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Dr. Roger Egeberg, President Nixon's special adviser for public health, believes the solution to the drug problem lies not in halting the heroin traffic but in finding out why people take drugs in the first place. "I'm not saying," he recently explained in Paris at a meeting of the World Health Organization, "that you shouldn't keep working -at cutting off your opium sources. But no one so far has seriously gotten into the question of narcotics use... "If heroin were cut off from the thousands of addicts in the United States," he pointed out. "most of them would get hooked on something else. We've got to start focusing on the addict rather than the agent who addicts him. It's not a short-term goal, but it's the basic untouched one. Explanations and statistics about why people take drugs are at present superficial and incomplete. "When you say that somebody is on narcotics," Dr. Egeberg went on. "because he is bored or frustrated or afraid of the future, OR. ROGER EGEBERG you are at the same place they were centuries back when they condemned wells. They knew people were getting sick and from where, but they didn't know about bacteria. "Addicts rarely tell the truth. They tell whatever story they think the interviewer wants to hear. You have addicts going from one center to another telling 80 different stories -We just don't have anything in hand that's definitive on this subject. I think more and more we will be focusing on the individual while continuing the law-enforcement aspects." Hollywood studios can no longer provide theater exhibitors with the number of films they need to release each year. As a result they are re-releasing old films they have not as yet sold to television. MGM, for example, which last year re-released: "Gone With the Wind," "2001, A Space Odyssey," "Ryan's Daughter," and "Doctor Zhivago," will do the same again this fall. Explains general sales manager Bill Madden: "We hope to continue with the idea for years to come. What we are doing is making available four of our box-office winners at a time when theater owners need them the most." In the old days the typical Hollywood studio would produce from 40 to 50 films a year. Currently each turns out fewer than 10. Were it not for television, Hollywood these days would be a ghost town. SARAH MILES AND CHRISTOPHER JONES IN SCENE FROM "RYAN'S DAUGHTER." Thanks to television I and space technology, 300 million people will witness at least some portion of this year's Olympic Games between Aug. 26 and Sept. 10. Two major developments make it possible to reach this record audience: satellite communication and videotape recording. Events taking place in Munich will be televised worldwide via communications satellites 22.300 miles in space. These fixed space relay stations will carry the Munich events to any of six continents in four-tenths of a second. Four satellites, two over the Atlantic, one over the Pacific, and one over the Indian Ocean, will be used, in addition to relaying Â·pictures and sound, each satellite has transmission channels for up to 21 com- mentators, thus offering a capacity of more than 80 languages. Time and cultural differences make videotape recording the other essential ingredient in reaching the world audience. All Munich events will occur at times inconvenient to viewers in some parts of the world. Without the quick editing and immediate playback of video recording, it would be impossible to schedule television coverage of events at times convenient to local audiences. German authorities estimate that 95 percent of all televised events will be viewed via tapes. For example, an important track event scheduled for 2 p.m. in Munich would have to be telecast live at 6 a.m. in San Diego or 9 a.m. in New York. Obviously, neither hour would attract many viewers. A videotape recording, on the other hand, can be held until a more convenient viewing time the same day or edited into highlights. To provide television coverage of the 16-day Olympic Games, a special German television authority, Deutsches Olympisches Zentrum (DOZ), has* been established. DOZ has leased 42 videotape recorders (each one sells for $150,000) from the Ampex Corporation of Redwood City, Calif., for its broadcast delay and program editing services. Not all the equipment used to cover the Olympics, however, will be provided by the DOZ. The American Broadcasting Company of the United States, BBC of Great Britain, CBC of Canada and others will . have their own studios for recording and editing program material specifically for their home audiences, concentrating, of course, on their own athletes. Approximately 2500 television technicians, ari- nouncers, and officials will be working the Olympic Games. This represents one television employee for every five athletes. For years NO COLD VACCINE the National Institutes of Health.has been hopeful of developing a vaccine against the common cold. Hundreds of servicemen over the years have volunteered as guinea pigs in various vaccine tests. It now appears, however, that the common cold is caused by well over 100 different viruses, and there is little hope of developing vaccines to prevent the infections. This disclosure was part of the secret testimony given by Dr. Dorland J. Davis of NIH before a House appropriations subcommittee last March 16th.