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4F --June 20,1976 Sunday CawttpMail Â·Charleston. West Virginia immediate purpose: To conquer the Appalachian barrier and explore the mysteries beyond. This is in fact Lederer's third expedition in Virginia. Trips of this kind are encouraged by Sir William Berkeley, the colonial Governor. On the first trip Lederer proceeded along the Pamunkey River and climbed to another high point in the Appalachians. However, he apparently didn't reach the crest of this main range, or at least he didn't have a comparable view of a wide and wonderful valley. The young adventurer made the first trip in March, 1689, almost 17 months ago. The route extended to a place many miles south of here. It was during this trip that Lederer stood in awe when he saw the Appalachians for the first time. "From the top of an eminent hill, I first descried the Appalachian Mountains, being due west to this place I stood upon. This distance from me was so great that I could hardly discern whether they were mountains or clouds, until my Indian fellow travelers, prostrating themselves in adoration, howled out after a barbarous manner, 'Okeepaze,' i e. God is nigh." Lederer said he wandered in the snow after climbing to a high elevation on the first trip, but turned back because the "coldness of the air and_ earth toeethej'l were "seizing my hands and feet with numbness." The explorer did some fantastic reporting about his second expedition, which followed a route near the Catawba River, apparently just across the South Carolina line. He said he saw a lake 30 miles wide and a desert. He turned back because: "I thought it not safe to venture myself among the Spaniards, lest taking nfe for a spy that would either take me away or condemn me to perpetual slavery in their mines." The current journey began six days ago at the residence of Robert Talifer on Snow Creek near the falls in the Rappahannock River. Enroute to this place, the party of explorers crossed the savanna, meaning treeless lowlands at the foot of the Appalachians. "Vast herds of red and fallow deer stood gazing at us" as party reached the spurs of the mountains. He discoursed at length on the habits and qualities of deer and elk. Today the members of this third expedition descended to that point the Indians are holding their horses for the homeward trip. Thus they left the crown ridge of King Charles II, the English new name bestowed on an old and majestic mountain by a German explorer. Next: Discovery of a Curious River. Sincerely Yours of Charleston 24 HOUR TELEPHONE ANSWERINC SERVICE TYPING Â· ADDRESSING Â· USE OF NUMBER JH 342-5151 240 CAPITOL ST. ST. ALBANS OFFICE 722-2979 Three Trails Blazed by Lederer in 1669-70 Dotted Lines Indicate Trails on Map He Prepared German Explorer Reaches Crest of Barrier Mountain ; ' By John G. Morgan - ;HIGH IN THE APPALACHIAN MOUNTAINS, Va., Aug. 26,1670 - A young German explorer reached the crest of a high range of mountains and looked westward across a broad and beautiful valley here today. ,~ Dr. John Lederer, 26, of Hamburg, Germany, is believed to be the first white man to reach the top of this barrier against westward movement of Virginia settlers. The time spent at the top was brief and uncomfortable. Lederer commented: "The ascent was so steep, the cold so intense and we so tired, that having with much ado gained one of the highest/we drank the King's health in brandy, gave the-mountain his name and agreed to turn back again." Â· .He explained there was little encouragement to proceed farther, "since from hence we saw another mountain, bearing Mountain Road to Independence--2 north and by west to us, of a prodigious height." Col. John Catlett, a mathematician, surveyor, large landholder and member of this expedition, estimated that the mountain couldn't be fewer than 150 miles away. Others on the expedition include nine English colonists on horses and five Indians. The horses were left on the eastern side of the mountain with two or three Indians, and all others proceeded on foot during the final steep ascent. On the summit one terrible incident almost spoiled the day for Lederer. He was bitten on the end of a finger by a deadly mountain spider. He said he would have died if an Indian hadn't quickly applied medical knowledge. Thereafter he referred to the Indian as "my physician." Lederer explained the technique: "The means used by my physician was first a small dose .of snake root powder, which I took in a little water, and then making a kind of plaster of same, applied it near the part affected. "When he had done so, he swallowed some by way of antidote himself and sucked my finger end so violently that I felt the venom retire back from my side into my shoulder and from thence down my arm." Lederer is a medical doctor with a keen interest in Indian ways of life, animals and nature. All of these interests support his .a heritage of Pride a future of Promise! A future of promise--that's the way we feel about the Charleston Area. We've enjoyed 58 years of growth and in that time we've gained a lot of friends and customers. Your confidence has given us the opportunity to record a steady growth pattern and we will continue to earn that confidence in the years to come. Our thanks to the American spirit of independence and optimism which makes it possible for us to grow together. Our Forefathers set up a system for Freedom in which we could elect our governing people. . . And it works . . . but we have to vote and vote wisely. Be sure to vote this Presidential Election. THE NATIONAL BANK OF COMMERCE ONE COMMERCE SQUARE Â· CHARLESTON, WEST VIRGINIA MEIVBEF) FEDERAL qS=O3T NSURANCE CORPOFIATCN America. . . 200 Years West Virginia Â· Â·Â· 113 Years Young's, Inc... 112 Years The above pictured was taken in 1903 o'f the P W Grocery Co. The company was founded in 1864 by Robert Young and is still in business as Young's Inc. 233 Virginia Street E'. The gentleman at the left is Peter Young, the son of the founder. In the middle is Walter Young, Peter's son. The women in the background are their wives. Lawrence Young Sr., the f o u r t h g e n e r a t i o n o f Youngs, was born above the store. In the bottom picture is Lawrence Young Jr. and his wife, Elizabeth. He is the president of Young's Inc. and is the fifth generation in the business which is still at the same location. YOUNG Open SMIL 1:00 TO 6:00 IANK FMANCHK AVAIL Aft IE SINCE 1864 Suzuki Cycles } CENTER INC. GARDEN CENTER .4PHONI343-4431; Â·? Power CENTW .iÂ« ;*;"?? 233VIKIHAST EAST CNAMESTM W.VA.