The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on January 7, 1938 · Page 4
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January 7, 1938

The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 4

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Connellsville, Pennsylvania
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Friday, January 7, 1938
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F-. PAGE FOUR. THE DAILY COURIER, CONNELLSVILLrE. PA. FRIDAY, JANUARY 7,1D3S. THE COURIER COMPANY . James J. Dnscoll R. A. Doncgan Walter S. Stimmel James M. Driscoll _______ J. Wylie Driscoll Publisher . President and General Manager Secretary and Treasurer | Editor Associate Editor . Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF Audit Bureau ot Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association' Bureau ot Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month: $5 per year, or S2.50 for six months by mail if paid In advance. Entered as second class matter at the PostofHce, - Connellsville, Pa. ,,: -~ ; EVENING, .. . . __ A Uniontown- minister who is-.said to "have made-a survey is quoted as saying religious advantages in some mountaiarsections of Fayette county -»re~~no better than those of "the mountains of Tennessee. Having" lived for many years in. our "mountains"Jand having "traveled over them extensively, the writer musfconfess he-knows of '.none such as have"_een described by~mi8Sio"naries"in the South. But there may be.. ·" - ~ r," . . ," Ministers-'o7-"C6nh"ellsville, TTnipntown : and-Brownsvnie have taken steps to'form a county association:" An "executive committee representing the^threejissociations has been named'to enlist-support of smaller ^"groups.- ..The county association'jijprqposetl program would, 'according to -the press agent;, em brace a survey of the.mouhtain-lJistricts and also of the coke region to determine'how pastoral visitation and preaching might be bett_er. developed. The proposed association would'also devote attention, under the program outlined, to road houses, many of which are declared to.be dens of iniquity.. It would make a survey of "stKcalled road houses and their harmful influence, both physically and morally." Reports indicate there is - need for somebody not only making a survey "but.going into action. A'nother phase that'is worthy of attention is "a survey ot communities where there seems to'be 'an overlapping of Christian ministry on the part;Of, exceedingly smalj congregations" and how they might he merged." It,would not be outside reason, to include in this drive some over- churched large communities. . · · WHY EEPPEKT REMAINS OJf BENCH Mellowed by the passing of the yeara but his intellect as keen as ever, Ketired Judge E. II. Keppert' continues his place on the bench, as occasion offers, among the young and active' judges. He is a'sort of fatherly advisor to them. Just why does the -venerable jurist remain on the bench · while others--Judges Davis W; Henderson, S. John Morrow and Thomas H. Hudson, for instance, do not have that privilege? The explanation develops .he has a legal right there. That is not the reason, he joins the' others. It's getting back home for him. For twenty years he sat on the bench, administering justice. _Judge Reppert answers the questions and explains his , presence'in the following: "This occurs under the act of 1919, providing that judges who have served 20 years or more.and shall hold themselves in readiness to perform certain_dutles7"shall bo eligible for retirement but shall not thereafter .engage In any remunerative employment. " ' -~ --"'"In 1929, the law was changed so that judges, whose term of service began prior to the" second Monday of January, 1030, or taking office thereafter, might become mem- hers of the State Employes* Retirement Association with a monthly deduction of salary, as In the case of school teachers. In such cases, there is .no provision as to the performance of any official duty." Judge Reppert was retired under the provisions of the act of 1919; the other former judges under those of the act of 1929. SUIHEKDAIO) 3IAKES SEW BEAI/ HAHPV Retirement of Justice George Sutherland from the Supreme Court and the probable retirement of others on age opens the way for the President to pack the tribunal ·with men ot Roosevelt policies without recourse to further congressional action toward reprganization. New Dealers are jubilant. Democratic opponents of the reorganization drive accept the situation In good grace. They have no alternative. Republicans are not very much In the picture, except as onlookers. With "Roosevelt justices" voting with the liberals the New Deal may look confidently to-having Administration legislation which hurdles congressional opposition upheld by the supreme tribunal. The President will undoubtedly pick a man of his own heart for the Sutherland vacancy. The Chief Executive may after his confirmation forget the Supreme Court issue--for -it- will be 'dead--and devote his attention, wholly to getting his program through the Senate and House. The President will avoid another Hugo Black imbroglio._ · There Is no foundation for belief he knowingly named a member of the Ku Klux Klan. He will ask more questions about his next appointee. He may be expected to go into his private Hfe. If he does not select one above , reproach the Senate will throw off every vestige of secrecy. Assuredly the nominee will-be exposed to the full light of publicity before he. gets the senatorial okay. Sl-tZKE-X.OCKOUX I/EGAL ASPECTS Imposing legal limitations on the right to strike would be unconstitutional, the National Labor Relations Board informed Congress in its annual report. By the same token would It not be unconstitutional to attempt to prevent an employer of labor from closing its plant--locking out the employes? The situations would seem to be similar In some aspects.-The lockout jn the end might entail greater suffering on the part'of the eniployes.-Both parties to such dis- Pistes would be losers, financially. Every strike,costs employer and employe heavily. -So'would"every lockout. The wages of tlie" working-force knd the income of the industry are gone forever.--Timeliest cannot be regained. That is what we wore taught when children. It is as true today. It always will be'.---",-;" " ~. ~ There might-be a difference as to which suffers the more, au employer" of "a hundred men or the hundred, or In larger numbers, the employer of a hundred thousand or the hundred thousand. Everything is proportionate. The greater the industrial organization, the greater its investment and its obligation to its investors. There is food for thought in the strike feature of the Labor Board's report. 1ELIXQUEXT TAX SAM] IX AlMttl, Again a date has been set for sale of properties in Fayette county for which 1931 anil ]J35 taxes are delinquent. The time is April 4. Properties against which there are tax claims will be advertised thirty days in advance of that time. Those previously advertised, for 1930 to 1933 taxes, will also be sold, according to ,, County Treasurer H. D. Minerd, who said there will be no further postponement. There is still opportunity to pay and save the properties. WILL WE NEVER LEARN? In the Day's News Brief Comment on Current E\cnU Here md There. The " Democrat politicians, Mrs. Emma Guff-y Miller in particular, have the last laugh in the Do Srhwelnitz incident. (By the way Karl spells his middle name with a 'small "d.") Although his champion, the Governor, decided to ictain him, Karl quit. ThaMs just what the Guftey-Eoss, el "al faction wanted. Republicans like the way the former Assistance Secretary slammed the Democratic organization. They laugh, too, not just the same way. Rccdnt- ly it was predicted on this page the political offensive would get the secretary. . "It is with considerable regret thit I leave my native State and the work of the board, to which I have devoted so much of my time, but I believe that the new position oilers even greater opportunities for service in the cause of intelligent conservation of natural resources -- a problem which I firmly believe to be the most important before the American people today," Kenneth A. Reid, member of the Board of Fish Commissioners, wrote Governor Earle, tendering his resignation. Ken is the State's leading exponent of the cause of conservation. The new position referred to is the executive secretaryship of the Izaak Walton League ot America. With the United Stales Steel Corporation resuming activity this week Jn the Pittsburgh area, recalling 10,000 men, Industry is looking up ns tho year begins, though there was no promise tho activity would continue any length o£ time. Of interest also is a story In The Courier yesterday ot ovens Jn blast remaining stalion- ary the last week of December at 903. A sportsman callb attention to the requirement that last season's game kill must be reported to the State Commission at Harnsburg by January 15. There is a penalty of $2 for failure, which Is held against next year's license. It will not be issued until the fine is paid. A blank to be used comes with the license. Greek Catholics have two Christmas celebrations. They join to a large extent in the day accepted by other rcligioub faiths, December 25. Today they have their own, undci tha Greek calendar, beginning with masses last midnight. Eight false fire alarms were turned in during 1937, the annual report ot Chief W. E. DeBolt bets forth. There is a heavy penalty for turning in n false alarm. The late Mayor Duggan once -imposed a line of S100. False alarms are an expense to tho city. It costs just as much gasoline and as rmuch wear and tear on the truck as when there is a lire, One or two salty fine 1 * by the Mayor would probably put an end to the practice. Up at Confluence it must be a case of the oftice (burgess) seeking the man. Fate would seem to be on the side of H. L. Sellers. The incumbent at the November election, a Democrate, tied with Horace Kccfer, a Republican. Drawing of lots at Somerset decided the issue in favor of Mr. Sellers. He vill serve another four years. A lovable woman passed to the Great Beyond in the person of Mrs. Sarah Jane Schenck, at the age of 79. A native Of Somerset, she had been a resident of Conncllsvillc for nearly sixty years. The older generation remembers her late husband, Wmfleld S. Schenck, who for many years was master carpenter on tho Conncllbville Division of the Balti- mc~? Ohio Railroad. Sportsmen, keep thib dale m mind ! --Thursday, Kcbiuary 24. It is the lime for the annual banquet of the I THE OLD YEAR They say he's dlngl "YcV the nurso replied, wibh they'd atop thot dreadful noiso ouUldol This poor old year, Whose end Is near. Has none to pay the tribute of · tear. No one remembers In the early sprinjf lie set the world »Rlcam with blossom* tng. Nearby none stays To ipcak hi* prahc Or tell the dory * hli happier days. Drained of hH favors, left alone, he dies ^ whittle* blow nntl shouta of Joy arise. WJIh drum and Jiorn They'll srcct the morn-All scckinc favors from the year Just born. "Nurse. I was gladdened by thti dyinc year Now, rhould I tell htm, do you think he'd hear?" Crlex at the R.ite 1 Tailed "38! "No," 5a!d DID nurse. "You'vr ihou£ht ot that too Into." BEFORE AND AFTER TWM dlfllcult for him to think. So flred with madness x^a* his brain. She sometimes stood beildo the sink And poured dishwater down the drain So beautiful to him she seemed. So tender. Rraceful and so fair, "While courting her, lie never dreamed Sho twisted papers in her hair. His mother dJd such thlmrt he- knew; Ilia slaters dusted, swept and cooked. But fncts like this, by men v-ho v.oo Arc always htrangoly overlooked. They're married now. Whin home he comes To kli.1 him at the door MIC Mnnds. Licks the cake frostlnc off her thumbs And on Jicr Apron dries her handsl ConneDsville Chapter of the Izaak Walton Lcnguc. 1( you aren't a fisherman you should be. If you nrc n hunter and not a fisherman there will be something special to interest you--motion pictures along your line. Of interest to nil will be \vh:tt the United States commissioner o_ fish- erica will have to say. He will be the speaker. As Others Think SHOW RIGHT SPIRIT (Latrobe Bulletin.) The papers tell that 800 employes of the Ncild Textile Mills ot New Bedford, Mass., rather than see the mill closed due to financial difficulties facing the owners, have voted to contribute 10 per cent of their wages toward a fund to be us,ed in satisfying the prcsbins creditors--thui to keep the mill open and themselves employed. Now whether or not the plan works out, it none the less typifies action in the presence o£ a situation whichisccmcd to threaten idleness for nearly 800 men and women. There might be advanced reasons for censuring the owners; there might be proposed one theory or another theory as to what might be done But two facts stand out: The mill was faced with threat o£ closing, and 800 men and women knew that i£ it should be closed, they would be idle. And so they acted. It would seem high time that there be realization of this same truth in relation to business in general. What is to take the place of mill and rail and mine, if they be closed? HOW TO WIN FRIENDS (Baltimore Sun ) A grand jury in Cleveland has indicted four labor union officials for extortion, practiced not on employers only but on members of their own unions as well. If these men ore guilty, why was it necessary for a grand jury to take action? Why didn't organized labor deal with them long ago? In New York it has been proved in open court that some labor unions had suffered for years from the depredations ot thieves who were no! only luthlcsi but impudent beyond belief. They had been robbing employers, the public, and their osvn members with the snmc cold cynicism, nnd not until the law stcppcc in and landed them behind prison bars was anything done about it. When labor unions demonstrate some capacity to Identify a crook hi their own organization and some ability to kick him out public interest for organjycd Inbor will go up. SEE IT! WRIGHT'S BEST SELLER Genuine Shell Horsehide pair · Sturdy . . . kccp t your fcef -uin'iii and sniiir. · Oil Treated Solo. ·Built-in Arcli. oCioodjcnr "UVIf. o Plain Toe, if desired. Xot (lie lowest ]rict. lint the lji'st,nt, tlie ]iricc! Other Work Shoes $2.50 up N o r t h 1'ittslmrgr SlrocM Today in Washington By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON, Jan. 7.--The most sensational disclosure in the President's budget message is not the amount of the deficit for next year or the figures on expenses and income, but the very interesting curve of tax receipts, which, upon its face, raises the vital question of whether the limit of taxation now lias been reached in the United States. Unless ways and means arc devised to increase the National income very decidedly, the tax curve is going down instead of up. This means that, if the present rate of cx- pcndituics is kept up, there can be no balanced budget for many years to come--it at all. The pioblem is best understood by taking the newly published figures showing exactly how much taxes have been collected by (he Federal Government each year since 1931. It shows that, from $3,189,000,000 in 1931, the tax receipts xvent down to a low point of ?2,005,000,000 the next year and then started up again slowly until, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1938, they are,to amount to $5,749,000,000, exclusive of social security or payroll taxes, which arc supposed to be a trust fund. Now this last figure represents a peak and is slightly above the 55,726,000,000 collected in taxes in the war prosperity year of 1920--a record for all time. Having renchcd the peak in the fiscal year 1938, the estimate:, of taxes to be collected in the fiscal year 1939 now are bhown in the President's budget message to be $5,321,000,000, which is also exclusive of social security or payroll taxes. This downward trend is not in Itself the only important fact, but what it means in relation to the normal expenses of the Government or what is expected to be normal, as the President now characterizes, a budget of $7,000,000,000. An analysis of the President's figures, which, by the way, uru the most complete ever issued on fiscal affairs, shows that the Federal Government now has been running along on a budget of about $5,300,000,000, more or less, lor everything except emergency or relief expenses. This just about equals the tax receipts. What is needed is approximately $1,600,000,000 more in tax receipts, or that same amount in economies. It is pertinent, therefore, to examine the expenses over and above the regular departments and agencies. It will be found that the Government has been spending about Sl,783,000,000 for works progress administration, known as WPA, and about $500,000,000 for public works through the PWA and about $500,000,000, for agricultural and other subsidies. In the fiscal year 1937, these extra items came to about $2,783,000. In the present fiscal year, these items are to be handled with a somewhat smaller expenditure, variously estimated at this time, but it looks like, about $1,500,000,000. The deficit will not reach that sum because there arc some miscellaneous receipts, such as repayment of old loans, which help to cut it down, but the truth is the Nation faces the fact that tax collections are not large enough and will not be large cnous. under the present system to ofTsc** these extra expenses. Ccitainly, the item of relief will have to be continued as long as there are somewhere between 7,000,000 and 10,000,000 persons unemployed, as revealed by the recent census. This may run around $1,000,000,000. Then (here is the subsidy for the farmers, which is becoming an annual or regular part of the budget, so that, U we are ever to balance the budget and begin to have a surplus with which to retire debt, some way must be found to add at least about $1,500,000,000 to our Treasury receipts. The President's hope is that the national income will rise steadily. This means that velocity of transactions or total volume must be increased. It means, too, that some way must be found to multiply business transactions through greater productivity or intensification of the home market or the foreign market or both. Judging by the tax curve, the imposition of more taxes on the present national income will only mean a breakdown in the national income itself. In fact, if it were politically feasible, the Government could well afford to revise the whole tax structure downward and take a temporary loss in receipts as an investment toward actually stimulating a greater total of tax receipts the following year and the year thereafter. What the Administration lias been unwilling to accept as yet is the rule that, the lower the tax rates, the greater the volume of business, and hence the greater the total volume of tax collections and actually the smaller the sums needed for relief, whereas, the higher the tax rates, the greater is the burden on business, and on the consumer who is asked to pay for the taxes in higher retail "prices. The future of American prosperity and, indeed, immediate recovery is tied up with such a general revision of the tax rate system as to provide real incentives for the increasing of the national income. Uncle Sam must put out a low-priced model, so to speak, and depend upon volume hereafter instead of depending on high tax rates that have not and cannot produce enough revenue because there are not enough individuals who make enough money to supply the deficits. The limit of capacity to pay taxes may have been reached in 1937, and the downward trend of tax receipts after three years of "pump-priming" means only that the Administration must now concentrate on ways and means of building up the net incomes of American businesses, large as well as small. Factographs Enrollment in U. S. elementary schools hab dropped more than a million since 1930. John Keats, considered one of the 12 greatest English poets, died at 26. Amsterdam, called the Dutch Venice, is built on 90 islands. Our Entire Winter Stock Reduced for Quick Sale .We're In a hurry to clear our store of every winter coat and suit-and we've cut prices to the bone at the start to create irresistible values! and O'COATS A grad group of overcoats and topcoats in latest styles and newest fabrics. Values to $29.50. A grand group o£ the newest a n d smartest suits. All colors, styles and patterns. Values to $20.50. Other Suits, Topcoats and O'Coats to $39.50. S A. M. to ·STOIMC irOL'K.S: ; P. .M. Satunla) : 8 A. M. to U)::tt) ISt Wc-M Crm\ford A t c t i n c . I'lione 42

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