tions of officials of Imperial Airways, which, in conjunction with Pan-American Airways, operates the air line to Bermuda, and of American aviation authorities. These men were Captain M. R. Aldcrson, the Cavalier's master; Neil Richardson, her first officer; Patrick Chapman, her radio - officer; - and David Williams, her other steward. The officials wanted to know what happancd aboard the huge four-motored flying boat that caused her to plunge into the sea. split open, and sink so quickly'her passengers and crew, barely rmanoged to get out of the hulk into the sea. This much-was known. All the ship's motors"failed at the same time and ice was the cause. . At 12:59 P. 'Saturday, her "radio flashed: "All engines failing--ice. Altitude 1,500 feet. Forced landing in a-few minutes.'!-' Thirteen minutes - later she said: "Lan'ding 'okay, switch off-stand by." One.minute later the radio flashed one word and went dead. The 'word was: "Sinking." Aviation experts ashore believe that ice had formed on the wings and around the motors and had choked the carburetors of all four motors. The Cavalier was not equipped with devices-o prevent such-an occur-, rcnce, which are standard equipment on most American commercial planes. The questions will be asked by Paul E. Bewshea, representing Imperial Airways, and, unofficially, by experts of the Civic Aeronautics Authority. The authority has jurisdiction under the act which created it, over all airlines operating from American ports, but the Bermuda line was established before it was, and Imperial's application for a certification ot public necessity and convenience is pending. The tact that this application must be passed upon by the authority eventually, permitted it,! unofficial participation in the investigation. The Cavaiier was so constructed, that, theoretically, she should have ridden the heaviest seas for day Built in 1935, she cost 5200,000. She was the fifth of her type, "empire boats," involved in a fatal accident .Â·iinee they vsro put into regular operation in 1937 on various lines ihroughout the world. Also awaiting the passengers and crew were eager relatives, rejoicing that they had come through seemingly impossible hardships alive. They were gather- '. on the Hudion River the the pier early this morning where Baytown will dock to transfer passengers a"i crew 'j ambulances. Eirst message; had indicated that some ot them--particularly Captain Continued on gage Six.