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PAGE FOUR. THE DAILY COURIER, CONNEI.LSVTLLE. PA. .MONDAY, JANUARY 16, 1039. p latig (Btourar THE COURIER COMPANY James J. Drlscoll R. A. Dopcgan Walter S. Stimmcl James M. Drlscoll J. Wylie Drlscoll _ , _ -- ._ Publishers .President ntid General Manager --Secretary and Treasurer Editor !. Associate Editor --Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF Audit Bureau of Circulations ". :" Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers"Association " Bureau of Advertising, A. N. P. A. Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; S5 per year, or $2.50 for six nontbs by mail if paid in advance; 12 cents per week by carrier. Entered as second class matter at the Postofflce, Conncllsvlllc, Pa. MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 16. 1939 GOOD 3fE1VS TDK SCOl'TUAIiE The best news that has come to the people of thc.Scott- dale community in. nian'y moons is contained iu the announcement a Pittsburgh concern, the R. E. .TJptegrafC Manufacturing Company will locate there, at the same time preparing to enlarge to four times the present size its transformer building plant. Following by a few hours the news of application for a charter for the Scottdale Community Civic and Industrial Association the acquisition of the industry stands out as the initial success of that organization in a program of rehabilitation of the town industrially. The president of the company is quoted in Pittsburgh as saying his enterprise will provide a payroll of $75,000 to $100,000 yearly. Through the generosity of the Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corporation, owner of the former sheet steel plant, its property has been turned over as gift to the community, a proviso being that It would have an industry to occupy it. Inasmuch as the Uptegraft Company will occupy only a part of the once mammoth sheet mill, there is the opportunity lor the Industrial association to induce others to move out of the higher cost districts into the lower, such as Scottdale has to offer. Much better many small Industries than one large one. YOTERS HEADY FOR CHANGE Representative Bruce Barton comes to the front with the statement that "if the Republican party has a program' that Is truthful and workable and can be made to appeal to common sense, the voters are ready for It." He is discussing, in a -weekly magazine, what is in prospect "after Roosevelt." Taking up the most important of several "planks," Barton says the United tates has no intelligent system of taxation. On the contrary he points out 175,000 separate taxing bodies are "empowered to bedevil Industry, agriculture and the worker." He recommends Senator Vandenberg's "Incentive" plan. As to relief, Barton holds that had the Republican minority report of the last session of Congress been adopted there would have .been no election-Influence TfcamTair/He would not throw out the Wagner Labor Relations Act but "advance the interests of American labor ancl-prpnioto employment by wise amendment." Social security should be put on a pay-as-you-go basis; Government competition, with business eliminated; have the railroads reorganized, recapitalized and coordinated. As to the farmer Barton writes: "The present farm program Is a. self-evident failure. A sound program will provide for research for soil conservation, for the storage of surpluses, and for low-priced producers to produce to capacity, and help the farmer who cannot produce efficiently to establish himself in some other form of useful activity. Abundance at low prices is the only sound program for the farmer or the Industrialist." Wise heads among the Republicans are reasonably sure to get together before 1940 and frame a workable program, perhaps not along Barton lines mit a sensible-one that will appeal to the voters. ~ _.r r Â· BUYEBS OF STEEL CAUTIOUS - No strong upward trend in steel business has developed In the new year, but following the year-end lull orders have Improved to approximately the volume of early" December. Buyers are pursuing a cautious pollÂ«sy of hand-to-mouth buying. Â· .,~: " _ ' Â· - " . ' Such improvement as may come in the next few weeks will be mainly in new orders from the automobile Industry, specifications for structural steel and reinforcing bars against recent awards, possibly some additional railroad buying and an Increasing volume of orders for tin plate. The automobile industry is placing small orders, with larger volume expected in late January or early February. . The car sales volume for mid-winter is encouaglng. Manufacturers of bearings, whose activity foreshadows that of automobile assemblies by about six weeks, are working at a high rate. A goodly share of incoming tonnage at the mills consists of specifications for structural steel and r Enforcing bars. With the passing of the Dec. 31 deadline on the placing of PWA projects, new work In building construction is in at least a temporary lull, but the mills will get the benefit of recent awards for some time to come. HOTT TO ADD YEARS TO SPAJf There's a way to get the laugh on Father Time. Take the word of a scientist--Dr. T. Wingate Todd of Western Reserve University's school of medicine. It's through regulation of the diet. The doctor has established a case by extending the lives of guinea pigs years beyond their allotted time. The older one grows, the less food is needed. Most folks know that from experience. What they sometimes neglect Is to keep up the nourishing average while reducing the quantity. It Is necessary that they produce less fat, but at the same time keep the muscles--which make up two- thirds of the body--in prime condition. A liberal quantity of vitam!ns"ls essential for this. -Â· - The rule laid down by the scientist seems to be that one should obeythe appetite,'rather than stick-to convention. In other words let the stomach be the guide. When the head says "Go on eating" and the stomach demurs with "Dashed if I can stand another bite," better take the advice of the stomach. Exercise and rest go hand in hand with diet in getting the laugh on the Grim One. OinO CLEANING HOUSE The political housecleanlng is under way In Ohio-somewhat ahead of that in Pennsylvania. Democrats have started the trek down the plank, as Governor John Vf. Bricker and hia cabinet take charge of affairs. Down through the positions of responsibility at Columbus the.process will go on, that men may be recruited who will be in sympathy with the change of administration. A similar weeding out process may be expected in. Pennsylvania. HISTORY REPEATS, BUT IN A WAY THAT'S NOT SO FUNNY! astily together, met In executive ession, decided to advise the Harard professor to opepnr here at once, announced, the invitation was oupled with the polite note "it he hooses," but Frankfurter's local epresentative, Dean Acheson, was dvised by the committee to tip Frankfurter on the situation. Although no previous Supreme Court nominee had ever been invited o appear in his own behalf (Justice Stone once appeared at his own re- luest to clear up a situation), Frank- urter came immediately. He graci- usly fended off the threatening development by telling the senators lone ever took an oath with less cscrvation than he. Note--One of the scurrilous docu- ncnts in circulation around the oub- "ommittcc was the infamous "Proto- Â·ols of Zion" which first appeared as part of the anti-Semitic propaganda rcvalent during the Russian revolu- lon, when the Idea that the Bolshevist uprisings were part of a Jewish conspiracy was in vogue. A book by hat title appeared in 1919 in Germany but in 1921 the London Times proved the book an impudent forgery. (Encyclopedia Britannlca.) What's What At a Glance By CHARLES P. STEWART Central Press Columlnst. WASHINGTON, Jan. 16.--Senator *y Pittman of Nevada is a first- lass echo of President Roosevelt on he question of Uncle Sam's overseas policies. As chairman of the upper xngresslonal chamber's Foreign Relations Committee he Is an appropriate echo. He likewise is a faith- ul one. The President, in the course if his recent initial message to the t.vmakers, at their current session Capitol Hill, scarcely had finished remarking that "war is not the only means of commanding a decent respect for the opinions of mankind" ore Pittman was calling for economic sanctions ngains aggicssor nations. (The definition of sanction, as the S'cvada solon used the term, Is pun- shmcnts.) 'Why shoot a man," added the senator, "when you can starve him to death?" Of course the weakness In this reasoning is that the starving man, f he hns a gun of his own, may employ it pretty lethally before succumbing to the starvation treatment. The President, however, took thnt aspect of the matter into account in asking Congress for the biggest Yankee armament build-up in the country's peace-time history. If we're going to punish tough nationalities, naturally we need to be loaded tor bear in case they turn rambunctious. It's all very well to contend that they are oceans distant trom us and cannot get here. Nevertheless Japan, lor instance, could make us n good bit of trouble in the western Pacific. It also is of record lhat Germany played considerable havoc with our eastern Atlantic shipping early in the World War. F. D., then, is quite right in arguing that, provided we're about to engage in the sanctions business, it behooves us to stock up on shooting irons and ammunition. Armament Racing Is Ticklish. Armament racing undoubtedly Is dangerous. A people with a strong military establishment Is tempted to do something with it. That Is human nature. Hostilities promise promotion to professional fighters. They also promise profits to lots of noncombatants, and high wages to labor. Oh, yes there's a deal of talk about heading oft extortion in advance, but talk probably is all it amounts '.to. Folks think so, anyway. Â· t They are not all wrong, either. Take my own interest. I am too old for military service. They could not conscript me, but they would conscript most of my juniors. Thus there would be a shortage in candidates for my kind of a swivel chair job, and competition would be calculated to sky-hoot my income. Sure, a nice, long-drawn-out war would be right down my alley. It is a commonplace that old men start all the wars--because they are not the ones who fight them. On top of all that it seems a shame to create a huge navy, army and air force, only lo go to waste for lack of employment. There is another consideration: A couple of countries, say, get to competing with each other arma- mentally. The cost, on each side, is terrible. A point is reuched where it looks as if It would be cheaper for t h . rivals to scrap it out and get the strain ovc. with. The World War started largely that way: E-::ope could not stand preparedness any longer. But As to Pacifism? - Yot suppose a country, recognizing the wickedness and inhumanity and miscellaneous undesirability of war, refuses to prepare for it? Why, that country is dead certain to be Involved in war; it is such easj picking. China is the classic example. The Chinese always regardc. soldiering with contempt, as so idiotic. Now look at them! To borrow a profane cxprcsssion-- STRENGTH FOR YOUR TASK By Earl L. Douglass, D. D. A GREAT RULE OF PRAYER Here is an old rule of prayer but a very splendid one: Pray as if everything depended upon God, and then get up from your knees and work as if everything depended upon ym. Many people do net appreciate the fact that prayer involves human cooperation. They think that all they need to do is to ask God for something. If He is disposed. He will give it; if He Is not disposed, He will not give It. But God upon receiving our prayers immediately appoints us a committee of one to help answer the prayer. This is not because God could not answer the prayer without our aid, but because, good Father that He is, He wants us lo have the increase of power which comes from doing our part. The most mistaken idea of prayer is that which pictures man a weak and passive agent sending up his petitions to heaven, folding his hands, and waiting for a reply. Folded handi have little place In religion. Hands were made to use; and after we have earnestly nskcd God to give us something, we should start to do vigorously everything we can do to bring the desired end to pass. Prayer is answered for those who cast themselves faithfully upon God and vigorously into the enterprises about which'they pray. Along with the wholehearted back- ng of Somerset county sportsmen, Joseph 'Crltchflcld of Ursina and Confluence should have support here lor a vacancy on the State Game Commission. He is one of the active members of the Conncilsville Chapter of the Izaak Walton League--a director of that organization. Not only is he Interested in game and fish and hunting and angling, but in conservation In general. The Somerset County Federation of Sportsmen's Clubs unreservedly endorsed him at a meeting last week at Somerset. All rights reserved.--Babson Newspaper Syndicate. SIDELIGHTS Charles Bryner of Dunbar, a stu dent at Wayncsburg College, one o hose named in the national collogint register of outstanding undcrgradu tes listed in the "Who's Who in Am rican Colleges nnd Universities," ho lone Fayette county pupil whom the honor is delegated and a 'ar as is known is the only one eve Although Somerset county is one of the most popular counties in southwestern Pennsylvania for trout and bass fishing, no resident of the county has ever been appointed to a post on the commission. Because southwestern Pennsylvania sells more fishing licenses than southeastern Pennsylvania, the southwestrn district has two fish commissioners. However, only one of these two posts is vacant. , The petition of the Somerset County Federation must first be presented to the southwestern division of the federation for approval before Mr. Critchfleld's name may be passed on to Governor-elect James his appointment. Included" in for the southwestern division are Allegheny, Westmoreland, Somerset, Fayette, Cambria, Blair, Bedford and Fulton counties. Joseph Critchficld is a rural mall carrier, but for the past 30 years has taken an Interest in sportsmen's clubs and federations and especially in the stocking nnd restocking of our best streams. The Tony/Cavalcantc testimonial dinner last week brought out the' fact that Rev. Father Henry DeVivo, pastor of St. Rita's Italian Roman Catholic Church on the West Side, championed him on his political career and persuaded him lo be a State Senate candidate. Incidentally four other State senators were present, believed to be the first time in history five from the upper branch of the State Legislature ever gathered in Fayette county. If you are a bachelor, not married before Whitsuntide, you arc in- vlstcd to visit Ecaussines in Belgium %vhere the unmarried girls annually provide a repast for bachelors with a view to matrimony. This festival's lenown is now world wide. which fits, though: "You're damned if damned if ./ou don't." you do and That is to say, if a country prepares for war, it invites it; it siml- Isrly invites war it it doesn't prepare for it. 50 chosen from He was one of this two ncighborhoo juniors from Waynesburg College who were un isually honored by being included ! this select group as such honor ieldom delegated to any except mem 3Â«rs of the graduating class. Charles is the son of Mr. and Mr Scnry Bryner of Hardy Hill, Dun jar. He was graduated from th Dunbar Township High School wit the Class of 1932 and was the cla: valedictorian. Since enrolling i Waynesburg, he has had an unusu ally brilliant record. During h sophomore year he was named laboratory assistant to Dr. Stewart in the department of zoology a position which he still holds. Du ing the same year he was named the campus personality poll as tn most Intelligent student in the co lege and also one of the three busies At present he Is associate editor the Yellow Jacket, college pape member of the staff of Mad Anthon the college yearbook, and preside of the Young People's Union which h helped organize as well as maintaii ing his asslstantslup. NEWS BEHIND ThE NEWS By PAUL MALLON WASHINGTON, Jnn. 18. -- The rankf urtcr n o m i n a t i o n came rough sailing--but there was a no when It might have gone an- her way. A certain senator was prepared-to aise the religious issue. He had ac- umulated some questionable docu- icnls seeking to cast doubt on the bility of an Austrian Jew to take peeled more s paredn could n spring war nnd offered no If-protcction than in his pre- Â·ss message to Congress, he e impeached. (Not a single recommendation he made "Was proposed to be carried out by spring.) Truth of the situation seems to be that the Administration politicians have gotten slightly Involved in their own promotion publicity for arms he oath i ol office on the Supreme | expenditures. They want Congress ourt. It seemed to be rather cheap (to think there might be a war so onscnse and the senator probably Congress will be docile in acceptance vould not have gone through with it, j of the moderate program submitted ut the Senate sub-committee feared by the President, but in working out 10 issue because it was hardly a I that program they certainly have as- lean one. The sub-committee was called sumed there would not be n war. Thus they arc betting their money against the possibility and that is the side the odds favor by flvc to one. Note--Only noticeable doubt cast on this deduction is the wholly unsubstantiated rumor that the President has n supplemental arms program in mind to announce later. Hitler, Mussolini and the Mikado are reported in the highest fiscal quarters to be harder up for foreign exchange than ever before. Likewise the best of foreign reports indicate their people have had all the war they want for a while. Several persons who have seen Mr. Roosevelt lately have come away saying he would not be surprised if here is a European war in the spring, or even that he oxpects it. Sub-rosa stories out of Congress hint hat Ambassadors Kennedy and Bul- ilt expressed the same -view there. These repeated conversations do not ring true. If Mr. Roosevelt ex- Harry Hopkins has never before been acuscd of being n politician. He has been charged with trying to be one as WPA administrator, but the politicians still looked upon him as a social worker. After his Senate appearance, however, the elected astute are ready to vote him into the loyal order of the friendly palm (no fiscal implications Intended.) The coming Commerce Secretary not only slipped himself out of the noose of his own WPA difficulties by announcing he would not perform them again, but he outwitted politically his own congressional adherents. Three congressmen who wanted to help him tried to get him to agree it was not he but Mr. Hoover and the Republicans who were responsible for initial relief because they instituted the FERA. No, said Mr. Hopkins, if any stigma attaches to WPA, let me bear it. Imagine Democratic congressmen being dull enough to let Republicans get credit for instituting relief! BUILDING-THE INDUSTRY OF THE YEAR Babson Says We Are on Threshold oC Construction Boom. By ROGER W. BABSON NEW YORK CITY, Jan. 16.-Building is my candidate for the 1939 "Industry of the Year." Each January, for the past three years, I have selected the industry that I felt had the most promising outlook for the coming twelve months. For 1036, I first chose building. Two years ago, I picked aviation. Last January, chemicals won my vote. Now, this year, building again gets my nomina- a huge shortage of tlon. America has small homes. Experts, estimate that our normal yearly demand is nearly 400,000 units. Since 1920, a deficit of 1,300,000 desirable homes lias piled up. So we have this huge accumulated shortage, plus our annual replacement total of 400,000 units to build in 1939. At an average cost of $4,000 per house, this means a home-building potential of $6,800,000,000. FIIA Blc Help. Bryner is also active in the Y. C. A., Student Volunteers and Del Pi Mu, the mathematics club. Scho astically he holds the highest individual rating in the college, having maintained a straight "A" average for three semesters. FATE' When Mistrc-ji Mary woke at eight She said: "I've slept nn hour too Intel Day alter day I've walked the block To work at half-past seven o'clock. Now goodness gracious me! Oh dear! It will be 3 ere I appear." Mii-s Mary knew the pooi but proud Which made the halt-past .x_\cn truwc]. She knew them all from bosi to clerk Who early talked the btrcct to v.ork And I must add, that there was not One marriage prospect In the lot. Tills morning (was It planned by fate?) She "Miw the crowd ol "hal.-ra I rlÂ«,ht" And there he wast As nice a chap Aa ever wore .1 Bray cloth cap, As flne a prince of manly charm As ever took a lady's arm I Had Mistress Mary \voke on time She'd not ha\e heard the church bells chime: Had ilic not once pl.ij cd slccp\ -head That chap fche'd not have met and v.cd, Which ROCS my fancy to confirm Sometimes the late bhd gets a uorm. High costs and financing difficulties have been the bugaboo of building for the past few years. Building costs have dropped about five per cent from the 1937 peaks. The trend in modern small home building, however, is toward standardization. As a result, contractors are able to make good savings on mill-cut kitchen cabinets, staircases, doors, windows, and the like. Moreover, the FHA, through its advisory nnd supervisory functions, is helping home-builders to keep construction costs as low as possible. While costs are still high, financing handicaps have been hurdled. The | new FHA "installment - mortgage" plans are a real incentive to new building. In those territories where the banks have pushed the FHA plans aggressively, building is already active. Banks are notoriously slow in trying something new. However, they are now getting interested in! the FHA everywhere. It is not only a good deal for the home-builder, but it is a good deal for the banker, especially right now when he cannot find any volume of sound loans which will yield more than four per cent. People Want Homes. The rising income ol the Nation is another sign pointing to an active building year in 1939. People have more money to spend than a year ago and they have more confidence in the future. The current marriage rate is much higher than in the depression. Our population Is steadily growing--even though at a slower rate. A modern home in the suburbs has a tremendous attraction. As soon as people get an automobile they want to get out of the blg.cities with their high tax rates and hURe relief .burdens. Now, \vith-better- business and the FHA easy-payment plan, here is their chance. Rents on choice and desirable homes are relatively high, although rents on unattractive property me still low. What ib more logical, therefore, than to expect people to build when the monthly payment (including interest and principal) on a $4,000 to $8,000 new home, with a streamlined kitchen and all the latest gadgets, is no moro than the monthly homes will be built on n 10 per cent margin and later foreclosed Is not for me to discuss today. - The ultimate future, however, does not look good to me. In addition to a busy year in" home construction, I expect factory, commercial, and public building to boost the volume. Many plans which were postponed when the "Recession" stiuck in 1937 should be brought back to life in 1939. Public utilities will I spend more money on their systems. ' Railroads should do more maintenance this year. Merchants, manu- ' facturers, warehousemen, and other 1 commercial property-owners will do ! more repair work. The sharp actlv- | ity, however, should be In home- bmldmg with houses from $4,000 to ' $10,000 creating .the bulk ot activity. Labor Gets Lion's Share. I We may have a total new con- 4 I struction volume of about $4,000,000,000 in 1939. This would compare with $3,050,000,000 in 1938, and S2,- 900,000,000 in 1937. It would make 1339 the best building year since 1930! Of the above sum, nearly 60 per cent will go to labor "on the site" and the remainder to materials. Moreover, much of the money spent on materials eventually will go into payrolls. No other industry helps t- workers in so many separate businesses as building. Ordinarily, we think of construction as aiding only contractors, carpenters, painters, plumbers, plasterers, masons, and paper hangers. Yet, building creates jobs in twenty-six separate businesses, and indirectly it makes work in hundreds of others. Here are just a few of the people who prosper when building prospers: Gardeners, lumberjacks, hardware dealers, lawyers, cabinet makers, interior decorators, and awning makers. A heavy volume ol building it, " Â· the keystone of general prosperity. Business, Building In Step. However, the building cycle and the business' cycle seldom move to- i gether. One is usually on the way down when the other is on the way up, or vice versa. For example, from ' 1926 to 1829 building was dropping, but business was rising. Today, for the first time in twenty years, the building cycle and the business cycle are moving ahead together. This is ' why I am bullish on 1939 building ! and why I am picking building as i the "Industry of the Year"! ' rental home? on a shabby, out-of-date 450,000 New Homes. From present indications. 450,000 homes may be built in 1939. This will compare with previous years as follows: 1838 325,000 1937 275,000 1934 .. 59,000 1929 - - _._ 430,000 "1926 610,000 Â·(All-time peak.) How many of this yeai's. 450,000 Stray Thoughts By S M DcHUFP After watching Donald Budge and Ellworth Vin:s batting a tennis ball around Duqucsnc Garden in -Pittsburgh lait Monday night, Jimmy Drlscoll and Rube Herwick are no longer asking each other: "What have ihose guys got that we don't have?" Did you ever notice, the people who make the biggest fuss over you when they like you, are the ones who find the most fault with you when their affection turns to dii- likc? Call it imagination or anything you like, but I still say Edward G. Robinson, stage and screen star, and Peter R. Weimer, look alike in somÂ» respect. Why can't the phrasa "Men In White" apply to barbers-same as doctors? With the aid and assistance of a complete set of Instructions, Roy B. Otto, John Burnworth, the Mrs., and an armful of defective screwdrivers, hammers and hatchets, I know, now, how to put a Yale lock on a door. Some people must have ways of ducking bill collectors that I know nothing about. Let's go to press.