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PAGE FOUR. Vim DAILY COURIER. CONNELLSVUVLTJ). PA. SATURDAY, JANUARY S, 193S. iatlg THE COURIER COMPANY . James J. Driscoll E. A. Donegan Walter S. Stimmcl ^ James M. Driscoll J. Wyllo Driscoll | Publisher . President and Genera 1 ! Manager Secretary and' Treasurer | Editor Associate Editor . Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF Audit Bureau ol Circulations , Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United-Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; $5 per year, or 52,50 for-six months by mall if, paid in advance, , Entered as second class matter at the Postoffico, Conncllsville, Pa. SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY t, 1938. _ MAKES'G AUTOS FROM SOY BEANS Of"vastly more importance than "making silk from a Â·sow's ear," or clothing from glass, or wool from milk, or roads-from cotton, or cosmetics from bats may become the manufacture of a-substltute for steel from soy beans. Henry Pord L has developed tho-new product, he told reporters during:an interview, at Dearborn. The motor magnate ex- hibitoa-sCthin.sheet of some.material made by a chemical process-from, "soy beans or wheat chaff." It had a glossy appfeatance." It.was .concave. Ford placed it on the floor and'-jumped on it. It resisted the impact. "If that had been steel," said the magnate, "it would have caved in." That being, true there is a vast future for it. The time is about here, said Ford, when "almost an entire automobile--body, fenders, doors and paneling--may be constructed out of wheat chaff, soy beans, corn husks or other farm products." "Once production of this material begins on a large scale--and we'are'wbrking on'that'very thing now--'the demand for farm, products-will Increase tremendously," he added. "The farmer, instead of producing only the things we eat, will be producing materials for industry. "It is the solution of the Nation's troubles. Get agriculture and industry working hand in hand, and that will mean the farmer and working man are partners, inter-dependent on each other." All the foregoing ties in with the prophecy carried in yesterday's Courier by Roger W. Babson that this is to be a chemicals year, that chemistry, the "father of all industries'" is to play an outstanding part during 1938 in turning us back toward what Ford says is to be the most prosperous era in the history of the country. Its keystone will be the use of by-products, largely of the farm, in the op.lnion of the auto maker. - Furthermore the new prosperity's "spark-plug," Ford believes, will be n cheap tractor he is about to turn out--so cheap that "every tiller of the soil from the dirt farms of New Jersey to the broad Kansas plains may buy it." Publicity of course, but if it turns the trick, why not? _' What effect substituting synthetic materials in the manufacture of automobile bodies might have on steel, Ford did not say. He may not have been asked. The motor industry takes a very large part of the steel output. PEP TALK BETWEEN HALVES! 7- CHURCH 31USIO COST BEING CUT On the church page today is an item about music in the First Methodist Episcopal body that should have the attention of others. Meeting current expenses is somewhat of'a problem for most of them without going very far into the world "and preaching the Gospel to every creature," as the New Testament directs. In the line of reducing costs Rev. L. S. Elliott's church has put its choir music on a voluntary basis, insofar as this is possible. Begining tomorrow there will be but one salaried person, the organist. The position of paid director is abolished, by action of the official board, and the "minister of music" takes up the work as a volunteer. Â·' What will have greater appeal than mere reduction of expenses is the work the "minister of music," Miss Helen Grey, has already accomplished among the young. With the aid of some others she has built up a young people's choir--'-purely, volunteer--of forty voices, which will be combined with the adult singers. Also she han under her tutelage a Junior choir of more than fifty, which is given a regular part in the worship programs, singing at morning and evening sen-ices the first Sunday of each month. As the years pass and the young voices are developed there should be no dearth of talent for this church. , So much for the juniors. The long and faithful service of the adult choir should not be forgotten. For 17 years Charles D. Bailey has directed it and its members have been faithful twice a day, Sunday after Sunday throughout the year. Eventually the younger ones will step into their places. That is as it should be. But faithful service of older ones should have its rewards. r coannssiOMuis DEMAND VOICK Â£ The county commissioners have indicated in terms that catmot well be misunderstood their position with regard to participation in WPA projects. Speaking for them, Commissioner John W. Rankln tells Miss M. Elolse Yorke, supervisor of women's-and-professional project!!, that "we are willing to sponsor ^projects the/county or the people of It but we will do "so only providing we have some say as to:svho Is employed and where.our money goes." -With this Miss "Soi-ke cannot woll-lind fault. "Last year," said the" spokesman, -"the. sewing projects cost, the county between ?5;000 and "?6;000" without giving us any right' in the naming of persons .employed/.Things will be different this year." : Any-individual, corporation or political-division that pays out itioney likes" to'have something to say about how it shall be'used.V- Â·r Two letters had been received from Miss Yorke. One referred to -a_.housekeepor aide project. The other re r qiiested sewing;irqject supplies. = ' ; S^ETY-GOAL-NOT YET KEACHED - Giants 'of the sky lanes have not yet reached the point of Absolute safety. The disappearance of a huge naval airboat with eight fliers aboard is'but another example. Naval ofllcials directing the combing of a. large area in the Pacific by scores of ships and hundreds of planes have .not altogether given up hope, but the chances of finding the plane and its occupants are dim. Just another mystery of the air and sea which probably never will be solved. A craft believed to be capable of landing safely on. the sea and riding out the roughest weather is believed to have sunk at once after whatever mishap befell it. It is a far cry from the first attempt at naval aviation to the superb machines now in-'iisc, but there is still something to be desired In safety. On land and sea, there are far too many unexplained crashes. SPEEDER COUBTS FUXCTIOX MOM)AY - Forty motorists over the Stale have been cited to appear in "speeder courts" Monday to show cause why their license should not be lifted. It will be the first test of tho safety campaign. Twice as many other drivers have been arrestod. Exceeding the fifty-mile limit is the charge, your speedometer! In the Day's News BrieC Comment on Current Event* Hero and There. rt taking over the reins ot tho Kiwanis Club for thc year. President John M. YounR puts it squarely up to thc members as to whnt sh^ll be ne-complishcd by thc .time he retires. "It remains with you whctner the cominc year rcnliy is a success or not," he told thc members in his inaugural. Too many members of every organization are willinK to let George (thc president) do it. Mr. Young had the honor of being installed by thc state governor, Peter R. Wcimcr. Ho succeeds Paul O. Malonc, under whose guidance the club had a most successful year, one in which the retiring chief said he felt "we can justify our existence." There is opportunity this evening between 6 and 7 o'clock for persons wanting Wasscrman blood tests to have them taken free of cost in Room 511, Second National Bank Building. Some hundred iiftv men have thus far availed themselves of the privilege. The tests are to determine the presence, or absence, of syphilis. The city will loso two diligi workers in thc transfer of CjpUtm and Mrs. A. L. Brandenburg to Homestead, effective January 17. Jn a quiet way they have been active in relieving distress among thc needy. It will be remembered Mrs. BrjndL-n- burg--she's a captain, too--bcc.ime a bride after Mr. Brandenburg located here. What's What At a Glance By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Columnist. WASHINGTON, Jan. 8.--Congress is pretty nearly stalled. Ha vine listened (o P r e s i d e n t Roosevelt's initial message, it is trying to settle down to the job of doing something, but it cannot agree on what to do. I can sympathize with the lawmakers. I heard the President's January 3 talk on Capitol Hill and endeavored to draw some conclusion 1 ? from it. My editorial chief remarked th.it these conclusions were the same thnt many others had drawn already. He suggested, why no', peor P bit in- As Others Think OUR WARLIKE PACIFISTS (Chicago Tribune.) It is supposed to be bad for a people to lose all warlike qualities. They arc thought to be mbst fortunate anc best sustained ;igainst misadventures if, although peaceable, amiable anc well disposed, they have a reserve of military qualities which will respond to demand. Their nationa character needs this strong fibc: which is dependable when it mus be used. People who have allowed the! peaceable instincts to degenerate under national ease into disinclination to face unpleasant realities and who flinch too (nuch hnve, in the past to the future and prophesy what the j suffered a great deal under the hcc! executive recommendations hint iÂ»t i The instances arc ancient, medicva in the long run. | and modern. China rnny be a prcscn But it is difficult to forecast from a state papor of today what s.iid paper will lend the country into i-omc months hence if you hnve no very clear idea what today's stole paper means. illustration, although thc people nrc not weaklings, being merely by tradition aver.*-** to thc military life In the United States a majority o the people have an intelligent even contempt, for wars which neve ought to happen. They not only ar not militaristic but they think vain Iflnrtous iword rattling dcmonstra tfons on the part of egotistic, stamp ing little men in high positions arc discreditable and criminal. Although th**rc has bÂ«_*en no time us yet when the n*vd of military virtues found Inek of them here, Americans canno be t a i l e d a warlike people, one clas it was expected to do. This intervai exceplod. Our pacific; are warlike NOT MUCH PROGRESS That Is the fix Congress ib in. After thr Prc.siclem had left tho Capitol. January 3 the House of Representatives plunged right on into debate--abortively, of rourso. Tim Senate more sensibly took n 48- hour recess, hoping to decide on what Many women daily save pieces of cord taken from packages dclivcicd to the home and make it into balls. But only one in a grcjt many thousands--millions, perhaps--goes to the extent that did Mrs. August Robcn- slaw- of Mount Pleasant. She exhibited a ball 39 inches in circumference, weighing 13 li pounds, the accumulation of 18 years. One way to save money, too. Taking hold of the supervision of public assistance in Fayette coun-y, Mrs. W. H. Myers of Conncllsville, executive director, announces there are 7,100 general assistance cases on the rolls of the county--handling ot which is considered a real (ask. This does not include 3,000 receiving old- age aid from the State. She sti- mates the total number of assistance cases may be increased to 11,000. William S. Knudsen udds a note of hope in testifying before a Senate committee by expressing belief, thrru will be "a business comeback in Ihe spring" which will make only, temporary the laying off ot thousands of General Motors employes. William C. Cochrane, director oÂ£ vocational agriculture at Ramsay High School at Mount Pleasant, has set an example in encouraging students under him to become young business men and business \vor,icn. A .news item relates the students realized a net profit last year of S2,- 417 from raising poultry,- garden produce, dairy produce, fruits, pork and other farm products. Forty-aix pupils were enrolled at the start, of whom 11 dropped out. Some will accompany Mr. Cochrane to tho State Farm Show at Harrisburg January 17. Factographs The average car owner in the U. S. drives 12,000 miles a year, automotive statistics indicate. Tornadoes result from collision of masses of air whose temperatures are at wide variance. Tlie- world's first mutual savings bunk was. founded in Sco.land in 1810. for reflection did not do it any good, to be sure. Indications arc ihnt the current regular congressional session will be precious little more productive than was the extrn session just past. STEWAIITS GLOOMY VIEW The regular session will .not, indeed, be so complete a vacuum as the extra session was. Some appropriation bills will have- to be passed. I will venture to predict a billion or two for national defense--that bug seems to be popular now. We have our neutralityite'S and our Ludlowitcs and our miscellaneous pacifists but they arc in an obvious minority. It will be acknowledged that \vu cannot balance the budget yet. INTERNAL QUESTIONS But most of our internal questions'.' They h.ivc belligerency whlc will resort to force and will fight a the drop of a hat for the ideas wit which they have indoctrinated them .sclvc:,. It m;iy be too much to say tha they will light themselves, but the will sacrifice any nurnbor of othe people to their ideas and themsclve keep tho home llres burning. The would bring Japan to terms an they arc mad about Spain. Who they .in- not .ingo' 'hey would sto all defense measures at home, bu when they smtl a wrong abroad the become the warlike people. Monopoly, housing, agriculture taxation relief versus work relic wages imd hours? All that will hang fire. , And in general labor versus cap: tal or vice versa? Congress does not know the Ad ministration's position on the prac ticalities ot thobc issues and it hopelessly split as to its own. Today in Washington. By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON, Jan. 8.--There is othing really inconsistent between ie attacks made last month in the ickson-Ickes speeches against mon- poly and the latest pronouncement y President Roosevelt on the idea ! "round table" conferences of gov- Â·nmcnt and industry to plan pro- uction schedules. What the Administration has in lind is not a revision oÂ£ anti-trust iws to permit private monopoly, but revision which will permit govern- icnt supervision of prices and pro- uction. The Jackson-Ickes addresses were ircfully timed to arouse the public gainst private prico-flxing. It was ntcndcd to show the abuses of pri- ate power as it is supposed to be xcrcised under our present cco- omic system. But when Mr. Roosc- elt in his press conference spoke of aving business men sit around the able with government, he did not ntend anybody to assume that he as going to allow private pricc- xing by those who sat in confcr- ncc. Certainly, if he did, it would e an inconsistency in his position. The Administration is convinced hat price control of some kind is ncvltable if America is to keep from aving sudden drops in business vol- me such as the recently-begun re- ession has developed. The present mechanism for making prices is held o be a mixture of monopolistic prac- ces and competition and with no oordination by anybody for fear of omlng into collision with the Shor- ian anti-trust laws, with their vari- us judicial interpretations extending vcr a period of nearly 50 years. The Administration's idea is that icre must be some price limitation. The principal advocates of the plan o not say this means actually fixing he prices, but merely putting limits eyond which prices of certain basic ommodities shall not go. But since the public is not likely to permit private price-fixing, the only ther Instrumentality left, of course, s the Government itself. By sitting round in conference with business men in each industry, ideas would be advanced in round taBle fashion, but he- decision would be that of the Government itself. There are other plans, to be sure, vhich are discussed from time to imc, such as giving a public utility latus to important bvic industries ind regulating their profits or rate if return on investment somewhat as s done with electric light and power companies. The assumption is that, n basic materials derived from na- ural resources in the first instance, he clement of price fixing between oups of marketing corporations is related solely to a narrow list of terns and that hence the manipula- ion of prices is easier than in other jroductive enterprises, where the elements entering into the price may 'ary considerably. Just how is the government to acquire the power to control or regu- ate basic industries? Isn't it unconstitutional? The Supreme Court of he United States has said that rather road power is vested in the Federal Government to say what industries can be clothed with or "affected with public interest." With the "liberals" in complete control of the Supreme Court now, there need be little doubt as to the gradual extension of the Federal xwer to include whatever regula- .ory authority may be needed to afford protection to Interstate commerce. The res! question is how the .hat they almost control the price. :t is incredible! that the Administration would bcjthinking of price con- rol without taking into consideration the importance of regulating labor's demands. Labor may not like this, but a hint oÂ£ what is coming was given in the President's message this week about the misuse of power by .argc groups, and also in his press conference the next day, when he referred to the importance oÂ£ cooperation by labor as well as capital. What the Administration is seeking is not exactly n controlled economy, but un organized economy. It aclievcs that on organized democracy is nccocssary if world conditions are to be battled with by the American people and the more drastic controls of fascism are to be avoided. The business men of the country may think of "cooperation" in terms ot an equal voice by them at the conference table, but what is intended really by thc Administration is that labor and business shall come, into conference and government shall have the deciding voice as to what each or both should do in order to increase employment, keep prices down, and develop a fair return for capital invested and for labor. Not the least of the subjects being discussed behind the scenes is the problem of allocating volume within an industry so that limits ore placed on bigness and so that marginal producers or businesses are not placed at a disadvantage because of tho large surpluses or larger capital sums invested in big business. The Administration is getting ready to argue that what America needs is "stabilized profits" and that thc very uncertainties of which business complains will be removed by ^ the exercise of governmental power to assure continuity of production and planning. EULOGY This IAC can slate ot him. none carried hate of him. None ever loft him with pain in his heart. Thin can be ^ald of him; none lived in dread of pa^n. lie scoffed nt nobody just to be smart. None Jn vulRarily spoke In disparity. Calling him names that we commonly hear. Nobody Jeered nt him; nobody sneered at him. No one was worse oil lor having him near. Brave was the heart ot him; kindness a pnrt of him. True to his faith and his. fellows he stayed; \ None could recall of. him traits that were sma.ll of him. None had been hurt by the blunders he made. This we can tell of him, all men thought well of him. Home goes his spirit now bearing no stain, This \sc can say of him over tho clay 01 him. Cod will be proud to receive him again. MAN AND A BLUE JAY "Jack." s-atd I to a blue Jay pretly; "How like you wintering in the city? Arc you contented here to stay Mining the splendors far away? Where do you so? What do you do? Federal power is going to be cxer- I DOCJ boredom never trouble you? ciscd and what legislation will be How do you pnsi your time? Explain sought so as to cover thc problem of Ju '' t w h n t " ' i'Â° u itrlvc 0 E aln price control. The mistake of the | Â° c ' ond " lch ' lall! ;' 'Â°Â° d you ^ cd NRA was in trying to do too much 3,,"^ you" be richer 1 "*'" ' at once. The next time the Administration attempts control of business, the effort will be limited to a few basic industries i n ' the hope of get- tinfl a "planned production" first and price control second. AH this necessarily means government regulation of labor unions, not of course in any way intervening in their own affairs so far as administration or organization is concerned, but In thc use they may seek to make of their economic power. In many industries, for example, labor costs are so much of a factor And own n much superior nest? NlRht after night, in rain or shine, Must you Â£O somewhere out to dine And when at home you may remain Arc you supposed to entertain? You have no banquets, concerts, shows No pot where every blue jay KOCS? What sort of pleasure do you find On earth to occupy your mind To which at breakneck .speed you fly?" I thoucht thc blue jay winked his eye And cave to me thU stranKC reply: "I'm Just a blue jay, quite contest. Folilct and fads I can't Invent. 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