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PAGE FOUR.. THE DAILY COURIER, CUNNIiLJ_,SVU_,JLJS.. ..MONDAY, JANUARY 10, 103S. Imty Â·THE COURIER COMPANY . James J. Driscoll R. A. Done'gan Walter S. Stimmel James M. Driscoll _____ J. Wylle Dilscoll _______ Publisher -- President and General Manager Secretary and Treasurer _ Editor 1 Associate Editor Advertising and Business Manager OF Audit Bureau ol Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau ol Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; $5 per year, or $2.50 for six months by mail It paid in advance. . , - Entered as second class matter at the Postoillce, !' ConncllsvLUc, fÂ£"- MONDAY EVENING. JANUARY 10, 1938. :^-.V-:': : ]BESDEX GETS KBAUEK '11IJB : /."President Roosevelt took pains to make himself bettor uudQrstood about the' "malefactors"- in business in. his Jackson Day address Saturday nigUt. Instead o f - a i m i n g his shafts at business In general he referred to "a few--a mere handful."' Els words'were: Â· '"We know there'Â·yriU'be a few--a mere handful of the total of business Tncn 1 and bankers and. industrialists--who Â·will fight to the last ditch to retain such autocratic control over-the. industry and the finance of the country as they now possess." . "But "yrith this handful," he coutlueci, "it is going to be a jightr-a cheerful fight on my part in which there .will be no compromise with evil,-no letup until the inevitable day oljiviefcofy." ' . ' ...j '_Â·Â· , Â·""".."'' i'^The President has dealt all along lu generalities. He his -not been, specific at any time as to who or what the monopolists.are." They cannot be found In the great in- dnstfi.es, .s'ueh.as"'steel, and" tlie motors. These might be attacked-.for their' bigness.. Certainly not for any mou- opolisUej-tendericies. ,Fpr instance, besides "Big Steel" thei:e..are.many..sinaner-.eorporations. There is no such thlng-'as monopoly in tho-automobile industry. We may have- our choice of many cars In an intensely competitive Held. JIaybe he refers to the bankers. In his address he ...named .all .three as embraced in the "handful"--business Â· men and bankers and industrialists. Â·Â·Â· Â·Â·Â·' '.The "morals of a democracy" was the theme running ..through the address. Several times tho President used .";that term. lie capped it with tliesa words: "Once more the head of the Nation is working with all .his-might and main to restore and to uphold the integrity of the morals of democracy--our heritage from a long-line Â·'of'national leadership--trom Jefferson to Wilson--and 'preeminently from Andrew Jackson." .' , - ' The President paid tribute to Abraham Lincoln, also to Theodore Roosevelt. Ho said that in 1J04, '.'when J cast my 'Â·"first vote for a President I voted for the .Republican candidate, Theodore Roosevelt, because I thought he was a better '.Democrat than the ^Democratic candidate." "If I had it to Â· do over 1 would not alter that vote," he added. ' ALABAMA VOTE SIGNIFICANT An election In Alabama has indicated to congressmen something of tho rank and file attitude in tho South with regard to tho wages and-hours bill. Representative Lester Hill of the Cotton State was one of the few southern congressmen who supported the Black-Connery wage-hour measure at the special session. Former Senator Tom Heflla campaigned against Hill in tho election last week to fill,the Hugo Black vacancy in the Senate as an, opponent of th,o measure. Hill advocated it as one of tho chief issues of- : the campaign and defeated Ileflin two to one. Charles W.'-Willlams, another opponent of the legislation, ran third. ... Supporters oÂ£ the bill In the House have taken courage from, the signs of support iiv.tho South and are ready to fight to have it reported by tlie Labor Committee. Without that action they have little hope. Another Indication of how the wind Wows in the South is tho attitude of the conference "of southeastern governors, Â·which favors tho principles of President Roosevelt's fight to establish a "floor for wages and a celling for hours'." It Is also significant this attitude was thus expressed after a conference with tho President. ' ,' Representatives who voted : to send the bill back to committee are "hearing from home," a news dispatch says. ' HOWE Sl'Kl'S INTO BIG 'JOB" Increasing' rclle^TOlls" IrTPonnsylvania only serve to emphasize, the' gravity.- of the business and Industrial re-cession whfchf BeÂ¥f.in'-last^ summer. .Thl8.;an_d;thX'Cpntrp-; vcrsy over, admin istratlou' af Harrisburg'liavc "'created, a. condition -even' wore vcpni)lieateil^tliim- : ;berore '-Karl'- do Sehweinitzrrosigned. . A; j ,iici\rrnuin;'":even.:_an":expert - "at- buainessliko 'administration : of affairs, 'will haye"h'iÂ« 'hands ful straightening out-tUc:ideas'.\"r'' : ":: .r::'""-v..':. : :i ';' '..-.:. ' . ' Statistics' show 25,025 added -to the. number of persons getting aid the .last week of .1937, : bringing the total to nearly 000,000-^to" bo "exact, .E81,3!ip._~ ""The-increase was . less marked* than those .reported, Â· for. the. two. preceding weeks, but continued ".to reflect the" cumulative .. effects of business recession -"ana-. seasonal, losses in" private mploy- ment," Arthur W. .Howe, Jr., .successor to do Schweinltz, . . . . . . . . . . Â· - . . . . . Â· At the .same time expenditures for relief continued" to increase. ~~"FIowo reported the figure for -the week ended January 'asYl'$l;376,571.30, : : as;;: against. $1,337,881.70 the week before. 'Not a'brlght picture; Â· 'Â·". ..... ; * JIM CJKOWH'OHST ritEDATOJK. . Jim Crow's consuming appetite for wild duck eggs, found responsible for the destruction of more than 30. per cent of the nests on Canadian breeding grounds, is due for check under thejprogram of a national organization of .wildfowl- ers determined to Increase. the "number of ducks, Fayette county sportsmen .have been Informed. Studies made by scientists show that of 512:nests listed in a survey of marshes i.i Alberta-and Saskatchewan only 49.per' cent produced young. Crows :ruined 15(5 "nests and other predators the remainder. A survey by the More Game Birds Foundation in prairie provinces.of Canada, and the North Central States, where the bulk of ducka breed, showed the crow to be the worst natural enemy of waterfowl lu these nesting areas. Of an even thousand reports on predators received in the survey, 336 accused the crow, 193 mentioned bowks, 69 coyotes, 65 owls, 57 turtles, Ci skunks, 49 cats and 47 magpies. Raising her young is a real problem for Mother Duck. The crow has few defenders. Farmers detest him. especially at planting- time. Feed he must, so he digs up the newly planted corn.. He robs;.Uie_nests.o.r insectivorous birds. He even eats the you,ng._._T.b.er.e is something in.his- favor, however. Recently it was discovered fried or roast crow is a delicacy that tickles the palate. That fact, might eventually tend toward'hts extermination*. END OF THE HORSE AND BOGEY DAYS? As Others Think USEFULNESS OF UOC (Grccnsburjf Review.) The so-called "Gold Coast" of Long Island, where millionaires live, was all agog yesterday over the holdup and robbery of one of the swanky homes there. Four lobbcrs invaded the home of J." Edward Meyer, gagged six members of the household and escaped with jewelry valued nt $30,000 and $-160 in cash. During the robbery ii big friendly Great Dane dog lay undisturbed by the operations of the marauders. What, if nny use is a dog ol that character? True, the great big fellows have an appeal to many people because of their extreme friendliness in most instancrs and for a certain picturesque addition that they may be on a big estate. A Great Dane is sufllcicntly powerful to tear a bandit limb from limb. How much better to have a smaller specimen of the canine world, mentally alert and not atraid to use his vocal organs when the necessity arises. Most people in choosing a dog want a pet, a companion or u hunter. Combined in many of. the xood breeds arc the watch dog qualifications, which after all, may be the best asset of all. Herb Ellis turns blackface! That's news. For years upon years Charles Herbert has been pouring out his melodious vocal notes for Uie edillca- Llond aud amusement of the public. But now he's in a new role--comedian. We venture the assertion he'll up there with the best of them. You may have the opportunity of tearing him and a lot of others at Ihc Legion minstrel Tuesday and Wtjdnesday evenings at the High School. WHITE CARS (Uniontown Herald.) First ot several all-white Motor Police cars have been assigned to the local station. There is no Â· mistaking that these cars are police cars. They have been adopted in the thought that their presence on tho highways will prove a necessary warning to violators and potential violators. It is in keeping with the emphasis on the part of the Motor'Police that educaion is preferred to enforcement in two of the recognized three Â£s of highway ad- mlDJstrulion.. ". (Incidentally,:Kotor Police In ad- 'dltion to those'driving the whito cars, also will bu patrolling the highways.) .:. The. highway, toll of .death, injury andrprbpcrty. destruction reached a new high "in Pennsylvania last year. --"Any worthwhile and intensive effort in~Uic.broad program of engineering, education and ' enforcement which will cut.down the slaughter .of the open road--and the congested streets--will be welcomed and supported by tho citizens generally. 'SFATTEKERS SHOULD .PAY Â·-""" (Rock Island "Argus.) ' While, a spray of muddy water is not.'dcadly it surely is damaging. But the careless ' and inconsiderate motorists who speed along near the curb in wet weather, spattering the clothes of pedestrians, generally escape punishment. . We like the contention of the Pcoria Journal-Transcript that if carelessness can be proved the courts should Tiold the driver liable for the cost of cleaning or replacing the clothing ho ruins. Some day there may be a test case in this jurisdiction. Stray Thoughts By S. M.-DcHUFF Fortunately, for pen and' pencil users, it's easy to convert a "7'.' into an "8." Would you believe it if 1 were to tell you H local resident was absolutely sincere when lie said he intends to suck the Republican nomination for. governor next year? The only reason Judge Ross S. Matthews didn't poll 27,000,000 votes last November was because none of us were permitted to vote for him as of "en as we wanted. Peeved because they failed to bag a buck last season, two of my railroad Intimates are taking their revenge by devoting a lot of their spare time shooting "rats" up around the B. O. stock pens. If President Roosevelt lovrcl his country (economically) us well nr. he rloos the .sound of hip voirr. In the Day's News nrleÂ£ Comment on Current Kvetlta Here nnd There. Imagine a hank cashier and a circus clown being one and the same. That individual happens to be G. Wylie Overly of Mount Pleasant. He nobnobs with Toni Mix, by the way, and has arranged to spend his next summer vacation with the Mix circus as a clown. He's now engaged -in working out the necessary stunts. Once a year Dnwson Grange gathers the public about it and puts on a program. For this winter that event is scheduled for January 2D at Grange Hall at Bryan, not far from Dawson in Lower Tyrone township, which locality William Dcmpsey McGinnis, Edward Carter Hlgbee, Judge Harry A. Cottom and some other notables once called home. Look for some of them there for the Grangers' oyster supper. Stony silence by labor loaders followed announcement of the appointment by President Roosevelt of Charles V. McLauglilin as Assistant Secretary of Labor in the place of Kdward McGrady, resigned. News dispatches say they were stunned. "We have no comment" they chorused. Absence of smiles emphasized their attitude. McLaughlin is a vice-president of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Englne- rr.en. there wouldn't be 12,000,000 people out of work today. If we eould lay money away for Rood, same ns we do lots of our Christmas gifts, there'd bo more millionaires in tho country. If, according to Charlie Danver, n lot of Pittsburgh men, as old as I and lots more prominent, operate toy railroad trains in their homes all tho year round, why shouldn't I keep mine running--even !f it has to be in the attic? Here's .hoping, not so much for a happy and prosperous New Year, as for an injunction to keep the air clear of Ickcs and Roberts anti-business addresses during 1938. Let's go to press. Factographi AFTER A WIIDGE GAME Time was I heard my father My: 'At- card* with strangers never piny! Of men on ^hlps and trains bewarel They'll strip your precious wallet bare. So sage his counsel then appeared. To that advice I've lonfi adhered. But who'd have thought I'd kec the day It ttn't safe with friends to play? Last nlcht almost against my will The table I screed | 0 nil. I made, a bid. our rival* set. Tlie lady hate* me for It. yell I raised her one he.irt l.'lt to "four." She doesn't like me nny more. I trumped the nco of spavlcrt Mw ]Â«(!, If speech could kill. I'd now bo dead. Into n /earful rase she flew. :imse 1 passed her hid ot "two." I'm sure, because a trick I misled. She dropped u* off her calllnc list. And so, my son. I ^ay to you. Bewnre of brldfie your whole life Strangers may take what'* in your purs But friends will treat you oven worÂ»c. gather large quantities of honey fo winter use. The honey comes' fro microscopic ground plants, scientist believe. Every state in the United State haÂ» been hit by an epidemic o poliomyelitis (infantile paralysis during the last decade. At the depth of the depression 1933. the United States reached its all-time low birth rate--16.5 births per 1,000 populations. UNO Our Classified Ads. They bring results. Cost Is smal Today in Washington By DAVID LAWRENCE By DAVID LAWRENCE " Copyright, 1928. ' : . . WASHINGTON, Jan.' 10.--Prcsi- cnt Roosevelt has Invited.discussion f the affairs of the Postofllcc Dc- artment with particular reference o the subsidies it is supposed io be aylng. For years it has been the habit ot iwny persons to criticize the Post- fuse TT'Cpnrtmcnt as nn unbusincss ike institution with "deficits" instead f surpluses and it remained for 'ostmastcr General Jim Farley to meet this situation squarely by point- ng out that if his department were icrmitted to charge for the postal natter it Is carrying free for govern- nent ofllclals and if it did not have o pay out money for "national de- onse" through the subsidies to ocean nd uir mall, the final accounting vould show a surplus instead of a deficit: Anybody who examines fairly the detailed figures as shown in the an- ual report will come to the cor.- luslon that if proper accounting irinclples were used and not those .ircscribcd by Congress, Mr. Farley s right. Likewise it will be discovered that strictly speaking the ncws- japcrs and magazines which are carried under second class postage rates actually show a profit to the post- ifllcc and not a loss. The true test of what is a proper charge against a particular division of n business is held by many experts to be only those actual expenses vhich can bo eliminated If the division or operation in question is abolished. Applying this to the Postoffice Department, it means .that if all he second class postage matter were suddenly subtracted from the mails, not n single economy could be at- 'cctcd in the salaries of postmasters, postal carriers, rents of postoffice uildings or any of the other expenses every dollar of which would have to be spent just the same so as to carry ilrst class letters to every nooK and corner in the country. The only item that could be saved by eliminating second class matter would be the direct cost of carrying newspapers and magazines on railroad trains and It so happens that this is a small part of the total expense and is more than offset by the $24,000,000 of revenues taken in from all second class mail. Almost all the larger newspapers ot the United States have their own systems of carrier distribution and depend on tho mails only incidentally so that anything done to the present second class system would probably hurt tho small country newspapers which have always had a hard time making ends meet as against their big city competitors. If the Administration is really as concerned as i claims lately to be with the plight o the small business man, It would hardly seem consistent to intimate that publications -in the rural districts should be penalized. Nor should it be forgotten that second class mail privileges are enjoyed by a vast number of publications labor, religious, scientific and by educational and fraternal organizations that are not profit-making at all. As for magazine publishers, it is quite often overlooked that they pay the government anywhere from flv to.ten times their second class mai fees in.the form of regular postage used for circulation. Likewise some of the larger magazine companie have actually found it cheaper to ship by express than by mall to distribution points across tho countr; especially for newsstand sales and thus the government loses some o the revenue it used to take in when the second class rates were lower than they are today. The PostofHce Department in truth since it must have a delivery system for quick handling of first class mail gets such a substantial help out of th revenues from second .class mail matter that the government ought to bt thinking of ways and means of encouraging a bigger volume of sccont class mailing!) because this can bi carried without increasing the over' head or salaries of the department o: Its plant equipment. One way, of cout'wj, of encouraging second class nailings would be to reduce the present rates and stimulate volume iomcwhat along the lines of the "low price" economy theory enunciated by .he Brooklngs Institution and lately championed by Assistant Attorney General Jackson in his public addresses. As lor subsidies, the official report Â»f the Postmaster General shows that f permitted to charge other government departments regular postage Â·atcs instead of carrying all the propaganda,. speeches,' documents, Jtcv, free, the income, to the Postoffice Department would be an additional 536,000,000 or within $8,000,000 ol wiping out the entire postal deficit. Indeed when the subsidy for airmail and ocean mail contracts--deemed iccessary by Congress for national defense--is .eliminated and proper charges made for carrying government mail free, the Postonlce Dcpart- ncnt has a surplus of about $12,000,000 a year. It is by and large an efficiently run institution for the very good reason that its permanent personnel rather than its political ap- liointecs really administer the dc- xirtincnt. Speaking ot subsidies, the Government hands out a rather substantial one to the principal competitor of newspapers and magazines, namely the radio. The radio stations and networks pay nothing for their leases of tho air though sub-leasing their facilities every day to advertisers at substantial profits. . Back in 1927--before radio networks were established--the total amount of money spent for national advertsiing In America was about 5394,000,000 a year out of which the newspapers received about $225,000,000 and the magazines about $169,000,000. The biggest part of this totnl was spent by the publishers for printing labor and raw materials, hardly any comparable amount of which is necessary to operate a radio station. In the last year, however, for which figures are available the total sum spent by national advertisers didn't vary much from the 1927 figure, being approximately $390,000.000 for S1036. But out of this the newspapers received only $188,000,000 and the magazines only $143,000,000 whereas radio came in for Continued on Page Five. WITH A CASH LOAN $25 to $300 FROM US. Of LAST VKAK'S BILLS ARE THIS YEAR'S PROBLEM, Why Not Combine Them Here: Let Our Cash Solve Your Problem. NO Sigucru Kxccpl Husband And Wife. No Inquire About The Union ICepoyintnl Plan. Small Payment! Arrnnjcxi To .. Suit YOUK INCOME. Up To IS Month* to Ktpar. Old Reliable--:? Yrs, in Grcensbur); Loans Made In Wcxtrnorcland And Surrounding Counties. Call-- Phone-- Or Write. U N I O N LOAN CO. SOI -- Second floor Kin* National Bank Bldj. Phone 1-3-1-3 GREENSBURG Until 1887, duties of British coroners included inquests upon bodies of "royal" ilsh (whales or sturgeon) thrown ashore or caught near the coast. Theodore Roosevelt, who became president of the United States at 42, was the youngest chief executive in the Nation's history. Canary birds have no natural impulse to migrate south in autumn or north in .spring. A ball of cork measuring 10 feet in diameter weights 8,000 pounds. U. S. senators receive free haircuts and shaves in the Senate barter shop. Mrs. Hattic Caraway and Mrs. Dixie Bibb Graves, the two women senators, are given free beauty treatments in the Senate beauty purlor. Although there are no flowers visible to the human eye at Dinosaur nÂ«lion;l monument in Colorado, boo That the Whole Family Can Enjoy Every member of the family can stare .in rtÂ» groat transportation value. Trolley passes are good all day Sunday, anywhere on the line. Pay $1.50 and collect 50.5 refund. Two adults and all children in family under 12 can ride on one pass.