LAST E AST EDITION PRICE ' 2 The Best Advertising Medium in the Yough Region. VOL. 36, NO. 54. The Weekly Courier. Founded July 17. 1870. I Merged, The Daily Courier. Founded November 10. 1902. I July 18. 192 CONNELLSVILLE, PA., FRIDAY EVENING, JANUARY 7, 193S. TWENTY PAGES. Ford Predicts Nation On Brink of Greatest Prosperity in History Sees Agriculture, Industry Linked to Banish Depression. BELIEVES "NEW DAY" AT HAND By STEVE RICHARDS United Press Staff Correspondent. (Copyright 1938 by United Press.) DEARBORN, Jan. 7.--Henry Ford believes America is entering the most prosperous era of its history. The prosperity he sees will be one in which industry and agriculture are linked by an inseparable bond to banish depression. This new day, the Nation's No. 1 individualist and pioneer automobile manufacturer told the United Press today, *'is at hand.". Its keystone will be the use of agricultural by-products in. the manufacture of industrial goods. Its spark-plug, he believes, will be a new tractor which soon will go into mass production at the Ford Hiver Rouge plant. The tractor will be so cheap that every tiller of the soil from the dirt farms of New Jersey to the broad Kansas plains may buy it. The time is virtually here, Ford told the United Press, when almost nn entire automobile--body, fenders, doors and paneling--may be constructed out oÂ£ wheat chaff, soy beans, corn husks, or other farm byproducts. "This new alliance of agriculture and industry." Ford predicted, "will be the salvation oÂ£ both. It will produce the greatest period of prosperity the country ever has known. "And I'll put this thing over if it's the life of me," he added, smiling. Ford, vibrant with visions of the future based on his dream of farm and factory cooperation, led the way through .immaculate laboratories where engineers were trying, dls- ' carding, and trying again. On the glazed floor Ford drove the new tractor, never before seen by an outsider. The 74-year-old Industrialist was as pleased as a small boy with a fire engine. To him it-was'-far more than a tractor. It was a magic Sesame to a new life. Through this mechanical simplicity nurtured in his mind for years--he saw the means of putting agriculture on a paying basis, he saw streams of ill-housed city dwellers going to the farm to live in abundance and to produce materials for industry. "We will offer our new tractor at a price which any one can afford. With it he can do all sorts of work. Productio'ri is what we need on a farm and it can only be done with tractors." But what of overproduction on the farm? Hasn't the country been plagued by farm surplusses? What of the campaign to plow under? To Henry Ford there is no such thing as a surplus. The pressure of the surplus, he believes, will force us to discover all sorts of new uses.for the annual produce of the soil. "Our laboratories are at work now," he said, "on plans to use chemurgic products, in more and more parts of the car. Only a few more experiments are necessary until we will have perfected this product until it will withstand a sliock as well as steel." He called for a thin, convex sheet Continued on Pago Seven. , Edsel Ford Tells Senators What He Knows of Pennroad WASHINGTON, Jan. 7--Edsel Ford, president of the Ford Motor Company, followed his major business rival, President William S. Knudsen, of General Motors Corporation, to the Capital today to testify before a Senate committee. Knudsen appeared yesterday at a hearing of the special Senate committee which is studying unemployment and relief. He expressed the hope that business would improve by spring. Ford was culled to testify before the Senate's Interstate Commerce Committee on financial dealings between the Pennroad "Corporation, a holding company, and the Detroit, Toledo and Irontcri Railroad, formerly owned by Mm and his father, Henry Ford. The committee is investigating the financial relation ol the Pennsylvania Railroad to the Pennroad Corporation, and the financial structure of other railroads. At the completion of Its study it is expected to recommend regulatory legislation on rail financing to Congress. A. J. County, director of Pennroad Corporation and vice-president of Continued on Pane Eight. Boy Runs Into Auto. Running between parked cars yesterday, Stewart Welker, seven years old, of Cottage avenue, dashed into a moving machine. He was knocked down but not much injured, it was disclosed by examination at the Hospital. BUSINESS TAX REVISION MAY SOON BE FACT By JOHN R. BEAL United Press Staff Correspondent. WASHINGTON, Jan. 7.--House tax experts began today to draft formal recommendations for a new Federal revenue law designed to lighten the tax burden of most of the Nation's 200,000 corporations. The House Ways and Means Tax sub - committee completed two months of revision study without changing the rates on individual incomes, big or little. Chairman Fred M. Vinson, D., Ky., believes the changes affecting business will afford definite relief from thc'hardships and inequities oÂ£ which it has complained without materially reducing the government's estimated income. The tax group is in recess now, but its recommendations may be ready for report to the full Ways and Means Committee by the middle of next week. Chairman Robert L. Doughton, p., N. C., said hearings on the report would be started immediately. The final action of the sub-committee was to devise a separate tax on corporations created to reduce the personal income taxes of their owners. The tax would affect only from 500 to 1,000 corporations, but among them are some of the Nation's greatest profit makers. These corporations, like other high-bracket concerns, would be subject to the new undistributed profits tax of 10 to 20 per cent. From the income remaining they would be permitted to deduct $40,000 or 30 per cent, whichever was greater, and then would be required to pay another flat 20 per cent tax on the balance. Small firms, earnings up to $25,000 a year, would be exempted complete- Continued on Page Eight. Escaped Indiana Prisoner Locked In Somerset Jail By United Press. SOMERSET, Jan. 7.--Charles W. Thomas, Jr., Detroit, who sawed his way out of the Allen county jail at Fort Wayne, Ind., last Sunday, was held in county jail here today on eight charges of robbery. Thomas was arrested at Bedford after he attacked a constable here and escaped after beating the officer. Police said Thomas stole two automobiles in Somerset, broke into two other cars and stole articles from them. Police said Thomas admitted he escaped from the jail at Fort Wayne with Raymond Cook, 43, Cleveland. The two came to Somerset in a stolen automobile and parted company, police quoted Thomas as saying, because of an argument over plans to rob a dry cleaning establishment. Thomas said he escaped while awaiting trial on a charge of stealing an automobile, police said. Indiana authorities are planning to lodge de- tainers against Thomas, according to local police. GREEN DEMANDS SLUMP ACTION BY CONGRESS By United Press. WASHINGTON, Jan. 7--President William Green of the American Federation of Labor today demanded action--prompt, immediate and effective--by Congress to meet the current business recession. Green presented his demand to the Senate Unemployment Committee aftcr-Robert E. Wood, Scars-Roebuck Company, chairman criticized attacks on business by Secretary of Interior Harold L. Ickcs and Assistant Attorney General Robert H. Jackson. Wood said his concern wns reducing prices an average of 12 per cent in a drive to gain business and entered the markets to build up inventories. SCOTTDALE FIRM JOINS 44-HOUR WEEK LAW FIGHT HARRISBURG, Jan. 7.--Seven more business concerns have joined in the Dauphin County court case against the 44-hour work week law which became effective December 1, bringing the list to 250. Attorney General Charles J. Mar- giottl is endeavoring to get the injunction suit before the Supreme Court for a prompt constitutionality ruling. The firm;: included Charles A. Briggs, Lumber and Manufacturing Company, Scoltdale. Baby Flies for Her Life. Pictured in the arms of Nurso Mary C. Potter, it Utica, N. Y., is "Little Miss Rome," a 5-months-old baby of Romo.'N. Y., as she awaited word to board a plnno for Baltimore. Tho child's esophagus is ruptured, necessitating a vital operation. Sho is ono of a poor Home family, and expenses aro being paid by the Rome Chamber of Commerce, which has raised Â£1.200 for that Duroosc. (Central Prat) Army Favors Flood Control Reservoirs By J. ROBERT SHUBERT United Press Staff Correspondent. PITTSBURGH, Jan. 7.--The annual report of the chief of U. S. Army engineers to Congress today urged expenditure of $12.850,000 for the construction of flood control reservoirs in Western Pennsylvania during the fiscal year of 1939, it was revealed here today. While Licntcnant Colonel W,.S..R. Covcll, chief ot the Pittsburgh staff of engineers, disclosed present work on the district's flood control projects was progressing ahead ot schedule, new sums 'vcro asked to finance projects to prevent recurrence of (he disastrous flood 3f March, 1930, which' caused damage estimated at more than $00,000,000. The report to Congress said the money could "bo profitably expended during the fiscal year of 1930" and listed as projects the nine large reservoirs planned for the district. The report also recommended for expenditure $3,750,000 during the Continued on Page Eight. British Police Beaten by Japs By United Prcaa. SHANGHAI, Jan. 7.--British authorities reported today that two British municipal policemen had been beaten by Japanese troops in the latest incident involving Japanese ever increasing aggressiveness in the foreign-controlcd International Settlement. The attack look place last night on Brennan road, on the extreme western edge of the settlement, where several British troops were killed in the early days of the Japanese campaign against Shanghai. A. Turner and F. G. West were the policemen beaten. Turner was the first man mauled about when he advised the Japanese troops he thought It unnecessary for them to search a certain Chinese civilian. West was beaten when he came to Turner's assistance. Neither was in- j-'rcd seriously. The attack followed yesterday's protest to Japanese authorities by the settlement municipal police against the alleged manhandling of two other British policemen, G. J. Bennett and J. Sinclair, at the Japanese naval landing barracks on Christmas Day. Fay Wray in Bed, Cook in Lockup; Latter Got Drunk By United Pica. HOLLYWOOD, Jan. 7.--Fay Wray was in bed with a headache today and there was nobody in the kitchen to prepare the meals. The cook, Mrs. Raymond Duval, a powerful woman of 57 years and 175 pounds, was free on $20 bond, after her vigorous exhibition in which she cleared out a movie star's household yesterday in a burst of temperament. When the police arrived, Mrs. Duval was standing on the front porch, spraddle-lcgged and akimbo, thumbing her nose with her free hand. She was arrested nnd charged with being drunk on private properly. Doctor Denies Tear Gas Caused Death of Youth By United Press. HARRISBURG, Jan. 7.--State welfare authorities denied today that tear-gassing of a 17-year-old inmate at the Pennsylvania Industrial School for Boys at Huntingdon was responsible for his death. Assistant Superintendent S. M, Washabaugh, contending the youth, Daniel La Maurr, Philadelphia, Negro, had twice become violent and unruly in his cell, said tear gas had been administered twice "after nil other means oÂ£ quieting him were exhausted." An independent physician, Dr. Frederick' Stcele, Huntingdon, attributed the death to a heart attack and found "the administration of gas had nothing to do with his passing." "I was called to the institution on Christmas." Washabaugh reported to the department, "and found La Maurr had broken a water pipe for the second time that morning. He had barricaded his cell door with a cot and was daring any officer to come into his cell, threatening to kill the first who opened his door. He had some kind oÂ£ a weapon in his hand. I ordered him to pass out the weapon which he refused to do, again threatening to kill the first person who came into his cell. Sec- ing that persuasion and orders were of no avail, I ordered tear gas administered. "The gas quieted him down until the effects began to wear off and he agam'became violent. The prisoner \vr~ moved to another cell where his violence continued and it was necessary to give him tear gas again." Brandenburgs T r a n s f e r r e d To Homestead Captain and Mrs. A. L. Brandenburg, heads of ihc Salvation Army here, have been notified of their transfer, effective January 17, to Homestead, in connection with which they will handle the work at Clair- lon. They will hold their farewell service here the night ot January 16. They will reside at Homestead. Succssors to th Brandnburgs are Major and Mrs. A. Vendevillc and daughter of DuBois. They will take charge January 17. The Brandenburgh have been quite active here, Mrs. Brandenburg, bride since the captain began hi: work three years ago next April, also holding the rank oÂ£ captain. Mr. Brandenburg is a member of the Rotary Club. Chimney Fire. The fire department was summoned early this afternoon. when a chimney ignited at 105 Johnston avenue. No damage was reported. The Weather Snow flurries this afternoon and probably tonight; colder tonight, Saturday generally fair and colder in east portion is the noon -weather forecast for Western Pennsylvania. Temperature Record, 1938 1937 Maximum 56 56 Minimum 3S 40 Mean 47 48 EARLE REVOKES SON'S LICENSE- WAS SPEEDING By United Press. HARRISBURG, Jan. 7.--Governor George H. Earle today announced he was withdrawing the driver's license i of his son, Hubert, for 00 days be- j cause the youth was arrested lor I driving 50 miles an hour in New j Jersey. I Throws All esources Into Hunt for Bomber FORMER MAPLE SUMMIT BOY KILLED ON PIKE- PITTSBURGH MAN HELD Harold Harbaugh Dies Of Injuries; Accident At Hopwood. Struck by an automobile as he walked across the National pike at Hopwood Thursday night at 9:15 o'clock, Harold Harbaugh, 23 years old, of near Lcmont, formerly of Maple Summit, between Mill Run nnd Ohiopylc, died this morning at J2:15 o'clock at the Uniontown Hospital. He suffered a frontal skull fracture, a broken right arm and compound fracture. The young man was a son of Mrs. Elizabeth Harbaugh. The family moved a few months ago to the Lc- mont region. The body was removed to the C. B. Brooks undertaking rooms at Indian Head. H.'J. Grieves, 3C, of 5G20 Beacon street, Pittsburgh, driver oÂ£ the car, is being held on bail pending the outcome of a coroner's inquest. H;irbaugh, former cnrollce of a CCC camp and dishwasher at Francis' restaurant, was walking across the pike near the Hopwood Community Hall when he was struck. Although he weighed 240 pounds he was knocked about 00 feet to the sidewalk by the impact oÂ£ the machine. The victim with two companions had returned from a motor trip 1o the mountain,! and had parked their machine at Hopwood. He started across the pKtc to a gasoline station when he was hit. Grieves told Motor Policeman W. J. Urick and G. E. McCloskcy that he did not see Harbaugh until he struck him and that he stopped his.machiac, as soon as he was able to do so u ith safety. He was traveling in the direction oÂ£ Uniontown. The left front side of Grieves' automobile was damaged. WassermanTest Period Extended Plane Lands In Marsh; None Injured By United Press. NEWARK, N. J., Jan. 7.--An American Airlines flagship sleeper plane, carrying five passengers, made a forced landing in a marsh early today after missing the-landing field at Newark Airport. None of the passengers nor crew of thrco was injured. Only -the ship's undercarriiige. was damaged, Airline officials said. The plane left Chicago at 8:30 o'clock last night nnd was due to arrive here at 2:29 A. M. Officials said thnt the weather was good almost the entire trip from Chicago to Detroit and Buffalo until the plane approached Newark. A heavy fog blanketed the field as Pilot Usher Roucu circled for a landing. The heavy rain and poor visibility caused him to undershoot the Held and he was forced to bring the plane down about a mile and a halÂ£ to the south. Rouch climbed from the plane and plodded through the mire to the airport to report the accident. He was only able to-tell rescuers the general direction of the spot where he was forced down. It was several hours before the plane could be located in the marsh because of the poor visibility at the ground level at the airport. ,,,,JJa.s.serjj'e,rs n ;md crew were still aboard" when "police, firemen and volunteer rescuers reached it. They remained aboard the plane until transportation and clearing weather was available to remove them to the airport. All the passengers were booked from Chicago. Officials said they were M. Lunier, H. SJiapiro, A. R. Wntkins, Ogilvie and Jack Ryan. Stan Goring was co-pilot and Miss Veronica Lally was stewardess. Wasscrman blood tests for syphilis will be given Saturday evening in Room 511, Second National Bank Building, for persons who have been unable to appear at any other titnc, it was announced today. The hour will be from G to 7 o'clock. This is an extension of the time originally set. There will also be tests between 11 and 12 o'clock Saturday forenoon. AH are free, under arrangement by the State Department oÂ£ Health. It was said more than a hundred had been tested up to today. George Delwiler's Children Ask Writ To Secure Big Farm PITTSBURGH, Jan, 7.--The five children of George A. Detwiler, late of Bullskin township, Fayette county, petitioned in Federal court today for a writ of assistance to gain possession oÂ£ a 120-acrc farm which they claimed is being held illegally by Charles Detwiler. Their petition stated Charles Detwiler was adjudged bankrupt in 1927 and his property, known as "Home Farm' was sold by trustee to their father in 1928. Their father, the petition said, died in 1935 leaving, by the law of intestate, the property to them. They claimed the property was not delivered either to them or their father. Judge F. P. Schoonmaker ordered a hearing to be held on the petition during the month of January. The children signing the petition were Ralph Detwiler, Nora McLean, Mary D. Obcr, Alice Kelley and Clara Showman. Grass Fire Ignites Rats' Nest, Sets Residence Ablaze Fire in a rats nest caused South Connellsville firemen to make a second run yesterday afternoon. Earlier they were called to the home of James Skelly of Hyndman street to put out a grass flre. Some time later they were called to fight a blaze threatening the house. They found the grass had caught again and the blaze had crept to the house and had set flre to the vats n?st in the siding. The firemen had a difficult time getting to it. There wns much smoke but little damage by fire. Mrs. W.H.Myers County Director Of Assistance Special to The Courier. UNIONTOWN, Jan. 7.--Administration of public assistance in Fay- ettc county under the new Statewide program effective in Pennsylvania took definite form here yesterday when Mrs. William H. Myers of Connellsville began her duties, as provisional executive director. Mrs. Myers' post was created under the new Department of Public Assistance, replacing the old emergency relief setup. She was appointed by the new board of Public Assistance in Fayette county, headed by Mrs. Louise B. Frock. The county department of public assistance includes general aid (the former emergency relief division), blind pensions, mothers' pensions, old-age relief, and also outdoor poor board cases. Rilcy Litman, who was in charge Continued on Page Fifteen. Minority Leader Says Politics Will Boost State Relief Costs Uy United Press. HARRISBURG, Jan. 7.--The people of Pennsylvania must not be fooled by the "smoke-screen" sent out by the Democratic leadership that the administration oÂ£ relief was improperly handled by Karl de Schweinitz, Representative Elwood J. Turner, House minority floor leader said today. "The cost of relict will be increased by avaricious grasp for jobs in the Department of Assistance through political control," Turner charged in a statement submitted in behalf of Republican members oÂ£ the Legislature. Rural Lines Authorised. HARRISEURG, Jan. 7.--The Public Utility Commission today authorized the West Pcnn Power Company, Pittsburgh, to construct 10 new rural electric line extensions, totaling 15 miles, which will serve liO farmers in six counties. They included-Fayette, Springfield township; Westmoreland, Hcrnpficld, Derry nnd Salem townships. Latest Type Airship Disappears With Crew of Seven Men. FLYING CADET FALLS INTO SEA SAN DIEGO, Cal., .Jan. 7.--The disappearance at sea of a huge bombing plane with a crew of seven . men today caused an exciting turn in the naval maneuvers that have proceeded oft the coast in secrecy for almost three weeks. n . c .-"-7-P"'?".. thc newest and most powerful type of airbpat, was lost somewhere about 200 miles off trie coast. It was engaged in the maneuvers, doing what .Navy officers described as "security patrol." Every .resource, of. the Navy was thrown into the search, which was interrupted early today by the_loss of a young cadet who fell'.from, a plane into the sea in the same area where the scores of searching planea and ships were congregated. . ;.; Navy dispatches said the' cadet who fell overboard was Scott P. Hawkins of Jefferson City, Mo. The loss of-Cadet -Hawkins., occurred about 3 P. M. yesterday. Cadet John M. Mack, piloting an open cockpit seaplane from the cruiser Chicago, landed at the Long Beach base yesterday evening. Hawkins had been with him, and when he landed, it was discovered that Hawkins was gone. He might have fallen out anywhere on the sea between Long Beach and where the Chicago was stationed, off San Clemcnte Island and near the scene of the search. Mack said he had been Hying .'at about 2,500 feet. Hawkins wore a Continued on Page Eight. WAR COMING, SAYS FORMER^ AMBASSADOR NEW YORK, Jan. 7.--William E. Dodd, retiring United States ambassador to Germany, returned on the liner Washington last night, bitter against dictatorships and convinced that war will be the logical outcome of the world armament race. Dodd, who resigned two weeks ago after four and one-half years' service, said that he would submit his final report to the State Department in Washington Monday. Then, as a former University of Chicago history, professor, he will make a lecture tour of the country. The ambassador declared that a new or'der of government had spread 'from Rome to Tokyo," and that freedom had ceused to exist. Nearly all the nations oÂ£ the world, he said, had violated the treaties of 1919, 1923, and that twice as much money was .being spent in preparing for another war as was being spent in 1913.- Dodd told newspapermen that he doubted if any American envoy who held his ^ideals of democracy could represent the United States, successfully in Germany today. He said that he did "the best I could." He defended his refusal to attend the Nazi party congress at Nuremberg, Germany, at which he said democracy was ridiculed, and attacked, but would not discuss reports that his resignation had resulted from the State Department's failure to support his position. Hospital Patient. Harry R. Grimm, of Snyder street was admitted Tuesday to the Connellsville State Hospital for treatment. - - - Just Off the Wire WASHINGTON, Jan. 7.--Senator William E. Borah, Republican, Ida., in a dramatic pica for defeat of Ibo anti-Iycliing bill, today warned Uio Senate (hat state sovereignty was democracy's bulwark against encroachment of dictatorial rule. PITTSBURGH, Jan. 7.--The American .Window Class Company today announced II would close down its Jcamicttc plant tomorrow for an "Indefinite" period because of a. lack of orders. Decision to close the plant affects SCO workers. NEW YORK, Jan. 7.--Dorothy Dayton, one of Uie besl-known New York newspaper women and for-12 years a staff writer for the New York Sun, died today after an operation. WASHINGTON, Jan. 7.--Former Governor GlfTord Pliichot of P.cnn* sylvania said today that he has recovered almost completely from a fractured rib sutlcred in an automobile accident on Christmas Day.. He suffered the fracture, he said, when a taxi in which he u-as ridinjt in New York was struck by another car.
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