The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania on April 18, 1918 · Page 9
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April 18, 1918

The Daily Courier from Connellsville, Pennsylvania · Page 9

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Connellsville, Pennsylvania
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Thursday, April 18, 1918
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THURSDAY,-; APRIL, 18,1918. THE DAILY COTFRIEH, CONNELLSVILLE, PA PAGE CLOSE CALL FOR SOME FURNACES DUE TO NOGAIN IN COKE RECEIPTS Mvrement Jfot »s fvrorable As Had Been Expected Last We«k. NO MARKET OFFERINGS It X«TT Dcyelops Thai Co»tra«t» Im Force Are of Greater Eitwt Ttaa Had Been Eriimateil; lire A»»irbimg All Merchant Coke Being COKB THADK SUM.HAHY. Specl»l to Th« We»fc!r Conner. PITTSBCRG, April 17.-- The Carnegie Stael company has now either blown out or put in operation all its banked furnaces, and has 49 of its 59 furnaces in full operation. The majority of the 10 furnaces out are furnaces of relatively small capacity. The National Tube company con- 'tinues to operate 10 of its 11 stacks, the idle furnace being in tie Lorain group. Other steel interests are operating in. substantially the same manner. Very four merchant furnaces are banked or out of blast, but many that are in operation are running at rates below capacity, adjusted to the coke supply. In the pa*t few days there has been no increase in coke receipts at furnaces, and some of the stacks in operation have had close calls from banking. The 100 per cent coke car supply the first three days of last week did not pan out as well as was ezpected, as it has developed that the supplies on Tuesday and Wednesday were made up in part of cars that could not be loaded on preceding days and thus quite » number of cars were counted twice in the railroad reckoning. The last three days in tie week, moreover, showed decidedly poor supplies and altogether the week's loading did not make a strikingly farorable showing. It is qntt« impossible, of course, for the operators suddenly to increase their loadings very greatly. A continrnonaly good car supply would be another matter. The coke market remains practl- tally bare of offerings, except for occasional carloads of foundry coke, usually loaded in restricted cars, that can be shipped only to certain points. The heavier coke shipments of the past few weeks have made it evident that the coke contract* in force are oti greater extent than was estimated, j Most of the contracting was done prior to the price fixing, and partieo-] larly in the period between the pa»«- "ing of the Lever Act and the price filing. Both buyers and sellers were decidedly reticent at the time as to what they were doing, and the trade was unable to -form its usual estimates as to the volume of contract business done. Later there were ea- tlmates made as to the average price involved in the contracts, but this conld be estimated more accurately than th«. total volume. The average price-was estimated long ago to be between J8.25 and IS.50. This average docs not take into account the contracts that were made on an adjustment basis, the spot market prevailing, nor does it take into. account the ratio, contracts, which up to the first of this month were settled on the basis ot $33.00. Valtey, for basic iron, while now they are subject to a »I2,09 pig iron price. Jhe contracts are absorbing almost completely the merchant coke being shipped, and any excess 'of coke that might develop would probafcly go to the form of overshipment, as with many months ot insufficient supplies in the past tho individual bnyers would not be avers* to accumulating a surplus. It seems to be the expectation ot the trade that coke shipments win have to run at an average of 375,000 tons a week for several weeks before any sizable tonnage of coke appears for sale In the open market. There are occasional transactions and there is also a considerable tonnage sold under direction of the Fuel Administration. all the tonnage, of coarse, going at the srt prices, which remain as follows: Fnrnac. ........................ »«-«« · Foundry. 72-hour selected ...... J7.00 Crushed, over 1-inch .......... I'.iO The local coal market continues quiet. There are fair supplies and consumers seem to be moderately well , taken care of. Brokers who are per' mitted to make arrangements with consumers to collect :i 15-cent commission for buying coal, find that they do not receive many applications of this description, while it is certain that if coal were really scarce there would be many offers .f this sort. The lake coal shipping operations ·will probably open slo'rty. The tonnage is going to be distributed differently from the -arrangements, or lack of arrangement, iu former seatv ons, and the Pittsburg district will furnish less Uian the customary to:i- nags, and particularly, less than the amount called for last year.. The entire movement of iron ore down the lakes and of coal up the lakes is to be made to fit the facilities of the railroads, the vessels and all other elements being held subject to tbe railroad movement. Rail congestion Is thus to be avoided, and as the railroads are constantly getting into better shape there will be no effort to push lake shipments in the first few weeks of lake navigation. Ice Is expected to b« out of the channels .by tin end. of n«xt wtsek. The pis Iron market continue* dull as to the actual turnover, cooinmen being well centred by contracts. D»- llveries in Marly all cases are in arrears, but the furnaces are gbipputc iron in accordance with actual need* of customers rather tan according ta the precise terms of the contract*. Despite heavier shipments for several weeks past consumers sa*ra to be in need of more iron. No sales are reported at less than the government limits, which remain as follows; Last TreeV's brave star: of 100 p*r cent car supply failed to sus- tain'its atreoftii, the last half of the w»«k allowing guch a dwindling tht the average wan but SO to 70 per cent. This was materially -better than the average of preceding- weeks*, but it dM not have its reflex In increased, shipments due to two causes. There was irregularity in p\ac- Inr oars, some plants being w i t h out them one day, one plant without tbom three days, another for two days', and so on. Again the afternmth of Easter was still' in evidence in some parts of the recfon resulting in a ahortagrc of jnan. Thege hin£ranc«B were local in character, the {reneral situation on th.« whole being regarded as ·fcowinB slight Improvement. The experience of the week has merely reminded shippers that so \ong as there continues a. wido fluctuation- in car supply f r o m maximum to minimum on sue- Deeding days , or a similar schedule; it will not be possible to make very great permanent progress in the matter of increasing the -weekly average of shipments. It . is difficult to adapt labor supply to a car supply of 100 per cent on one day aod 30 or 40. on 'the day following-. The former culls forth tno full man-power of a plant, which f»w have at this time, while the latter deprive* a certain number of men of a chance to work. Thn revult is unsatisfactory operation and diaaathrfaction among the worker*. The accr*cate movement from the refton for the week was 314,378 tons. HOSTESS TO OUE WOMBS' ·\rJOL WORKEJiS LN" PABIS. .,, 533.50 W2.00 Malleable ... Forg-e ~ Thei!« prices are f. o. b. furnace, freight to Pittsburg in the case of the Valleys beimr 95 cents. STEEL PRODUCTION NOW EQUAL TO THE AVERAGE OF THE LAST TWO YEARS Basic -- -_..»32.0« Ko. 2 foundry ...J3S.OO B«coT«7 From the CnrUil- ·ot M Wbter; Wkere Is Steel CMbgt b m CoB.xinM. Special to The "Weekly Courier. ' MEW YOMC, A?ril 17.-- Tbe Amori- cu Metal Marttrt and Bally Iron Steel Report will rerlew the steel and Iron trade -tomorrow as follows: Pxodnotion throughout the Iron and steel tatdwtrr ii now fully equal to tio arerage production in 1916 and 1917.- There has fceea a con*plettt recovery from th« curtailment of the winter. Any farther ipcreue in production th»t may occur will represent production in exccas of previous averages, actual opacity being between 15 and 20 p«r coot im exceaa of capacity two roars ate. COce supplies hare in- crcued a trifle in the past 10 days, but further increases are required, particalarlr tarengh the ConnelU- Tiii« reefed b«inf furnished more cars. Lafcor rcarcity is beginning to be felt at a few steel mills, but is not a i ertou* problem thus far at least Tn« comutram is irhere tbe steel is going. Cftpmetty in finished rolled steel is 3,0X),jOO# gross tons a month, and prednOap at present is running mbore 3,6«»,OW tons. Shipments on account of all shipbuilding In the DnttnJ Maiea hare cot yet reached 10 per cent ot tfc amount. Shell steel iMp"*"*** are not 'fire per cent JYmcbt ear orders for government account are still to be placed. There is practically no new construction for ordinary peace 'purposes. Passenger automobile boiUteg has decreased. Operations of many commercial con- amnen are restricted because they cannot get the steel. No steel can be ·ten accumulating at any point, and mills hare been reducing thejr stocks in the past few weeks, .with better car supplies. Exports hare not increased, and arc being made largely out of ac- cwmulaUotM) that have lain at seaboard tor month*. It i» dear that the War Industries Board made no mistake in reaffirming steel prices to June 30. The market shows no disposition at any point to shade the set price*. If expectations of such an Brent were entertained the time limit for their folfillmeTit must be extended. In pig iron, unfinished steel and finished steel products new buying is very light There were heavy forward engagements before price fixing was undertaken, and there are very large ucfliled contract still, while of course buying for the distant future could not be expected at this time. TO ENFORCE CLEAN COAL Special Infection Mrininn for That FapoM fe Created. In order to enforce tbe retrula- tioM of th« I"oel Administration requiring tbe loading at clean coal a apeciat in»lfctkra dirfeion hac been formed and Charles M. Means, .1 Pittsborg mining engineer, placed in charge. Mr. Means Trill be chief inspector and will have a large ttaff of assistants "W*o will, serve in the coa! fields and chocV. the output ot lira mines before It is.shipped to con- timejt. -This coal must meet the reqair«neo.t« of the Fuel Administration cowring the subject ' of "clean coal." Swits Caa B* Bro.«rht. Director General of Railroads Ifc- Adoo has decided (hat. -while the fail- road* are under federal control all tatU against th«n most be brought In the equnty or district -where the pUiati(f resides, or in the county ar diatrict There the ca«£e ol. action arose. U. 8. Ha* OTCT Half af Wtrlff, Coal. Ot the praMUe ceal ia the world the United Siatic has about four- MretUhs, mt Ohina and Canada each aa*rS«*enU. Gcnnanr has about 'entemth and Great Britain ·fortieth. Tke world's coal supply is estimate* at 7,480,000 million too*. · JJJ'ss Geary of New York, is manager of the Hostess house of the Y. TV'. C. A. m Paris. Tbe Hostess house :s for the convenience of tho American women doing war work "o*er tiere." AMERICA NEEDS ALL, OF ITS INDUSTRIES FOR WAR AND PEACE No Such Thing in the United States as Nonessentiai Plants, EVIL OF NEGATIVE ECONOMY, Preparation for After War Competition Necewary -- Give Munition., Shopj and MHfUry Suppltes Prefer- trtte, but Don't Cause Involuntary Idlenetw, Which Will Demora.bw Pro»p«rfty. No factory should be dosed and M penron alxrald be deprived of. work as long ma tbe products can find a market nnl«98 other work can be found for the plant and the toilers, wblcb is of more Importance to the nation. 'There are no sac hthfngs as nonessentials In our Industries. Some arc needed more th*n others, but all serve some purpose, If no more than to please the eye. If work can be found for all In producing foods, clothing, munitions of war, ship* aod other things of prime n«cca- ·fty which help win tbe war let them Jmv* precedence, bat avoid cnortng involuntary Idleness. To hold and Increase oar foreign trmd« the Industries that supply goods foreoport most not be disorganized or -we ahall te at tbe mercy of our com- petiton wh$n peace Is restored. England, wisest of nations In trade a (la Ira, Is doing all that Is possible to maintain her foreign trade and supplant her enemies In international markets and while doing so Is looking: after ber own interests without taking others into account, Xhis po4icy is not conflicting: with her efforts to win the war. When a worfcman la Idle the community loses his value as a producer and the cost of supporting him. It makes no difference whether he Is fed by relatives or friends or In a public Institution or by unorganized charity or by his spending part or all of bts savings, the double loss Is the same. Idleness is the worst waste. We'must practice economy, but, as President McGarrah of the Mechanics and Metals Bank of New York says: "111 advised and impetuous economy, moaning unemployment and closed factories, would be demoralizing. It is evident to every thinking man that business most be sustained and the conversion of industry carefully brought about whereby the nation's energies are transferred from the satisfaction of the needs of the army and aavy." Some of oar important industries have already been hurt by the negative economy which he critlcteee. We 1 must not weaken our bodies.and our finances by abstinence born of panic. If a^ man hoards a dollar er a bag of BUffar It benefits no one wnfie ho holds It. If he lends a dollar or gives or sells the sugar to the go^rninettt for the prosecution of the war he neVps the nation. The hoarder is worse than tbc spendthrift. We mnst economize, but we mnst neither hoard nor remain idle. .Money wisely spent la not wasted; 'money spent for nonessentlahs is put to poor use, but remains In circulation. Money hoarded IB valueless whfle in that condition. Let us keep money In circulation and labor nt woiTc Let us give preference to the rcnulrcmente of the nation, but .keep labor employed In some way until the government cnn find work for all. It Is unlikely that the government can do that, so we shall hare surplus labor, Including an. array of women, who can produce re*I wealth for export and domestic trade. The panic which obsesses the minds of some officials,,If allowed to spread, can do more harm than an Invading host-- Indniitrial Conservation, New York, ^ .CorA.ccmstnjctixi:rt-Las-.sa. ^ready-reduced .iat^ They-carsy --trusses?.-! aether, ..geUonifor ^cllan.-iaf'gsofias*JJecansesci eiceptionai-rssiiencyj a- help to flie es^ibei iBtheE-dwii-2 a* ife comfort, easier steering, greater, spsed,-a.TQDTB. tesppasrsre, yeJy bdtsanor of the_ car in - svtayvirtt.y,. Ixr. tss bjjti'ii -ofc' insisfc'-oit.Etrsstane-Cords,. BEST SEASONS FOR PLAYERS AROUND 25 Most of Diamond Stars Start Downward After Tfcat INDUSTRIAL DESERTERS. Tfa* time baa come when the man who )«*v«9 bts post In American In- duitriaJ life for technical enforcement of bis pr*roenttves ma«£ be branded u a tnltorcHU industrial desert or. TV a, th« people of the United States, through oar government, are employing run-; Ilonff of men ID fhe most exacting service that Involves risk of Hfo itself for many ncd nnlroeginablo hardships for 1 all, and their maximum pay is $35 a month and board. Notional self sacrifice and co-operation should be our watchword. Every man who does not help binder* the victory of deiaoerac#.i HonuB Wagner Had H1« Greatut Year Whwi He Wa* 21 Y*mr« Wd--Napoleon Lxjoie Was 26 W*MA - , He Batted for Total of ,422. '^i 'When does tht great ball pJ»y«f reach the greatest efficiency? At what ace If his prowess superior to bis efforts at otter times? A little stu6/ at the «*e» at which ball players have had th«lr greatest year Is Interesting. It shows that at abont twenty-fire or .twenty-six tbe maximum of efficiency Is reached. Hontis 'Wagner had Ma greatest year In 1900. At least, he reached uie maxl- mtira as a batsman that year and his fielding wns nerer better. In 1900 Honus was twenty-six years old. He hatted .380 for the Jteason. Napoleon Lajoie hud his -best year In 1901 when he wa9*tweaty-filx. That [ year th-e ^reat Frenchman batted for an astoTindlng total of -422. CobVs star year was In 1911, when he was twenty-five. That year Cobb batted .'120 and amassed 348 hits und 147 rtms. When it Is considered that there are tew batters who get beyond 100 runs or 200 hits a season It may be scon how far oot abettd of the field Cobb was that year. Matty bad something like sixteen (Treat years, but the greatest of these was 1905, when he was twenty-tire. That year Matty won 31 And lost but nine games out of 40, and pitched three shut-ont games against the Athletics in the world series, an achievement ] which has nerer been equaled. t ', 75d Walsh's snperyear. when he won i 40 games and lost 15, besides saving a nombcT for other pitchers, was In 1008. WaJsh was twenty-six then. His record of 40 wins has been beaten by only one pitcher, Cbesbro havt-og gone him one better. . { Walter Johnson reached his best fw~ son In 1913, when he was twcnty-fllx. That year he won 36 and lost but seven games. He was twenty-six In 1013. It Is hard to pick the greatest year of Grover Alexander, who has won more than 30 games chrrlng the last ttvrec seasons, but he delivered these victories during his twenty-fourth, twenty- flfth and twenty-sixth years. , There are exceptions, of course. Trfs Speaker's greatest yeea* was 1016. He ; was twenty-nine. .Toe Wood won 23. games and lost five In 1912, when he was but twenty-throe, end Rube Marttnard was the same age the same year when he made the ro- marlcnble ran of 10' stnrigbt victorfcHi Bat tho majority of the gr«at stara ha-ro boeh around twenty-fire or twenty-six wh«n they bad fiieir best seasons. DO YOU NEED JOB PRINTING ? We do all kinds of Job Printing at oar office from the visiting; card to the finest commercial work. Try our printing. THE COURIER COMPANY, 127^ W. Main St., Coonellsville, Pa. The sweet potato thrives best in the southern part ol the country, as It is j a tropical piant. It cannot be sac-] cessfnliy grown in the extreme north- f era sections of the country. Tlie ! plants are started in hotbeds by bed-! ding potatoes in sand and allowing I them to sprout. The plants are brok-; en off the parent potato as SOOD as j they have formed a few leaves and a i root system of their owe, and as eoon · aa the ground in the open is well' warmed up. This will be one month; after the date of the last killing frost'; Sweet potatoes are a heat-loving 1 plant, and cannot ·vri.thsta.nd cool' weather. In setting them in the open, i the usual method is to throw the sol] j op in ridges about 4 feet apart The; plants are set in a ro^v on top of these ' ridges some 12 or 1-'-. Inches apart [ Sweet potatoes torive best in a{ sandy soil that Is well fertilized; throughout It Is a good plan to open ! furrows where the row Is to be, Sill' these furrows with manure and torn j the soil back on top of the manure. ''· This should be thoroughly mixed with ! a shovel plow or cultivator, as too '·· jnuch marfare in one spot under the : hole "will produce a large gnywth of ' vinos at the expense of the potatoes. ; Sweet potatoes may be dug at any '· time after they become large enough ! to use, but improve in quality DS they , | approach matprlty. They should be \ | dag us soon as tbe vines are killed i by frost--U, S. Department of Agri- j culture. ., j The Harvard Athletic council bos Rpprcwed of the plans for a ttueeicor- nerod track meet between HarTard. Yala ontl Princeton at the Harvard ·taolmn. · * · Al Balrd, the Giant youngster who enlisted In the naval roxerve force, tine organized a ban team at the base in Louisiana nt which he is stationed and has written to the New Tort club for his bats. The seed tor eggplant sboulQ be soTvn in the hotbed about stz vroeks before the time to set the plants in the open. The eijgplant is a heat-loving pltmt and cannot be successfully planted until Hie ground has become | warm and the weather settled. The soil best adapted to the epg- plnnt 1« a rich, sandy loam, well drained.. The plants should be set in rows S feet apart, with th'o plants 2 feet apart in tbe rows. Cultivation should be frequent and thorough.! Fre«h manure should not be used on eggplant, but wen-rotted manure may,, be applied freely. In fact, there is little danger of getting tbe ground too rich. Eggplants may be used as soon as large enough and cannot be kopt for any length of time.--XT. S. Department erf Agriculture. Head our advertisements. It is the right time no-w to Tje doing your spring shopping. We axe almost safe in guaranteeing good weather, and every woman is safe in making her spring plans and doing ter spring buying; every minute dounts now. Please rer member that there is going to be a scarcity of goods. There is a great scarcity now of popular lines of material for women, misses, and children, and they are getting scarcer' every day. Many staple lines -we can not duplicate now, and we repeat again--every minute counts. If you want to be sure of getting goods and sure of getting what you want, buy now, for after while it will not be a question of what you want but a matter of what you can-get. There will be no choice lines--you will have to take what you can. get. Conditions are growing worse daily, prices are getting higher daily, goods are getting scarcer daily, but people fail to realize just how serious the situation is. If you can make your old clothes do over this summer and feel that your fall outfit is pretty good, you should not buy any clothing at all--invest your money in Liberty Bonds. The Government needs it. IhT 3 Larze Department Stores, Located in Fayette, Westmoreland and Allegheny Counties. Sati-

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