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f AU1S KOUK. DAfT,7 COURIER, CONNELLSVILLE, PA THURSDAY, JANUARY 12, 1939. latlg (Eourair THE COURIER COMPANY James J Dnscoll R A Doncgan Walter S btimmcl James M Driscoll J Wylie Dnscoll _ . Publishers President and General Manager Secretary and Treasurer _. _ Editor Associate Editor --Advertising and Business Manager MEMBER OF Audit Bureau of Circulations Pennsylvania Newspaper Publishers' Association Bureau of Advertising, A. N P. A Served by United Press and International News Service SUBSCRIPTION RATES Two cents per copy; 50 cents per month; S5 per year, or S2 50 tor six months by mail if paid in advance: 12 cents per week by carrier i Entered as second class matter at the Postofflcc, Connellsville, Pa. 'FLYING FORTRESS" THURSDAY EVENING, JANUARY 12, 1939 SPORTSMEN DOING FIXE JOB Membership figures alone speak volumes with regard to the activity of the Fayette County Fish and Game Protective Association. An organisation which can in a single year increase its enrollment four-fold must be credited -with having a live corps of officers and directors and rank and file aggressively at -work in the common Interest. The annual report of the association reveals tliat at the end of 1937 there were 600 members; a year later, "2,391. A real accomplishment While the association exists largely to further the welfare of sportsmen, its work is of vital importance also to the people of the county at largo One of its leading objectives is conservation of natural resources, in which every man, woman and child should have a part. Doubling, or trebling the membership during 1939, while at the same time the-program of the association is furthered through, school children, -will be helping materially to bring about restoration of~natural conditions to a state somewhat approaching those of our forefathers' days. Joining the association will be doing a good turn for one's self and others at the same time. AXOTHER CHABACTEB BUILDING UNIT It was the privilege of the "editor to sit in on the exercises attendant upon the presentation of a charter to the first troop of Boy Scouts of America at Star Junction Tuesday night. Half of the auditorium of the community building had been reserved for boys and girls who wanted to see and hear. That side of the aisle was packed to capacity Iqng before time for the program to begin. More gradually the side set apart for the adults filled, but not to the same density. And if ever children displayed interest in anything those boys and girls did in the formal induction of nine of their young associates into the greatest of all secular character building organizations. They vigorously applauded every part of the program, but especially that affecting the nine who thereby became tenderfoot Scouts. When the time comes to form" "additional patrols of Troop 1 and then other troops it will be easy, providing the adult leadership is available. The spirit of the juvenile audience was ample evidence there will be a small army of recruits ready. __ ~__" "__-Â· -- _ _ Wise the parents who guide their boys into Scouting 3IAB.RIAGE AM) DIVORCE LAWS Roundly as most people detest being regimented m their private lives there is common sense in reasonable regulation of marriages, to the extent that numerous evils which have crept into existing and varying statutes may be eliminated. There will be agreement with the assertion of Judge Thomas P. Trimble of the orphans court of Allegheny county that "we'll never have complete success until all states have the same law." Just as necessary is a uniform divorce code which would outlaw such places as Reno. Revision of the Pennsylvania marriage laws Is being proposed. One of the suggested provisions is that everyone under 30 be required to produce a birth certificate "or reasonable proof thereof of his or her age." At the outset the proponents of the law will be imposing what may be an impossible condition on the older of the group, or at least expense in searching the records for the required birth data. When there is no question in the judgment of the licensing officer as to the probable age, it would seem oath or affirmation should suffice. There are so many problems in tha framing of a fair and reasonable code of marriage laws that they should be approved only after careful study. After all "there never has been serious complaint about Pennsylvania laws. The trouble for people living near the Maryland-West Virginia borders has been in the laxity of the licensing systems there. Pennsylvania might take the lead in framing codes for both marriage and divorce to be approved by constitutional amendment and adopted by Congress for the Nation as a whole. FIGHT FOR MOTOR FUND UNABATED Only if there is a specific proviso that the money win 1 be repaid can the Pennsylvania Motor Federation be won over to the proposal in the Legislature to transfer $26,. 000,000 from the motor license fund to the general fund. Tho federation fought raids during the Earle Administia- tion. It is no/less agreeable to diversion of any part of the road fund for other purposes unless it can be assured the "loan" will be only temporary. That is the stand of the - new president, John A. Rupp, in a formal statement, speak~ ing for 2,000,000 owners. Rupp warns that the transfer legislation "may easily be the first sign of trouble ahead for Pennsylvania's motorists." They and members of their families make up a large part of the population of the State. If the transfer is made -subject to early repayment, it will be "tolerable"; other- .wise not. The federation head is fearful that long-term r borrowing will seriously cripple the public road program. It costs the* motorist a pile of money to, own a car-counting, besides general upkeep, the cost of license plates, driving permits and the tax on"gasoline. It is only natural owners insist on the money thus collected being put into ./road projects--many of which are an urgent necessity m our own area. FIBST HAT IX THE RING The 1940 presidential race is on. While the President delays announcement of -what he intends to do, Paul McNutt has formally tossed his hat into the ring Rather, Hoosier poltical leaders did it for him, upon his orders from far-off Manila, \\here he holds forth as governor general of the Philippines. The announcement this week merely follows up \vhat amounted to an unofficial announcement months ago while McNtitt was home from his post of duty for a conference with Mr. Roosevelt and during -\\hich time a reception was held at a Washington hotel, designed to sound out sentiment. The sounding out results were not altogether what was desired, maybe because the Administration was cold toward McXutt. Â· It is probable there \vill be no greater New Deal enthusiasm In the weeks to come, after he ha* relinquished his job at Manila and come home to campaign But at any rate the race 1 on WASHINGTON, Jan 22--All accounts suggest It was a terrific struggle, but Agriculture Secretaiy \\Ulace an' those "Southern cotton producers" flnailj decided the Wal- Hce program is just dandy One account related there wcie "four days- of wrestling" betvv ecn the farmers and agriculture officials before the fanners walked up to Congress and demanded the Wallace program with more money and some more amendments Other accounts spoke of "this powerful farm group" and their demand for "th" basic pun- clples of the New Deal" Mr. Wallace's publicity men were still panting and perspiring realistically as they released the news--although perhaps not struggle as a result of the What's What, At a Glance STRENGTH FOR YOUR TASK By Earl L. Douglass, D. D. By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist. WASHINGTON, Jan. 12 --Congress is tackling some economic problems that the economic old masters of a few generations ago never dreamed of. Once on a time, when tha lawmakers got into a jam over one of these puzzles, their custom was to refer to the writings of such recognized authorities as Adam Smith, Thomas Robert Malthus, David Ricardo or John Stuart Mill, for instance. This group ot pundits' utterances were accepted as gospel. Today a lot of situations confront our legislators that did not exist at all in the era ot Adorn Smith, Tommy Malthus and their ilk. Senators Pat Harrison and Carter Glass and Representatives Robert L. Doughton and James P. Buchanan of the two congressional chambers' respective revenue-raising and money-spending committees have to do their own independent thinking. They can not pick up a volume by Dave Ricardo, quote from it and have everyone agree, "Well, if Ricardo says so, that's final." It would be like quoting from Deuteronomy, the Old Testament economist. If he were quoted, the general response would be, "No doubt that was sound reasoning in the period of Deuteronomy, but it is out of date at present." So are J. S. Mill ct al out of date in 1939. The trouble is that Senators Harrison and Glass and Representatives Doughton and Buchanan haven't the prestige that Deuteronomy, Malthus et cetera used to enjoy Formerly it would have been sacrilege lo pooh-pooh any of that ancient bunch It is perfectly permissible, however, to say "Poooeyl" to the teachings of Harrison or Glass, Doughlon or Buchanan. A century or a millenlum hence maybe they will rate as the Malthuscs and Deutcronomics of the 7Glh Capitol Hill session in Washington. They are not so regarded here now, though They do not agree among themselves, cither. For that matter, neither did Malthus and Mill and Ricardo agree. But their disagreements arc forgotten When our current economists disagree it is fresh newspaper dope Too Much Production? Malthus' theory was that production could not conceivably keep pace with the increase m the earth's^ population--that it was hopeless for folk to try to feed all hands indefinitely. In short, it was axiomatic that everyone must toil ceaselessly from sun to sun or there would not be enough products to go around Mil), Smith, Ricardo and all the rest ot them indorsed tins proposition Deuteronomy did not have to do much ccrebiating The thing was obvious. His advice was simple enough--"Let's scrabble tike fury unanimously, there can't be an excess, and there very easily can be a famine " Yet it is evident that there can be an excess, there is, in fact The chap who toils unduly ii a curse to the human lace, because production is so lapid that he overstocks the market and increases unemployment A least, that is the argument Paien- theticallj, I am skeptical of it I do not sec how theie can be overproduction until everyone has more of everything than he- wants, which must be nevei, the-ie is no lid on human desires. Nevertheless, economists now ,is in the past, talk of over-production; no of undcr-consumption Is Solvencj a Virtue? Deuteronomy and all later eco nomic experts, until very recently have mentioned solvency as a super virtue--private and govemmenta ability to meet financial obligation on the nail But Chiirman Marrmcr S Eccle of the Fedeial Reserve Board take issue with this concept Big concerns up to nnd including the government he concedes, ought to be able to pay CONCERNING NEIGHBORS Who is my ne-ghbor'" Jesus was asked this question on one occasion and It is mtei- cstlng to note that He did not nnsvver the question directly. Instead, He told the story of a man who had manifested s neighborly spirit -- the G o o d Samaritan---ind then He said in substance, Measure yourself against that man and see whether or not you are a good neighbor. Jesus insisted that what makes a man our neighbor is not proximity or race, natural attractiveness or class interest, but only human need A neighbor is a man in need He may live across the world from us, but if he is m need he is our neighbor. He may be unworthy, but if he is in need he is a neighbor. He may live in an enemy country, b'ut if he is in need he is a neighbor. He may move in circles in which we do not care to move or in which our moral scruples would not permit us to move, but if he is in need he is a neighbor. None of us has the least quarrel with the command, "TLou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself, ' prov idcd we can pick our neighbor. Human need makes any man in need our neighbor, and our eager response to that need makes us his neighbor. All rishts reserved-- Babson Newspaper Similcatc Stray Thoughts By S It DeHUTP "A majority of the new voters are going places with the New Deal," Mr. Roosev elt told those Jackson Day inner diners, but just where, the President neglected to specify. And on my way home few afternoons ago oesn't a fellow up and hand me o slip ot paper filled with figures show- Ing that, believe it or not, almost a million "bucks" were turned in at that two-day "buck auction," which means, of course, that our little village blew itself (or should have) for a not - to - be - sneezed - at $197,000 Christmas season shopping splurge. Buying two brand new complete sets for himself makes J. J. (Jed) Draper, South Pittsburg street B O. locomotive engineer, more than eligible for a place ot honor among local toy electric tram addicts Accotding to official records it falls to the lot of few women, besides Mrs. Tatt, of Ohio, to be able to say her husband was President of the U. S. and her son !s a U S. senator. Sometimes think we've got enough political "Hitlers" in this country without Bothering our heads about the one in Germany. If we keep It up, China won't have a thing on our town when it comes to stone walls. Let's go to press Factographs Louise A. 3oyd is the only woman to achieve unusual success as an Arctic explorer. She has made six tups into tr.at chilly region, one to try to find Captain Roald Amundsen lost Norwegian explorer She wil shoilly be given the CuIIum gold medal, the second woman to receive it in 80 years of the hi-tory of the American Gcogiaphical Society Before the advent of radio, a popul n song lasted an average of 16 months Three months is now con- sidcicd the life span of a song hit Chester A. Arthur was always dressed so immaculately he was called the "dude president" by the newspapers interest, but they should not be expected to worry about pilncipal It sounds cuckoo to me Nevertheless, t h e Governmen over-borrowed itself It was done with a view to lelteving the Nationa stungency. It woiked It relieved the depression Then the Govern ment, intending to get back to ration ality, began to retrench. Immediately a recession followed Accordmly Uncle Sam resumed over-borrowing Times improved directly It is un-economic, but apparent!; an un-cconomic policy is benficifi Will it st.ij so indefinitely' Cpngicss docs not know Ncithe does anyfcodj Sidelights Lcland S. Whipkey of Bobbins treet, member of the Showman Tea Company, thinks he has a record for continuous appearances at t h e Christmas dinner -- celebrations at the old home -- that ot his parents, Mr. Â·md Mrs. Cyrus Whipkey of Davvson. rlis count is 42 without a miss. He will be 43 next March 12 He was herefore a few days over nine months old on the first occasion He las no recollection ot being at the festal board that day, and his memory is hazy tor a couple of Chrlstmases after that. But of one thing he is sure. He has not missed one in 42 years, in which respect he s living up to the injunction contained in Edgar A. Guest's Christmas week poem, "Going Home for Christmas " A younger brother, Daniel, of Jewell has an unblemished record of 32 jears Evidently S M. DcHuff, Stray Thoughtcr, does not size up the Vice-President as one to loom very large in the final days of the second Roosevelt Administration. Says the new Odd Mclntyre. "Regardless of what learned political paragraphcrs are prophesying tor him, I look for little from John Nance Garner during .the current session of Congress for, come to think of it, he's the same guy who flopped pitifully as the 1930-1932 Speaker of the House and who, in the closing moments of the 1932 Chicago convention, sold his Texa 1 delegation birthright for a mess ot vice-pi csidency pottage " Belatedly comes the news of Mr and Mrs. John C Kalp of the observance of their golden weddim amuveisary, on December 31, a Champion It was a sala occasion arranged sccietly by their children They have the congratulations ot r laige circle of fnends Mrs Kalp w is a member of a vvell-knowr Indian Creek Valley family-- Mis. Anna New ill Judged by their pies- cnt state of health, there are man} years ahead for them This year should be 1943 A. D or perhaps 1944 or 1945. rather thar 1939, according to James Stokley associate director of the Pranklir Institute in charge ot astronomy If Philadelphia Joscplius, the grea historian, vviote thit King Herod diet soon after an eclipse of the moon Stokley said, and the only othe eclipse ot thnt time in the Holy Lane occurred on March 13, 4 B C. Sine Christ was born before Herod's death His birth muot have occurred at leas four years before the time set by th Christian calendar, the astronome explained. This year is 2599 m Japan, he srid According to the ancient Roma Lalondir, the vcar 2C92 would begi Januaiv !Â·) The Mohammcdin ne\ ycai begins at sunset Febiuaiy 2 Careful personal investigation indicates some of those Jumping Joe grapplcrs representing the Southern farmeis were members of the same wrestling firm as Zbyszko Wallace. Inquiry has developed the unannounced fact that about 30 of the 65 farmers in "tills powerful group" were more powerful than anyone outside suspected, as they were em- ployes of Mr Wallace in the AAA, mostly state administrators and com- mittecmen Man-Mountain Wallace's publicity men did not identify most of the "Southern cotton producers" In their published list of the names January 2, but if you will check a little you will find the AAA committeemcn and administrates were in every state delegation. The Florida delegation, for instance, was entirely composed of H. G. Clayton, AAA administrate e officer, and W. B. Anderson, AAA committoeman. The Texas delegation had five Federal office holders out of a total of 11. The publicity men probably did not consider It important. The Wallace program is popular in the cotton districts, if no others. Recent quota votes proved this. The conference result might have been nearly the same if the cotton farmers haJ elected their own wrestlers, instead of letting ths AAA pick from its own stable and pay the fare and expenses of all to and from Washington. Therefore, no one will consider it wholly analogous to the famous National Emergency Council conference of carefully selected Southerners who decided last June the South was the "Nation's No 1 economic problem" (a phrase which has not been heard since then), or Harry Hopkins' famous investigation of his own WPA political activities in which he found himself practically pure. It seems to be just one of the little short cuts In democracy worked out to impress Congress with the necessity of standing behind Mr. Wallace. The AAA announcement identified 11 directors of extension among the delegates, but no one else These directors are paid one-third by the Department of Agriculture, one-third by the state and one-third by the agricultural college oj the state, thus being only part-time Federal em- ployes, but employes n vertheless. Another cotton farmer representative was Oscar Johnston, for n Jong time AAA cotton pool manager and executive assistant to Wallace. Another, C. H Day, led the famous farmers' march on ^Washington in 1935 to protest withdrawal of AAA benefits. Almost every other member of the group has been connected with the AAA in some way, either as former state committeemen (paid by the Government on a per diem basis and appointed by Wallace) or as county committeemen (serving without pay and elected by farmers in the locality ) All are producers, but hardly the kind to maku a half-Nelson on Bronco Wallace hurt very much, even if they would dare take such a hold on the boss. appca.anccs in deepest secrecy before the congressional Foreign Relations committees Neither of the am- babsadors to London and Paris told the congressmen anything that was not known and suspected They related what the press has widely earned about British and French un- preparedncss before Munich, superiority of the German air fleet .is disclosed in the confidcntal Lindbergh report The committeemen later were inclined to think Hitler may be satisfied for a while if he can get economic control of the Rumanian oil and Â«licit fields Russia will fiiht if he goes into the Ukraine, they thought. Incidentally, a traveler recently returned directly from Russia has told officials a story which indicates how much Russia trusts its own army. Current practice in the Red army, he Â· sajs, is to count the bullets assigned to each soldier and require each to return discharged shells later on account for them Government dramatists also may have handled the Kennedy-Bullitt HEREDITY PROBLEMS I wonder how It comes to be So fond of animals is she, Especially dogs, both largo and small And uants to feed and houac them all? Never n cat or a dog astray By Janet uould be turned away Was there n case I do not know Of grim frustration yean ago, A child who cried herself to sleep, Denied the rlcht a dog to keep? And did that little youngster say ''I11 have all sorts of dogs some do ?' And did ..hi Uve and die and be Followed by others down to me. Until at last to share our name This canine-loving Janet came, And In her life today appears The v\kh oÂ£ several hundred years That may explain why Janet now Wants dogs from Pekinese to chow And owning three insists that tour Would after all be just ono more At least to me the thought occurs Some wild heredity Is hers , As Others Think SAFETY BY SPENDING (Cleveland Plain Dealer.) An able, eloquent and timely defense of American democracy, harassed by a world in arms, gives special character to the message which Picsident Roosevelt delivered in person to the new Congress. The mcssrse gives no promise, however, that the Administration will sanction, much loss demand any slackening In the pace of Government spending The Roosevelt proposal of 1932 to curb Federal spending by at least 25 per cent is even more definitely than before relegated to the status of ancient history. It gives way now to the Executive/ suggestion that to curtail Government spending under present conditions would breed dissension in democratic ranks and render thia country an easier prey to the marauding forces which threaten it from abroad. Thus skillfully the President links his New Deal to the safety of the Republic Federal spending must continue unabated lest a dictatorship seize Washington and destroy the work of those whom Harding used to describe as the "founding fathers." This is a comforting philosophy for big-scale spenders. In a sense, it answers the question as to what will happen when our infant recovery is taken off the WPA bottle. It won't bo taken off' At least, it is not Umc yel to think about taking it off. When Government expenditures were relatively small, It was considered statesmanship to demand they be cut one-quarter. Now that these expenditures shave doubled, it is deemed sound statesmanship to resist their curtailment No American worthy the name will challenge the President's argument that democracy is a perishable t: well as priceless heritage, to be defended at all hazards against enemies who would destroy it. Whatever measures are necessary to make the United States impregnable from foreign attack will be supported gladly and with no thought of politics A forty-billion-dollar . National debt, more than half of it incurred In a period of profound peace at borne, does not, however, seem to the average citizen as a particularly impressive rampant .against invasion Nine successive Federal deficits arc more likely to frighten those who must pay the debt than those who may contemplate coming by sea ot air to ravage the Republic. With the underlying purpose ot the Roosevelt program we have often' expressed accord. We agree with him in believing it of utmost im- r. tance that people shall be convinced "they are receiving as large a share of oppoUunity for development, as large a share of material success and of human dignity, as they have a right to receive." Where we part company with the President is at the point which marks his departure from his own beliefs of 1932 and his trudge down the side road ot reckless spending We cannot believe that the ranks ot democracy are strengthened or the American form of government sanctified by bending the taxpaycrs's back,beneath debts which the taxpayers' grandchildren must cither pay 01 repudiate. when 1358 is ushered in Sunday September 13 will bring the Jewish year 5700 while the following day will be the beginning of 7488 of the Byzantine eia As Stewart M. DeHufT -would say, "add to the list"--this time of honest men, Sam Wcisiger Employed on a job at the Stadium which he considered hardly exist'; anymoie because of the limited duties, Sam asked the Board of Education to remove him from the payroll, as of January 1 He said he hod informed the board's secretaiy, Miss Carmel Caller, that he felt it was unf.ur to be paid for something he wasn't doing A lot of public pajiollcis aic not as conucntious as Sam FRANKFURTER (Somerset American.) Folix Frankfurter is sometimes called the "grandfather of the New Deal" Bora in Austria, he came to the United States with his parents when he was 12 years old, unable to speak a word of English While he learned quickly the language Americans speak, so that in 12 years he was able to graduate from Harvard Law School with highest honors, he has never been able to show that he has shaken off the ideology of the Haps- burgs, under whose tyranny the first 12 years of his life were spent' the years during which the most lasting impressions arc obtained. Although he has lived in America 44 years, Dr Frankfurter has never shown an understanding of the American v\ay of living His devotion to the development of his theories has barred him from those associations u hich ore necessary to acquire a knowledge of American life. Theodore Roosevelt denominated Frankfurter a "red" , Whatever he is, he is not a proper person to interpret for the American people the Urns of liberty, the intent of the fiamers of the American Constitution Franklin Roosevelt's obvjous intention of Riving the America with which he was entrusted a hopeless wreck on the shores of time brooks no interference.