The Ottawa Journal from Ottawa,  on August 29, 1964 · Page 38
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The Ottawa Journal from Ottawa, · Page 38

Ottawa, Canada
Issue Date:
Saturday, August 29, 1964
Page 38
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THE AORLnfe A 4 poge of news analysis and interpretation V . t .. - Revolutionary New Addition To Sales Staff ici uw -uaurarVTU-aa Mm I UNION CITY Something revolutionary has been added to the business of telling automobiles hen . a local car salesman it a former premier of Cuba and one of tha lop anti-Castro Cuban revolutionary leaders. Manuel Antonio da Varona Y Laredo, yean old, signed on as a regular salesman with 1 a local agency two weeks ago to serve a growing Spanish-speaking clientele m this -,area. " In IMI de Varona was one of the top- leaders in the Cuban Revolutionary Council, which backed the Bay of Pigs invasion. His son Carlos participated m the invasion, ws cspturwr '. Weight Not Dead SOUTHAMPTON (UP!) Truck driver John Goddard and goo owner James Chip-perfield were , stopped by police for a routine lnspec. tion while hauling an excitable hippopotamus named Douglas, ; -: "Pull over for ' spot check on your truck," the policemen said. "Right," said Goddard, "but make M fast. I've got this hippo named Douglas in the back and be gets resiles if be gets hot." "Sure," said "inspector Geo-i rge Howarth with a knowing smile. Then he crawled un-. vder the truck, -r . , Chipperfieid. teeing that the Inspector did not believe la Douglas' existence, said: : "Excuse me. but you are tying under a hippo which weighs nearly a ton and gets' upset if be is not cool by the wind as be rides. Any delay could upset blm a bit." Howarth was impressed particularly when be heard Douglas start snorting. "This it a case for mini mum delay," be said. - Howarth cleared the truck m II minutes a record and Douglas was on hit way to ? CHpperfie!di Zoo m York, Summer By THEODORE SHABAD (C) sVtM PsW T TaewxM wwRJ JgatnrwM '.MOSCOW Firefighting practice and "frontier guard" duty are children's camp ac ttvttiet that may strike the average non-aoviei t camp-coer at a little odd but they involve prestige at "Forest , - Republic" pioneer camp, a AO-minute but ride from Mos- '- . - f When foreign correspond- ants on a conducted tour of the camp photographed a bivouac area near the perimeter, 12-year-old girl standing at attention next to red and white striped boundary marker, aaid: "No pictures allowed here, this is a frontier tone." -- A newsman made an embarrassed apology and hastily put hie camera away. ' : .V- "and later released. Today the son Is a student in the United State. - - Dt Varona is a scholarly looking man who wears heavy born rimmed glasses and speaks softly while thinking about big-stick attacks. He says that he has been, a revolutionary against on Cuban dictator or another for 40 of his SS, years. But he concedes that things .are relatively quiet now. , MATTER OF STOMACH ' He said rather sadly that, selling automobiles was easier than unifying the anti-Castro forces. But be said that selling cars was a matter of the stomach while the revolution-j ary drive against Castro con- rmed to be a matter of the heart ' ' Da Varona hat Cuban Uw degree but does not practise here. Ha arrived in New York about six months ago from his former Miami exile headquarters and now works with the Rescue Democratic Rev& lutionary movement in New York City at general secretary. ' He works with the anti-Castro ' movement by . day, .then checks in at the automobile agency from S to t p.m. weekdays, and on Satur-day is a talesman all day. ' He lives ' with his wife, Emelina. in New York. Their children, Carlos aid Emelina, are in Miami. --!.. 1 PERIODS OF PLOTTING - At tha age of IS de Varona was arrested for the first time for revolutionary activity in Cuba. Later be want through periods. of plotting. Imprisonment and exile fought against tha dictatorships of Gerardo Machado.- Felgencio Batista and Fidel Castro. . In 1MT President Carlos Prio Socarraa : named him Premier of Cuba. Ha held the Job three years, then resigned to accept the presidency of the . senate, but toon Batista was . on the scene and de Varona was Miami resident again. , De Varona, who rebels against authoritarianism and the suppression of personal liberties, was one of the first leaders to break who the Castro regime. He never held any pott la that government. ',.4 t" Gam in the Soviet - Quasi military . overtones were also) evident at a daily lineup enacted for the visitors' benefit on the central parade ground. The campers divided Into 10 age groups .,, t -..-ha from their bunkhouset clad in t white. ' shirts, red "kerchieft, blue avm Shorts and sneakers. -'' ' Etch group, distinguished' by; different 'color forage ! caps, was neaaea oy a group , commander and a flag-bearer carrying a red flag, t: ' ' - One by one the command- era strutted stiffly up to a reviewing stand to report to camp leaders that their groups were lined up. ' r An Impression of mUitaria--tte drill, designed, at camp : officials later explained, to instill feelings of discipline and importance, wat decep- live. ( :i n-i" tie' groups, many bitter amies of one another. '. As If this were not enough, ' Cameroon has been torn since Infancy by a little;- publicized civil war that has claimed r than 7,M victims. " small but 1 determined varmyr trained by the French, si almost eliminated the re- ' Wellton. which wat once openly , k..Vul I ,1, c .J a , mm un ,m vniir i est Communists. But theT blood -. letting has left deep ' ' 1 ' ' ' ' . . . i -!;, . The Betrayal of a 1 ' ' . . ' By LLOYD GARRISON north and equally proud, bet--e ism Da rata m Barans iter educated Christians along ; ' "f Despite Sweet H YAOUNDE Afrkas hopes tha coast. Added to this mix- . Such are the 'immense tontinenul unity, and alltnre'ere lit tribal and Unguis-5 tmt fac(g Ahmadoe Ahldjo, the stumbling blocks that sur round these hopes, caa be teen fa many ways to Ca- t"The country it extraordinary among African states; for m hs legacy of European language and culture It reflects the division of tha continent! ft is part English, part French, i Like most -west African states. Cameroon hat proud, eoniervativa Moslems In the 'Hi wmm wuajsjua-sjwwt-uu i s w aw mimnpy 'mpT'lyr s t r"i"f i ' si " ; i. ( ' j I . . , SATURDAY, AUGUST 29, 1964 THE AWA JOURNAL SATURDAY, AUGUST 29, 1864 A Bitter Taste Lingers By DREW MIDDLETON ici tM Not Tart Tkaaa Una SaraUa PARIS Warmed by the Summer sun, ripe with the harvest, highways clogged with vacationing families, France offers a picture of prosperity and political conformity. ." At shorter range, in the. noisy backslreet of Nice, Marseilles, Toulouse and Bor-deaux, at cafe tables In upland villages and in squares of worn-out farming hsmlrts,' France displays her other, face; sharp economic and social contrasts, a questioning political uneasiness. These seldom disturb the glittering facade of General de Gaulle's fifth republic. This is very much the general's France. He has given her a stability and peace she has notknown for a quarter of a century and this republic . his republic is grateful. Once a woman Interrupted her husband's tirade against de Gaulle with a sharp "yes, yes; but no Frenchmen are. dying anywhere. Remember that." i The women of France, who gave their husbands, brothers.' lovers and sons to the wars in Europe, Africa and Asia. A Feeling of Belonging 1 . By TAN1A LONG ICl I Ml MOT Tat ttmm MOTS Xrrtea NEW YORK "It was all different." ' Scottie Bernard Coley said with deep sigh. , "I couldnt understand what I ii. I was frightened. When I was in Georgia, f had want ed to come to school in New York. But when 1 got here, I was really scared." Scottie. a II year old . Negro from Thomasville, a 1 country teat city of M.OOt in southern Georgia, was reliving his first encounter, earlier this Summer, with the Integrated world of the north. One of five fatherless tons of a poor mother, he had never (raveled much beyond southern Georgia where, he said, "the while folks have nothing In common 'with as colored." VERY ODD "When I wat on my wsT from Penn station," ha went-, Summer biology course, on. "I taw a colored boy with - When he found none, he a white girl. I thought, twhat')t cided - to take anthropology a colored boy doing with white girir I thought . maybe they Just were talking for a minute, but then they went on, walking along together, t thought it was very odd. - "Then when I got to my cousin's home in Brooklyn, they took me to meet some neighbors and we all talked and they asked me about my trip I thought these people were light-skinned, like my cousins, but H turned out they were white. Yet they acted as if I wat as white as they.' And their children and I were soon playing together." The tall, slender youth, who speaks with a deep Georgia ' On a two-hour inspection of the camp facilities, newt-' men found a great air of informality and an the customary activities from ana and crafts to nature studies, from 'chorus to model airplane building.; ' , v ' Judging from nietly kepi bulletin boards, the feeling' of competition wag keen as charts and graphs recorded the contribution made by each group, and within each group by each of three teams. . TVi "Forest Republic" bv "one of about 8.000 Summer camps of the Soviet Union's Pioneer Organization which includes children 9 to 14. - National membership ' it .about 23,000.000. Almost half of all the camps are situated around ' Monco ' reflecting the special needs of the big ntetropolltan centre. scars that will tske years to . bind. ', the country's young,' self-educated president. He la a soft-spoken former teletype tor with a penchant for history books and Georges Simeon novels about mspector Matgret. "'.'. A . Moslem northerner of common birth, he has sought' to whittle away the power ef the feudal Moslem kings with- . j , i . .... oui uesinmng ais political base.- To southei j and English- -V- cherish France's first peace since IS31 and they give the credit for it to de Gaulle. De Gaulle's personal position is impressive. He is at accent, hat spent six weeks as a Summer student of anthropology at the Brooklyn children's, museum, where most of the students are white. SELECTED BY MUSEUM -'. Scottie is one of 25 high school students sleeted by the museum from about 2N applicants on the basis of their scholastic records and teachers' recommendations to attend an tight week Summer -course -financed by the National Science Foundation. Tha class, directed by. Paul Curtis Hooks, a Negro anthropologist has students of Haitian, Ne- : gro and Chinese origin,' but , the .Georgia boy is the only, student from the Deep South. . ; Scottie wants to .become a surgeon and had hoped to find a school in an area where he had- relatives who would give him room and board that had Invitation Answers Slow ICI ISM MOT Tw TtaMt Mm OarrlM VIENNA In a survey of responses to the invitation by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union to 29 world Communist parties for a Communist conference in December, seven parties have accepted, according to Radio Free Europe. The parties, according to the station, are those of Australia, Bulgaria, Cxachoslo-vskla, Finland. France, Hungary and India. ., Communist China, -which . hat ex pi eased the view that such a conference would need four or five years of preparation, has not mentioned the Soviet invitation, and. among the East European parties, neither Poland nor Rumania have specifically responded to Moscow's invitation, ac- -cording to RFE monitoring. ' The other parties invited ' are those of Albania, Argentine. Brazil, Britain. China, . Cuba, East Germany, ' Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mongolia. North Viet Nam, Syria, the United States and West Germany. Counting the pro-Peking groups which have split from Moscow-aligned parties, there y are more than 90 Communist parties in the World. Three of the parties which were not invited those of Austria, Denmark and Israel have already voiced epproval.of the ' meeting, said RFE, ' Warped speaking .,- Africans hi West Cameroon, Ahldjo has sought to be as progrentve as a northerner can be with oat adopting the slogans of the London and Paris educated young radicals, f . "Ahldjo is a political pro." an admiring American diplomat said. "Put him down on Chicago's south tide and within a year he'd have a ward afl his- own." ,, ' v Yet for all his political skills Ahidje faces' at) uphill, seemingly endless task in his campaign to mold a national con-Ktousness. .' " V" ' ooce the best known, tha best liked and in tome sections of the population tha most hated man in Franca. , "The general? What does and stay with hit cousins in Brooklyn. In addition to attending classes free,, he is one of seven students in the class who are, given 17 .M a week to pay for transportation to the various placet they must visit ae part of their studies. TREATED WELL "The white people here have treated me- real well. The only thing ft they keep asking me about the racial situation in tha South. They keep asking, and they keep asking. Hint of Red Taint Now Campaign Issue By MARTIN TOLOHIN IC IBM MOT Tar tkwat nws Santo NEW YORK Mobilization For Youth, HXO.e0 anti-delinquency -program for 17 blocks en the lower East Side of Manhattan it an-stranger to criticism. ... - , The program baa coma under attack in the last week for allegedly being infiltrated by Communists. Nine of the JM tuff members of Mobilisation For Youth were members of the Communist Party pr of Com- -munist-from organizations in she laM'i and IHO's, federal Bureau of Investigation loyal- ' ty check baa shown. William E. Miller, the republican vice - presidential nominee, has commented that charges of Communist infil-. tration into the agency ware "very much a c a mpaign Issue." . . .-MUCH ATTACKED At various times, tha program baa been assailed by landlords, businessmen,-school principals, 'public i officiate and the Chinese-Corn-munist-oriented Progress i v e Labor Movement in the 22 months that it has been' in 1 operation. President Johnson said last month that Mobilisation Far Youth was "one of the most promising in a variety of ef- ; forts to bring opportunity, to neighborhoods where K has long been absent." Mobilization For .Youth works on the theory that de- ' linquency Is a symptom of inadequate recreational facil ities..' ; ';...,:-. ' Delinquents need Job opportunities, good housing, good education and the knowledge that they can affect their environment more than they -need clinics or playgrounds, according to the project's doctrine. . . Sense - ' . Bowing to political realities, : Ahldjo hat had to choose most officials on the basit of their ' tribes, not' their. merits. This . has perpetuated an uneasiness common throughout . Africa: ' Africans appointed because of their tribes tend to put tboseJhey were from hostile tribes, tribes first and the govern- "The booking clerk tent the nunt second. So, B tha nat- cablet an right," the manager tional flag flies upside dewn, ' -said, "but they were all for who cares? ; ,, '- - the wrong flights. It was a ' Not long ago the'Europeah deliberate attempt to sabo- manager of an airline office here reluctantly discharg e d his bonking clerk, an African Negro. -'. - t "I had no choice.' i be said. a r vest he know of our problems?" asked a businessman In Lyons. De Gaulle's call to grandeur, sounded repeatedly from the Eiysee Palace and echoed by bis followers, has more discriminating listeners outside Pahs. The majority teems to like-hit assertions of France's independence from the United States and his leadership in .Europe. , t,The French are a strikingly self-centred people and they admire any leader who tugs Uncle Sam's beard or tweaks Britannia's nose. Few know, however, that de Gaulle's policies have irritated and angered France's allies.'- This ignorance can be attributed to the one-sided- . nets of reporting on television and radio. By a Judicious selection of comment from abroad, these media combine to give the .French the impression .that the general's policies are accepted and even applauded by his allies. Foreign or French arguments against these policies, the French say, are seldom heard on state controlled radio and television. and I get tired of It. Tell tha truth, I get disgusted, and I get afraid because it makes me think they're talking to me as a Negro again I mean as whita to Negro but - then they explain they mean no harm and just want to know what tha truth is about, what they're reading and hearing. "But I can't explain all this . '. . you have to go South and mix in with the people to understand the South." . . ' This theory of delinquency was set forth in IN in "Delinquency and Opportunity." by Dr. Richard A. Cloward and Dr. Uoyd Oblin. both professors at Columbia Uni versity's New York School of Social Work. , . t a't JOB CENTRE - - ' ; : ' : I 1 - : f imi The heart of the project is speed to far. But la southern the Job centre, which annual- i Africa h .is coming up against ly trains more than i.eot . tome pretty daunting . ob-youtbs 11 to 21 years old. stackM..; i , ' , They receive on-the-job train-, - UNSAFE PREDICTION ' Ing at a-project operated The Portuguese are deter-limchaoaette. at a service I mlned , ,0 grt out of An- woooworsmg soop, an auto repair shop, Bloom- ' 7T.Iir Tf.t -.,0r!i rT. 'iT i , . uim.s iuna ; aides) and two coffeehouses.. In addition, in four build-, ing-tradet projects at church-; es and city bousing develop-; meats, the youths learn to paint and plaster, to tile lloort, buBd waU partitions., Install window sashes and lay flooring. - The project also, provides remedial reading, vocation and psychological counselling, tutoring, a narcotics program, a mental hygiene dime and legal services.' . . Last January, when 2 public school principals protested that Mobilization For , Youth . workers were spreading d I s-tension, Jtmet E. McCarthy, direct of the agency, said the Puerto Rican mothers' dissatisfaction with the schools was "a healthy sign of an awakening community." The agency was also heartened by letters written by slum landlords to the Ford Foundation, one, of its sponsors, protesting the project's role in the. rent ttrike. Officially. Mobilization For' Youth took no position, but it allowed Its offices to be used by local rent strikers and provided lawyers to repres eat them m court. ' ', ' ' ' ' i . ' j ; ; . ' of Olympic The manager had employed i "lf tribalism comas, before two Negroes.- a counter clerk professionalism with 'people to take reservatont. and : a . like this." he asked, "what tt booklng clerk to send met-- this country's future r' ' -sages confirming tha reserve- - The same question weighs tons' When they were hired, t heavily on Ahidjo.' I f V J the manager had no idea that "I think." ha remarks to . Uge hit tribal rival." ' 1" . According to the manager, both men were efficient and well educated "emancipated Africans ," 'V World's White Backlash By JOE ROGALY ef The Eceaemist America is not the only country in the world where black men are feeling the sting of the white backlash. This la something that, in its curious wsy. lt happening all over in Brkain and in Africa no less than In (he United States. It seems to me thst what we all face in this Autumn of 1964 is nothing less than a halting of (he tide; a period of setback to the progress of the Negro revolution thst has swept through the world since the end of the 'Second World War. Make no mistake: I am not saying here that this revolution is over, or that Its long-run chances of achieving its final goals are any worse thsn they were. The point is thst,- for black revolutionaries things are now likely to get rough. . , ' . ( . Take America (Int. There, , it is no longer possible for northerners to sit comfortably in all white suburbs and talk about those shocking southerners: the Negroes (naturally enough) want homes and Jobs on a basis of equality In the north too. -NEGRO SELF-HELP The effect of this o probable voting patterns in the coming presidential election has beeq gone ; over 'often enough already. ' What does '. seem worth adding here i ' that the Negroes themselves now face a situation in which they must find ways of 1m-' -proving Negro skills. In their ' own crazy way this is what Malcolm X and the Black Muslims are trying to do: 1 sea them essentially as Negro self - help and self-im- provement organizations and to that extent .(and that extent alone) as positive fac- tors in the Negre revolutioa. Bu( If they turn ie violence, as they or similar groups wall might, then the setback to the . Negro revolution In the United States will be truly great. Since what happens to black Xin America affects the t relations with the ,en-tire non-white world, this is a world affair. It must be dis- cussed in a world context. And -' in that moat heated part of the world. Africa, the black men are entering a period of setback of a similar kind. Their revolution baa been car- ried forward at breakneck -o), or Mozambique. They winning the revolutionary ' m Angola; U is unsafe"' vr o tay to in these cases, but it looks very much at it thi nbtt have been put down ror timt k,mg. in South Africa and Southern Rhodesia ln( African nationalists do not face the same opponents as thy have until now that lg e0onial governments will-, mg to withdraw in their favor. They face white African na- tionalists: men. who see tne territoryal their homeland. armed to withstand any lot-. mediate s African onslaught from ouuide theT countries. It it slse hard to see Afri-cat rebels defeating the military might ot. say, tha South African - government a from within, at least in the coming few years,' ; But these military factors apart. It is the politics of the thing- that must be worrying the more thoughtful AfrK can nationalists. Africa's heads of government, assembled at Cairo this Summer, failed to unite any of the many-splintered nations list movements 'operating In tha south. And they did not even bring the subject that Is most urgent- of all In Africa, tight new the Congo into their debates. This is because' they do Sot like t,he Congo's, .pre- visitor the, other day, "that tor the next five years we will be watching Africa id (hi balance. Certainly wa need aid. but I think political maturity ' If needed far more than eco-' nomlc development." : f t ' , Hi, In stressing kit hope for political maturity, Ahldjo voiced concern not only over tribal-Ism but over ;the "nega'.tve" .'" - - em prime minister, M o J e Tshombe. OUTSIDE HELP ' " The result is that ibe Congo . government, under Moist T; horn be, has been seeking help where it can find it m its own civil war. Some help has come from America. "Imperialists." cry thote African governments that - have not themselves lifted a finger to help. Now, desperate.!, Mr. Tshombe is hiring white soldiers from Rhodesia and South Africa rather as if an F.gyptian president recruited Israelii to put down a revolutioa in his own country. , And in Britain, too, there is. a "whHeabacklash." Here, politicians in general are keep--ing their hands right off the" color question In the election.1 next October. But In a hand- , ful of constituencies (enough to be decisive in a close contest) the idea is being put about that the Conservstivet-' might be stricter In controlling colored. Immigration to Britain than would the Labor . party. Britain, with a population of, three . quarters of a million or so colored people, divided" into Caribbeans. Africans, ln-i dians and Pakistanis.1 cannot, compare the Size of its problem with . what it happening' in America and Africa. But' it. is .all part of the tame world movement. To ma"' only serves , to increase my . sejise nLwonder at our hu-, man "inability to cope with hu -man problems. We. can poke our noses into the dust of the, moon, but we are still a long way from learning how to share the earth together. Life Begins At 40? MEMPH1S. Tenn. (UPD-Sheriffs deputies said they, found it hard to believe the vital statistics given them by' a speedy white-bearded mo- torist wearing a skull Cap.. Among other things officers said '..Benjamin ' Abraham. Gary, kid., told them included the mformation that he was. born infsrsel. had had it, wives and was the father ni 'children. They asked to see his driver's licence. v " "We thought the age wat k typographical error but then he pulled out his birth cerrl- flraf " mmiA tjtlrmm Wright . ' - t -it The birth certificate show-. ed Abraham to be IN years old a statistic Abraham say makes him the oldest ma'a ' driver !n did United States., Officers gave Abraham a courtesy warning for doing St mites an hour In a S3 mle ' an hour speed zone and -h? went hi his way. ' - Europe Gets ii lYl ore Bourbon r nu Hot Tart Ttataa Mm Santo NEW YORK Bourbon shipments. to Europe hsvt tn-1 creased since the U.S. Federal Maritime Commission induced steamship contereneea to lower their ahipping rates for bourbon on a par with the rates for Scotch, cham-. pagne and aquavit, a congressional committee hat been Informed. '- i John Hsrllee, .chairman of the regulatory agency, tn i' report to tha House Merchant Marine .and Fisheries Committee, aaitf the Bourbon. Institute was "most grateful", lor the -"extremely efficient efforts" of the agency m getting the outbound liquor . raies raucco. i, . 4 4 i it I. n-tl t rf - ' j" attitude of many Africans toward government itself, j . '''"' For a long time, "the gov-ernment" meant the. French or, In west Cameroon, the English. For Cameroon It ns who worked for .the eovern-menf. - performance ( didn't matter:- the .government was not theirs. ' 1 .p . J '' .witn tewjiew varlatlona. this view lingers. Tha government has become the country's - biggest single employer; t - Instead of inspiring sense TeT sacrifice and service. the, . government appears to stand eXfL-aT aT MyWWM .' for security and tenure 7 " '1 , .J&j S aVS. ltl.llal-aMII AuaaiaMaWA,MtMAjA-!la,AJSiMakh.Aaa4l-ika.AthritkAMkMi w.4-A. a . 4, Ltaa bi- m aasatm.aal-am J - , i a M i ir

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